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In the Name of God بسم الله

Seeing Allah ((سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى))

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Salaam Aleikum,

What do the hadiths mean by saying that Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is going to be seen by Eyes? What is the function of Eyes, to absorb and see vision? So people are going to see a vision about Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). What is the vision contained? Image of form, so God will be in form of something. So every form that an eye witness is thus created. God is created and have form? 

So it is not vision. So what exactly is this countenance of God? What is the meaning of this:

"We were with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) on a full moon night. He looked at the moon and said, 'You will certainly see your Lord as you see this moon, and there will be no trouble in seeing Him'".

If it was literally, then it means again as eyes seeing a form. But that is an impossible. When I see a moon, I see the presence of that moon. And let assume the same thing in Paradise, seeing God means God presence, means Face of God. It means that we are so near to God, united, that He will talk to us, He will listen us, and we can ask whatever we wish to ask, this is the reward the believer is waiting, this is the generosity of God that we are going to witness forever. So on that day we are looking at God Generosity for giving us Jannah and being with us forever manifesting All His Goodness to us:

Some faces will be fresh on that day, 
looking at their Lord, (ʾilā rabbihā nāẓira) Qur'an 75:22-23


Imam Ali (عليه السلام) describe this In Dua Kumayl:  We being united with God and we being seeing His generosity:

Then suppose, My God, my Master, my Protector and my Lord that I am able to endure Your chastisement,
How can I endure separation from You?
And suppose that I am able to endure the heat of Your fire,
How can I endure not gazing upon Your generosity?  (fakayfa as-biru `an-nazari ila karamatik)

Notice same word is used in the verse of 75:23.

The opposite of course is separation from God and no generosity for people of Hell Fire, thus they expect punishment, pain, no presence of God, no life etc:

and some faces will be scowling on that day,
knowing that they will be dealt outa punishment breaking the spine. Qur'an 75:24-25

Edited by Abu Nur
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The point of existence is, per the Quran, tazkiya.

The point of going to heaven/hell is fulfillement of justice and moral accountability.

The believer knows that he does not need waiting for heaven to see God 

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2:115"so whichever way you turn, there is the Face of Allah"

But God's essence is one that can never be perceived. We cannot speak of Him in terms of any point of reference, including spatio-temporal. However, nothing is more evident than His attributes, as already stated, manifesting themselves like the smoke of the fire. HE, through His attributes, is everywhere in the heavens and earth 57:4,12:105,31:20,2:115"so whichever way you turn, there is the Face of Allah". These attributes manifest in every aspect of creation, down to our

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45:3-4,51:21"own souls (too); will you not then see?".

It is a continuously unfolding phenomenon as denoted with the present progressive tense in 41:53. As also denoted with "musiun" 51:47 which carries the meaning of expanding, the universe is not a finished work, but in continuous expansion, with new manifestations of God's creation

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87:2"Who creates, then makes complete".

The Quran keeps calling mankind to ponder on the smallest details which are the true miracles happening everyday under his eyes and proof of divine presence. The human mind has been designed so as to observe and meditate upon the creation, not the Creator. Our minds cannot and will not ever be able to absorb Allah's infinite essence. Once, the prophet said to his companions who were in deep contemplation;

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"Contemplate and reflect on Allah's creation, and not on the Creator for you will never be able to understand Allah in measures or quantum".

The Quran embraces all scientific endeavor that does not reject the spiritual dimension, which is present in all things, in and outside of man

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3:190-1"Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day there are signs for men who understand. Those who remember Allah standing and sitting and lying on their sides and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth".

The Quran guides and imparts knowledge regarding the unseen realm, which is beyond our reach. But the material world is available for anyone to explore. That is why the Quran doesnt impart new knowledge in relation to our world but rather seeks to purge the scientist's intention and attitude when exploring it. These passages lay the ground for the proper understanding of many verses that apparently give a physical description of God.

For instance, looking towards Allah in the Hereafter 75:23 is the same as seeing His face in this world 2:115 except that the perception and experience will be far more intense. This is because the believers will literally be 3:107"in Allah's mercy" and are repeatedly described as meeting Him 76:11. This meeting, translates into experiences of bliss and relief "and (Allah) has met them with freshness and joy". Looking towards Allah 75:23 is the most suited expression to convey the idea of the very strong perception of God's manifestation through His attributes.

The Quran averts any possible misuse of such verses through its explicit statements

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6:103"Visions comprehends Him not, and He comprehends (all) vision".

To leave no room for ambiguity, the verse actually says alabsar/visions in the plural. This covers any type of physical vision, even including the impossibility to imagine God. Allah's mathal or example, is therefore unimaginable, uncomparable

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30:27"and His is the most exalted essence/mathal in the heavens and the earth, and He is the Mighty, the Wise".

The statement that He "comprehends all visions" is quite powerful as it entails God not only seeing but encompassing the entity He sees. Creatures with vision are limited to the physical sight of things, without always seeing its inner reality. That is how precise and complete the Quran is in its monotheistic approach to the divine essence. HE does not need to be detached from the creation to remain beyond all perception. He is fully present and aware of the reality of all things. 

Similarily to seeing their Lord, the believers meeting Him in the Hereafter is equal to an intense perception of the way in which He manifests His attributes 2:46. In fact it clearly says, that in the Hereafter, the succesful will meet God's good promise 28:61. Another aspect through which the Quran places the divine reality beyond human perception is the statement 112:4,42:11"there is nothing like a likeness of Him" 36:77-78,21:18,16:74"Therefore do not give likenesses to Allah". This is the Quran axiom as regards the manner by which God manifests in this world, He does so through His attributes, but never through His imperceptible essence. 42:11 literally says "like a likeness of Him" meaning He is not only above all material limitations, but even above the limitation of metaphor. This also carries the meaning that even the "how" of His being is beyond the category of human thought. 

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The satisfaction of the dwellers of heaven is not dependant on seeing God's essence.

The greatest achievement of the righteous in the Hereafter is stated as being drawn back to their Lord, near to Him in a place of permanent honour, sensing God's love and pleasure 9:21,19:96. It is this proximity to God that makes Paradise into Paradise otherwise it is nothing more than an orchard. This is beautifuly and concisely reflected in the wife of Pharaoh's prayer

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66:11"My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Paradise and save me from Pharaoh and his deeds and save me from the wrong doing people".

Being in Paradise reflects the physical dimension and being with God Almighty is indicative of the spiritual dimension and she expressed both in one brief utterance. An interesting observation is the statement that those nearest to God

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21:19"are never too proud to worship Him and never grow weary".

Contrary to wordly ownership and mastership, the closer a servant is to his master the more benefits he gains in terms of power, material gains and personal freedom. But as regards to God's ownership which is the true and absolute one, the closer the servant is drawn to Him the more humbled and submissive the servant becomes, aware of his insignificance in relation to the Supreme Being. That is how complete and intricate the Quran is, in its argumentations for perfect monotheism.
Heaven is thus the garden of honor above anything else. Its dwellers are honored by the Mighty king, as already seen, drawing near implies honoring and prestige in Quranic usage, both in this world 3:45,169,4:172,5:35,26:42 and the next. It also implies divine attention and care 2:186,11:61 as well as deep, intimate knowledge of His creation 50:16. The prestige of the dwellers of heaven, drawn near to the Mighty King, is such that their own satisfaction is mentioned beside God Almighty and His Satisfaction 9:72,50:35,54:55,56:11,88,83:28,89:28.

So, Although God's essence is one that will remain beyond any creature's physical perception, yet He is perceptible through that very creation. Indicators of the divine abound everywhere one turns, and the phenomenon will amplify in the hereafter. That is what makes heaven a distinct, satisfactory, rewarding experience.

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3 hours ago, Cherub786 said:

If we will never see Allah, what’s the point of existence? What’s the point of going to Heaven? Very depressing.

We will see Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), that was not something any Muslim deny, only understanding differs. 

Edited by Abu Nur
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For instance, looking towards Allah in the Hereafter 75:23 is the same as seeing His face in this world 2:115 except that the perception and experience will be far more intense. This is because the believers will literally be 3:107"in Allah's mercy" and are repeatedly described as meeting Him 76:11. This meeting, translates into experiences of bliss and relief "and (Allah) has met them with freshness and joy". Looking towards Allah 75:23 is the most suited expression to convey the idea of the very strong perception of God's manifestation through His attributes

Ahsent, completely agree. 

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