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In the Name of God بسم الله

Imam Hasan

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Salam

I was wondering why Imam Hassan(A) signed the peace treatise with Muawiya, I would like some more indepth articles (however not to long or an entire book like "Sulh al-Hassan), just something simple yet that one can grasp deeply and entirely.

"Oh Allah! Increase me in knowledge!"

And all praise is due to Allah.

Salam

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Asalamualaikum,   Imam Hassan Al-Mujtaba (as) was already martyred, his burial was done by his brother Imam Hussayn (as) in Jannat Al-Baqi 

(bismillah) (salam) Salam Oh lovers of Ahlul Bayt (as) . I dont no if its just me, but for some reason I feel that our beloved Imam hassan (as) gets forgotten. We see his role as very s

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Salam

Imam Hasan  signed peace treaty because of sunnah of Prophet (hudaybiya).

Wow, br. Youth of Ali....you seem to have fully grasped my request; I would like some more indepth articles

:D :P

Anyone wish to eloborate on br. Youth's line?

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A salam alaikum

If one simplifies the answer as to why Imam Hassan signed any treaty with marvia we should look at the sunnah of the Prophet he signed treaties with many enemies as it was prudent to do so at the particular period in time. Why did Imam Ali refrain from attacking the usurpers of his and Fatimas rights. When the self appointed Caliphs took up the self title of leaders of the ummah Imam Ali refrained from outright war due to the fact that the last thing he wanted was to be remembered as the one who dismembered Islam Imam Hassan also took this view as did Imam Hussain but at no time did they swear allegiance to these usurpers

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Salam

Imam Hasan  signed peace treaty because of sunnah of Prophet (hudaybiya).

Wow, br. Youth of Ali....you seem to have fully grasped my request; I would like some more indepth articles

:D :P

Anyone wish to eloborate on br. Youth's line?

lol sorry bro Ehsan - i wrote that at 1 am last night lol

here are some articles:

IMAM HASAN (as) - KHILAFAT & ABDICATION

Imam Hasan is the eldest son of Ali bin Abi Talib and Fatima Zahra, the daughter of the Prophet of Islam (may Allah's peace and our salams be unto them all).

Imam Hasan was born on the 15th of Ramadan in the 3rd year of Hijra. One of his wives, named J'odah binte Ash'ath, poisoned him on Mu'awiyyah's instigation and bribery. He was martyred as a result of that on the 28th day of Safar in the 50th year of Hijrah.

Soon after the assassination of Imam Ali at the hands of Ibn Muljim, a meeting was held in the mosque of Koofa, in which all the tribal leaders as well as the Shurafa of Koofa and Basra were present. Ibn Abbas delivered a speech and presented Hasan bin Ali as the most pious, most knowledgeable and most worthy person of his time for the position of the Khaleefa of the Muslims. That assembly duly chose Imam Hasan to the post. When the news arrived in Makkah and Madinah, the Muslims of both cities endorsed that decision. Thus, Imam Hasan bin Ali was the first Khaleefa of the Muslims who was actually elected by a democratic process and by the involvement of the greater part of the Muslim Ummah.

However, the people of Syria (Shaam) under the leadership of Mu'awiyyah and his Umayyad clansmen rejected that election. Not only that, Mu'awiyyah organized spies, instigators and saboteurs to dislodge Hasan bin Ali from that democratically elected position of Khaleefah of Muslims. He sent people with swords as well as with fat purses to Koofa, Basra and Madinah to spread rumours that Hasan was really not interested in any leadership role and that he was willing to retire to a life of comfort and easy living.

In fact, Mu'awiyyah wanted a clear-cut role as Khaleefah for himself. Imam Ali was not going to let that happen as long as he was alive. So, Mu'awiyyah had him assassinated by one of the Kharijees named Ibn Muljim. That was not difficult anyway, because, the Kharijees hated Imam Ali in the first place. They just needed a little support and a slight push. That worked. Now that Imam Ali was out of the way, Mu'awiyyah was confident that he will get his way, finally. The election of Imam Hasan to the Khilafat, however, had upset Mu'awiyyah's plans.

The remaining numbers of the Kharijees who had rebelled against Imam Ali and were finally defeated by him at the Battle of Naharwan, had run into hiding in the far off areas of the desert. Mu'awiyyah collected them and incited them by bribes and threats to work against Imam Hasan's rule as Khaleefah.

This was one group of Kharijees. They were fewer in number, and they were the ones who would sell themselves for a few dollars; it did not matter who was paying. There was yet another larger group of the Kharijees. As soon as they heard of the assassination of Imam Ali, and that Hasan had been chosen Khaleefah at Koofa, they returned to him. They were fired with the hatred of everything Syrian. They wanted to fight Mu'awiyyah with whatever they had.

However, they were a confused, shaky and vicious people. It is this group which would cause the greatest heartache to Imam Hasan in the coming days and months.

Mu'awiyyah's spies were already active in areas which were supposed to be under Imam Hasan's control. He sent one such person to Koofa and another to Basra.

They were soon discovered. They were both tried in open court for espionage and raising a rebellion against the legitimate Khaleefah of Muslims. They were both beheaded. Mu'awiyyah was employing Machiavellian politics.

Imam Hasan then wrote a letter to Mu'awiyyah.

You sent men to use deception and carry out assassinations and you sent out spies as if you want to meet (in battle). That is some thing that will soon happen so wait for it, if God wills. I have learnt that you have become haughty in a way that no wise man would become haughty. In that you are just as al-Awwaal described:

Say to him who desires the contrary of the one who has died- prepare for another like him, as if (from the same) root.

I and the one among us who has died are like the one who goes in the evening so that (the other) may come in the morning.

This letter of Imam Hasan to Mu'awiyyah shows very clearly that Imam Hasan was not going to change his Father's policy in dealing with Mu'awiyyah.

He was not afraid of fighting and confronting the Syrian foe. We can see from the tone of this letter that a treaty was nowhere in his thoughts at the time of writing that letter. But, we would also see how circumstances would force his hand to change his stance.

Mu'awiyyah moved with a large force towards Koofa. But moved rather slowly. At the same time his agents were working to spread discord and dissatisfaction among the masses. The people of Koofa had been known to have a fickle nature anyway. It was easy to sow the seeds of doubt, fear and faithlessness among them.

In the meantime, Imam Hasan was asking his friends to find out about the determination of his own people whether they were prepared to stand up to the threat from Syria or not. He discovered that his real supporters were few and far in between. The general masses of Koofa wanted someone to come and save them from the oppression of the Syrian regime without they having to move a finger. That obviously was not possible. But it was reminiscent of the Banu Israel saying to the Prophet Moosa that they would wait at the gate of the city of the Amaliqa and let Moosa go and fight the Amaliqa; and that they would come in after Moosa had been victorious over the Amaliqa. Well, that did not happen and the Bani Israel had to wander for another 40 years in the valleys as a punishment for their lack of resolve and not following the leadership of a prophet. The fate of the people of Koofa did not turn out to be any different. They were going to be continued to be oppressed for many generations to come at hands of the Umayyad Kings.

(to be continued)

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IMAM HASAN (as) - THE CHANGE IN CIRCUMSTANCES

In the end, Imam Hasan's hand was forced into signing a treaty with Mu'awiyyah. The details of this treaty are very confused in the annals of history. The main reason for this is that in the early days, the supporters or protégés of the Umayyad cause were narrating all historical reports. It was in Mu'awiyyah's interest to show that Hasan bin Ali had signed the treaty happily, peacefully and with full satisfaction. That was necessary for legitimising Mu'awiyyah's role as Khaleefah. Mu'awiyyah himself propagated that version. So, we will find one story if we go to the reporters of that class. The story goes like this. Mu'awiyyah sent a blank piece of paper and signed his name at the bottom, to Imam Hasan. In effect, he gave full freedom to Imam Hasan to write down any conditions for the treaty he wanted. At the same time, not knowing that Mu'awiyyah was sending a blank sheet for him, Imam Hasan wrote some of his own conditions and signed a paper and sent it to Mu'awiyyah. Obviously, when the blank paper from Mu'awiyyah arrived, he was "tempted" to write a lot more in his favour, which he did and then signed this new paper and sent that too to Mu'awiyyah. What Mu'awiyyah did was that he kept the original paper Imam Hasan had sent him with his signature and tore up the second paper, which, obviously, had more conditions in favour of Hasan bin Ali. This report is documented by Tabari. The report goes on to say that when Mu'awiyyah and Hasan met, he reminded Mu'awiyyah about  the blank sheet of paper that was now in Hasan's possession and asked him to destroy the other paper. Mu'awiyyah refused and said that carte blanche was not valid anymore. The whole thing ended in a dispute between them and after that Mu'awiyyah did not fulfil any of the conditions of the treaty.

Any intelligent but neutral person would get to the bottom of this version of the story. This whole story has been fabricated to justify Mu'awiyyah's complete disregard of his own promises he had made not only to Imam Hasan but to the entire Muslim Ummah by entering the treaty.

It is due to this kind of motive in our historical writings that we have to look at the other version of the story.

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IMAM HASAN (as) - THE TRUE STORY OF HIS TREATY

This version of the story is built from a number of reports. We will quote each one of the sources as we go long.

When Imam Hasan got news of Mu'awiyyah's advance, he also raised an army.  Shaykh Mufīd tells us that people were slow in responding. Then the came forward. They were a mixed band of people. Some of them belonged to his Shī'a and his father's Shī'a. Some of them were the members of Muhakkima (the Kharijīs) who were influenced by the desire to fight Mu'awiyyah with any means possible. Some of the men were those who loved discord and were anxious for booty. Some of them were doubters; others were tribal supporters who followed the elders of their tribes without reference to religion.

Dinawari tells us that Imam Hasan marched up to Sabat moving towards Mada'in. He had obviously, discerned some discord, lack of purpose and indifferent attitude towards fighting in his people. He halted at Sabat and addressed his people.

"O people, I do not entertain any feeling of rancour against a Muslim. I am as much an overseer over yourselves as I am over my own self. Now, I am considering a plan; do not oppose me in it. Reconciliation, disliked by some of you is better than the split that some of you prefer, specially when I see that most of you are shrinking from the war and are hesitant to fight. I do not therefore, consider it wise to impose upon you something which you do not like."

When his people heard this, they looked at each other, reflecting their suspicions. Those among them who were of Kharijī persuasion said: Hasan has become infidel (Kāfir) as had become his father before him. They suddenly rushed upon him, pulled the carpet from under his feet, and tore clothes from his shoulder. He called for help from among his faithful followers from the tribes of Rabi'a and Hamdan, who rushed to his assistance and pushed the assailants away from him.

This is how Shaykh Mufīd has recorded these events in his Irshād.

While Hasan was proceeding to confront Mu'awiyyah, he had already sent a vanguard of 12,000 men ahead of him. That once again, shows that Hasan was fully prepared and willing for full-scale armed confrontation

However, after the events at Sabat, Hasan had to rethink his move altogether. After that bad treatment at the hands of his own troops, the disheartened and shaken Hasan found it impossible to stay in the army camp. He was being escorted by his faithful to the greater safety of the White Castle at Mada'in, the residence of his governor. During that short journey, a die-hard Kharijī, Al-Jarrah bin Sinan al-Asadi, attacked Hasan in the darkness and was able to wound him in the thigh with a dagger, shouting: You have become an infidel (Kāfir) like your father. Although the attacker was overpowered and killed, the event had done its damage. Hasan was taken to the Castle bleeding profusely where his governor cared him. The news was given wider currency by Mu'awiyyah. That disheartened his people even more and they began defecting to Mu'awiyyah's side in much greater numbers.

While all this was going on, the vanguard of 12,000 reached face to face with Mu'awiyyah's troops of 60,000, and some fighting already was in progress. However, as the news of Imam Hasan's wounding reached them, his troops had to stop fighting. The commander waited for more information from Imam Hasan's side. But, the news of Imam Hasan's wounding had increased the number of large-scale desertions. The commanded advised Imam Hasan of that too.

Imam Hasan, in the meantime, after recovering addressed the Iraqi leaders. He was disgusted at the news of large-scale desertions from his own troops. He said to the Iraqis how they had forced his father's hand into the hated TAHKIM at Azruh. Then they had fought him for it. Then they came and asked Hasan to accept the khilāfah and khalīfah, which he accepted. Now that he was asking them to join in the fight against Mu'awiyyah they were deserting him. He emphasised how committed he was to fight Mu'awiyyah, but now he sees no way out to resign himself to the circumstances and handover the worldly rule to Mu'awiyyah. 

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IMAM HASAN (as) - THE TREATY AND ITS CONDITIONS

Once again, we find confusion in the reports about how exactly the treaty was concluded and what ere the conditions of the treaty. Those writers who are sympathetic to the Umayyad cause have inclined to show that Imam \asan was only interested in getting as much money for himself and his family in return.

However, truth is totally different and it is not all that difficult to deduce from the reports in spite of all the confusion.

The text below is based on the reports by Ibn `Atham Kúfi, Al-Mada'ini and Ibn Abil-Hadíd.

After the speech Imam Hasan gave to the nobles of Kúfah, he sent Abdullah bin Nawfal bin Harith to Mu`awiyah to negotiate the treaty.  The only condition Hasan had stipulated was safety and security for the people in general.

Since Abdullah was fully authorised to negotiate the deal, he presented to Mu`awiyah the following conditions:

The Khilafat will return to Hasan after Mu`awiyah's death.

Hasan will receive an annual stipend of Dirham 5 million from the state treasury.

Hasan will receive the annual revenue from an Iranian province.

People will be guaranteed peace with one another.

Hearing this, Mu`awiyah took a blank sheet of paper and signed his name on it and gave it to Abdullah to take to Hasan, so that he may write any conditions he wants. Mu`awiyah then made all his companions present at that time to witness that event.

Readers please note that nothing has been written yet. Abdullah took that piece of paper with Mu`awiyah's signature on it and explained everything to Imam Hasan. Imam Hasan replied that he was not interested in the matter of Khilafat anymore. If he was, he would not have handed it over to Mu`awiyah.

And, Mu`awiyah cannot make money a condition for the treaty since the main question is that of the safety and security for people in the state. He then called his secretary and asked him to write the conditions:

Mu`awiyah will rule according to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet.

Mu`awiyah will not appoint or nominate anyone in his place.

People will be left in peace wherever they may be in the land of Allah.

The companions of Imam `Ali, their women, children, their honour and property will be protected.

The treaty was thus concluded. Imam Hasan returned to Kúfah. A few days later, Mu`awiyah entered the city with his full force.

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Imam Hasan (a)—Mu`awiyah's behaviour after the treaty

We will relate the rest from Sh. Mufíd's Kitáb al-Irshád, as follows:

    Mu`awiyah accepted all that and made a treaty with him (Imam Hasan) to observe that. He (Mu`awiyah)  swore to him (Imam Hasan) that he would fulfil it.  When the truce had been concluded, Mu`awiyah went on until he reached al-Nukhayla.  That was on Friday; he prayed the midmorning prayer (Duha al-nahr) with the people and he addressed them.  In his address, he said:

"By God, I have not fought against you to make you pray, nor to fast, nor to make the pilgrimage, nor to pay zakat.  Indeed you do that (already). I fought so that I might have power over you and God has given that to me when you were reluctant to (obey) Him. Indeed I have been requested by al-\asan, peace be upon him, (to give him) things and I have given things to him.  All of them are now under my foot.  And from now on I will not fulfil anything."

    Then he went on until he entered Kúfa.  He resided there for several days.  When the pledge of allegiance by its inhabitants had to be carried out, he went up on the pulpit and addressed the people.  He mentioned the Commander of the Faithful, peace be upon him, and that he had taken from him and from al-\asan, peace be upon him, what he had taken.

    Al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, were present.  Al-Husayn, peace be on him, rose to reply but al-Hasan, peace be on him, took him by the hand and made him sit down.  Then he, himself, (al-Hasan) arose and spoke:

"O you who mention `Ali, I am al-Hasan and `Ali was my father.  You are Mu`awiyah and your father was Sakhr (Abu Sufyan).  My mother was Fatima and your mother was Hind.  My grandfather was the Apostle of God and your grandfather was Harb.  My grandmother was Khadíjah and your grandmother was Futayla.  May God curse him who tries to reduce our reputation and to diminish our nobility, who does evil against our antiquity and yet who has been ahead of us in unbelief and hypocrisy."

Groups of people in the mosque shouted out: "Amen, Amen."

    When the peace between al-Hasan, peace be on him, and Mu`awiyah was concluded in the way we have mentioned, al-Hasan, peace be on him, left for Medina.  He resided there, restraining his anger, staying close to his house, and awaiting the command of his Lord, the Mighty and High, until Mu`awiyah had completed ten years of his administration.  (Then) the latter decided to have the pledge of allegiance given to his son, Yazíd, (as his successor).  He communicated secretly with Jud`a, daughter of al-Ashath b. Qays--she was the wife of al-Hasan, peace be on him---to urge her to poison him.  He gave an undertaking to her that he would marry her to his son, Yazíd, and he sent her a thousand dirhams.  Jud`a gave him the poison to drink but he lingered on sick for forty days.  He passed along his (final) road in the month of Safar in the year 50 A.H. (670).  At that time, he was forty-eight years of age. 

His succession (to the Imamate) had been for ten years.  His brother and testamentary trustee (wasí), al-Husayn, peace be on him, undertook the washing and shrouding of his body, and buried him with his grandmother, Fa>ima, daughter of Asad b. Abd Manaf, may God be pleased with her, in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi.

Various historians have recorded that when the news of Imam Hasan's passing away arrived in Damascus, Mu`awiyah said Allah-u-Akbar very loudly and did a sajdah of thanks.

This series of articles penned by: Syed Mohsin Naquvi, NJ, USA

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salaam aleikum

quote bro youthofali

Mu`awiyah will rule according to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet

The peace treaty which imam hassan(as) signed effectively rendered mawiyah a cripple, in accordance to the above statement.

There is a concept of adaliya & intezamia in islam. adaliya is sort of judiciary where the power to take the decesion lies. Intezamia is that person/group who simply caries out the orders as decided by the adaliya. by signing the treaty, imam hassan(as) kept adaliya with himself and gave the intezamia powers to mawiyah, who was dependent on adaliya for his actions. [pl note the above quote]

The most glaring example of his defeat was exemplified by the incident of yazid and qazi shurait. That yazid was desperate to get a ruling from the qazi[who was handling adaliya at that time] for imam hussain(as) 's death, signifies that intezamia was dependent on adaliya for its actions.

The end result does not matter. As far as the treaty was concerned, the calipha of rehmaan virtually bound the calipha of the people to his knees.

akhbari

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Guest Pir Sultan Abdal

(bismillah)

(salam)

http://www.imamreza.net/eng/services/occas...sions/hasan.htm

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Imam Hasan (A.S.):The Saviour of Islam

(This is) an account of the Imam Hasan(A.S.) after the Commander of the Faithful(A.S.), the date of his birth, the evidence for his Imamates the period of his succession, the time of his death, and the place of his grave. (It also provides) a brief outline of the reports about him. The Imam after the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, was his son al-Hasan, the son of the leader of the women of the worlds, Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, the Lord of messengers, may God bless him and his pure family.

Birth

(Al-Hasan's) kunya was Abu Muhammad. He was born in Medina, on the night of the middle day of the month of Ramadan, three years after the hijra (624). His mother, Fatima, peace be on her, brought him to the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, on the seventh day in a silken shawl from Heaven, which Gabriel had brought down to the Prophet, may God bless him and his family. He named him Hasan and sacrificed a ram for him (in the ceremony of aqiqa).

The Most Similar Person to the Holy Prophet of Islam(S.A.W.)

[it is reported by a group (of authorities), including Ahmad b. Salih. al-Tamimi on the authority of Abd Allah b. Isa, on the authority of Jafar al-Sadiq b. Muhammad, peace be on him;] Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was the most similar person to the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, in form, manner and nobility.

[it is reported by a group (of authorities), including Ma'mar, on the authority of al-Zuhri, on the authority of Anas b. Malik, who said:] No one was more like the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, than al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on them. [ibrahim b. Ali al-Rafi'i reported on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandmother Zaynab, daughter of Abu Rafi' - and Shabib b. Abi Rafi' al-Rafi'i on the authority of those who told him - she said:] Fatima, peace be on her, brought her two sons, al-Hasan and al- Husayn, peace be on them, to the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, at the time when he was suffering from the sickness from which he died. "Apostle of God," she said, "these are your two (grand) sons. Give them something as an inheritance." "As for al-Hasan," he replied, "he has my form and my nobility. As for al-Husayn, he has my generosity and my bravery."

The Second Holy Imam

Al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on him, was the testamentary trustee (wasi) of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, over his family, his children and his followers. He bequeathed him to look after his position and (the position of) his taxes (sadaqat) and he wrote him a covenant (of succession) which is well-known. His testamentary trusteeship is obvious in terms of the outlines of religion, the essential characteristic of wisdom and good-breeding. A great number of scholars have reported this trusteeship and many of the men of understanding have realised the truth of this through his (attitude to) the world.

Al-Hasan's Succession to the Caliphate and his Abdication

When the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, died, al- Hasan addressed the people. He reminded them of his right (to authority). The followers of his father pledged allegiance to him in terms of fighting those he fought and making peace with those with whom he made peace. [Abu Mikhnaf Lut b. Yahya al-Azdi reported: Ashath b. Suwar told me on the authority of Abu Ishaq al-Sabi'i and others, who said;]

Al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on them, addressed the people towards dawn on the night in which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, died. He praised and glorified God and blessed the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. Then he said: There has died tonight a man who was the first among the early (Muslims) in (good) actions. Nor did any later (Muslims) attain his level in (good) actions. He used to fight alongside the Apostle of God, may Allah bless him and his family, and protect him with his own life. The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, used to send him forward with his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and Michael supported him on his left. He would not return until God brought victory through his hands. He, peace be on him, has died on this the night on which Jesus, son of Mary, was taken up (to Heaven), on which Joshua, son of Nuh, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of Moses, peace be on him, died. He has left behind him no gold and silver except seven hundred dirhams of his stipend (ata'), with which he was intending to buy a servant for his family.

Then tears overcame him and he wept and the people wept with him. Then he continued: I am the (grand) son of the one who brought the good news. I am the (grand) son of the warner. I am the (grand) son of the man who, with God's permission, summoned (the people) to God. I am the (grand) son of the light which shone out (to the world) . I am of the House, from whom God has sent away abomination and whom God has purified thoroughly. I am of the House for whom God has required love in his Book, when God, the Most High, said: Say: I do not ask you for any reward except love for (my) kin. Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself [ XXXIII 33 ]. The good is love for us, the House. Then he sat down. Abd Allah b. al-Abbas, may God have mercy on him, arose in front of him and said: People, this is the son of your Prophet, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of your Imam. So pledge allegiance to him.

The people answered him saying: No one is more loved by us nor has anyone more right to succession (khilafa). They rushed forward to pledge allegiance to him as successor. That was on Friday on the eleventh of the month of Ramadan in the year 40 A.H. (660). Then he assigned (the posts of) the tax collectors and he gave instructions to the governors (of the provinces). He sent Abd Allah b. al-Abbas to Basra. He took charge of all the matters. When Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan learnt of the death of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and the people's pledge of allegiance to his son, al-Hasan, peace be on him, he sent a man of secretly to Kufa and a man from Banu al-Qayn to Basra. They were to write reports to him to undermine affairs for al-Hasan, peace be on him. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, learned of that. He ordered the Himyari to be brought out from among (the tribe) of Lakhm in Kufa. He had him brought out and executed.

(Al-Hasan) wrote to al-Basra, ordering the Qayni to be brought out from among the Banu Sulaym. He was brought out and executed. Then al-Hasan, peace be on him, wrote to Muawiya: You sent men to use deception and to carry out assassinations and you sent out spies as if you want to meet (in battle). That is something which will soon happen so wait for it, if God wills. I have learnt that you have become haughty in a way that no wise man would become haughty. In that you are just as al-Awwal described: Say to him who desires the contrary of the one who has died: Prepare for another like him, as if (from the same) root. I and the one among us who has died are like the one who goes in the evening so that (the other) may come in the morning. Muawiya replied to him with his letter, which there is no need to mention.

There followed between him and al-Hasan, peace be on him, correspondences messages and disputes regarding the right of al- Hasan, peace be on him, to authority and the unlawful seizure of power of those who came before his father, peace be on him, and of Mu'awiya's attempt to strip the nephew of the Apostle of God, may God bless him anel his family, from his authority and of their (the House's) right to it apart from them. (All these) matters would take too long to describe. Muawiya set off towards Iraq. When he reached the bridge of Manbij, al-Hasan, peace be on him, reacted. He sent Hujr b. Adi to order the leaders of Amman to set out and to call the people together for war.

They were slow to (answer) him and then they came forward. (Al- Hasan) had a mixed band of men: some of them belonged to his Sh'ia and to his father's: some of them were members of the Muhakimma (i.e. Kharijites) who were influenced by (the desire of) fighting Muawiya with every means (possible); some of them were men who loved discords and were anxious for booty; some of them were doubters; others were tribal supporters who followed the leaders of their tribes without reference to religion. He set off until he came to Hammam Umar, then he went on to Dayr Kab. He stopped at Sabat, just before the bridge and spent the night there. In the morning, he, peace be on him, wanted to test his followers and make their situation clear with regard to obedience to him, so that in that way he might be able to distinguish his friends from his enemies and be in a clear mind (about his position) to meet Mu'awiya and the Syrians. He ordered the call to be made:

The prayer is a general one (which all should attend) (al-salat jamia). They gathered and he went up on the pulpit and addressed them. He said: Praise belongs to God whenever a man praises Him. I testify that there is no god but God whenever a man testifies to Him. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His apostle whom He sent with the truth and whom He entrusted with revelation, may God bless him and his family. By God, I hope that I shall always be with God's praise and kindness. I am the sincerest of God's creatures in giving advice to them. I have not become one who bears malice to any Muslims nor one who wishes evil or misfortune tor him. Indeed what you dislike about unity (jama'a) is better for you than what you like about division. I see what is better for you better than you see for yourselves.

Therefore do not oppose my commands and do not reject my judgement. May God forgive both me and you and may He guide me and you to that in which there is love and satisfaction. [He reported:] The people began to look at one another and asked each other, "What do you think he intends by what he has just said? "We think that he intends to make peace with Muawiya and hand over the authority to him" they answered. "By Gods the man has become an unbelievers they declared and they rushed towards his tent. They plundered him to the extent that they even took his prayer mat from under him. Then Abd al- Rahman b. Abd Allah b. Ja'al al-Azdi set on him and stripped his silk cloak from his shoulder. He remained sitting, still girt with his sword but without his cloak. He called for his horse and mounted it. Groups of his close associates and his Shia surrounded him and kept those who wanted (to attack) him away from him. He said:

Summon (the tribes of) Rabia and Hamdan to me. They were summoned to him and they surrounded him and defended him, peace be on him, from the people. A mixed group of others went with him (as well). When he was passing through the narrow pass of Sabat, a man of Banu Asad called al-Jarrah b. Sinan caught hold of the reins of his mule. He had an axe in his hand. He cried: God is greater (Allaku akbar)! You have become a polytheist, Hasan, just like your father became a polytheist before. Then he stabbed him in the thigh. It penetrated right through to the bone. He seized (al-Hasan) by the neck and they both fell to the ground. A man from al-Hasan's Shi'a called Abd Allah b. Khatal al- Tai; pulled the axe away from his hand and struck him with it in the stomach. Another man called Zubyan b. Umara attacked him, struck him upon the nose and killed him. Another man who had been with (al-Jarrah) was caught and killed.

Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was carried on a stretcher to al- Mada'in where he was lodged with Sa'd b. Masud al-Thaqafi. The latter was the governor of (Ali), the commander of the faithful, peace be on him, there and al-Hasan had confirmed him in that position. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was distracted by his own (discomfort) and with treating his wound. (In the meantime) a group of the tribal leaders wrote secretly to Mu'awiya offering to accept his authority (lit. to listen and obey). They urged him to come to them and they guaranteed to hand over al-Hasan, peace be on him, when they got to his camp, or to kill him treacherously. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, learnt of that when a letter came to him from Qays b. Sa'd, may God be pleased with him. He had sent Qays with Ubayd Allah b. Abbas (to go on ahead) when he had set out from Kufa to meet Muawiya and to drive him out of Iraq, and make himself a commander of a unified people (jama'a). He had said to Ubayd Allah: If you are struck down, then the commander will be Qays b. Sad. Qays b. Sad's letter arrived informing him that they had stopped Muawiya at a village called al-Habubiyya opposite Maskan. Then Muawiya had sent to Ubayd Allah b. Abbas, urging him to come to him and offering him a million dirhams, half of which he would give him immediately, and the other half on his entry into Kufa. Ubayd Allah had slipped away in the night with his close associates to (join) Muawiya's camp.

In the morning the people found their leader missing. Qays b. Sa'd, may God be pleased with him, said the prayer with them and took charge of their affairs. Al-Hasan's awareness of the people's desertion of him increased, (as did his awareness) of the corrupt intention of the Muhakkima (the Kharijites) against him, which they made obvious by cursing him, accusing him of disbelief, and declaring that it was lawful to shed his blood and plunder his property. There remained no one to protect him from his unfortunate predicament except the close associates from his father's Shia and his own Shia, and they were a group which could not resist the Syrian soldiers. Muawiya wrote to him about a truce and peace treaty. He also sent him the letters of his followers in which they had guaranteed to kill him treacherously or to hand him over.

He offered him as many conditions as he wanted, to answer his (call) for peace and he gave his (sworn) covenant by whose fulfilment everybody's interests would be served. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, did not trust him. He was aware of his deception and his attempts at assassination. However he could find no escape from assenting to his demands to abandon the war and bring about a truce because of the weakness of his followers' understanding of his right, their corrupt attitude towards him and their opposition to him. (In addition, he was aware) of the view of many of them in declaring it lawful to shed his blood and to hand him over to his rival. (He also knew) of his cousin's desertion (of him) and his joining his enemy, as well as the inclination of the people towards the immediate present and their reluctance (to show concern) for the future. Therefore he, peace be on him, bound himself (in a treaty) with Muawiya as a result of the confirmation of the proof (of his situation) and with the excuses before God, the Most High, and all the Muslims, of what had taken place among them. He stipulated:

That the cursing of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, should be abandoned and the practice of using the personal prayer (qunut) in the formal prayer (salat) (as prayer) against him should be set aside; That his Shia, may God be pleased with them, should be given security and that none of them should be exposed to any evil; That each of them who had certain rights should attain those rights. Muawiya accepted all that and made a treaty with him to observe that. He swore to him that he would fulfil it. When the truce had been concluded, Muawiya went on until he reached al-Nukhayla.

That was on a Friday; he prayed the mid-morning prayer (duha al nahar) with the people, and he addressed them. In his address, he Said By God, I have not fought against you to make you pray, nor to fast, nor to make the pilgrimage, nor to pay zakat. Indeed you do that (already). I fought so that I might have power over you and God has given that to me when you were reluctant to (obey) Him. Indeed I have been requested by al-Hasan, peace be on him, (to give him) things and I have given things to him. All of them are now under my foot. And from now on I will not fulfil anything. Then he went on until he entered Kufa. He resided there for several days. When the pledge of allegiance by its inhabitants had to be carried out, he went up on the pulpit and addressed the people. He mentioned the commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and that he had taken from him and from al-Hasan, peace be on him, what he had taken. Al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, were present.

Al- Husayn, peace be on him, rose to reply but al-Hasan, peace be on him, took him by the hand and made him sit down. Then he, himself, (al-Hasan) arose and spoke: O you who mention Ali, I am al-Hasan and Ali was my father. You are Muawiya and your father was Sakhr (Abu Sufyan). My mother was Fatima and your mother was Hind. My grand father was the Apostle of God and your grandfather was Harb. My grandmother was Khadija and your grandmother was Futayla. May God curse him who tries to reduce our reputation and to diminish our nobility, who does evil against our antiquity and yet who has been ahead of us in unbelief and hypocrisy. Groups of the people in the mosque shouted out: "Amen, Amen" When the peace between al-Hasan, peace be on him, and Muawiya was concluded in the way we have mentioned, al-Hasan, peace be on him, left for Medina.

Holy Imam's Martyrdom

He resided there, restraining his anger, staying close to his house, and awaiting the command of his Lord, the Mighty and High, until Muawiya had completed ten years of his administration. (Then) the latter decided to have the pledge of allegiance given to his son, Yazid, (as his successor). He communicated secretly with Ju'da, daughter of al-Ash'ath b. Qays- she was the wife of al-Hasan, peace be on him - to urge her to poison him. He gave an undertaking to her that he would marry her to his son, Yazid, and he sent her a hundred thousand dirhams. Juda gave him the poison to drink but he lingered on sick for forty days. He passed along his (final) road in the month of Safar in the year 50 A. H. (670). At that time, he was forty-eight years of age. His succession (to the Imamate) had been for ten years. His brother and testamentary trustee (wasp), al-Husayn, peace be on him, undertook the washing and shrouding of his body, and buried him with his grand mother, Fatima, daughter of Asad b. Hashim b. Abd Manaf, may God be pleased with her, in (the cemetery) of al Baqi.

Reports of the Cause of the Death of al-Hasan, Peace be on him, and of Mu'awiya Poisoning him, the Story of his Burial and the Actions and Statements Concerning that. [isa b. Mihran reported: Ubayd Allah b. al-Sabb'ah told us: Jarir told us on the authority of Mughira, who said:]

Muawiya sent to Juda daughter of al-Ashath b. Qays: I will arrange for you to marry my son, Yazid, on condition that you poison al-Hasan. He also, sent her a hundred thousand dirhams. She did that: she poisoned al-Hasan, peace be on him. (Mu'awiya) gave her the money but did not marry her to Yazid. Instead he gave her a man from the family of Talha as a substitute. The latter gave her children. Whenever any argument occurred between them and the clans of Quraysh, they would revile them saying: Sons of a woman who poisons her husbands.

[isa b. Mihran reported: 'Uthman b. Umar told me Ibn Awn told us on the authority ot 'Umar b. lshaq, who said.] I was with al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, in the house. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, came in from outside and then went out again. He said: I have been given poison to drink several times but I have never been given poison like this. A bit of my liver has come out of my mouth and I began to turn it over with a stick I had. Who gave you the poison to drink, al-Husayn, peace be on him, asked him, and what do you want for him? Do you want him killed? If he may remain as he is, then God will be more terrible in His vengeance than you. It he may not remain as he is, then I should like to be free of any blame.

[ Abd Allah b. Ibrahim reported on the authority of Ziyad al- Makhariqi, who said:] When death was close to al-Hasan, peace he on him, he summoned al-Husayn, peace be on him, and said. My brother, I am leaving you and joining my Lord. I have been given poison to drink and have spewed my liver into a basin. I am aware of the person who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action. I will oppose him before God, the Mighty and High. Therefore by the right I have with regard to you, say nothing about that and wait for what God, the Mighty and High, will decide concerning me. When I have died, shut my eyes, wash me and shroud me.

Then carry me on my bier to the grave of my grandfather, the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, so that I may renew my covenant with him. After that take me to the grave of my grandmother, Fatima daughter of Asad, may God be pleased with her, and bury me ther. My brother, the people will think that you intend to bury me with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. For that reason, they will gather to prevent you from doing it. I swear by God that you should not shed even your blood into the cupping-glass in (carrying out) my command. Then he made his testamentary bequests to his family and his children.

(He gave him) his heirlooms and the things which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, had bequeathed to him when he had made him his successor, had declared him worthy to occupy his position, and had indicated to his Shia that he was his successor, and set him up as their sign-post after himself. When he passed on his (final) journey, al-Husayn, peace be on him, washed and shrouded his (body). Then he carried him on his bier. Marwan and those of the Banu Umayya who were with him had no doubt that they would try to bury him beside the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. They gathered together and armed themselves. When al-Husayn, peace be on him, approached the tomb of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, with (the body of al-Hasan) so that he might renew his covenant with him, they came towards them with their group. 'A'isha had joined them on a mule and she was saying: What is there between you and me that you should allow someone I don't want to, to enter my house?

Marwan began to recite: O Lord, battle is better than ease. (Then he went on:) Should Uthman be buried in the outskirts of Medina and al-Hasan be buried alongside the Prophet, may God bless him and his family? That will never be while I carry a sword. Discord was about to occur between the Banu Umayya and the Banu Hashim. Ibn 'Abbas hurried to Marwan and said to him; Go back to where you came from, Marwan. Indeed we do not intend to bury our companion with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.

But we want him to be able to renew his covenant with him by visiting him. Then we will take him back to his grandmother, Fatima, and bury him alongside her according to his last instructions concerning that. If he had enjoined that he should be buried alongside the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, you know that you would be the least able to deter us from that. However, he, peace be on him, was much too aware of God and His Apostle and the sacredness of his tomb to bring bloodshed to it as others have done (who) have entered it without his permission. Then he went to A'isha and said to her: What mischief you bring about, one day on a mule and one day on a camel! Do you want to extinguish the light of God and fight the friends (awliya') of God? Go Back ! You have been given assurance against what you fear and have learned what you wanted (to know). By God, victory will come to this House, even if it is after some time.

Al-Husayn, peace be on him, said: By God, if there had been no injunction to me from al-Hasan, peace be on him, to prevent bloodshed and that I should not even pour blood into a cupping-glass in (carrying out) his command, you would have known how the swords of God would have taken their toll from you, you have broken the agreement which was made between you and us, you have ignored the conditions which we made with him for ourselves. Then they went on with (the body of) al-Hasan, peace be on him, and they buried him in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi' beside his grandmother, Fatima daughter of Asad b. Hashim b. 'Abd Manaf, may God be pleased with her.

Reference:

Kitab al Irshad (The Book of Guidance) Pages 279 - 289 By Sheikh al Mufid Translated by I.K.A Howard Published by Tahrike Tarsile Quran

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Edited by Pir Sultan Abdal
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Ramzan 15th - Birth anniversary of Imam Hassan (as)

AsSalam-o-Alaikum, Members of Imam Mahdi Group

15th Ramzan 1424 A.H. - the birth anniversary of the Leader of the youth of Paradise, the second Holy Imam and the standard bearer of peace - Imam Hassan(as) ibn-e-Imam Ali(as)

On this occasion of happiness in the house of Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) and his Ahl-e-Bait(as), I wish to extend felicitations to the Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf), Imam Zamana(as), the Ahl-e-Bait(as) and to all momineen and mominaat.

The website http://www.ziaraat.com is now updated with the profile of Imam Hassan(as) in the "Madina/Imam Hassan(as)/About" Page and with his ziarat in the "Madina/Imam Hassan(as)/Ziarat" Page.

As per usual practice among the followers of Ahl-e-Bait(as), please offer nazrana and recite the Ziarat of Imam Hassan(as) as w ell as the Ziarat-e-Jamea. Links to both these ziaraat are available on the main page in the "Ziarat Summary" section. For your convenience, the ziarat text in Arabic, its translation in Urdu as well as audio is available.

==============================================

His birth and name

===================

Imam Hassan(as) was born on the 15th of Shabaan in the 3rd Hijrah. His name was suggested by Allah(swt) through a Vahi to the Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) which suggested that since Imam Ali(as) is to the Prophet(pbuh&hf) as Hazrat Haroon(as) was to Hazrat Moosa(as), the name of his child should be on the name of the son of Hazrat Haroon(as) which was Shabbar – meaning Hassan(as) in Arabic. This was the first time that a child was named Hassan.

His knowledge

===========

Imam Hassan(as), like all other Imams(as) was granted divine knowledge by Allah(swt) and he demonstrated it right from his childhood.

Once he was asked “What are the 10 strong things that are stronger than one another?”. He replied:

Among the strong things is stone;

even stronger is the iron which is used to break stone;

even stronger is the fire which melts iron;

even stronger is the water which extinguishes fire;

even stronger are clouds that carry water with them;

even stronger is the air which floats the clouds with it;

even stronger is the angel who moves the air;

even stronger is the angel who will give death to the angel who moves the air;

even stronger is the death which will come upon the angel of death; and

even stronger is the order of Allah(swt) which governs the death.

Once the ruler of Rome asked him, “Which are the creations which were born without a mother and father or Male and Female”, and Imam(as) replied:

These are 7 creations: Hazrat Adam(as), Hazrat Hawwa(as), the lamb which was sent in place of Hazrat Ismaeel(as), the camel of Hazrat Saleh(as), the serpent of Hazrat Moosa(as), Iblees and the crow that taught the method of burial to Qabeel.

Problems during and after his life

==================================

As with the other Imam(as), Imam Hassan(as)’s life was also filled with difficulties. From the very childhood he saw the faces and activities of the so called companions of the Prophet(pbuh&hf) who left him alone in several battlefields, who objected to the Prophet(pbuh&hf)’s decisions upto the stage that some of them expressed their doubts that he was Allah(swt)’s Prophet.

Then upon the demise of Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf), he saw that only a handful of his faithful companions were there to bury him and the rest had left him to share political power among themselves. He saw the atrocities of Bani Ummayad in the way they treated the Ahle Bait(as) and hurled accusations against Imam Ali(as) after the killing of Hazrat Usman. He lived through the battles of Siffen and Jamal and finally saw the martyrdom of his father Imam Ali(as).

As if all of this was not enough, even after his death the agents of Bani Ummaya continued their work against the Ahle Bait(as) and grafted stories of hundreds of marriages of Imam Hassan(as). Some mentioned that he married 70 times and other said that he married more than 300 times but none could count names of more that 10 wives. Such was the strength of their hatred that upon his death, he was not allowed to be buried alongside his grand father, the Holy Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf).

Note: 15th of Ramzan is the 10th of November in North, Central and South America, whereas it is the 11th of November in Pakistan and its neighboring countries.

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Allah HUMMA SALLI ALA MUHAMMAD WA AALI MUHAMMAD WA AJJIL FARAJHUM.

CONGRATULATIONS TO YOU O ABA SALIH.

CONGRATULATIONS TO YOU O IMAM OF THE TIME.

CONGRATULATIONS TO YOU O THE AWAITED ONE.

MANY MANY CONGRATULATIONS TO YOU O MAHDI ON THE BIRTHDAY OF YOUR HOLE GRANDFATHER, AL-IMAM HASSAN INB ALI AL-MUJTABA (as).

CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL MU'MINIINS AND MU'MINAATS THROUGHT THE WORLD. MAY ALL YOUR WISHES COME TRUE BY THE RIGHTS OF AL-IMAM HASSAN (as) INSHALLAH.

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In the Name of Allah

The source of kindness

One day, Imam Hassan Mujtaba (pbuh) was passing through a way when he came to a Syrian. That man disgraced Imam Hassan (pbuh) and reviled and cursed him.

Imam Hassan (pbuh) said nothing till the man finished his words. Then he greeted him and smiled.

Then He said:" I suppose that you are strange in this city and something has led you in error.If you want anything from me, ask me to provide it. If you ask for guidance, I will guide and advise you; if you are hungry, I will feed you up; if you are bare, I will cloth you; if you need something, I will fulfill you; if you are sent away from somewhere, I will harbor you; if you want anything, ask me to bring about. It is better for you to bring your luggage to my house and stay there during your visit here."

When the man heard these sayings, started crying and said:" I attest that you are the almighty Allah's successor on the earth and He better knows where to put His succession. Before visiting you, you and your father were my arch enemies, but now, you are the loveliest persons towards me."

The Syrian went to Imam Hassan's (pbuh) house and stayed there while he was in Madina and became one of the believers and lovers of Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh&HP) family.

(Selected from Muntaha al-Amal, v. 1, p. 417)

The Roshd website congratulates all Muslims, especially you dear friend, on the occasion of the birthday of the source of kindness and generosity, the almighty Allah's friend and the religion's helper, Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba (pbuh).

Roshd Islamic Shia website

www.roshd.org

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Inshallah you are all in the best of Imaan and health.

Words of Imam Al-Hasan

This is I for those who know me. For those who do not know me, I say that I am Al-Hasan, the son of the messanger of Allah. I am the son of the proclaimer of the good tidings and the warner. I am the son of the chosen for the Divine Message. I am the son of that whom the angels have blessed. I am the son of that by whom the umma has been honored. I am the son of that to whom Gabriel the angel was the emissary of Allah. I am the son of that whom was sent as mercy for the peoples. All peace and blessings be upon him and his family....

I am the son of that whose supplication is answered. I am the son of that who was as close to his Lord as the distance of two bows, or even less. I am the son of the obeyed interceder. I am the son of Mecca and Mina. I am the son of that to whom the people of Koreish submitted unwillingly. I am the son of that whose follower will be happy and whose disappointer will be unhappy. I am the son of that to whom the earth has been made a place of prostration and pure. I am the son of that to whom the news of the heavens came successively. I am the son of those from whom Allah has removed filth and purified them thoroughly.

ALLLLLLLLLAHUMMMMMMMMA SALLLLLLLLI ALAAAAAAA MUHAMMMMMMMMAD WA AAAAAAALI MUHAMMMMMMMD WA AAAAAAAAJJJJJJIL FARAJJJJJJJAHUM.

May Allah help us to know who these pure people are Inshallah. amiiiin ya Rabbil Hassani wal Hussayn.

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This is I for those who know me. For those who do not know me, I say that I am Al-Hasan, the son of the messanger of Allah. I am the son of the proclaimer of the good tidings and the warner. I am the son of the chosen for the Divine Message. I am the son of that whom the angels have blessed. I am the son of that by whom the umma has been honored. I am the son of that to whom Gabriel the angel was the emissary of Allah. I am the son of that whom was sent as mercy for the peoples. All peace and blessings be upon him and his family....

based on what the above... it appears as if Al-Hasan (.as.) was speaking about the Rasool (.pbuh.).

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Is Imam Hasan (as) Praising his father, Mawla e Qainat Ayatulllah qubra Imam Ali (as) :unsure:

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"I am the son of..." is referring to the Prophet pbuh.

The Prophet said on many occasions al-Hassan and al-Hussain are my children. Or if he wanted someone to call either one them, he pbuh would say, "Call for me my son...".

And Imam in respect of the Prophet's pbuh reference to them being his children, would say to his children, 'you are my children and al-Hassan and al-Hussain are the Prophet's children'.

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Is Imam Hasan  (as)  Praising his father, Mawla e Qainat Ayatulllah qubra Imam Ali    (as) :unsure: 

Sorry for the delay but yes the Imam (as) is refering back to his grandfather. He is praising his grandfather and at the same time, teling ppl from where he proginated, so ppl can know that he is not just an ordinary man. :)

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p.s. btw, thanx bro wilayah and firash. :D

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Very Brief History of Imam Hasan's Life

Direct Link: http://www.almujtaba.com/article/html/modu...order=0&thold=0

The Son of the Prophet

Imam Hasan Mujtaba -upon whom be peace- was the second Imam. He and his brother Imam Husayn were the two sons of Amir al-mu'minin Ali and Hadhrat Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet. Many times the Prophet had said, "Hasan and Husayn are my children". Because of these same words Ali would say to his other children, "You are my children and Hasan and Husayn are the children of the Prophet." Imam Hasan was born in the year 3 A.H. in Medina and shared in the life of the Prophet for somewhat over seven years, growing up during that time under his loving care. After the death of the Prophet which was no more than three, or according to some, six months earlier than the death of Hadhrat Fatimah, Hasan was placed directly under the care of his noble father.

Imam Hasan and Mu'awiyah

After the death of his father, through Divine Command and according to the will of his father, Imam Hasan became Imam; he also occupied the outward function of caliph for about six months, during which time he administered the affairs of the Muslims. During that time Mu'awiyah, who was a bitter enemy of Ali and his family and had fought for years with the ambition of capturing the caliphate, first on the pretext of avenging the death of the third caliph and finally with an open claim to the caliphate, marched his army into Iraq, the seat of Imam Hasan's caliphate. War ensued during which Mu'awiyah gradually subverted the generals and commanders of Imam Hasan's army with large sums of money and deceiving promises until the army rebelled against Imam Hasan. Finally, the Imam was forced to make peace and to yield the caliphate to Mu'awiyah, provided it would again return to Imam Hasan after Mu'awiyah's death and the Imam's household and partisans would be protected in every way. In this way Mu'awiyah captured the Islamic caliphate and entered Iraq. In a public he officially made null and void all the peace conditions and in every way possible placed the severest pressure upon the members of the Household of the Prophet and the Shi'ah. During all the ten years of his imamate, Imam Hasan lived in conditions of extreme hardship and under persecution, with no security even in his own house. In the year 50 A.H. he was poisoned and martyred by one of his own household who, as has been accounted by historians, had been motivated by Mu'awiyah.

Imam Hasan's Character

In human perfection Imam Hasan was reminiscent of his father and a perfect example of his noble grandfather. In fact, as long as the prophet was alive, he and his brother were always in the company of the Prophet who even sometimes would carry them on his shoulders. Both Sunni and Shi'ite sources have transmitted this saying of the Holy Prophet concerning Hasan and Husayn: "These two children of mine are Imams whether they stand up or sit down" (allusion to whether they occupy the external function of caliphate or not).

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(bismillah)

(salam)

Salam Oh lovers of Ahlul Bayt (as) .

I dont no if its just me, but for some reason I feel that our beloved Imam hassan (as) gets forgotten. We see his role as very secondary to that of imam hussain (as) in kerbala, yet there are hadiths tha suggest that maybe the role he played (Imam Hassan (as) ) was just as, if not more important than Imam Hussain (as) .

Well why do we not know enough about him ? Is he not the beloved son of fatimah Zahra (as) . Inshallah I pray that we can all gain a better insight into the life of this great great personalility.

Regards

Ya Ali Madad

may Allah swt's lannat be upon the killers of Bibi fatimah (as)

Wasalam

Edited by magma
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i think most of us fail to educate ourselves, but its not just Imam Hasan (as). Generally speaking, in most of the majalis/lectures, Moulanas only focus on either Imam Ali (as) or Imam Hussain (as). Not much is ever mentioned about the rest. Even on the shahadat majlis of the other Imams, it seems like some moulanas don’t even know what to say about the Imam, so they end up talking about Kerbala. :blink:

But basically, all the Imams have an equally important role. and its a shame we know so much about a couple and next to nothing about the rest. :no: :(

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(bismillah)

(salam)

Well 48% of you guys say that we give Imam Hassan (as) sufficient status. Tell me where you lot go, cos the places ive been all my life hardly even mention him.

Its true as the previous person/post says we neglect other Imams (as) too or maybe our moulanas dont know what to say.

A shia is one who follows all 12 Imams (as). Not just Moula Ali (as) , Imam Hussain (as) , and remembers the struggle of Imam Zainul Abideen (as) but forgets how he achieved his title and of course we pray for the coming of our Moula, Sahib Zaman (as) .

But peeps, on a level, why are our majlises empty for lets say, the shahadat of the 9th Imam (as) or the wiladat of Imam Hasan Askari (as) for example. Its all about making that extra effort on them cold wintery nights to get down to your Imam Bargah and show that reagardless of the fact that there may only be a handful of people there, we are there to represent. After all, when Imam Zamana (as) comes, how do we expect to be in his army when we dont even bother to honour his fathers.

Ya Ali Madad

May Allah swt give us all patient and guide us all in this month

Wasalam

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(salam)

I agree we do neglect Imam Al Hasan, and sometimes, I'm afraid it goes a bit beyond that.

Imam Al Hasan has been much maligned, and unfortunately even shia's don't know enough about him. The don't understand his PEACE, failing to realist that there is a time for peace, and a time for war.

They fall into the propaganda that accuses Imam Al Hasan of having many, many wives (100 odd).

For me, the best way to sum up Imam Al Hasan, is that it's enough to know that he was the Imam of his time, and as such, the Imam of Imam Al Husein. ^_^

Wa`Salaam

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(salam)

I agree we do neglect Imam Al Hasan, and sometimes, I'm afraid it goes a bit beyond that.

Imam Al Hasan has been much maligned, and unfortunately even shia's don't know enough about him. The don't understand his PEACE, failing to realist that there is a time for peace, and a time for war.

They fall into the propaganda that accuses Imam Al Hasan of having many, many wives (100 odd).

For me, the best way to sum up Imam Al Hasan, is that it's enough to know that he was the Imam of his time, and as such, the Imam of Imam Al Husein.  ^_^

Wa`Salaam

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>

Well said :)

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(salam)

I'd love to see more done to promote an understanding on Imam Al Hasan.

Here, to mark his day, after Iftar, there's a special program held. Later, kids get presents, lending an Eid like atmosphere to our celebration!

Wa`Salaam

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