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In the Name of God بسم الله

`isha nafila

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Trying to understand once for all. 

Since we are allowed to pray nawafil in any condition - resting, even walking - why does the `isha prayer turn from 1 to 2 units under the pretext that we are sitting ?

And why should we sit in the first place, given the importance of standing in prayer ? 


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I just searched it online on Qum Religious School website. Isha Nafila should be performed 2 Rakaah sitted on the ground which will be counted as 1 Rakaah (people with special needs can do it on the seat). One website did mention that it can be done 1 Rakaah standing, but all others mentioned 2 Rakaah sitted.

Your question on why should it be sitted is like asking why Fajr is 2 Rakaah instead of 3, 4 or even more. That's what scholars derived from احادیث and Quarn.

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Thanks brother @Quran313.

I would like to read that one website if you don't mind sharing. 

As for your comparison, well not really because we never knew the logic behind the number of units.

On the other hand, salah has arkan and standing is one of them, but we also know that in nafila we are not really commited to those arkan - see my point when I said we can even perform nawafil while walking or resting. So why is it that on that prayer we MUST sit, BUT two rak`a count as one only as if there was a kaffara/fidya/compensation due... 

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6 hours ago, realizm said:

So why is it that on that prayer we MUST sit, BUT two rak`a count as one only as if there was a kaffara/fidya/compensation due... 

Salam you can choose to read it standing as one rak'a or two rak'as in sitting position which in Mustahab prayers generally two rka'ts in sitting position is equal to one rak'at in standing position which you can choose one of styles anyway because it has been recommended that in each rak'a based on tradition  of Ahlulbayt (عليه السلام)after Hamd , 100 Surah will be recited so therefore  It's highly recommended that it will be done in sitting position which also it has been recorded from imam Sadiq (عليه السلام)  which his father  Imam Baqir (عليه السلام) has been reciting it in sitting position . 

Mustahab prayers 

4- Khoei, Sistani: And it is better to perform all twenty rak'ahs before Zawal (Sistani: except for two rak'ahs, which is better at the time of the Zawal).


[grand Ayatollah] Sistani: Issue - Nafilah prayers can be recited while sitting, even if you are in state of optioning . And it is not necessary to count both rak'ahs as one rak'ah, but it is better to recite standing up, except for the Nafilah of Isha, which must be recited while sitting based on precautionary Wajib.


Issue 767- One should not read Nafila of noon and evening prayer while traveling1, but one can perform Nafila prayer of Isha with the intention that it might be desirable.2

Khoei, Tabrizi, Sistani: And there is no obstacle about Nafila of Isha if it is recited with the intention of rejoicing(be desirable) .


According to Ayatollah Makarim 


(Issue 766) It is possible to pray the nafila prayers while sitting, but it is better to count the two rakats of the nafila prayer while sitting as one rak'at.

For example, a person who wants to pray the midday prayer, which is eight rak'ahs, should pray sixteen rak'ahs, and if he wants to pray the Witr prayer while sitting, he should pray two prayers of one rak'ah while sitting.

This issue is not in Ayatollah Behjat's Risalah.



Wutairah prayer or Nafila Isha prayer is a mustahab two-raka't prayer which, according to the advice of  infallible imams , should be read after the Isha prayer. This prayer, which according to the majority of jurists should be recited while sitting, replaces Witr prayer (the last raka't of the night prayer) and carries its reward for those who do not manage to recite it for any reason. Some jurists cautiously consider two raka'ts of sitting prayer equal to one standing raka't . For this reason, two sitting raka'ts of Nafila Isha are considered exactly equal to one raka't of Witr prayer and they refer to a narration from the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) that he did not pray Wutairah or Nafila Isha due to the fact that he was persistent in reading Witr prayer. Of course, it should also be noted that in the eyes of some jurists and religious elders, it is preferable to perform this prayer while standing, like other prayers.

In the virtue of this prayer, we can also mention some hadiths from Imam Sadiq ((عليه السلام).):

It is stated in the book "Mustadrak al-Wasa'il" that Imam Sadiq ((عليه السلام).) said: Do not skip the two rak'ahs of prayer after Isha (Wutairah prayer), because it leads to attraction of  sustenance and abundance of sustenance.
He has also narrated from his father Imam Baqir ((عليه السلام).) that whoever recites the wutairah prayer and recites a hundred verses in it, is not considered one of the heedless.

In the book "Wasail al-Shi'ah" Imam Sadiq ((عليه السلام).) has been quoted as follows: Whoever prays Wutairah prayer and dies, the reward of Witr prayer will be written for him.

The quality and method of reading Nafila Isha
Like other nafila prayers,Nafila Isha  prayer has two rak'ats and it is read at the same time as the obligatory prayer. In traditions and religious texts, it is recommended to read one hundred verses in Nafila Isha prayer. Imam Sadiq ((عليه السلام).) narrates about Imam Baqir ((عليه السلام).) that he recited a hundred verses in the Wutaira prayer, which in one rak'at was Surah Al-Waqiah and in another rak'at was Surah Tawheed. Also, Imam Baqir ((عليه السلام).) recommended reciting Surah Al-Mulk in the Wutaira prayer.



How to pray Nafila Isha prayer (Wutairah)
Wutairah prayer consists of two rak'ahs, which is recited after Isha prayer while sitting. The time for performing the Wutairah prayer is after the Isha prayer until Sharia midnight. But it is better to do it immediately after Isha prayer. This prayer can be read anywhere, including the place where we performed the obligatory Isha prayer.

The worshiper sits cross legged  and recites the intention of prayer. It is recommended to recite one hundred verses of the Qur'an in two rak'ahs of prayer. It is also recommended that instead of reciting 100 verses, he recites Surah Al-Waqiah once in the first rak'ah and goes to ruku and prostration. And Surah Tawheed should be recited in the second rak'at and after Qunoot, bowing and prostration should be performed again in the same sitting position. Then he recites Tashahhud and salam and finishes the prayer. Reciting the Tasbihat [Tasbih] of Hazrat Zahra (sa) at the end of the prayer adds to its reward.





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