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In the Name of God بسم الله

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Salamun Alaykum,

Why didn't Rasool Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) declare Ali (عليه السلام) as his successor at his final sermon on Arafah rather than 180km away at ghadir khumm in front of a smaller number of people?

 

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52 minutes ago, Al-Muntadhar313 said:

Salamun Alaykum,

Why didn't Rasool Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) declare Ali (عليه السلام) as his successor at his final sermon on Arafah rather than 180km away at ghadir khumm in front of a smaller number of people?

 

I believe it is because Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) commanded Rasoolullah (sawas) at that moment to declare Imam Ali (عليه السلام) as his successor. 

Edited by 3wliya_maryam

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2 minutes ago, 3wliya_maryam said:

I believe it is because Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) commanded Rasoolullah (sawas) at that moment to declare Imam Ali (عليه السلام) as his successor. 

Wouldn't it have made more sense to do so at Arafat?

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Rasul s.a. wanted to declare Imam Ali's (عليه السلام). guardianship at Hajj. But He anticipated that Quraysh tribe will deny his declaration and make chaos. As there were other ayats and confirmations from Rasul s.a. regarding Imam Ali (عليه السلام). but still people showed enmity against Imam Ali (عليه السلام). even when Rasul s.a. was alive!! If He declared Imam Ali's (عليه السلام). guardianship on his sermon there would have been rebellion and apostatic movement.
So instead of loud declaration in his last sermon Rasul s.a. emphasized greatly on holding on two things after him, Qur'an & Ahle bayt (عليه السلام). and told people to pay homage to Imam Ali (عليه السلام).

And then during returnig to medina, this ayat was revealed.

O Messenger! Deliver what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.” [Surah al-Ma`idah 5:67] 

So Rasul s.a. stopped at ghadeer e khum and ordered people gather around. Then the rest we know, the famous declaration-
"Man kuntu maola, fahaaza Ali un maola."

Edited by Stitcher

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9 minutes ago, Stitcher said:

Rasul s.a. wanted to declare Imam Ali's (عليه السلام). guardianship at Hajj. But He anticipated that Quraysh tribe will deny his declaration and make chaos. As there were other ayats and confirmations from Rasul s.a. regarding Imam Ali (عليه السلام). but still people showed enmity against Imam Ali (عليه السلام). even when Rasul s.a. was alive!! If He declared Imam Ali's (عليه السلام). guardianship on his sermon there would have been rebelion and apostatic movement.
So instead of loud declaration in his last sermon Rasul s.a. emphasized greatly on holding on two things after him, Qur'an & Ahle bayt (عليه السلام). and told people to pay homage to Imam Ali (عليه السلام).

And then during returnig to medina, this ayat was revealed.

O Messenger! Deliver what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.” [Surah al-Ma`idah 5:67] 

So Rasul s.a. stopped at ghadeer e khum and ordered people gather around. Then the rest we know, the famous declaration-
"Man kuntu maola, fahaaza Ali un maola."

That makes more sense, any sources?

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