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In the Name of God بسم الله

Sabr & Salah (2:45)

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  • Advanced Member

:bismillah:

:salam:

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) has said in Quran:

وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ {45}

[Shakir 2:45] And seek assistance through patience and prayer, and most surely it is a hard thing except for the humble ones,
[Pickthal 2:45] Seek help in patience and prayer; and truly it is hard save for the humble-minded,
[Yusufali 2:45] Nay, seek (Allah's) help with patient perseverance and prayer: It is indeed hard, except to those who bring a lowly spirit,-

I have few questions about this very verse. 

1) Are the الصبر & الصلاة the same thing? 

2) If they are same, why Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) has used the singular object pronoun here (انها)?

Sabr is a masculine noun, Salah is feminine noun, the pronoun ها is a feminine subject pronoun. So probably it is pointing towards Salah.

3) If they are different, what is mean by sabr & salah here? Sabr in that sense, is easy as compared to salah while it seems that salah is easy than the sabr. Because even those who are regular in prayers loose patience. 

Looking forward to view your responses.

Wassalam

Edited by Cool
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  • Advanced Member

Interestingly, at another place in the same chapter, we find this verse:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ {153}

[Shakir 2:153] O you who believe! seek assistance through patience and prayer; surely Allah is with the patient.
[Pickthal 2:153] O ye who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. Lo! Allah is with the steadfast.
[Yusufali 2:153] O ye who believe! seek help with patient perseverance and prayer; for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.

Here Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is with Sabireen, it is not said that He is with Musalleen. So probably mentioning the status of sabr above salah.

While in 2:45 it is said و انها لكبيرة الا علي الخشعين، (it is hard except for the humble ones). And here, if Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) has pointed towards salah with pronoun ها rather than pointing towards both by stating انهما، that would mean the salah is a difficult thing therefore God should have to be with Musalleen (those who establish prayers).

Just added the verse to reach to a better conclusion in light of the verses of Quran and through the ahadith of Imams.

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  • Veteran Member

Salam Brother,

My simple understanding (and i could be totally wrong).

Salah is to be established in a person and society.  A total submission to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى).

Sabr is a characteristic that a person can aquire in the self.  A person that has no level of Sabr cannot establish the Salah.

Always the Sabr will is mentioned before the Salah.

Wallahualam.

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  • Advanced Member
4 hours ago, layman said:

A person that has no level of Sabr cannot establish the Salah.

Alaikas Salam Brother!

Indeed!!! 

If patience is one of the noblest human morals, then this means that the one who possesses it is one of the noblest and most moral of people.  

One of the calamities that the prophets are exposed to in order to attain the position of the divine Imamate requires extreme patience, which the ordinary believer cannot bear. This is our Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, who was patient in obedience to God Almighty after He commanded him to slaughter his son, so he almost slaughtered him had it not been for the great redemption from God after he, peace be upon him, showed patience in fulfilling the divine mandate, so God gave him the position of divine leadership...

Our Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is also mentioned as the bearer of exalted moral character (68:4) and according to a hadith of Bihar al Anwar, the very being of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is mentioned as Sabr:

رويّ عن أمير المؤمنين الإمام علي عليه السلام في تفسير قوله تعالى ﴿وَاسْتَعِينُواْ بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلاَةِ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلاَّ عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ﴾ - الآية 45، تفسيراً باطنياً ((فالصبر رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) والصلاة إقامة ولايتي، فمنها قال الله تعالى : ﴿وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ﴾،  ولم يقل : وإنهما لكبيرة؛ لأن الولاية كبيرة حملها إلا على الخاشعين، والخاشعون هم الشيعة المستبصرون، وذلك لأن أهل الأقاويل من المرجئة والقدرية والخوارج وغيرهم من الناصبية يقرون لمحمد  (صلى الله عليه وآله) ليس بينهم خلاف وهم مختلفون في ولايتي منكرون لذلك جاحدون بها إلا القليل . وهم الذين وصفهم الله في كتابه العزيز فقال : ﴿وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلاَّ عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ ﴾))[

Translation of bolded phrase:

"Patience is the Messenger of God (may God bless him and his family and grant them peace) and prayer is the establishment of my mandate (wilayah of Amir ul Mo'mineen)"

:) I don't know the grading of this narration, but interestingly, it is mentioning the hidden meanings of Sabr & Salah. 

http://shiaonlinelibrary.com/الكتب/1457_بحار-الأنوار-العلامة-المجلسي-ج-٢٦/الصفحة_4#top

If Sabr (Patience) is the very being of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) , then a Sabir (Patient) is the one who exercise the very moral character of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). 

And if we keep in mind this hidden interpretation, the "isti'anah" with sabr and salah, gives us a different meaning. 

4 hours ago, layman said:

Always the Sabr will is mentioned before the Salah.

Like Prophethood is always mentioned before the Imamate :)

Apart from this statement in light of a hadith mentioning the hidden meanings of these two. You have raised very important points, and we will discuss them in light of apparent meanings of the two terms sabr & salah Insha Allah.

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  • Moderators

Off topic but one interesting thing about how we can know prophet Ishmael is the one who was choosed to be sacrificed is that by his character mentioned in Quran, where God said that he was the patience one. It is something that is very honorable title who tolerate all kind of tests. The Prophet Muhammad (saws) and his Ahlulbayt (عليه السلام) surely are the manifestation of patience and prayer. 

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