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In the Name of God بسم الله

When They Plot By Night

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Salaam Aleikum,

The Holy verse says:

They may hide (Their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (Them) from Allah, seeing that He is in their midst when they plot by night, in words that He cannot approve: And Allah Doth compass round all that they do.” (Sūrah al-Nisā’ (4) : verse 108)

The Sunni tafsir al kathir:

(They may hide (their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (them) from Allah;) chastises the hypocrites because they hide their evil works from the people so that they will not criticize them. Yet, the hypocrites disclose this evil with Allah, Who has perfect watch over their secrets and knows what is in their hearts. This is why Allah said,

﴿ وَهُوَ مَعَهُمۡ إِذۡ يُبَيِّتُونَ مَا لَا يَرۡضَىٰ مِنَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ‌ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ بِمَا يَعۡمَلُونَ مُحِيطًا ﴾

(for He is with them (by His knowledge), when they plot by night in words that He does not approve. And Allah ever encompasses what they do) threatening and warning them. Allah then said,

From Q/Answer:

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 21677Q 4: Allah (Exalted be He) states: They may hide (their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (them) from Allâh; for He is with them (by His Knowledge), when they plot by night in words that He does not approve. Is hiding from people while committing sins regarded Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) in all cases? What is meant by the following Hadith: Whoever has had any of these ugly things (sins) befall him should cover them up with the veil of Allah. ? How can the Ayah (Qur'anic verse) and Hadith be reconciled?

A: This Ayah addresses the hypocrites who fear people and do not fear Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He). They pretend to be believers to deceive others. As for the believer, he is obliged to conceal his sin, if any, to perform Tawbah (repentance to Allah) and not to return to it.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions! Source

The Shia tafsir of this verse

Now, The Sunnis never mentioned who are the ones who this was referred to, only that they mention they were hypocrites. But as for us Shias we do have Sahih hadith that mentions who are these people referred to:

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ع يَقُولُ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى إِذْ يُبَيِّتُونَ ما لا يَرْضى‏ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ (النساء -: 108 -) قَالَ يَعْنِي فُلَاناً وَ فُلَاناً وَ أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ بْنَ الْجَرَّاحِ

From Sulaymān al-Ja`farī said I heard Abā al-Ḥasan (عليه السلام) say about the words of Allāh (تبارك و تعالى), “When they plot by night of words which does not please Him” (Sūrah al-Nisā’: Verse 108) He (عليه السلام) said: ‘Meaning fulān (Abū Bakr), fulān (`Umar) and Abā `Ubaydah bin al-Jarrāḥ
Source:

1.     Al-Kulaynī, Al-Kāfī, ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghaffārī, 8 vols., (Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 3rd Edition, 1388 AH), vol. 8, pg. 334, ḥadīth # 525

Grading:

1.     Al-Majlisī said this hadeeth is Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic)
à Mir’āt Al-`Uqūl, 26 vols., (Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1410 AH), vol. 26, pg. 488

----

Here is clear proof to us Shias that indeed these individuals were hypocrisy. These three are also the one who plotted ageinst the Ansar at Saqifah. Also from the narrations of Sunnis you can find how close these three were that Chaliphate were choosed amoung themselves:

After the beloved Prophet had passed away, the companions gathered to choose a successor at the Saqifah or meeting place of Banu Saaadah. The day is known in history as the Day of Saqifah. On this day, Umar ibn al-Khattab said to Abu Ubaydah, "Stretch forth your hand and I will swear allegiance to you for I heard the Prophet, peace be upon him say, 'Every ummah has an amin (custodian) and you are the amin of this ummah.' "

"I would not," declared Abu Ubaydah, "put myself forward in the presence of a man whom the Prophet, upon whom be peace, commanded to lead us in Prayer and who led us right until the Prophet's death." He then gave bayah (the oath of allegiance) to Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. He continued to be a close adviser to Abu Bakr and his strong supporter in the cause of truth and goodness. Then came the caliphate of Umar and Abu Ubaydah also gave him his support and obedience. Source

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Salam 

Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah has been the person who has betrayed to Amir Almuminin Imam ali (عليه السلام) in Saqifa which due that his title has been "Amin"  which 

Ali b. Hammad al-Basri in a poem has condemened him for his betrayal which Wahabists & Nasibisis according to his poem have accused Shias to insulting to

archangel Jibreel/Gabriel (عليه السلام) based on enmity of Jews with archangel Gabriel(عليه السلام)

Quote

He was described as the Amin or Custodian of Muhammad's community. His full name was Aamir ibn Abdullah ibn al-Jarrah. He was known as Abu Ubaydah. Of him Abdullah ibn Umar, one of the companions of the Prophet, said:

"Three persons in the tribe of Quraysh were most prominent, had the best character and were the most modest. If they spoke to you, they would not deceive you and if you spoke to them, they would not accuse you of Lying: Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Uthman ibn Affan and Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah."

https://www.alim.org/history/prophet-companion/2/

Khan al-Amin

 
 

Khān al-Amīn (Arabic: خانَ الاَمین) literally means “the trusted [angel] has betrayed.” It is a belief attributed by some Sunni scholars to Shias. They claim that Shias believe that Gabriel was primarily commanded to deliver the revelation to Imam 'Ali (a), but then he betrayed and breached the command, delivering the revelation to Muhammad (s). They say that Shias repeat the phrase at the end of their prayers.

Some Sunni scholars have adduced a verse attributed to Ali b. Hammad al-Basri

The trusted [angel] went astray and blocked it [i.e. the revelation] from Haydar

I swear to God, that the trusted was not trustworthy.

According to Qadi Nur Allah Shushtari and Abu 'Ali Ha'iri, two Shiite scholars, “amin” (the trusted) in this verse refers to Abu 'Ubayda al-Jarrah,

Quote

Appealing to Ibn Hammad’s Poem

Some Sunni scholars have adduced a verse attributed to Ali b. Hammad al-Basri, a Shiite poet in the fourth/tenth century, as evidence that at least a group of Shias believe that Gabriel betrayed God’s commands. The verse reads as follows:

The trusted [angel] went astray and blocked it [i.e. the revelation] from Haydar

I swear to God, that the trusted was not trustworthy.

ضَلَّ الأمینُ و صَدَّها عَنْ حَیدر        تَاللّهِ ما کانَ الأمینُ أمینا[۹]

Terjememahannya: Amiin telah tersesat dan itu dicegah dari Haidar; sumpah demi Tuhan Amiin tidak menjaga amanat. (Malay/Bahasa language)

Al-Amîn s'est égaré et l'a arrêté d'al-Haydar (c'est-à-dire l'Imam Ali (a)); Je jure devant Dieu, al-Amîn n'a pas gardé la confiance. (French)

According to Qadi Nur Allah Shushtari and Abu 'Ali Ha'iri, two Shiite scholars, “amin” (the trusted) in this verse refers to Abu 'Ubayda al-Jarrah, who is deemed the “trusted by the nation” (amin al-umma) by Sunni Muslims, but he made efforts to help Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa take over the caliphate and steal it from Imam ʿAli (a). There is a hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari, one of the authentic six collections of hadith for Sunnis, which says that Abu 'Ubayda al-Jarrah was the trusted figure of the Islamic nation.

https://en.wikishia.net/view/Khan_al-Amin

https://fa.wikishia.net/view/خان_الامین

http://ar.wikishia.net/view/خان_الأمين

https://id.wikishia.net/view/Khana_al-Amiin

https://fr.wikishia.net/view/Khân_al-Amîn

 

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On 6/30/2022 at 11:48 AM, Abu Nur said:

يَعْنِي فُلَاناً وَ فُلَاناً وَ أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ بْنَ الْجَرَّاحِ

There are numerous aayaat about the first two. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) exposes them on many occasions. 

ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ
Then We relegated him to the lowest of the low...
[95:5]
Ali Bin Ibrahim (Tafseer Qummi) said,
"It was Revealed regarding the first one (Abu Bakr): Then We relegated him to the lowest of the low [95:5].
(Source: Tafseer Qummi 2:429)

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰ
By the night when it envelops...
 [95:5]
image.png.15827f27596fed34214626d0c66e6917.png
Then Ali Bin Ibrahim said – It has been narrated from Ahmad Bin Idrees, from Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbar, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hamaad Bin Usman, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who said:
"I asked Abu Ja'far about the Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic: By the night when it envelops [92:1], he said:
‘The night in this subject, is the second one [Omar]. He disregarded Amirul-Momineen (عليه السلام) during his government, which flowed to him. And Amirul-Momineen (عليه السلام) was patient during his government until it lapsed.'"
(Source: Tafseer Qummi 2:425)

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا
By the night when it covers her... 
[91:4]
image.png.25a377bcb9b88601110651051c6a5843.png
'By the night when it covers her, [91:4] – Hibter [Abu Bakr] and his government, had covered over the Truth.'
(Source: Ta'weel Al-Aayaat 2:1/803)

 

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