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In the Name of God بسم الله

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Asalam walikum,

I just have a simple question as to why Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) created everything in the first place. Why was the universe created? Why were angels created? Why were humans created? Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) didn't have to create us, so why did he create us? 

If this question has been answered before, then please link the thread from which it came from.

Thank you and have a good day.

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1 hour ago, Mariam Ali said:

Asalam walikum,

I just have a simple question as to why Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) created everything in the first place.

By everything you probably mean “everything other than God”.  This is because He is Al-Noor or the Light, and as such, He must shine by creating or else He would not be light.  So God must show mercy because He is merciful.  The creative act is like the shining of light.  God cannot but be merciful and therefore He cannot but shine His light.  This is why’s God Himself says in the Qur'an: That He has made mercy compulsory for Himself (He is compelled to be merciful).  Kataba Ala Nafsihi Rahmah.

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Why was the universe created?

For humans to attain their purpose.

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Why were angels created?

So that they can carry out His commmands.

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Why were humans created?

Humans are created to know God through God.  If the universe a a circle, then the human that fulfills his function is like the center of that circle.  Without the center there is no circle.  

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Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) didn't have to create us, so why did he create us? 

He has to but Shine (create).  Again, “kataba ala nafsihi rahma” (He made mercy compulsory upon Himsef”).

 

Edited by eThErEaL

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5 hours ago, Mariam Ali said:

Asalam walikum,

I just have a simple question as to why Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) created everything in the first place. Why was the universe created? Why were angels created? Why were humans created? Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) didn't have to create us, so why did he create us? 

If this question has been answered before, then please link the thread from which it came from.

Thank you and have a good day.

Salam... this is my understanding.

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) knows the ultimate reason. Whatever He created, are all good.  He created Ahmad on the first place (best creation and for the best reason) and the rest of creation came from him (at the higher heaven).  Everything in the creation are in obedience until Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) decided to elevate humans and jinns in term of superiority.  Adam was His first Representative and given the Noor of Ahmad and free wills .  All in the creation accepted the term, except Iblis. Iblis was the first to disobey and started the satanic path (stop from being superior).  He is allowed to fool humans and Jinns.  Adam through his own free wills was fool by Satan and was brought down to lower heaven.  Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) accepted Adam's return (after a long test) and he was made a Prophet (the Noor of Ahmad was given back and this time is only to guide humans so they will not fall into satanic path again).  From Adam (عليه السلام) came all other Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) Representatives.  They have the tasks to bring humans  to superior status (closer to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) through worship) using free wills, and taught humans and jinns to worship Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) and on how to fight the satanic path created by Iblis. 

All the creation in the universe (solar system, galaxies...)  that we can see with our eyes and hearts (spiritual world) are all good, except humans and jinns.  Humans and jinns can set themselves at the level of worshipping (superior), satanic path (worst) or blended with both while in testing mode. Angels and other creation, their fate and future are sealed...they will follow whatever Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) has destined for them.  Fate of humans and jinns will be determined after their free wills are used up during testing period (lower heaven).  History showed that some were successful and some failed.  Now we have to decide for ourselves and our future.

We will ultimately know the true reasons for the creation in the hereafter...many will regret and wanted to come back to lower heaven and undergo the test again.  Too late.  

Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) will clean the dirty souls through hell and bless the purified souls with eternal blessings.

Wallahualam.

Edited by layman

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If causality doesn't apply to the existence of God then maybe reason doesn't apply to the creation in the way we can understand it.
It may also just be that creating worlds is Gods idea of having fun. I think Woddy Allan once said: "Eternity is an awful long time. Especially towards the end." :party:

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9 hours ago, Mariam Ali said:

I just have a simple question as to why Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) created everything in the first place.

Has he created "everything" in the first place?

He has said:

Surah Al-Qamar, Verse 49:

إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ

Surely We have created everything according to a measure. (English - Shakir) 

Surah Al-Qamar, Verse 50:

وَمَا أَمْرُنَا إِلَّا وَاحِدَةٌ كَلَمْحٍ بِالْبَصَرِ

And Our command is but one, as the twinkling of an eye. (English - Shakir)

He also described it as:

Surah Fussilat, Verse 9:

قُلْ أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَكْفُرُونَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَتَجْعَلُونَ لَهُ أَندَادًا ذَٰلِكَ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Say: What! do you indeed disbelieve in Him Who created the Earth in two periods, and do you set up equals with Him? That is the Lord of the Worlds. (English - Shakir) 

Surah Fussilat, Verse 10:

وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ مِن فَوْقِهَا وَبَارَكَ فِيهَا وَقَدَّرَ فِيهَا أَقْوَاتَهَا فِي أَرْبَعَةِ أَيَّامٍ سَوَاءً لِّلسَّائِلِينَ

And He made in it mountains above its surface, and He blessed therein and made therein its foods, in four periods: alike for the seekers. (English - Shakir) 

Surah Fussilat, Verse 11:

ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَهِيَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَلِلْأَرْضِ ائْتِيَا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا قَالَتَا أَتَيْنَا طَائِعِينَ

Then He directed Himself to the heaven and it is a vapor, so He said to it and to the Earth: Come both, willingly or unwillingly. They both said: We come willingly. (English - Shakir) 

Surah Fussilat, Verse 12:

فَقَضَاهُنَّ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَأَوْحَىٰ فِي كُلِّ سَمَاءٍ أَمْرَهَا وَزَيَّنَّا السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا بِمَصَابِيحَ وَحِفْظًا ذَٰلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ

So He ordained them seven heavens in two periods, and revealed in every heaven its affair; and We adorned the lower heaven with brilliant stars and (made it) to guard; that is the decree of the Mighty, the Knowing. (English - Shakir)

These are the events & sequence, as mentioned by the Creator Himself. Similarly, you have verses in Qur'an which clearly mentions the reason of creation specifically Chapter 51 & 67.

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10 hours ago, eThErEaL said:

For humans to attain their purpose.

Salam

Would you say the whole universe were created just for humans to attain their purpose or do you hold onto the belief that aliens also had their own Prophets and thus they can attain their purpose of worshipping Allah as well?

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46 minutes ago, Ejaz said:

Salam

Would you say the whole universe were created just for humans to attain their purpose or do you hold onto the belief that aliens also had their own Prophets and thus they can attain their purpose of worshipping Allah as well?

An alien as you have described it is precisely what a human is, someone endowed with a heart/ intelligence and who has the capacity of knowing God through God.  Their outward -bodily features may very well be adapted to their respective environments, but their essential nature between us and them is humanity.  

Edited by eThErEaL

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Salam and Ramadan mubarak.
As Allah says in the Qur’an:
وَ رَحْمَتي وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْء
"My mercy has encompassed everything." (7: 156)
You cannot imagine anything not benefiting from His mercy; otherwise, nothing could have come to existence, and even if so, nothing could have survived. Even the fact that Satan is able to continue his life is due to Allah’s mercy. When Satan insisted on his wrong behaviour and was cursed, he requested God to be given time until the day of Resurrection:
قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَنظِرْنىِ إِلىَ يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ
"My Lord. Respite me until the day they will be resurrected." (15:36)
Allah replied:
قَالَ فَإِنَّكَ مِنَ الْمُنظَرِينَ إِلىَ يَوْمِ الْوَقْتِ الْمَعْلُوم
"You are indeed among the reprieved until the day of the known time." (15:37-38)
Thus, Satan has been given a chance to survive. Of course, this will not continue, as he requested, up to the Day of Resurrection. It will be up to “the day of the known time.” There will be a time before the Day of Resurrection when Satan will be stopped. In any case, even Satan benefits from Allah’s mercy. God is even merciful to those who do not believe in Him or dare to fight against Him.
The Aim of creating Human Beings:
studying divine attributes and actions and studying the creation of man, guiding him by sending His messages through Prophets, and His generous rewards makes it very clear that everything is based on His mercy.
Indeed, the entire story of creation can be summarized in a few sentences:
The Most merciful God wanted to show His mercy. Therefore, He created this world. He gave His mercy to human beings so that they would become His vicegerents on Earth and become a means of His mercy.
However, many human beings unfortunately failed. They did not represent Him who is the Most merciful. Instead, many human beings represented the enemy of God. These are the devils from among humans1 who instead of being vicegerents of God, they choose to follow and work for Satan.
• 1. Refer to the verse 6:112.
Nevertheless, even if a single person actually becomes the vicegerent of the Most merciful God, this world would be very valuable and worthy of being created. One perfect man overweighs and is much greater than millions of immoral people.
As far as Allah is concerned, everyone can become a good person. He has given everyone this opportunity without any limit.
More importantly, it applies to the entire story of creation.
Undoubtedly there have been many who have become the vicegerents of God. Throughout history, there have been thousands of people who achieved this position. There have been at least one hundred and twenty four thousand Prophets. This is in addition to the infallible successors or holy people who have followed them.
In any case, God wants all mankind to be channels of His mercy to others, and has given them sufficient means and talents to do so. This not only includes people, but also animals, plants or indeed everything that exists, including water, air, and soil.
One important way of becoming merciful is to better understand divine mercy and all that He has done for us.
According to a divine saying (hadith-e Qudsi) which has been narrated in many sources and from different Imams, such as Imam Baqir (a), Imam Reza (a), and Imam Asqari (a), God set up a propagation strategy for Moses. For example, Imam Baqir (a) says that God told Moses:
Allah says: "Oh Moses! Love me and make my people love me. 2
• 2. Mishkat al-Anwar, Tabarsi, p. 332, (Najaf: Haydariyyah Library, 1385 l.A.H).
I believe this can be adopted as a general policy in our life. If a person is able to love Allah and make other people love Him, he will attain all that is good.
We should constantly evaluate our performance and progress in this regard. People should evaluate how much they love Allah and how much they have made their children, colleagues, neighbours, relatives, and friends love Allah.
The success of any person can be judged by this evaluation. The best people are those who love Allah the most and are able to make others feel the same way. Moses replied:
"My Lord. You know that there is no one more beloved to me than you. However, [tell me] how can I make your love the greatest thing in hearts of Your servants?"
At this point Allah told him:
"Remind My servants of My favours and My blessings for them."
In this way, God taught Moses that he did not need to do anything but to tell people about the good things that Allah has done for them. God wanted Moses to remind people of all the blessings they have received from Him.
Thus, Allah told Moses to remind people of the good things He does for them. Explaining why He wants Moses to do so, He says:
"Because they do not remember from Me except good."
Allah does not need anyone, but still, out of His mercy, He does not want even a single person to go astray.
Allah wants the sinners to repent and go back to Him.
In a divine saying, we read:
"If the people who have turned their back on Me knew how much I love them to come back they would have died out of joy."
God does not harm people and nothing bad has ever come to them from Him.
In a supplication which has been taught by Imam Sadiq (a) and recommended to be recited after the daily prayers in the month of Rajab, we say to Allah:
"O the one in whom I can hope for all goodness and I am safe from His anger at every evil."
If one wants to gain something good, he ought to put his hope in Allah. There is no limit in His favour, power, or knowledge. Furthermore, there is no one besides Him. When He is a very kind and generous supplier that can supply you with everything and there is no supplier other than Him, it is irrational to look for someone else.
He is the supplier who supplies everything and there is no other supplier. Any claim of having a supplier who is someone besides Him is false. Everything that people have comes from God. Hence, we shall not go to others and shall have hope only in Him for all that is good.
On the other hand, if anything bad happens to us it should be known that it is not due to a personal problem that Allah has with us. It does not mean that He is angry with us or that He does not love us.
Suppose you have a very kind and merciful teacher who loves you very much and has taught you all that you know.
With such a teacher, you will know that if you get into any trouble it is not because your teacher has a personal problem with you. Normally when people get good marks they consider it the result of their own effort, but when they receive a bad mark, they fail to take responsibility and blame it on their teacher.
The same fact applies in our relationship with Allah. At times when we find ourselves successful in our life, such as having a good spouse, children, education, or a successful business, we believe it to be an outcome of our own efforts. However, if we face a problem, we may relate it to Allah and perhaps blame Him for it. Yet the truth is the opposite. The Qur’an states this point clearly:
مَّا أَصَابَكَ مِنْ حَسَنَةٍ فَمِنَ اللَّهِ وَ مَا أَصَابَكَ مِن سَيِّئَةٍ فَمِن نَّفْسِكَ
"Whatever good happens for you is from God and whatever bad occurs for you is from yourself." (4:79)
"O the One who gives a lot for the little that we do.
O the One who gives to one who asks Him.
O the One who gives to one who does not ask Him and does not know Him out of His affection and mercy."
Allah gives a lot to people because of the little good things they have done. He also gives them a lot for their requests. However, there are many people who do not ask Him and do not even know Him. Still, Allah does not prevent them from His mercy and continues to give them from His blessings.
One of the names of Allah is shakur (the Most Thankful).
It is really important to reflect on the thankfulness of God. For example, one interesting point is that Allah thanks those who do good deeds and work for their hereafter without benefiting from their actions. They are simply recipients of His mercy.
And yet He thanks them and appreciates their acts. This is for the people who work for the hereafter. However, Allah says that even people who work for the life of this world are also included in His mercy.
"Give me, for my request to You, all the good of this world and all the good of the Hereafter. Keep away from me, for my request to You, all the evil of this world and all the evil of the Hereafter.
For indeed it is not diminishing what is given by You."
when Allah gives something it does not reduce anything from Him.
Knowing this, we ask Allah:
"Please give me more out of your favour."
This part of the supplication is extremely amazing. After asking Allah to give all the good things in this life and in the hereafter and to keep away all that is bad in both worlds, we still ask Him to give us more. Perhaps this is because there may be things that we have never thought about and therefore could not have actually asked for.
We ask Allah not to restrict His bounty to our expectations. We ask Allah to give us whatever He has to give and not only what we need or ask for. This is like what the Qur’an describes about the people of heaven. They will be given what they like, what they want, and even more:
وَ فيها ما تَشْتَهيهِ الْأَنْفُسُ وَ تَلَذُّ الْأَعْيُنُ
"and therein will be whatever the souls desire and eyes delight in…" (43:71)
لَهُمْ ما يَشاؤُنَ فيها وَ لَدَيْنا مَزيدٌ
"There they will have whatever they wish, and with Us there is yet more." (50:35)
When a person desires something it means that he has understood it first. We know that our understanding is limited. Thus, even if we desire that which we know of, there are still more unknown things that exist. God gives to the people of heaven whatever they wish as well as that which is unknown to them. Our wishes are very little to what He has. He does not restrict His bounty to our request. In heaven, when everyone asks for all that he wants, Allah makes it known that He still has more. There are things that only Allah knows.
In heaven, people can have things similar to what they had in this world. For example, if they want an apple, fig or olive, they can have them. Of course, they would be of heavenly quality. The Qur’an says:
وَ بَشِّرِ الَّذينَ آمَنُوا وَ عَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْري مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهارُ كُلَّما رُزِقُوا مِنْها مِنْ ثَمَرَةٍ رِزْقاً قالُوا هذَا الَّذي رُزِقْنا مِنْ قَبْلُ وَ أُتُوا بِهِ مُتَشابِهاً وَ لَهُمْ فيها أَزْواجٌ مُطَهَّرَةٌ وَ هُمْ فيها خالِدُون
"And give good news to those who have faith and do righteous deeds, that for them shall be gardens with streams running in them: whenever they are provided with its fruit for nourishment, they will say, ‘This is what we were provided before,’ and they were given something resembling it. In it there will be chaste mates for them, and they will remain in it forever." (2:25)
Thus, with respect to some of the blessings, such as fruits, people would say that they are similar to what they have had before. But there are also things in heaven that no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard, and no heart has ever thought of. There are things that Allah has kept hidden as a surprise for the righteous. For example, with respect to those who perform the Night Prayer (salāt al-layl), the Qur’an says:
فَلا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ ما أُخْفِيَ لَهُمْ مِنْ قُرَّةِ أَعْيُنٍ جَزاءً بِما كانُوا يَعْمَلُون
"No one knows what has been kept hidden for them to bring them joy as a reward for what they used to do." (32:17)
Source URL:
https://www.al-Islam.org/message-thaqalayn/vol11-n4-2011/understanding-God-s-mercy-part-1-Mohammed-Ali-shomali
Imam Sadiq (a) was asked by Abu Basir about the meaning of the verse 11:118-119 and Imam replied:
"God created man so that they do something to deserve His mercy and then He would give them His mercy." (Al-Tawhid by Saduq, p. 404)
Thus, God wanted to give opportunity to people to do good deeds so that they would deserve extra mercy from Him.
https://www.al-Islam.org/message-thaqalayn/vol-12-no-1-spring-2010/understanding-God-s-mercy-part-2-Mohammed-Ali-shomali

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