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In the Name of God بسم الله

Zaynab Bint Jahsh, what is the shia opinion of her?

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Guest JarOfCookies

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Guest JarOfCookies

Salam

I keep reading contradicting accounts about her. On one hand, she’s said to have been extremely generous and an excellent wife to the prophet. On the other hand, some things I read about her taking extreme pride in her ancestry, even boasting of it, makes me quite skeptical. I mean yeah, she was human and humans are flawed, but some biographies even list that as a major reason for her divorce from Zayd; that she did not see him as an equal because of his status as a former slave and lack of family name. Even worse, there’s a narration where she even acts in the same arrogant manner with the holy prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and expresses a desire for divorce from him (!). I thought it might have been just a youthful, ignorant thing to do but she was actually around 40 when the prophet married her. That’s not to mention most of the traditions that describe her virtues were narrated by Aisha (la), who seemed to “approve” of her, and her final years in the reign of Omar suggest that she was on good terms with that era’s pharaoh. I also haven’t come across anything that suggests any kind of support for the cause of Amir Al-mumineen (عليه السلام).

All I’m saying, I want to make a clear cut decision about her. Should I dislike her? Should I respect and venerate her? How much? Sadly, most of the online discussion about her is centred on the marriage drama so I hope you guys can provide me with more info and help me out with this one. Thanks!

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Salam

On 12/6/2022 at 3:13 PM, Guest JarOfCookies said:

All I’m saying, I want to make a clear cut decision about her. Should I dislike her? Should I respect and venerate her? How much? Sadly, most of the online discussion about her is centred on the marriage drama so I hope you guys can provide me with more info and help me out with this one. Thanks!

Salam  surly you must respect & venrate her in similar fashion of other mothers os believes likewise Umm Salama  (may Allah pleased from her) which bboth of them have been praised by prophet Muhammad (pbu) for being good wives & pious muslimah .

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Zaynab bt. Jahsh

Priority: c, Quality: b
 
 
For other people named Zaynab, see Zaynab (disambiguation).
Zaynab bt. Jahsh
Wife of the Prophet (s)
Full Name Barra bt. Jahsh
Well-known As Umm al-Mu'minin
Lineage Asad b. Khuzayma
Well-known Relatives The Prophet (s) (husband), Zayd b. Haritha (former husband)
Birth About 33 years before Hijra/About 589-90
Place of Birth Mecca
Place of Residence Mecca, Medina
Death 20/640-1
Burial Place Al-Baqi' cemetery
Era Early Islam
Activities Migration to Medina, participating in the Battle of Hunayn
امهات المؤمنین.png
Name Date of Marriage
Khadija (28 BH/595)
Sawda (before Hijra/before 622)
Aisha (1,2, or 4/622, 623, or 625)
Hafsa (3/624)
Zaynab (bt. Khuzayma) (3/624)
Umm Salama (4/625)
Zaynab (bt. Jahsh) (5/627)
Juwayriyya (5 or 6/626 or 627)
Umm Habiba (6 or 7/627 or 628)
Mariya (7/628)
Safiyya (7/628)
Maymuna (7/628)

Zaynab bt. Jaḥsh (Arabic: زینب بنت جحش) (d. 20/640-1) is one of the Prophet Muhammad's (s) wives. First, she married Zayd b. Haritha, the Prophet's (s) adopted son, but soon they separated. Then the Prophet (s) married her to break the Ignorance tradition which considered the adopted children as the biological ones.

She was so generous that after her demise no money had left from her wealth. She passed away in 20/640-1 in Medina and was buried in al-Baqi' cemetery.

 

Marriage to Zayd

After Zaynab emigrated to Medina, the Prophet (s) asked her to marry Zayd. Before this proposal, Zaynab thought the Prophet (s) himself wants to marry; when she realized that he proposed her for Zayd, she rejected. However, when she saw the Prophet (s) wants her to get married to Zayd, she accepted.[12]

Exegetes said that the 36th verse of Quran 33[13] was revealed about this event and it was after the revelation of this verse that Zaynab agreed to marry Zayd.[14]

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The Prophet (s) married her to break the Ignorance tradition which considered the adopted children as the biological ones.

Marriage to the Prophet (s)

By God's order and for breaking the Ignorance time tradition, which considered the adopted children as the biological ones, the Prophet (s) married Zaynab.[18] It is reported that Zaynab offered herself to the Prophet (s) without mahr.[19]

Later she took pride in her superiority over the Prophet's wives as her marriage to the Prophet (s) was decreed in the heavens.[20] After the marriage, the Prophet (s) held a wedding feast[21] in which the gusts were served mutton and bread.[22]

It is said that the Prophet's (s) marriage to Zaynab took place in early Dhu l-Qa'da, 5/March, 627 and Zaynab was 35 years old at that time.[23]

On 12/6/2022 at 3:13 PM, Guest JarOfCookies said:

there’s a narration where she even acts in the same arrogant manner with the holy prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and expresses a desire for divorce from him (!).

This is just a batalant lie & too weak narration which has been fabricated by enemies of prophet Muhammad (pbu)

Distortion of the Story

By gossiping about this marriage, hypocrites and polytheists affronted the Prophet (s). In order to damage the Prophet's reputation, some hypocrites gossiped that the Prophet's desire for Zaynab caused the separation between Zayd and her.[24]24 They narrated various incoherent and sometimes contradictory stories in this regard. Some exegetes of the Qur'an mentioned these stories in their commentaries on the 37th verse of Quran 33.[25].[26]

Studying the accounts about this event indicates that the first/seventh century exegetes, most probably made up these accounts based on the story of David and Uriya in the Old Testament.[27] Ibn Hajar pointed that some narrators of these accounts are unreliable.[28] However, Bosworth has explained the story of the Prophet's marriage to Zaynab based on these biased accounts.[29]

Characteristics

She was so generous that no dirham and dinar was left from her after her demise; as she had given all of them to the poor.[41]

Even the Prophet (s) referred to this positive attribute of hers by a subtle irony and told his other wives "the fastest of you to join me after my death is the one who is more generous than the others."[42]

Many historians have reported her story, in which she divided all her annuity of 12000 dirhams between orphans, widows and the poor in just a few moments.[43]

On 12/6/2022 at 3:13 PM, Guest JarOfCookies said:

and her final years in the reign of Omar suggest that she was on good terms with that era’s pharaoh. I also haven’t come across anything that suggests any kind of support for the cause of Amir Al-mumineen (عليه السلام).

During 'Umar's Caliphate

After that 'Umar founded the diwan (treasury), he allocated an annuity of 12,000 dirhams to her, as he did for some other wives of the Prophet (s). However, Zaynab only received that annuity for one year and she passed away in the following one. Zaynab believed that taking this money was a sedition and she had asked God to help her escaping from taking the annuity.[40]

When 'Umar behaved aggressively towards Zaynab, the Prophet (s) told him, "Be aware that Zaynab is Awwah" Awwah is an attribute of the prophet Ibrahim (a) mentioned in the Qur'an which means very humble before God and weeps a lot for His sake.[47]

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any kind of support for the cause of Amir Al-mumineen (عليه السلام).

In the Battle of Hunayn, Zaynab accompanied the Prophet (s).[45]After the Prophet's demise, she used to say, "I will not get on any mount even for hajj."[46]

Ibn Sa'd[55] and al-Dhahabi[56] narrated that 'Umar banned men who were not her mahrams from participation in her funeral procession (carrying the dead body to burial place) to preserve her dignity as they would see the shape of her body. However, when Asma' bt. 'Umays informed him that they have made a coffin for her and put her body in it, he allowed the public to participate in her funeral.[57]

'Umar walked before her coffin and said, "What a nice cover, keeps the bodies of women after their death out of men's sight."[58]

Putting the dead body in coffin for funeral procession was not common in Hijaz at that time, rather they would carry the body on a bier. This way the shape of the dead body was easily noticed as it was only covered by shroud. For the first time Asma' bt. 'Umays, who had seen coffins in her home country, Abyssinia, made one for Lady Fatima (a), the Prophet's daughter;[59] however, as Fatima (a) was buried in secret, the first public funeral with coffin was that of Zaynab bt. Jahsh.[60]

https://en.wikishia.net/view/Zaynab_bt._Jahsh

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