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In the Name of God بسم الله

What is Sabr ?

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13:22~24 They were Patient (in their current state), and sought the face (the paradisiacal state of existence in which the manifestations of the divine forces in one’s essential reality is experienced) of their Rabb, they performed salat and gave unrequitedly, secretly and openly from the life sustenance we disclosed to them... They nullify their wrongdoings with (following) good deeds... Theirs shall be the homeland of the future!  the Paradises of Eden (a level of existence where one consciously experiences the forces of the Names in one’s essence)... They will enter there in unity (experiencing the same reality) with those who attain righteousness (amend themselves and live coherently) from among their parents, partners and offspring... And the angels will come to them from every gate (the forces required to live in that state of existence will become activated within them at every level)!
24. (They will say) “Assalamu alaikum (may the force pertaining to the Name Salam become activated within you) as a result of your Patience... How beautiful is the final homeland!” 

What is patience (Sabr) ?
 

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Patience (or forbearance) is the ability to endure difficult circumstances such as perseverance in the face of delay; tolerance of provocation without responding in annoyance/anger; or forbearance when under strain, especially when faced with longer-term difficulties. Patience is the level of endurance one can have before negativity. It is also used to refer to the character trait of being steadfast.

There is a book called Discourses on Patience by Ayatullah Khamenei that I posted a few years ago. The PDF is also available.

https://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235001690-ethics-book-list/?do=findComment&comment=2796422

 

Another book on patience at al-islam.org website is here:

https://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235001690-ethics-book-list/?do=findComment&comment=2784942

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4 hours ago, Shahrukh K said:

13:22~24 They were Patient (in their current state), and sought the face (the paradisiacal state of existence in which the manifestations of the divine forces in one’s essential reality is experienced) of their Rabb, they performed salat and gave unrequitedly, secretly and openly from the life sustenance we disclosed to them... They nullify their wrongdoings with (following) good deeds... Theirs shall be the homeland of the future!  the Paradises of Eden (a level of existence where one consciously experiences the forces of the Names in one’s essence)... They will enter there in unity (experiencing the same reality) with those who attain righteousness (amend themselves and live coherently) from among their parents, partners and offspring... And the angels will come to them from every gate (the forces required to live in that state of existence will become activated within them at every level)!
24. (They will say) “Assalamu alaikum (may the force pertaining to the Name Salam become activated within you) as a result of your Patience... How beautiful is the final homeland!” 

What is patience (Sabr) ?
 

Assalama alaykum brother,

Passive Patience - When one is faced with adverse circumstances beyond their control, bearing them without getting upset, not blaming anyone for it. And praying and relying on Allah Almighty to take care of the adverse circumstances.

Pro-active Patience – When wronged or oppressed by someone, one bears this even though having full ability and capability to get even and settle the score, does not retaliate.  And leaving the matter to Allah Almighty, and hoping to get rewarded for it.

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On 7/5/2021 at 10:27 AM, Debate follower said:

Assalama alaykum brother,

Passive Patience - When one is faced with adverse circumstances beyond their control, bearing them without getting upset, not blaming anyone for it. And praying and relying on Allah Almighty to take care of the adverse circumstances.

Pro-active Patience – When wronged or oppressed by someone, one bears this even though having full ability and capability to get even and settle the score, does not retaliate.  And leaving the matter to Allah Almighty, and hoping to get rewarded for it.

Patience is wisdom.
Sabir (patient) : One whose nafs remain undisturbed amidst misery, who does not crave for pleasure, who is free from attachment, fear and anger is the one who is of steady mind.

A patient man does not allow his nafs to harbour the material frailties of lust anger envy greed etc. If one persmits the nafs to brood over miseries, then the contemplation on divine ceases and the nafs is dragged down from the transcendental level. 
Similarly, if nafs crave external pleasure, it runs to the object of enjoyment, and is again diverted from divine contemplation.
So a patient man of steady wisdom is one who does not allow the nafs to hanker for pleasure or lament for miseries. Further such a person  does not permit nafs to succumb to the urges of fear and anger. In this way you will attain final destination.

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Posted (edited)
59 minutes ago, Shahrukh K said:

Patience is wisdom.

I think it is a mixture of knowledge (al-kitab) and wisdom (al-hikmah). Some sort of Noor which infact comes from God Almighty. Hence we have a dua in Quran:

رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا 

2:250) Our Lord, pour down upon us patience, and make our steps firm

 

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 In a narration from Imam Ali (عليه السلام), it is quoted that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Patience has three parts: patience in times of adversity, patience in obeying God and patience in forsaking sins." [8]
Patience in the face of problems, calamities and so on is one of the ways to get closer to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), which is highly emphasized in the Quran and narrations. Therefore in the Qur'an it is mentioned that those who are patient are the love of God. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) said: "And indeed Allah loves those who are patient " (QS. Ali Imran [3]: 146)
By studying various histories, the result of patience is openness and ease in affairs. [9] Imam Shadiq As quoted from the words of his father, Imam Baqir As, said: "... Indeed, the person who is patient (in the face of adversity), will reach the degree of one who is diligent in night prayers and fasting, even the degree of a friend who dies below the command of Rasulullah Saw during the war. " [10]

https://www.islamquest.net/fa/archive/question/id21839

https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&u=https://www.islamquest.net/id/archive/id21839

https://hawzah.net/fa/goharenab/View/47715/صبر-چیست

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1. Patience is to encourage oneself to do deeds that are required by reason and sharia and prevent oneself from doing deeds that are prohibited by reason and sharia. [3]


2. Patience is peace of mind and soul when faced with difficulties and calamities, strength and tenacity in facing them, still feel happy as before the bitter incident occurred, keep the tongue from complaining and other limbs from doing inappropriate deeds. [4]


3. Patience is the power of religious motivation in the face of satanic lustful impulses. [5] In other words, patience is a force that keeps man steadfast in carrying out his religious duties despite the lusts and temptations of the devil continue to push and distort him. The human self in that state is like a battlefield between the forces of reason and ignorance. [6]


By considering some of the above meanings, it is clear that patience is a nature of the soul that can prevent, which on the one hand patience confines the lusts and impulses of the devil and then directs man to walk in the right path, and also prevents man from running away from responsibility.

https://www.islamquest.net/fa/archive/question/id21839

https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&u=https://www.islamquest.net/id/archive/id21839

https://hawzah.net/fa/goharenab/View/47715/صبر-چیست

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