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In the Name of God بسم الله

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Cats have a high status in Islam at least from what I've heard it's permissable to own cats as pets and they are free to walk into mosques?

My question is why it's haram to have the most loyal pet and the best friend of man (dogs) as pets and why they are being treated badly in majority-muslim countries when it clearly doesn't say anything about it in the Qur'an and there are hadiths and verses in Qur'an where they are talked about in a good way: 

Verse 5:4 says "Lawful for you are all good things, and [the prey] that trained [hunting] dogs and falcons catch for you." Qur'an 

Verse 18:18 describes the Companions of the Cave, a group of saintly young men presented in the Qurʼan as exemplars of religion, sleeping with "their dog stretching out its forelegs at the threshold." Qur'an 

Islamic fatāwā, or rulings, enjoin that dogs be treated kindly or else be freed.

The historian William Montgomery Watt states that Muhammad's kindness to animals was remarkable; he cites an instance of Muhammad, while traveling with his army to Mecca in 630 CE, posting sentries to ensure that a female dog and her newborn puppies were not disturbed.[36] On the other hand, in a tradition found in the Sunni hadith book al-Muwatta’, Muhammad is reported as saying that the company of dogs voids a portion of a Muslim's good deeds.[37] However, in "two separate narrations by Abu Hurayrah, the Prophet told his companions of the virtue of saving the life of a dog by giving it water and quenching its thirst. One story referred to a man who was blessed by Allah for giving water to a thirsty dog, the other was a prostitute who filled her shoe with water and gave it to a dog, who had its tongue rolling out from thirst. For this deed she was granted the ultimate reward, the eternal Paradise under which rivers flow, to live therein forever." Here some hadiths contradicts eachother and what does shia hadiths say about this?

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As-salaam alaikum

It's not haram to own a dog, otherwise it would be a contradiction to 5:4 in the Quran. More so, one should be careful of the purpose and intention of owning a dog and it's generally accepted to be correct for hunting or farming purposes. One must also pay extra attention around dogs as they are considered unclean and have najasah (especially the saliva). They should not be kept within ones home and kept separate. This doesn't mean they should be hated or the right to treat them badly, as they are a creation of Allah.

See below post:

The legal evidence for the najasah of the dog:

The najasah of the dog is a legal issue. In the Quran, nothing has been said regarding the najasah of the dog and pig. But, it is totally wrong to think that all legal rulings have been and must be specifically addressed in the Quran. The Quran has kept it at the general fundamentals when it comes to legal rulings, leaving their expansion and interpretation to the prophet (pbuh), and after him, to the infallible imams (as). For example, when we look at the rulings of prayer, we see that there are many detailed rulings, while the Quran has only mentioned a few of them. As for the legal evidence for the najasah of the dog:

1- Consensus: The great Islamic jurists all agree that the dog is a najis thing; this ruling is consensual among them. [3]

2- Hadiths: The consensus mentioned above, is a result of the many hadiths cited in hadith sources. Of course, r egarding the najasah of the dog, the hadiths that have reached us can be divided into two categories; ones that contain the term ‘najis’ in them and others that don’t have the exact term but nonetheless necessitate their najasah. In these hadiths, the najasah of the dog can be concluded judging from the questions that the imams have been asked regarding the leftovers of a dog and the corresponding answers they have given; here are some examples:

a) Imam Sadiq (as) was asked about the dog. The imam answered: “It is najis. Throw away the leftover [water] of the dog and don’t perform wudu with it. First rub the container of the water with soil and then wash it with water.” [4]

B) Ibn Shurayh asked Imam Sadiq (as) about the leftover of the dog, and the imam replied: “No, by Allah, it is najis.” [5]

c) Abi Suhayl asked Imam Sadiq (as) about the dog, and his eminence repeated three times: “The dog is najis.” [6]

[1] Mutahhari, Murteza, Majmu’eye Asar, vol. 20, pg. 52, Sadra Press, fifth edition, 1380 (2001).

[2] al-Minar Magazine, sixth year, pg. 307.

[3] Rohani, Seyyed Sadiq, Fiqh al-Sadiq, vol. 3, pg. 281, the software of this book entitled Mowsu’ah al-Imam al-Rohani; Najafi, Muhammad Hasan, Jawahir al-Kalām , vol. 5, pp. 366-368, seventh edition, Beirut, Daar Ihya’ al-Turath al-Arabi.

[4] Question 20898 (site: 20043), General Answer, with slight alteration.

[5] Hurr Amili, Muhammad bin al-Hasan, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, vol. 3, chapter 12 of the chapters on najasah, hadith 6, Daar Ihya’ al-Turath al-Arabi, Beirut.

[6] Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, vol. 3, chapter 12 of the chapters on najasah.

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25 minutes ago, TheGreenWanderer said:

More so, one should be careful of the purpose and intention of owning a dog

I know that the Quran is not the only source for legal question that was why I also talked about hadiths...

I have a dog as pet (companion) it this haram? 

Another question what if you rescue stray dogs and share your home with them? Then you have the dog because of a reason

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18 hours ago, Walidgaleb said:

I know that the Quran is not the only source for legal question that was why I also talked about hadiths...

I have a dog as pet (companion) it this haram? 

Another question what if you rescue stray dogs and share your home with them? Then you have the dog because of a reason

keeping a dog is not haram. Dog is a najis animal, so its not preferable to keep one, unless for a purpose

Special care must be taken against its sliva as its najis.

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On 2/7/2018 at 6:13 PM, Walidgaleb said:

I know that the Quran is not the only source for legal question that was why I also talked about hadiths...

I have a dog as pet (companion) it this haram? 

Another question what if you rescue stray dogs and share your home with them? Then you have the dog because of a reason

Salam there is no problem about taking care of Animaly but you must consider religious rulings about that

https://www.sistani.org/english/qa/01130/

https://www.al-islam.org/islamic-laws-ayatullah-ali-al-husayni-al-sistani/taharat#dogs-and-pigs

https://www.al-islam.org/islamic-stories/care-animals

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On 2/7/2018 at 6:13 PM, Walidgaleb said:

I know that the Quran is not the only source for legal question that was why I also talked about hadiths...

I have a dog as pet (companion) it this haram? 

Another question what if you rescue stray dogs and share your home with them? Then you have the dog because of a reason

No. It is not haram, but most people don't have dogs as pets for two reasons

1) Other people are meant to be your companions, not animals. It may appear to you as if the dog is your friend and companion, but really the dog is only looking for food and shelter. Animals don't have the capacity to be your companion in the way that other people can, because they are a different kind of creation of Allah(s.w.a). There is more to this, but I don't want to make a long winded post. 

What I have noticed, living in the West, in America, is that most people who cling to animals as companions (not just have them as pets, but rely on them for emotional, psychological support) have some sort of personality disorder that stops them from having quality interactions with most people. So instead of working on their own issue, which is hard, they take the easy route which is building a relationship with an animal who can't respond and hold them accountable when they give into their disorder. This leads to a 'downward spiral' in their personality, and I have seen this happen many times in my own life personally. Since we live in a world filled with people, all types of people, who are like us, that we can choose to interact with and who can give us real love, support, encouragement, compassion, and we can't find at least a few of those people to interact with a build a support system with, that means that we have a real problem that we should look at. 

2) Dogs are najis. This does not mean they are evil, it just means that because they are najis, it is very difficult to maintain tahara of your immediate environment while having a dog. You will constantly have to follow the dog around, if the dog is anywhere where you go on a regular basis. The reason why hunting dogs and work animals are allowed in Islam is because these animals are kept outside the home (in a yard, barn, etc) and they don't go inside the house and they only interact with people when it relates to the work. But when you have an animal as a pet / companion, most likely they will venture inside the home at some point, and this is where the problem of najis / tahara happens. 

Yes, I agree that dogs and other animals are mistreated in muslim countries and elsewhere. That is because there are many muslims who misunderstand what the proper role for animals are in our society, because their knowledge of the religion in this area is very minimal. In fact, we have many hadith about how animals should be treated and how we should interact and not interact with them. 

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1 hour ago, Abu Hadi said:

It may appear to you as if the dog is your friend and companion, but really the dog is only looking for food and shelter

I assume that you’ve never had a dog, because that’s complete wrong, dogs have a hierarchy system in which they are extremely loyal and devoted to the alpha. In cases where people own dogs the human is the alpha for the dog. The loyalty a dog has to its human can not be found between other species. If I was with my dog and someone attacked me he wouldn’t hesitate to attack if I didn’t say not to. I understand the whole meaning of your answer and I appreciate it but just that quote is completely wrong. 

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On 2/13/2018 at 6:14 AM, Walidgaleb said:

I assume that you’ve never had a dog, because that’s complete wrong, dogs have a hierarchy system in which they are extremely loyal and devoted to the alpha. In cases where people own dogs the human is the alpha for the dog. The loyalty a dog has to its human can not be found between other species. If I was with my dog and someone attacked me he wouldn’t hesitate to attack if I didn’t say not to. I understand the whole meaning of your answer and I appreciate it but just that quote is completely wrong. 

Like I said, it appears to you that way. In Islam, we believe that animals as well as people have a soul. The type of soul an animal has (there is a specific term in Arabic that is used in hadith literature) is different from the type of soul a person has. So when you are talking about a real relationship, something that involves love, compassion, empathy, the way we understand it, is not something that is possible between an animal and a person. An animal may appear to be loyal, loving, etc, but their motivations are different and the 'soul to soul' interaction with an animal is not possible, since you are not an animal. You may think this type of interaction is happening and people have speculated about this, but since it is not possible to 'measure' the soul with traditional scientific instruments, we cannot find the answer thru what is called 'science' nowdays, but the hadith are clear about this subject. I could bring some, but it seems you have already made up your mind about this, so I am not sure why you are posting the question ? 

If you truly believe that a dog can have a relationship with a person, the same as another human being, then why do dogs attack their owners on a regular basis for no apparent reason (and also attack members of their families) and the dogs are not held accountable for this ? 

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On 2/13/2018 at 5:02 AM, Abu Hadi said:

No. It is not haram, but most people don't have dogs as pets for two reasons

1) Other people are meant to be your companions, not animals. It may appear to you as if the dog is your friend and companion, but really the dog is only looking for food and shelter. Animals don't have the capacity to be your companion in the way that other people can, because they are a different kind of creation of Allah(s.w.a). There is more to this, but I don't want to make a long winded post. 

Dogs can have real love for their owner. Some dogs save their owners life, even if they have to die. Also isn't it true that a cat will start eating the dead body but the dog would refrain from this? I mean yes as far as I know the only things animals do are survival and reproduction. But then how do these facts fit in those 2 activities? 

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9 hours ago, Tamy said:

[Mod Note: The link in this post is NOT to a Shia site.]

http://www.quran-islam.org/articles/dogs_(P1159).html 

^^Great article from a website based on Quranism and hence uses only Quranic verses to determine things.

Salam , @Tamy beware of Quranist groups didn't you know that first people that rejected Authority of Imam Ali (as) were Khawarij of Siffin that they first Quranists & Ibn Muljam (la) was one of them .He was at first a Shia of Imam Ali (as) but by his mistake became the worth people of all times. 
Please provide a hadith on the najasah of the dog and pig.
question
Please provide a hadith on the najasah of the dog and pig.
Concise answer

Regarding the najasah of the dog and pig, the hadiths that have reached us can be divided into two categories; ones that contain the term ‘najis’ in them and others that don’t have the exact term but nonetheless necessitate their najasah. In these hadiths, the najasah of the dog and pig can be concluded judging from the questions that the imams have been asked regarding the leftovers of a dog and coming into contact with a pig and the corresponding answers they have given. In other words, the imam has been asked about praying in clothing that has come into contact with a pig, with the imam replying in the negative, which suggests the najasah of the pig.

http://www.islamquest.net/en/archive/question/fa768

http://www.islamquest.net/fr/archive/question/fa2443

https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.islamquest.net%2Ffr%2Farchive%2Fquestion%2Ffa2443&edit-text=

 

Censure of keeping dogs at home
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah) said: The house where the dog is in, the divine angels do not come to it.

Imam Ali (AS) said: Do not keep dogs at home.

Undoubtedly, the prohibition on keeping this animal in the environment and preventing its approach to it, to infect it and the field of the transfer of some germs and its impure is jurisprudential and it is clear that the maintenance and cleanliness of themselves and the environment Life and cleanliness of the body, clothing, utensils, tools and appliances are important in terms of religious teachings; however, having dog trained for purposes such as field guarding, plant and flock, or hunting and searching Trafficking products are used, if the three points mentioned (cleaning, cleanliness, and sanitation) are complied with, it is amiss in terms of Islamic law.

Amir of believers, he said: "There is no good in keeping a dog, except in a dog hound for a guard and a dog with herds of sheep."

 

http://persiandog.mihanblog.com/extrapage/51

Edited by Ashvazdanghe

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Top ten dog traits from the language of Imam Ali (AS)

Each of the creatures of God symbolizes one of the most desirable or unfriendly traits of mankind and the human being of Ashraf is the creature of all these qualities and moral attributes.

The late Ayatullah Shaykh Hasan Ali Nakhvdki Esfahani quoted a Hadith from Imam Ali as saying that Imam Ali (as) believes in the attributes of "dog best":

Blessed is one whose life is like a dog's life. In this animal, there are ten attributes that are believed to have them in Believers.

طوبی لمن عیشه کعیش الکلب، ففیه عشره خصال فینبغی ان یکون کلها للمؤمن

 

الاول: لیس له مقدار بین الخلق و هو حال المساکین

First.It is not value for dog  among the people, and  it is like poor people.

 

الثانی: ان یکون فقیرا لیس له مال و لا ملک و هو صفه المجردین

Second He has no financial and civil rights, and this is the same attribute of single people - single people, those who have achieved the status of celibacy, and have become self-exalted from everything and everyone.

 

الثالث: لیس له مأوی معلوم و الارض کلها له بساط و هو من علامات المتوکلین

Three:He who is not own a house and a certain place, and all  land is his home, and this is  mark of Trusties.

لرابع: ان یکون اکثر اوقاته جائعا و هم من دأب الصالحین

The fourth :is that it is often hungry and this is the habit of the righteous.

 

الخامس: إن ضربه صاحبه مأه جلده لا یترک بابه و هو من علامات المریدین

If he does not leave him alone if he casts a hundred shekels from his owner, this is the attribute of the disciples.

 

السادس: لا ینام من الیل الا الیسیر و ذلک من اوصاف المحبین

Six: He who does not sleep at night, except for a bit, and this is an observation of the Allah Lovers.

السابع: انه یطرد و یجفی فیجیب و لا یحقد و ذلک من علامات الخاشعین

 

Seven: He who drives and persecutes, but since he calls, he returns without disturbance, and this is a  mark of Humbles.

الثامن: رضی بما یدفع صاحبه من الاطعمه و هو حال القانعین

Eight: Who is pleased with his owner's food, and this is mark of convincing.

التاسع: اکثر عمله السکوت و ذلک من علامات الخائفین

Nine: Most of the time it is silent, and this is a sign of the despicable.

 

العاشر: اذا مات لم یبق منه المیراث و هو حال الزاهدین

Ten: He who, because he dies, does not inherit a legacy, and this is a mark of zahedan (ascetic).

 

http://junglebird.ir/ده-صفت-سگ-از-زبان-حضرت-علی/

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I cant read many posts before commenting here, but the overall i understood is people pointing towards najasat of Dog and its scenarios of allowing to be a guard dog etc.

I've a dog since a year or so, and having it hasn't affected me in anyway I've never done anything which falls under Haraam/Gunaah to mention some like Drinking, Adultery, or even looked with any disrespect towards any other human being.

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Hi. I'm not Muslim so I will not comment on the religious/theological stuff about dogs except to say that I recently read a book about Zoroastrianism. It said that Zoroastrians regarded dogs very highly (unlike frogs and various other creatures which they felt should be killed...) and that following the Arab conquest of Iran the Islamic conquerors started treating dogs badly basically as a way of trolling the Zoroastrians - it amused them to upset the Zoroastrians in this way. The book went on to say that a lot of anti-dog sentiment among Muslims started out in this way and became more formalized having previously had no basis in Islam. Is there a kernel of truth in it or is it nonsense?  

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1 hour ago, Klanky said:

Hi. I'm not Muslim so I will not comment on the religious/theological stuff about dogs except to say that I recently read a book about Zoroastrianism. It said that Zoroastrians regarded dogs very highly (unlike frogs and various other creatures which they felt should be killed...) and that following the Arab conquest of Iran the Islamic conquerors started treating dogs badly basically as a way of trolling the Zoroastrians - it amused them to upset the Zoroastrians in this way. The book went on to say that a lot of anti-dog sentiment among Muslims started out in this way and became more formalized having previously had no basis in Islam. Is there a kernel of truth in it or is it nonsense?  

Have you got the book's name ?

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