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In the Name of God بسم الله

do we have evidence that the family of the prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) were monotheistic

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Assalamu aleykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh brothers and sisters

I read that we Shia believe that the family of prophet Muhammad ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) were monotheistic. the name of Abu Talib (عليه السلام) and a great grandfather of prophet Muhammad was abd Manaf. https://m.wikidata.org/wiki/Q2475244

the meaning of the name Abd Manaf is  servant of Manaf", Manaf being one of the pre-Islamic polytheistic gods. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd_Manaf_(name). I know that Manaf means great too. So maybe it means the servant of High too. We Muslims are not allowed to take the name abd Manaf because it was the name of a deity, but why familymembers like Abu Talib had that name of the deity? 

Abu Lahab was not a Hanif I think. He was or became a kafir. How are we sure that the family of the prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) were all monotheistic? Can you give proof for that? 

Thank you



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The Ancestors Of The Prophet

Says the Shaykh Abu Ja'far: Our belief concerning them is that they were believers (muslimun) from Adam down to Abdu'l-lah, his (Prophet's) father, peace be on him, and that Abu Talib and the Prophet's mother Amina bint Wahb were Muslims.1

And the Prophet, on whom be blessings and peace said: I am derived from (the bonds of) matrimony and not from any unlawful union (sifah), from Adam downwards.

And it is related that 'Abdu'l-Muttalib, peace be on him, was a hujjat and Abu Talib was his wasi.



أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصْحَابِ الْفِيلِ {1}

أَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ كَيْدَهُمْ فِي تَضْلِيلٍ {2}

وَأَرْسَلَ عَلَيْهِمْ طَيْرًا أَبَابِيلَ {3}

تَرْمِيهِمْ بِحِجَارَةٍ مِنْ سِجِّيلٍ {4}

فَجَعَلَهُمْ كَعَصْفٍ مَأْكُولٍ {5}

Surah 105 ( al-Fil) The Elephant


Pooya/Ali Commentary 105:1]

This surah refers to an incident in the history of Makka, as an example of how Allah deals with those who oppose His will. About fifty days before the birth of the Holy Prophet, Abraha, the Abyssinia's viceroy of Yemen, Christian by religion, proceeded against Makka, as the head of a large army, with the object of destroying the Ka-bah, because he wanted that there should be no place or structure more glorious than the church he was building at Sana. He had with him elephants. Therefore he and his army is known as ashab al fil, those who brought elephants. At the outskirts of Makka he captured a large number of camels belonging to the chief of Makka, Abd al Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet. After receiving the information that Abraha was coming to destroy the holy Ka-bah, Abd al Muttalib went to see him and said:

"I have come to collect my camels. The Ka-bah belongs to God. He will surely protect it from your evil design."

Abraha gave the captured camels to Abd al Muttalib He returned to the city and asked the people to retire to the neighbouring hills, leaving the Lord of Ka-bah to protect it. When Abraha entered Makka, suddenly a large flock of birds, like swallows, came flying from the sea-coast and pelted the invading army with pebbles of baked clay. They all died. They were like a dead and useless field from which all the produce is eaten up and only straw with stubble is left. Abraha escaped and went directly to the king in Abyssinia. All the way a bird with a stone in her beak followed him. When the king asked Abraha as to what kind of birds they were, Abraha looked to the sky and the bird at once dropped stone in her beak and killed him on the spot.

The lesson to be drawn is twofold. The pagans of Makka were forewarned that as the Holy Prophet was superior to the Ka-bah, Allah, who protects whatever is His own, shall protect him from all their evil schemes. It is also a warning to men in all ages that "if a man intoxicated with power comes out to defeat Allah's holy plan, he cannot prevail against Allah, but his plan will fail and destroy him as well."

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The event narrated in this surah is a miracle. It proves the sanctity of the Ka-bah and the strong faith of Abd al Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet, in Allah. When this chapter of the Quran was recited by the Holy Prophet before the Quraysh unbelievers no one raised any voice to belie him.

Refer to the commentary of chapters ad Duha and al Inshirah for the inter-relation of those two chapters and of al Fil and al Quraysh, the next chapter.

The faith of Abd al Muttalib in the oneness of Allah is proved by his following supplication:

O Lord, there is no hope (of receiving help from any quarter) to stop them (Abraha's army) save from You,

O Lord, therefore do not let them have Your protection because he who is the enemy of Your house is Your enemy,

Verily they (the enemies whoever they are) cannot defeat Your power.


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18 hours ago, Dutchzahra said:

Abu Lahab was not a Hanif I think. He was or became a kafir. How are we sure that the family of the prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) were all monotheistic?

Salam AbuLahab was not an idol worshiper which he has denied prophethood of prophet  Muhammad  (pbu) however he was just one of brothers of father of prophet  which his status was likewise of son of Noah who has preferred  nonblievers to his father also this virtue only belongs to  prophet Muhammad (pbu) & Imam Ali (عليه السلام) but there is no record about mother of Abu Lahab which  "His mother, Lubna, was a daughter of Hajar b. 'Abd Manaf from the Khuza'a tribe. Abu Lahab was Lubna's only child " which  father of prophet was from another wife Abdul mutalib .


12 hours ago, Dutchzahra said:

The same question for the name Abul Uzza? Why did abd al Mutallib named his sons Abd Manaf and Abul Uzza? 2 deities. I am confused. 

Their names/titles  have not been originally  related to idol worshiping but in other hand have been names/titles of Allah since time of prophet  Ibrahim (عليه السلام) but because idol worshipers have used these namestitles besides of other deities which mentioning  them has used against  Allah so they have banned after that only Allah has used for Shahada.

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Ḥamza b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib


His Name, Kunya and Title
His name meant "lion" or "sharp-sighted". His Kunya was Abu 'Umara and Abu Ya'la. His mother was Hala bt. Uhayb (Wuhayb) b. 'Abd Manaf b. Zuhra.

Hamza was titled as "Asad Allah" and "Asad Rasul Allah". According to a hadith, he was blessed after he was martyred and was titled as "Sayyid al-Shuhada'".



Al-ʿAbbās b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib 

Al-Abbas b. Abd al-Muttalib b. Hashim b. Abd Manaf b. Qusayy b. Kilab b. Murra b. Ka'b b. Lu'ayy was an uncle of the Prophet (s) and a son of Abd al-Muttalib, the Prophet's (s) grandfather, and his mother was Nutayla.



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Abu Talib


Birth and Lineage

Abu Talib was born 35 years before the Prophet (s) (around 536 CE). His father Abd al-Muttalib was the grandfather of the Prophet (s), all Arab tribes regarded him as a nobleman and the preacher of Prophet Ibrahim's (a) monotheism. His mother was Fatima, daughter of Amr b. A'idh al-Makhzumi[2] who was also the mother of Abd Allah, the father of the Prophet (s).

He was better known by his teknonym, Abu Talib[1] although his actual name was 'Abd Manaf. Ibn 'Inaba considers the reports that name him 'Imran unreliable.[citation needed]


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Abd Allah b. Abd al-Muttalib

Imam al-Sadiq (a) says "Jibra'il (Gabriel) came to Muhammad and said: O Muhammad, God sends his regards to you and says: "I have withheld the fire of hell from the loin begot you, and the womb bore you, and the skirt raised you; the loin is the loin of Abd Allah b. Abd al-Muttalib and the womb bore you is Amina bt. Wahb and the skirt raised you is the skirt of Abu Talib -and according to Ibn Faddal- and Fatima bt. Asad".

The Prophet (s) mentioned the story in a hadith: "I am the son of the two sacrifices". Imam al-Rida (a) says about the hadith: "the two sacrifices are Isma'il (a) and Abd Allah".


Abd Allah b. Abd al-Muttalib b. Hashim was the last son of Abd al-Muttalib. Abd Allah, Abu Talib (the father of Imam Ali (a)), al-Zubayr and 5 of the daughters of Abd al-Muttalib were from one mother; their mother was Fatima bt. 'Amr b. 'A'idh al-Makhzumi; one of the 5 women named Fatima in the Prophet's lineage (s)


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On 6/23/2021 at 6:31 PM, Dutchzahra said:

How are we sure that the family of the prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) were all monotheistic? Can you give proof for that? 


There are two types of evidences

a) Quranic: Where many verses supporting the fact that Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) belongs to شَجَرةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ 

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللّهُ مَثَلاً كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاء

b) Historical Evidences: Where we look the history backwards from Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and found figures like Abu Talib (عليه السلام) and Abdul Muttalib (عليه السلام). Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) has owned their act of taking care of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) 

أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا فَآوَى


Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) doesn't own the acts of disbelievers of polytheists. The fruits of same shajr e taiyyeba are the Imams of Ahlul Bayt (عليه السلام) whom God has addressed like this:

وَجَاهِدُوا فِي اللَّهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ ۚ هُوَ اجْتَبَاكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ ۚ مِلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۚ هُوَ سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَفِي هَٰذَا لِيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ شَهِيدًا عَلَيْكُمْ وَتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ ۚ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِاللَّهِ هُوَ مَوْلَاكُمْ ۖ فَنِعْمَ الْمَوْلَىٰ وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ



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