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In the Name of God بسم الله

I needed explanation to the verse of Quran

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Salam alaikum brothers

I have been busy with my university so i wasn't posting alot

Soo i am not sure if I have posted this before but

What is the explanation of Surah Rad 13:2

What pillars is Quran referring to as invisible

Actually i read tafsir of ibn kathir where i saw ibn Abbass saying sky like a dome supported by pillars

While ibn kathir says there are no pillars

Are there any shia explanations to this verse or other verses similar to this

JazakAllah khair 

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Surah Ar-Ra‘d – Verse 2

اللَّهُ الَّذِي رَفَعَ السَّمَاوَاتِ بِغَيْرِ عَمَدٍ تَرَوْنَهَا ثُمَّ اسْتَوَي عَلَي الْعَرْشِ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ كُلٌّ يَجْرِي لأَجَلٍ مُسَمّي يُدَبّـِرُ الأَمْرَ يُفَصّـِلُ الاَيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُم بِلِقَآءِ رَبّـِكُمْ تُوقِنُونَ

2. “Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars which you (can) see, then He established Himself on ‘Arsh (the Throne of authority) and subjected the sun and the moon, each one runs unto an appointed term.

He directs the affair (of existence). He explains the signs (in detail) so that you may be certain of the meeting with your Lord.

Here, in this verse, which is stated after the abbreviated letters, the Qur’an refers to an important part of the evidences of monotheism and the signs of Allah in the world of creation.

What a beautiful statement it is when it says:

“Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars which you (can) see…”

This verse unveils a scientific fact which was not manifest for anyone at the time of the revelation of the Qur’an. At that time the Ptolemaic system governed over the scientific centers and the thoughts of people. According to it, the planets and heavens were considered as the layers of an onion which were located over each other, and the earth was in the center.

About one thousand years after the revelation of these verses, the knowledge of humankind realized that the mentioned theory was utterly wrong and the reality is that the celestial planets each rotates on a fix axis in its own position, suspending and also invariable, without having anything to lean against.

The only factor which supports them to be fix in their own particular rotations is the equilibrium resulted from the attractive and repelling forces.

This equilibrium of the attractive and repelling forces, as an unseen pillar, keeps the celestial planets fix in their positions and orbits.

Then, the verse continues saying:

“…then He established Himself on ‘Arsh (the Throne of authority)…”

Next to the statement of creation of the heavens, and the existence of Allah’s authority over them all, it refers to the subjection of the sun and the moon which is under His control.

The verse says:

“…and subjected the sun and the moon…”

But the material system of the world is not eternal, and all the celestial bodies, such as the sun and the moon, will continue to rotate along their defined orbits until an appointed time.

The verse says:

“…each one runs unto an appointed term…”

Next to that, the Qur’an implies that these acts of to and fro are not undue and do not exist with no result, because it is Allah Who arranges everything. Then there is an account for every movement, and every account has been appointed for a particular aim.

The verse continues saying:

“…He directs the affair (of existence)…”

Then, it adds:

“…He explains the signs (in detail) so that you may be certain of the meeting with your Lord.”


1. There are some verses in the Qur’an which indicate that Allah maintains the heavens and the earth. Among them are the followings:

A. “Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars which you (can) see…” (The above mentioned verse).

B. “Verily Allah holds the heavens and the earth lest they come to naught; and if they come to naught none besides Him can hold them back…” (Surah Fatir, No. 35, verse 41)

C. “…And He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth…”

In Tafsir Al-Mizan, ‘Allamah Tabataba’i says that the purpose of the Qur’anic word /tafsil/ (explanation) is separation of the celestial planets and the earth from each other. The observation of this separation makes us aware of the separation of people in the Hereafter.

The Arabic word /‘amad/ is the plural form of /‘amūd/ which means ‘pillar’. However, when we do not see something, it cannot be taken as a reason for its inexistence.

Imam Rida (عليه السلام) said:

“There are some pillars, but you do not see them”.1

There is a very attractive tradition in this field narrated from Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali (عليه السلام) who has said:

“These stars, which are in the sky, are some cities like the cities on the earth, every one of which is connected with another by means of a pillar of light.”2

Could there be found a more expressive and clearer meaning than ‘invisible pillar’ or ‘a pillar of light’ in the expansion of the literature of that time for mentioning the concept of ‘attractive force’ and its resulting equilibrium against the ‘repelling force’?

D. The creation of the world with no Resurrection is a vain action. The reference for Resurrection is the same reasoning of theism. The same One Who creates and directs the affairs of existence, can accomplish the Resurrection and Hereafter, too.

“…so that you may be certain of the meeting with your Lord.”

Once Ali-ibn-Abi Talib (عليه السلام) was asked how Allah reckons (the deeds of) all mankind in Hereafter. Then he answered:

“In the same way that He sustains all humankind.”3

The Subjection of the Sun and the Moon:

The above-mentioned verse indicates that Allah ((سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى).) has subjected the sun and the moon. There are also many other verses in the Qur’an which denote that the entire celestial stars, all beings on the earth, the day and the night, and the like of them are wholly subjected to mankind.

In one occurrence, it says:

“…and He has made the rivers subservient to you.”4

By another statement in the same verse the holy Qur’an says:

“…and He has made the ships subservient to you…” 5

In another occurrence, the Qur’an says:

“And He has made the night and the day, and the sun and the moon subservient to you…” 6

In a holy verse, the Qur’an says:

“And He has made the constantly moving sun and the moon subservient to you…”7

The Qur’an also in another occurrence says:

“And He it is Who has made the sea subservient that you may eat fresh meat from it…”8

In another occurrence, the Qur’an questions:

“Do you not see that Allah has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the earth…?”9

And, finally, somewhere else the Qur’an says:

“And He has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, all, from Himself…” 10

From the totality of these verses, it is well understood that: Man is the most complete being in the world of creation, and, from the view of Islam, he is so worthy and respected that Allah has made all other beings subservient to him; i.e., it is the Man who is the representative of Allah, and whose heart is the place fit for the Light of Allah.

However, it is evident that the Qur’anic word /tasxir/ (subjection), referred to in these verses, does not mean that man can bring all these things under his own command, but it implies that they are alongside his benefit and service. For example, the celestial planets reflect the light for him, or have some other advantages for him, which he may utilize.

No school of thought, other than Islam, has considered so much worth and high rank for Man, and in no other doctrine and philosophy Man has such an exalted position and personality. These are the specialties of the ideology of Islam which promote the value of man high as such.

Knowing this fact has a deep moral effect in man; because, when he mediates that Allah has bestowed upon him so much grandeur in a state that every thing; such as: the sun, the moon, the celestial sphere and all other things, are at his service, he will not tend to negligence and meanness so that he becomes as captive to lusts, wealth, ranks, and ungodly forces.

Such a man is the one who removes all barriers and promotes high and higher.

How can one says that the sun and the moon are not at the service of man while they illuminate and warm the scene of his life by their lights? Without sunshine, there will be no movement and development on the earth.

Moreover, by its gravity, the sun causes the earth to rotate on its orbit, the moon causes the low tides and the high tides appear in the seas, which are the source of many blessings and benefits for man.

The ships on the seas, the rivers, the day and the night, and the like of them, each serves and helps man in a particular way. A careful observation and contemplation over them, and over the regular order they have, makes it clear that they are some manifest evidences unto the Greatness, Power and Wisdom of the Creator.


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