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In the Name of God بسم الله

Symbiosis of Dharmic wisdom and Islamic wisdom Part 1

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https://slaveofali.wordpress.com/2008/09/05/the-worship-of-the-free/

Imam Ali [as] said:

Verily, some people worshipped Allah being desirous (Of His reward) – so this is the worship of traders;

and some people worshipped Allah fearing (His punishment) – so it is the worship of slaves,

and a group worshipped Allah in gratitude (to Him) so this is the worship of the free. (

Nahju ‘I-balaghah)

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2 minutes ago, 000 said:

https://slaveofali.wordpress.com/2008/09/05/the-worship-of-the-free/

Imam Ali [as] said:

Verily, some people worshipped Allah being desirous (Of His reward) – so this is the worship of traders;

and some people worshipped Allah fearing (His punishment) – so it is the worship of slaves,

and a group worshipped Allah in gratitude (to Him) so this is the worship of the free. (

Nahju ‘I-balaghah)

Avicenna states: "The knower seeks the First Truth not for anything other than itself, and prefers nothing other than knowledge and worship of it alone.This is because the First Truth merits worship and because worship is a noble relation to it and not because of desire or fear. If desire or fear were present, the desired object or the feared object would be the motive, and the object of the search.The Truth then would not be the end, but a means to something other than it, this something being the end and the object of the search, to the exclusion of the Truth"[Isharat wal tanbihat,namat#9,bab#5]

 

Explanation: Avicenna identifies three distinct kinds of worship and consequently three distinct kinds of worshipers; first there are those who worship God because of the desire for the attainment of the eternal pleasures of paradise, where they use worship as a means to an end, that end being Paradise itself; the next category of worshipers consists of those who worship the divine out of fear for the eternal hell-fire. Here also the divine is not sought as an end but only as a means to something else, that something being the avoidance of hell; and the last group consists of those who worship or adore the Necessary Being not as a means to an end but because they deem him worthy of admiration, adoration and worship; they seek the Face of the Divine because of what the Divine is Itself and not due to some object other than the divine. This Avicennan classification is absolutely identical to the exposition on the degrees of worshipers laid down by Imam Ali (عليه السلام).

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2 minutes ago, Goswami said:

. This Avicennan classification is absolutely identical to the exposition on the degrees of worshipers laid down by Imam Ali (عليه السلام).

I think when one is truly inquisitive, it would lead  him to search for knowledge of the Absolute

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6 hours ago, Goswami said:

Imam Ali (عليه السلام) states : “O Allah! I do not worship thee for fear of punishment or in hope of reward; rather, I know thee worthy of worship so I worship thee”[Bihar ul Anwar,vol#41,p.14]

Imam Ali (عليه السلام) explains here pure worship that is in acknowledgment of the greatness of Allah ( (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى)) and for thanking His graciousness.

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On 2/4/2020 at 3:13 PM, Goswami said:

:salam:

This series of articles will highlight and elaborate the sundry points of concurrence shared by Dharmic wisdom and Islamic wisdom.

In Qur’an we read:


“For every nation/community there has been a guide” {Qur’an 13:7}

“And verily, We have sent among every community a messenger” {Qur’an 16:36}

The two verses substantiate that the Primordial Divine Guidance has been present in each and every epoch. When metaphysical elements found in the corpus of Hinduism are objectively analyzed then it is not abstruse for any objective reader to decipher that Dharmic wisdom is the derivative of the very same Primordial Divine Guidance that has been manifested in every epoch.

 

The Spiritual Adept/ The True Worshiper

 

Krishna in Gita has classified different forms of worshipers according to the intention with which they submit before God.

"O best among the Bhāratas [Arjuna], four kinds of pious men render devotional service unto Me—the distressed, the desirer of wealth, the inquisitive, and he who is searching for knowledge of the Absolute."

~ Bhagvad-Gita

This verse divulges the following types of worshipers:

1- “The Distressed” these are the people who have been subjected to excruciating experiences in their life and to alleviate the pains of their agonies they take shelter in the worship of the Absolute.

2- “The Desirer of wealth” these are the people who worship the Absolute out of their greed for materialistic desires. This is the reason it is very common to see a plethora of religious lecturers explaining the nature of heaven in a literal and materialistic fashion. These speakers motivate their audience to submit before the Absolute for the sole purpose of attaining Jannah/heaven. Such people only submit before the Absolute out of their desire to gain Jannah or pleasures.

3- “The inquisitive” these people take shelter of the Absolute out of their curiosity to know. They have heard about others finding beatitude in the spiritual realm and this makes them curious to know what it is all about. So, to satisfy their curiosity, they approach the Lord.

4- “who is searching for the knowledge of the Absolute” these are the people who worship the Absolute only because they want to increase their proximity to the Absolute. Their submission before the Absolute is unconditional. They only desire the Absolute and nothing else.

 

After identifying various categories of worshipers under the light of the verse of Gita, let us now understand who is the Spiritual Adept or a True worshiper among various forms of worshipers in the light of the saying of Imam Ali (عليه السلام).

Imam Ali (عليه السلام) states : “O Allah! I do not worship thee for fear of punishment or in hope of reward; rather, I know thee worthy of worship so I worship thee”[Bihar ul Anwar,vol#41,p.14]

Explanation: The relation between the Absolute and the Spiritual Adept is similar to the relation between the Beloved(God) and the lover(Spiritual Adept). The lover loves his Beloved unconditionally. There is nothing that can extinguish the fire of his love for his Beloved. The only thing that fills the heart of a lover with sheer ecstasy is the company of his Beloved. The lover desires nothing but his Beloved. His love for his Beloved has no conditions and he continues to render his services to his Beloved independent of any desire.

The saying of Imam Ali (عليه السلام) makes palpably clear that among various forms of worshipers pointed out by Krishna in Gita the True worshiper or the Spiritual Adept is who seeks nothing but only Divine.

Waiting for part 2

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