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Ali bin Yaqteen - Companion of Musa Al-Kazim AS

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Ali bin Yaqteen: (The Companion of Imam Musa Al-kazim AS)

Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Yaqteen ibn Musa al-Baghdadi 

(742–798 AD/ /124-182 A.H) (ابوالحسن علی بن یقطین بن موسی البغدادی)

·         He was a close companion of Imam Musa al-Kadhim, a Shia narrator, and  jurist,.

·         He was born in Kufa and lived in Baghdad.

·       He was a reliable minister of Abbasid Caliphate, however he kept his faith hidden and used his position in the government administration to support the Shia           who were usually  oppressed during the Abbasid reign.

·         He compiled 3 books.

·      His father, Yaqteen ibn Musa, was one of the supporters of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, he was placed under an arrest warrant by Marwan I. He was forced to escape and hide

·         Ali ibn Yaqteen’s mother took him and his brother, Ubayd, to Medina

·         Later on, he moved to Baghdad and started working as a spice seller.

After the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate and emergence of Abbasid Caliphate, Ali ibn Yaqteen returned to Kufa and entered the Abbasid administration.

·         In the long run, he became a minister of Harun al-Rashid

·         Undoubtedly he was a Shia; but he hid his belief from Abbasid Caliphs all the time as his father did. He was a close student and companion to Musa al-Kadhim and acted as Musa al-Kadhim’s secret agent in the palace of Harun al-Rashid. Many Hadiths have been narrated from him in The Four Books

According to some historical evidence that have been gave credence by Shia scholars, he entered the Abbasid government by the approval and guidance of Musa al-Kadhim in order to support the oppressed people and particularly assist the Shia

In biographical evaluation sources, three books have been mentioned for him:

  • Masa’il anhu al-Sadiq min al-Malahim (about the future events and occurrence)
  • Al-Shakk bi hadratih-I (about a disputation between a doubting Thomas and Ja'far al-Sadiq)
  • Masa’il ‘an Abi al-Hasan Musa ibn Ja’far (contains the hadiths that he had heard form Musa al-Kadhim or Imam’s answers to his questions

 In 798 Ali ibn Yaqteen died in Baghdad while Musa al-Kadhim was imprisoned by Harun al-Rashid


Isma‘il b. Musa has said: “I heard the righteous servant (Musa) say on al-Safa (Mountain): “My Lord, (O You Who are) in the Highest Place, forgive ‘Ali b. Yaqteen!” And Imam Musa has said: “ Of the happiness of ‘Ali b. Yaqteen is that I remembered him in the Standing-place (of ‘Arafa).” These examples indicate that Imam Musa harbored love and loyalty to ‘Ali b. Yaqteen. Without doubt the Imam was sincere to him, for he was a wonderful example of piety, righteousness, and ideals.


Edited by skyweb1987
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