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In the Name of God بسم الله
yashia

Hadith on Working

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All the relevant hadiths can be found in volume 5 of Kitab Al-Kafi, which contains a ton of hadiths on earning in lawful ways as well as unlawful ways. Let me begin by quoting some the latter categories (which are treated in chapter 40: earning in unlawful ways):

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H 8531, Ch. 40, h 1:
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following:
“Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘What I fear most for my followers after me are these unlawful earnings, concealed desire and unlawful interest.’”

 

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H 8534, Ch. 40, h 4:
Ahmad has narrated from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following:
“Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The effects of unlawful earning shows up in one’s offspring.’”

As for the former category, first let me begin by citing two hadiths (of chapter 14: earning lawful sustenance) :

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H 8395, Ch. 14, h 1
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn abu Nasr who has said the following:
“Once I asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, please pray for me to Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, so He grants me lawful sustenance.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘Do you know what lawful sustenance is?’ I replied, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, according to our information it is clean earning.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Ali ibn Al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would say, ‘Lawful sustenance is the sustenance of the chosen ones.’ You, however, should say, ‘I pray to You to grant me wide-ranging sustenance.’”

 

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H 8396, Ch. 14, h 2
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Mu’ammar ibn Khallad and Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Bandar from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa all from Mu'ammar ibn Khallad from abu al-Hassan, al-Thani, who has said the following:
“Once abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, looked at a man who said, ‘O Lord, I pray to You to grant me lawful sustenance.’ Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘You have asked of the kind of sustenance of the prophets. Say, “O Lord, grant me of Your extended and clean sustenance.”’”

 

If you work for your family, then Chapter 13 (about hard work for the family) is for you :

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H 8392, Ch. 13, h 1
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from al-Halabiy who has said the following:
“Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A person working hard for his family is like Mujahid (fighter) for the cause of Allah.’”

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H 8393, Ch. 13, h 2
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from ‘Isma’il ibn Mehran from Zakariya’ ibn Adam from abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following:
“Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who works to find sustenance of the extra-generosity of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, to provide for his family is granted a reward greater than a Mujahid (fighter) for the cause of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”

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H 8394, Ch. 13, h 3
Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Rib’iy ibn ‘Abd Allah from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following:
“Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one has difficulty in providing for his family and works to meet his own needs and the needs of his family and does not work for unlawful kind of sustenance, he is like a Mujahid (fighter) for the cause of Allah.”

Chapter 7 (on meticulous effort to earn your living) also has interesting hadiths:

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H 8356, Ch. 7, h 1
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from abu Hamzah al-Thumaliy who has said the following:
“Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah during his farewell Hajj said: ‘The trustworthy spirit has inspired my understanding that no soul dies before its sustenance is complete (depleted). You must maintain piety before Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, be meticulous in your work to make a living. You must not allow procrastination to make you fall behind in the work for living. You must not work in disobedience to Allah; Allah, most Blessed, most High, has divided sustenance among His creatures in a lawful way. He has not divided it in unlawful ways. One who maintains piety before Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, He provides him sustenance from the lawful kind. One who tears the covering curtain in hastiness and takes it by unlawful ways, it is reduced from his lawful sustenance and he is held accountable for it on the Day of Judgment.’”

If you are a specialist, or well versed in a specialized craft, chapter 32 is for you:

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H 8488, Ch. 32, h 1
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Qasim ibn Yahya from his grandfather, al-Hassan ibn Rashid from Muhammad ibn Muslim from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following:
“Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, loves persons who are trustworthy and possess technical skills.’”
In another Hadith it is said, ‘Allah, most High, loves the skillful believer.’”

 

Generally, you might find that perusing the book of commerce (starting from H 8308 to H 9367), in Volume 5 of Al-Kafi (which can be found translated somewhere on the internet), exhaustively answers whatever question you might have on earning a living.

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