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In the Name of God بسم الله
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#3 Imam Hussein (as) [OFFICIAL THREAD]

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Attitudes towards the Revolution of Imam Husayn (a), and its Aftermath

Articles - Society

Written by Sheikh Muhammad Mahdi Shams Al-Din

Sunday, 26 October 2008

1. The Eve of the Revolution

When people learnt of al-Husayn's determination to revolt, they took up three different attitudes towards it.

The first attitude was the attitude of the Shi'a of the Holy Family. It was to urge the revolution, to offer it promises of help and support and to undertake some actual tasks for its sake.

We find evidence for that in the event of al-Husayn's revolution when he refused to give the pledge of allegiance to Yazid ibn Mu'awiya and left Medina for Mecca. Indeed we find evidence for it even before the death of Mu'awiya, in the efforts of the Kufans to get al-Husayn to revolt and to rectify the situation-as they claimed-which had arisen as a result of the ratification of the peace treaty between Mu'awiya and Imam al-Hasan ibn 'Ali.

http://www.aimislam.com/articles/society/a...d-its-aftermath

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Imam al-Husayn (AS): Martyr In The Way Of Truth

Imam al-Husayn (AS) was a man of faith and action. During nights, he worshipped Allah in privacy while during the day he worked hard and guided the people. He was constantly mindful of the poor and the needy, and he used to visit them and cheer them up. He used to tell his followers:

“Be always in touch with the needy, for Allah does not love the arrogant.”

al-Imam al-Husayn (AS) always helped the poor as much as he could. at night he would carry sacks of food to the houses of the poor and leave them near the doors. He worked hard to eradicate poverty, establish justice and acquaint the people with Allah.

During the time of Imam Husayn (AS) a tyrant called Yazid became the ruler. Yazid called himself the successor of Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) but this was a lie. He used to spend the income of the Islamic realm on drinking, gambling and wild parties. Public wealth was wasted for supporting his regime and the rights of the poor were trampled upon. In this way he totally scorned the instructions of Islam.

When Yazid became ruler of the Muslims he immediately demanded Imam Husayn (AS) to recognize him as the ruler and accept his leadership; but Imam Husayn (AS) was the true successor of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and could not accept and endorse the leadership of an oppressor. He began to enlighten and awaken the people about Yazid and exhorted them to dissociate from him. He would tell them:

“Do you not see that the truth is being trampled upon and the falsehood and oppression are prevailing? In such conditions, a Muslim must be ready for martyrdom in defence of the right. Martyrdom and self-sacrifice for the sake of truth is victory and success, while life with the oppressors is no more than shame and disgrace.”

At that time the people of Kufah (Iraq) were loving followers of Imam ‘Ali (AS) who had been suffering at the hands of Yazid and his father Mu’awiyah. They invited Imam Husayn (AS) to Kufah to lead them against Yazid and his wicked rule. Imam Husayn (AS) had indeed decided to rise up and fight, and so he accepted the invitation and set off for Kufah.

When the Imam Husayn (AS) and his followers were near Kufah, they were met by Yazid’s troops. The troops wanted to arrest Imam Husayn (AS) and his followers and take them to Yazid. The Imam (AS) told them:

“Never will I accept disgrace and surrender to Yazid, Death for me is superior to disgrace and I am ready to defend Islam and the Muslims until I am martyred.”

At a place called Karbala Imam Husayn (AS), his family and helpers were surrounded by Yazid’s troops. The Imam (AS) and his followers stood firm as they fought against the thousands of troops of Yazid. Finally, on 10th Muharram, 61 AH (the day we call ‘Ashoura) they were martyred.

Imam Husayn (AS) and his followers were martyred, but they did not submit to injustice and oppression. They defended Islam and the Muslims. With their blood they saved Islam and the Quran from the danger of annihilation at the hands of Yazid. Imam Husayn (AS) fought against oppression and defended the religion of Islam, and by doing so, he taught the world the greatest lesson on freedom and righteousness. For this reason we call Imam Husayn (AS) “Sayyed ash-Shuhada” which means “The Doyen of the Martyrs.” Now the turn has come for us to safeguard and defend Islam. We must shoulder this magnificent responsibility.

Protecting Religion

The day of ‘Ashoura is a glorious day for truth and freedom. ‘Ashoura is a model for every day of our lives, and the martyrs of that day are the forerunners and teachers for all the martyrs in the way of truth.

One of the self sacrificing young men of that day was called Wahhab. He too gave his life for his Imam (AS) and for the true teachings of the Quran, and provided a lesson on martyrdom to all sincere youths of all times and places. Wahhab was in his tent when his mother entered. She was obviously flustered and nervous; she said to her son:

“Wahhab! what are you waiting for? Don’t you know that Yazid’s forces have surrounded your Imam (AS)? Rise and defend your Imam (AS). Rise and defend the Quran, freedom and honour. If you want me to be happy and pleased with you, rise and give your blood for the sake of your religion.”

Wahhab was already busy putting on his clothes and armour for the battlefield. He quickly finished and made his farewells to his mother and to his young wife. He ran to the battlefield with the permission of Imam Husayn (AS).

Wahhab fought like a valiant lion and his sword fell on the heads of the enemy like lightening. But the day was hot and soon he became more thirsty and tired. He withdrew from the battle to rest for a while, and seeing his mother standing and watching the battle alongside one of the tents, he rushed to her side. She kissed the bleeding face of her son, and said:

“My son, I was watching you, but rest is not permissible. Our Imam’s (AS) helpers are few; return to the battlefield and either defeat the enemy or be martyred in the presence of your Imam (AS). Only in this case I will be content with you and pray for you. Go now, my brave son.”

With this encouragement, and after seeing his mother and wife, just once more for the last time, Wahhab returned to the battlefield with an ardent desire for martyrdom. An enemy sword fell on his arm and wounded him. Watching from a far, his mother let out an involuntary groan. She picked up a stick and hurried to defend her son. Wahhab’s young wife also saw what had happened and she too rushed off to help him. She arrived at his side to find him lying, with blood spurting from his deep wound.

Wahhab’s wife wanted only to defend her husband and play her part in defending the religion. While taking care of her wounded husband, she too was attacked by the enemy troops and was martyred.

Defending Islam and the Quran is obligatory on both men and women. When necessary, Muslim women must learn shooting and other techniques of warfare. They must learn first aid and the art of nursing and attending on the injured. They are to be ever vigilant guardians of the Islamic homelands and honour. In Iran, the brave Muslim women in Islamic Hejab (dress) followed the instructions of their great leader and took part in the demonstrations that freed the country. These freedom-loving women wearing their modest Islamic dress entered decisively into arena, and with the cry of Allahu Akbar on their lips they toppled down the imperial palace itself.

These Muslim women, following the instructions of Islam and observing Islamic Hejab in accordance with the Islamic teachings, cooperated with the men and delivered their country from the grip of traitors. Today, the Muslim women of Iran are playing an important role in all the organizations of the country. These are the women who raised in the environment of Islam. Islam wants women to be veiled, to wear plain clothes in public, to keep their beauty and their adornments for their husbands and families, to avoid unnecessary contacts with men who are not “mahram” (with whom marriage is not permitted) and to maintain in this way their dignity and respect.

Allah tells us in the Quran that the believing women must not gaze at men who are not mahram and must hide from their bodies and hair. The women brought up in Islamic environment can grow spiritually and turn into brave defenders of Islam, the Quran, dignity and honour. They can play an important role in freeing and developing the great Islamic nation.

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(bismillah)

(salam)

Imam Husayn’s (as) sermon on the day of ‘Ashoura

“Now then! Consider my family, and ponder as to who I am and then admonish yourselves. Then do you consider that killing me and plundering my sanctity and respect is lawful for you? Am I not the grandson of your Prophet and the son of his Vicegerent and cousin, who was the foremost in believing and the bearer of witness upon everything that the Prophet had brought from God? Was not Hamzah, the chief of Martyrs, the uncle of my father? Was not Ja’far, who flies with two wings in paradise, my Uncle? Did not the Tradition of the Prophet reach you in which he has said about me and my brother that both of us are the chiefs of the youth of Paradise? Then if you agree to what I say, and verily what I have said is nothing but the truth, then it is better, for by God, from the time I have realised that God dislikes the liars, I have never ever spoken a lie. Then if you do not believe to what I say, there are alive among you the companions of the Prophet. Go to them and ask them and they shall bear testimony to the truthfulness of my speech. Ask Jaber ibn ‘Abdullah al-Ansari, Abu Sa’id Khudri, Sahl ibn Sa’d Sa’edi, Zayd ibn Arqam and Anas ibn Malek, they will tell you that they have heard this tradition from the Prophet of God regarding me and my brother. Is not this sufficient to refrain you from shedding my blood”?

Then Shimr ibn Dhil-Jawshan, the accursed said, “I worship God (only) by lips (half heartedly), and do not understand what you say.” Hearing this Habib ibn Mudhaher said, “I can see that you worship God with seventy types of doubts, and I bear testimony that you have spoken the truth and you cannot understand what the Imam says, for God has placed a seal (of ignorance) upon your heart.”

Imam continued,

“Then if you doubt this, do you even doubt that I am the grandson of the Prophet of God (S)? By God! There is no other grandson of the Prophet in the east or the west except myself from among yourselves or anyone else. Woe be to you! Have I killed anyone from among you whose revenge you desire? Or have I usurped the wealth of anyone or hurt anyone whose retribution you desire from me”?

When no one answered him, he called out in a loud voice,

“Oh Shaba’th ibn Rab’ei! Oh Hajjar ibn Abjar! Oh Qays ibn al-Ash’ath! Oh Yazid ibn Hurayth! Have you not written let­ters to me saying that the fruits had ripened and the surrounding earth had blossomed, and to come to a huge army prepared for me”? [1]

They replied that they had not written any such letters. Imam said,

“Glory be to God! Yes by God, you had written it.”

Then he continued,

“Oh people! Then now if you do not like my arrival, then leave me so that I may go away to a place of refuge.”

Qays ibn al-Ash’ath said, “We do not know what you say. Then submit yourselves to your cousins (Bani Umayyah), they shall deal with you in a manner which you like.”

Imam replied,

“By God! I shall not give my hands in yours like a base man, nor shall I flee away like a slave.”

Then he called out in a loud voice,

“Oh servants of God! ‘And verily, I take refuge with my Lord and yours, lest you stone me (to death)’ [surah ad-Dukhan: 20] and I take refuge with my Lord and yours, from every arrog­ant, who does not believe in the day of reckoning.”

Then the Imam dismount­ed from his camel and commanded ‘Uqbah ibn Sam’an to fasten its legs.

Nafas al-Mahmoum,

Page 221

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The Birth of Imam Husayn (AS)

Six months after al-Hasan was born, Fatemah (SA) became pregnant with her second child. Lady Fatemah started noticing the signs that childbearing was near, but the Prophet (S) had already foretold of Imam Husayn’s birth.

On the third of the blessed month of Sha’ban, the fourth year after Hejrah, the Messenger of God (S) was given news of the birth of Imam Husayn (AS). He (S) hurried to the house of Imam ‘Ali and Fatemah az-Zahra.

Safiyah bint ‘Abdul-Muttaleb, Asma bint ‘Umays, and Umm Salamah were present when Imam Husayn (AS) was born.

When the Prophet asked Safiyah (his aunt) to bring him the newborn child, she said: “We have not cleaned him yet.” When the Prophet heard this, he (S) said: “You clean him? Surely God the Exalted has cleaned and purified him.”

Asma took the newborn child to him. The infant was wrapped in a piece of cloth. The face of the Messenger of God (S) lit up upon seeing his grandson. He took him in his arms. He recited the call to prayer (adhan) into his right ear, and read the shorter version (iqamah) in his left ear. He, then, placed the baby in his lap and wept.

“May my father and mother be your sacrifice,” Asma asked him, “why are you crying?”

“Because of my son,” he (S) replied.

“He is a newborn baby,” she said.

“Oh Asma,” he (S) said, “After me, the transgressing party will kill him. May God never grant them my intercession.”

Then he said: “Asma, do not tell Fatemah about this, for she has just given birth to him.”

After al-Husayn was born, Gabriel descended to the Prophet (S) and revealed to him to give the new baby the name al-Husayn. al-Husayn is the Arabic version of the old Hebrew name Shabbir, which was Haroun’s second son’s name. When Gabriel descended to the Prophet, scores of angels accompanied him to congratulate and console the Prophet for Husayn’s birth and expected martyrdom.

Seven days after the birth, the Messenger of God shaved Imam Husayn’s (AS) head and gave the weight of his hair as charity for him.

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(salam)

(bismillah)

Here are two SaHeeH hadeeth that talk about the great reward of weeping for Imaam Al-Hussayn (as), they have been posted on my blog.

http://revivingalislaam.blogspot.com/2010/12/reward-for-shedding-tears-for-killing.html

http://revivingalislaam.blogspot.com/2010/11/hadeeth-about-imaam-al-hussayn.html

(salam)

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(salam)

I was wondering if any shia could get me a hadith from sunni books regarding the 3 day mourning period and since they are busy with other chores, I thought I'd do some reading myself and voila here it is:

Imam al-Hakim too, in his al-Mustadrak (Vol. 1, p. 377) records:

Salman ibn Dawud - Ja'far ibn Muhammad - his father (Muhammad ibn Ali) - Ali ibn Husayn - his father (Ali ibn Abi Talib):

Fatima daughter of the Holy Prophet used to visit the grave of her uncle Hamza EVERY FRIDAY, and used to pray and weep there.

Al-Hakim says:

All the narrators of this hadith are thiqah.

Al-Dhahabi has said the same thing in his Talkhis, as well as al-Bayhaqi in his Sunan.

I've taken this from wilayat.net and it seems to precisely strike at the roots of the 3 days-only weeping.

Now, my question is: What if the Prophet stated the 3 day mourning hadith after the incident of Uhud? Is there any way to know such a thing?

Also, can I get a reference from Dhahabi's Talkhis and Bayhaqi's Sunan from somebody (maybe Saved, since he is managing that site?)

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(bismillah)

(salam)

Crying for Imam Husain AS and other Ahlul Bayt AS, even if eyes are watery and tears do not flow, is a meritorious act that warrants Paradise. In the book Maqtal al-Husain: Martrydom Epic of Imam al-Husain ('a), please read Chapter 12 called "Feign Weeping." Here is the first paragraph:

Quote
The Imams of guidance (‘a) liked to keep such memories alive forever so that successive generations might discuss them. They knew that the creed would stay fresh as long as the nation remembered this great tragedy. They did not only condone what has to be done, that is, weeping upon remembering the tragedy, they went as far as recommending feign crying over it, that is, that one cries without shedding any tears. Imam as-Sadiq (‘a) says, “Whoever cries [over our tragedies] even without shedding tears will be in Paradise.” [197]

https://www.al-islam.org/maqtal-al-husayn-abd-al-razzaq-al-muqarram

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Salaam Aleikum,

What exactly Sahih Muslim hadith speak about the Following Quran verse:

[shakir 44:29] So the heaven and the earth did not weep for them, nor were they respited.

Tafsir Mahdi Puya says following:

It is recorded in Sahih Muslim that when Imam Husayn and his comrades were martyred in Karbala, the heavens and the earth wept over them.

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(salam)

That surah you are referring to speaks about Pharaoh and his people right before the ayat you mentioned

Therefore it says

44:29 "And neither heaven nor earth shed a tear over them: nor were they given respite (again)"

44:30 "We did deliver aforetime the Children of Israel from humiliating punishment"

(right before these ayas it is talking about Pharaoh, get it?)

Does that answer your question?

Edited by Abbas0

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(salam)

That surah you are referring to speaks about Pharaoh and his people right before the ayat you mentioned

Therefore it says

44:29 "And neither heaven nor earth shed a tear over them: nor were they given respite (again)"

44:30 "We did deliver aforetime the Children of Israel from humiliating punishment"

(right before these ayas it is talking about Pharaoh, get it?)

Does that answer your question?

Salaam Aleikum,

Pardon me. I think i did not make my post clear. The question i'm asking is: "Where we can find a hadith from Sahih Muslim which says that the heavens and the earth wept over them (Imam Hussain (as) and his company (ra))."

Edited by Zufa

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Salaam Aleikum,

When we read the Quran verse 44:29 we can concluded that earth and heaven have the ability to weep towards humans. It is very logical (after reading the history of battle of Karbala and the intention of Imam Hussain (as)) to assume that indeed heaven and earth did weep over Imam Hussain, His family and companions.

^In the unaltered/original version probably. I highly doubt they exist today.

Im not surprised. =/

Edited by Zufa

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Salaam Alaykum, 

 

Thanks for taking the time to read this.

I have searched online and on al-islam.org, I am looking for anecdotes and stories from the life of Imam Hussein(as) before the event of Kerbala - in particular his kindness, generosity and humanity. I am planning to make a video to show the greatness of the character of the Imam. All I can find is related to 'Ashura.

 

Any help would be appreciated!

 

Ma'salaam

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This is a dramatic play that has been performed by students in California and Texas. The author has given permission for anyone to use it in remembrance of Imam Hussain AS.

The Tragedy of Karbala

A Dramatic Interpretation of the Epic of Imam Husain (as)

http://www.imamhusain.net/karbalaplay/index.html

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This is one section of the book HISTORY OF THE CALIPHS by Rasul Ja'fariyan.

Karbala’s Movement

https://www.al-islam.org/history-of-the-caliphs-rasul-jafariyan/karbalas-movement

 

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Of the several prescribed Ziyarat of Imam al-Husain [a], one was recited by Imam al-Mahdi [a] and reached us through one of his four special deputies. For that reason, it is known as the Ziyarat that was issued from the sacred side. One of the most important features of this Ziyarat is that in different phrases, Imam al-Mahdi [a] graphically describes the events of Ashura and the agony that Imam al-Husain [a] and his family faced on that horrific and ominous day.

Ziyarat e Naheya - زيارة الناحية

 

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What did Imam Hussain (as) really stand for and what did he die for. He was an ambassador not just for Muslims but for the whole of humanity. The message of Imam Hussain (as) was for all faiths. Ahlulbayt TV

Dr Edward Kessler - 'Imam Hussain called for Social Justice'

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Speaker is not Muslim and does not wear hijab.

Dr Edith Szanto 'Islam was taken over'

 

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Speaker is not Muslim and does not wear hijab.

Diana Mills: "Imam Hussain was similar to Jesus Christ"

 

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Imam Hussain  (as)

1. The one who lacked & missed you what did he find? And what is it that he lacks, the one who finds you? certainly, the one who got pleased & inclined towards other than you, came to nothingness (failed).

2. None is in peace on the resurrection day except the one who fears Allah in the world.

3. A group worships Allah for the avidity (reward of paradise) this is the service of traders & a group worships Allah due to fear (from hell & the torment of Allah) this is the service of slaves (who obey their masters being afraid of them). And a group worships Allah as thank giving, so this is the service of free man & is the superior most service (prayer).

4. One who seeks the pleasure of people by displeasing Allah. Allah makes him over to the people.

5. Take care not to maltreat (commit excess upon) anyone who does not have any helper except Allah.

6. The one who loves you forbids you (from committing evil) & the one who has enmity with you entices & allures you; (to commit evil).

7. The intellect does not achieve completion except by observance & following of the right.

8. Weeping for the fear of Allah is (causes) salvation from the fire (hell).

9. Take care, not to do anything for which you have to apologies. Because the faithful does not commit wrong (sin) & does not apologies & the hypocrite commits sin all the days & (then) extends apologies.

10. Hurrying & making haste is witlessness & insanity.(
 Hastiness is a kind of stupidity.)

11. One of the signs of the scholar is his criticism upon his (own) speech & his awareness & knowledge pertaining to the facts about the forms & views.

12. Emulate & complete each other in achieving the human values & rush & hasten to get the spiritual treasures.

13. Whoso ever has generosity becomes the chief & that one who commits parsimony & stinginess becomes degraded & objected.

14. Most generous of the people is the one who grants to the person who does not have any expectation from him.

15. One who removes an anguish & sorrow of a faithful, Allah grants him the deliverance from the sorrow & dejections of world & the here after.

16. Whenever you hear that a person reaches for honor of the people & endeavor to dishonor the people, try hard that he does not come to know you.

17. A person asked him, "what is needlessness wealth)?" He replied, "the fewer & lesser number of your desire & your satisfaction over what can be sufficient for your life.

18. Do practice like the person who knows that he would be seized & held for committing crime & rewarded for good deed.

19. There are seventy benefactions & rewards for saluting sixty nine are for the one who initiates it & one for the replier.

20. Do not say a word about your brother in his absence which you would not like him to say during your absence.

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Speaker is not Muslim and does not wear hijab.

Ingvild Flaskerud: 'The love of people for Imam Hussain and Al Abbas'

 

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Subtitles are in English.

Swami Agnivesh: 'My inspiration is from the life of Imam Hussain'

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Salam,

Can someone name the Sahaba of the Prophet of Allah s.a.w.a.s. who had joined Imam Hussayn a.s. at Karbala?

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8 minutes ago, Pearl178 said:

Where was Kumayl during the battle? Why did he not join Imam Husain (a.s)? 

It is unclear. I haven't seen a source about him and Karbala. He was roughly the same age as Imam al-Husayn (as) so hypothetically he should've gone, but we know that many other high-ranking people did not go (Ibn al-Hanafiyya, Ibn `Abbas).

Anyway, in the end, Kumay was beheaded by al-Hajjaj.

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