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In the Name of God بسم الله

How can God have free will while being omniscient?

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If God knows what He is going to do, then how can He change His mind? Because if He was able to change His mind, then He couldn’t foresee the factor that caused Him to change His mind, and thus He cannot be omniscient.

 

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30 minutes ago, 313_Waiter said:

If God knows what He is going to do, then how can He change His mind? Because if He was able to change His mind, then He couldn’t foresee the factor that caused Him to change His mind, and thus He cannot be omniscient.

 

 

True, what you say.  :)

A Perfect Being cannot change its mind -
To change is to be subject to time, and to change implies that what comes after was better than before, which would contradict God's perfection.

If God changes (i.e., thinks) from one state of mind to another, then there must be a reason. The new state must be better than the old state. But this is impossible if God is perfect: It is not possible to "improve" God, therefore, God cannot change and God cannot possess any on-going thoughts at all. No free will. The only possible mental state for a God is a static, unchanging, unaltering status-quo.

wslm

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On 10/21/2020 at 11:03 AM, 313_Waiter said:

If God knows what He is going to do,

This implies a before and an after.  There is only an eternally present moment for God.  

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Then how can He change His mind

To be eternal because to be unchanging.

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Because if He was able to change His mind, then He couldn’t foresee the factor that caused Him to change His mind, and thus He cannot be omniscient.

I think a more refined theologian would say:

God freely chose whatever it is He chose from eternity (all at once) not through a gradual process of time.  .  The choice itself is an eternal choice.  And since it has to be all at once, it is only one choice.  Thais one eternal choice encapsulates all other choices that may manifest in time (gradually).

 

Only God is eternal and so only God is free!

 

Edited by eThErEaL
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