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In the Name of God بسم الله
Ejaz

If we are infinite beings then why is Allah the “last of the last”

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Salaam,

Why is Allah known as “the last of the last” by our Imams (عليه السلام) if our souls will last forever?

Also, what does the below quote mean? What does it mean that everything will perish? I heard in Nahjul Balagha that a new creation will be brought forth after everything perishes. What event is this referring to?

Quote

[Pickthal 55:26] Everyone that is thereon will pass away;
[Pickthal 55:27] There remaineth but the Countenance of thy Lord of Might and Glory.

 

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Wa alaykum assalam,

أحمد بن إدريس، عن محمد بن عبد الجبار، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عن فضيل ابن عثمان، عن ابن أبي يعفور قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول الله عز وجل: " هو الاول والآخر " وقلت: أما الاول فقد عرفناه وأما الآخر فبين لنا تفسيره فقال: إنه ليس شئ إلا يبيد أو يتغير، أو يدخله التغير والزوال، أو ينتقل من لون إلى لون، ومن هيئة إلى هيئة، ومن صفة إلى صفة، ومن زيادة إلى نقصان، ومن نقصان إلى زيادة إلا رب العالمين فإنه لم يزل ولا يزال بحالة واحدة، هو الاول قبل كل شئ وهو الآخر على ما لم يزل، ولا تختلف عليه الصفات والاسماء كما تختلف على غيره، مثل الانسان الذي يكون ترابا مرة، ومرة لحما ودما، ومرة رفاتا و رميما، وكالبسر الذي يكون مرة بلحا، ومرة بسرا، ومرة رطبا، ومرة تمرا، فتتبدل عليه الاسماء والصفات والله عز وجل بخلاف ذلك.

Ahmad b. Idris from Muhammad b. `Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan b. Yahya from al-Fadl b. `Uthman from ibn Abi Ya`foor.

He said: I asked Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام about the saying of Allah عز وجل, “He is the First and the Last” (57:3). And I said: As for [the meaning of] “the First”, we know it; but as for “the Last” – elucidate its interpretation for us. So he said: It is that there is no thing except that it can perish or be changed; or be susceptible to alteration or disappearance; or shift from one colour to another and from one shape to another and from one quality to another; or from abundant to lacking and from lacking to abundant – except for the Lord of the worlds; for He is unceasing and unhalting in His solitary state. He is the First before all things, and He is the Last and does not cease. [His] qualities and His names do not change as they change for other than Him; like the humans who were dust at a time, and flesh and blood at a time, and corpses and powder at a time – and like a date that was raw at a time, and ripe at a time, and dry at a time, and then a date. Its names and qualities change, and Allah عز وجل is different from that. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 309)

(sahih) (صحيح)

 

عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر، عن صفوان الجمال، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " كل شئ هالك إلا وجهه " قال: من أتى الله بما امر به من طاعة محمد صلى الله عليه وآله فهو الوجه الذي لا يهلك و كذلك قال: ومن يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله ".

Several of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr from Safwan al-Jamal from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.

[I asked] regarding the saying of Allah عز وجل, “Everything will be destroyed except His face” (28:88). He said: Those who come to Allah by what He has commanded from the obedience of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله are His face, which will not be destroyed – just as He says, “And whoever obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah” (4:80) (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 350)

(sahih) (صحيح)

 

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد الوليد رضي الله عنه قال : حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار ، عن محمد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب ، عن جعفر بن بشير ، عن عمر بن أبان ، عن ضريس الكناسي ، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل : " كل شئ هالك إلا وجهه " قال : نحن الوجه الذي يؤتى الله عز وجل منه .

Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Ahmad al-Walid رضي الله عنه narrated. He said: Muhammad b. al-Hasan as-Saffar narrated from Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Abu’l Khattab from Ja`far b. Basheer from `Umar b. Aban from Durays al-Kunasi from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلامregarding the saying of Allah عز وجل, “Everything shall perish except for His face” (28:55) – we are the face through which Allah عز وجل is reached (I.e. recognized).

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On 3/24/2020 at 12:06 AM, Qa'im said:

we are the face through which Allah عز وجل

Salam alaykum,

JazakAllah Khayr brother for the hadiths. Subhanallah so Ahlul Bayt (عليه السلام). are the face of Allah (metaphorically). What does it mean that everything will perish except them?

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