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In the Name of God بسم الله

Which people are more likely to become criminal?

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People who:

1. lack empathy (have low emotional intelligence)

2. are psychopaths or suffer from antisocial personality disorder

3. are heavy drinkers

4. are narcissistic

5. show aggressive behaviour and are impatient

6. have low self-esteem 

5. have been abused or belittled by others

 

* Men who are hostile to women or have friends who are so, are more likely to commit violent crimes against women.

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Antisocial personality disorder is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), while the equivalent concept of dissocial personality disorder (DPD) is defined in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD); the primary theoretical distinction between the two is that antisocial personality disorder focuses on observable behaviours, while dissocial personality disorder focuses on affective deficits.[5] Otherwise, both manuals provide similar criteria for diagnosing the disorder.[6] Both have also stated that their diagnoses have been referred to, or include what is referred to, as psychopathy or sociopathy. However, some researchers have drawn distinctions between the concepts of antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy, with many researchers arguing that psychopathy is a disorder that overlaps with but is distinguishable from ASPD.[7][8][9][10][11]

 

 

 

Signs and symptomsEdit

Antisocial personality disorder is defined by a pervasive and persistent disregard for morals, social norms, and the rights and feelings of others.[3] Individuals with this personality disorder will typically have no compunction in exploiting others in harmful ways for their own gain or pleasure and frequently manipulate and deceive other people. While some do so through a façade of superficial charm, others do so through intimidation and violence.[12] They may display arrogance, think lowly and negatively of others, and lack remorse for their harmful actions and have a callous attitude to those they have harmed.[3][4] Irresponsibility is a core characteristic of this disorder; most have significant difficulties in maintaining stable employment as well as fulfilling their social and financial obligations, and people with this disorder often lead exploitative, unlawful, or parasitic lifestyles.[3][4][13][14]

Those with antisocial personality disorder are often impulsive and reckless, failing to consider or disregarding the consequences of their actions. They may repeatedly disregard and jeopardize their own safety and the safety of others, which can place both themselves and other people in danger.[3][4][15] They are often aggressive and hostile, with poorly regulated tempers, and can lash out violently with provocation or frustration.[3][14] Individuals are prone to substance use disorders and addiction, and the non-medical use of various psychoactive substances is common in this population. These behaviors lead such individuals into frequent conflict with the law, and many people with ASPD have extensive histories of antisocial behavior and criminal infractions stemming back to adolescence or childhood.[3][4][13][14]

Serious problems with interpersonal relationships are often seen in those with the disorder. People with antisocial personality disorder usually form poor attachments and emotional bonds, and interpersonal relationships often revolve around the exploitation and abuse of others.[3] They may have difficulties in sustaining and maintaining relationships, and some have difficulty entering them.[13]

Conduct disorderEdit

Main article: Conduct disorder

While antisocial personality disorder is a mental disorder diagnosed in adulthood, it has its precedent in childhood.[16] The DSM-5's criteria for ASPD require that the individual have conduct problems evident by the age of 15.[12] Persistent antisocial behavior, as well as a lack of regard for others in childhood and adolescence, is known as conduct disorder and is the precursor of ASPD.[17] About 25–40% of youths with conduct disorder will be diagnosed with ASPD in adulthood.[18]

Conduct disorder (CD) is a disorder diagnosed in childhood that parallels the characteristics found in ASPD and is characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate norms are violated. Children with the disorder often display impulsive and aggressive behavior, may be callous and deceitful, and may repeatedly engage in petty crime such as stealing or vandalism or get into fights with other children and adults.[19] This behavior is typically persistent and may be difficult to deter with threat or punishment. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common in this population, and children with the disorder may also engage in substance use.[20][21] CD is differentiated from oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in that children with ODD do not commit aggressive or antisocial acts against other people, animals, and property, though many children diagnosed with ODD are subsequently rediagnosed with CD.[22]

Two developmental courses for CD have been identified based on the age at which the symptoms become present. The first is known as the "childhood-onset type" and occurs when conduct disorder symptoms are present before the age of 10 years. This course is often linked to a more persistent life course and more pervasive behaviors, and children in this group express greater levels of ADHD symptoms, neuropsychological deficits, more academic problems, increased family dysfunction, and higher likelihood of aggression and violence.[23] The second is known as the "adolescent-onset type" and occurs when conduct disorder develops after the age of 10 years. Compared to the childhood-onset type, less impairment in various cognitive and emotional functions are present, and the adolescent-onset variety may remit by adulthood.[24] In addition to this differentiation, the DSM-5 provides a specifier for a callous and unemotional interpersonal style, which reflects characteristics seen in psychopathy and are believed to be a childhood precursor to this disorder. Compared to the adolescent-onset subtype, the childhood-onset subtype, especially if callous and unemotional traits are present, tends to have a worse treatment outcome.[25]

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Posted (edited)

Tips for raising an emotionally intelligent child:

  1. Label Your Child's Emotions. Kids need to know how to recognize how they're feeling. ...
  2. Show Empathy. ...
  3. Model Appropriate Ways to Express Feelings. ...
  4. Teach Healthy Coping Skills. ...
  5. Develop Problem-Solving Skills. ...
  6. Make Emotional Intelligence an Ongoing Goal.
Edited by shadow_of_light
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5 Steps To Nurture Emotional Intelligence in Your Child
  1. Acknowledge your child's perspective and empathize. Even if you can't "do anything" about your child's upsets, empathize. ...
  2. Allow expression. ...
  3. Listen to your child's feelings. ...
  4. Teach problem solving. ...
  5. Play it out.
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