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In the Name of God بسم الله

Inzal vs Tanzil, what is the difference?

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  • Advanced Member

:bismillah:

I have few questions about the "inzaal" & "tanzeel" of Quran. 

1) What is the difference between the two? (i.e., انزال و تنزيل)

2) Where "inzal" of Quran happened? On the sky of Earth or on the heart of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)?

3) If inzal happened on the "sky of duniya", does the sky has strength to bear the weight of Quran? 59:12 mentions that even mountains don't have strength to hold its weight:

 

لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَى جَبَلٍ لَّرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُّتَصَدِّعًا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ

 59:12

4) If inzal happened on the heart of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), tanzil serves what purpose? 

5) Does Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) had knowledge of complete Quran prior to its tanzil? 

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Furthermore, how the statements of people becomes the verses of Quran? For instance:

الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُواْ إِنَّا لِلّهِ وَإِنَّـا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعونَ

2:156

Is there any ark of ascension and ark or descension exist by which statements of people reach to Lord Almighty and He include those statements as verses of Quran? 

إِلَيْهِ يَصْعَدُ الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ وَالْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ يَرْفَعُهُ

35:10

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