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In the Name of God بسم الله

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13 minutes ago, SunniBrother said:

Okay I am curious about Shia form of mysticism. We Sunnis have Sufism and Tariqas. What are the types of mysticism practiced by Shias and I would like a brief explanation about them and their practices.

You are asking the wrong guys.  You are better off reading about it. 

I recommend you read:

two books:

1)

https://www.amazon.com/gp/aw/d/0791452387/ref=mp_s_a_1_4?ie=UTF8&qid=1503797809&sr=8-4&pi=AC_SX236_SY340_QL65&keywords=kernel+of+the+kernel&dpPl=1&dpID=51DtEW4ozHL&ref=plSrch

2)

https://www.amazon.com/Treatise-Spiritual-Journeying-Wayfaring-al-Ulum/dp/1567448321

this will do the job.  

 

Read the table of contents and you will see thag this is precisley precisely the information you are seeking.  I know because I know where you are coming from. :)

 

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1 hour ago, SunniBrother said:

Okay I am curious about Shia form of mysticism. We Sunnis have Sufism and Tariqas. What are the types of mysticism practiced by Shias and I would like a brief explanation about them and their practices.

Quran and Ahlul Bayth (A.S). 

 

Edited by SIAR14

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3 hours ago, SunniBrother said:

Okay I am curious about Shia form of mysticism. We Sunnis have Sufism and Tariqas. What are the types of mysticism practiced by Shias and I would like a brief explanation about them and their practices.

In shia there is irfan. And other word for it is sayer wa suluk. It is journey slef purification which ends with union with Allah. 

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4 hours ago, islam25 said:

In shia there is irfan. And other word for it is sayer wa suluk. It is journey slef purification which ends with union with Allah. 

Originally in Shiaism it was referred to simply as "Tasawwuf".  In fact it still is referred to as "tasawwuf" in many classical texts.  But due to political reasons during the Safavid Empire (which marked the beginning of a Shiite rule) the word "tasawwuf" was discouraged and replaced by "irfan".  The funny thing now is that "Irfan" is thought of as something essentially different from "Tasawwuf".  But the truth is that the Shia urafa like Bahr al-Ulum clearly were influenced by Sunni turuq like Naqshabandiyya.  And there is good reason to think that the Shadhilliyah Tariqah also has some influence on Shiasm to the extent that we can find certain phrases of a Shadhiliy Sufi Master (Ibn Ataillah) inserted into Dua Arafa.  

The point I am making is that there is a spiritually unifying force that lies beyond Shiasm and Sunnism that, if all of us tapped into. we would not have any need to spend time in useless intra-faith arguments between Shiaism and Sunnism.   

 

Edited by eThErEaL

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1 hour ago, eThErEaL said:

Originally in Shiaism it was referred to simply as "Tasawwuf".  In fact it still is referred to as "tasawwuf" in many classical texts.  But due to political reasons during the Safavid Empire (which marked the beginning of a Shiite rule) the word "tasawwuf" was discouraged and replaced by "irfan".  The funny thing now is that "Irfan" is thought of as something essentially different from "Tasawwuf".  But the truth is that the Shia urafa like Bahr al-Ulum clearly were influenced by Sunni turuq like Naqshabandiyya.  And there is good reason to think that the Shadhilliyah Tariqah also has some influence on Shiasm to the extent that we can find certain phrases of a Shadhiliy Sufi Master (Ibn Ataillah) inserted into Dua Arafa.  

The point I am making is that there is a spiritually unifying force that lies beyond Shiasm and Sunnism that, if all of us tapped into. we would not have any need to spend time in useless intra-faith arguments between Shiaism and Sunnism.   

 

That is true irfan and sofism has been used synonymously having same meaning and understanding. Both have common principles, practice and goal. 

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8 hours ago, SunniBrother said:

Okay I am curious about Shia form of mysticism. We Sunnis have Sufism and Tariqas. What are the types of mysticism practiced by Shias and I would like a brief explanation about them and their practices.

The Irfan (mysticism) Ahlulbayt (as) teached is different from what Sufi Orders or Tariqats teach.

Check out these links:

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=WQakze06P3Q

http://www.alqatrah.net/en/an125

We recommend leaving the worldy attractions aside and focus on Allah and religious affairs, however, many Sufi beliefs are deviant. Example, Wahdatul Wujood contradicts our teachings. We believe that Allah is separated from His creation and His creation is not a manifestation of Him, contrary from what Sufi Orders believe.

Narrated from Imam Al Sadiq (as): "God is absolutely independent of all His creatures and all His creatures have absolutely nothing in common with Him. And to whatsoever the expression ‘thing’ is applicable is a creature except God and God is the Creator of everything, blessed is He, naught is as His likeness and He is the All-Hearing and All-Seeing”. (al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 82)

And.....

<span>A group of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi from his father from an-Nadhr b. Suwayd from Yahya al-Halbi from Ibn Miskan from Zurara b. A`yan. He said: I heard Abu `Abdillah (as) saying: Verily Allah is devoid (khilw) of His creation and His creation is devoid of Him. Everything upon which there befalls a name, save for Allah, is a creature and Allah is the Creator of every thing. Blessed (be He) Who there is nothing like Him and He is the Hearing, the Seeing\

Many Shi'a scholars have condemned such beliefs, especially Shirazis and their likes.

Even our Imams (as) have condemned Sufis:

It has also been reported that Al-Hussain bin Abul Khattab said: “One day, I was with Abul Hassan al-Hadi (peace be upon him) in the mosque of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his pure family) when some of his companions, among whom was Abu Hashim al-Ja’fari, came to him. Abu Hashim was an eloquent man and had a high position near Imam al-Hadi (peace be upon him). “While we were standing, a group of Sufis came into the mosque. They sat in a corner of the mosque and began saying ‘La Ilaha Illallah’ (i.e. there is no God but Allah). Imam al-Hadi (peace be upon him) turned towards his companions and said to them: ‘Do not pay attention to these deceivers for they are allies of the Devils and destroyers of the bases of religion. ‘They become ascetic to relieve their bodies and watch to hunt cattle…they do not practice rites except to deceive people, and do not decrease food except to…cheat the fool…their worships are but dancing and clapping, and their praises are but singing. No one follows them except the stupid, and no one believes in them except the fool. Whoever went to visit any of them alive or dead as if he went to visit Satan and idolaters, and whoever supported any of them, as if he supported, Mu’awiya, Yazid, and Abu Sufyan…’ “Then one of the companions said, ‘Even if he acknowledges your rights?’ Imam al-Hadi (peace be upon him) scolded him and SHOUTED: ‘Do not say that! He, who acknowledges our rights, does not disobey us. Do you not know that they are the worst group of Sufis?! Though all Sufis are dissentient to us and their way is contrary to ours. They are but Christians and magi of this nation. They do their best to put out the light of Allah with their mouths, and Allah will not consent save to perfect His light, though the unbelievers are averse…’” (Hadiqatul Shi’ah, by al-Ardabili, p. 602).

When Imam al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) was asked about Sufis, he answered: “they are our enemies, whoever is inclined towards them then he's one of them and will be resurrected with them. There will be people who claim they love us but they are inclined towards them and they try to be like them, call themselves with their name, and say what they say, whoever is inclined towards them he's not from us and we are innocent from him and whoever rejects them and refutes them he's like someone who performed Jihad against the disbelievers with the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his pure family)” (Safinatul Bihar, by al-Muhadith al-Qummi, vol. 2, p. 57).

“Their wealthy pillage the provision of their poor. Their young precede their old, and every ignorant to them is an authority, and every assignee to them is poor. They do not differentiate between the sincere and the doubtful, nor do they know the sheep from wolves. Their scholars are the most evil of God’s creation on the face of earth, because they incline towards Philosophy and Sufism. By Allah! They are of the enemies and people of distortion. They exaggerate in their love for our opponents and they misguide our Shi’a and Followers.” (Safinatul Bihar, By al-Muhadith al-Qummi, vol. 2, p. 58).

 

 

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10 hours ago, SunniBrother said:

Okay I am curious about Shia form of mysticism. We Sunnis have Sufism and Tariqas. What are the types of mysticism practiced by Shias and I would like a brief explanation about them and their practices.

Quran and Ahlulbayt (AS) . What more is required??? :)

Edited by AfricanShia

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12 hours ago, islam25 said:

In shia there is irfan. And other word for it is sayer wa suluk. It is journey slef purification which ends with union with Allah. 

Is there any basis in the Quran and Ahlulbayt for some sort of "journey" where you "unite with Allah?"

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11 hours ago, eThErEaL said:

Originally in Shiaism it was referred to simply as "Tasawwuf".  In fact it still is referred to as "tasawwuf" in many classical texts.  But due to political reasons during the Safavid Empire (which marked the beginning of a Shiite rule) the word "tasawwuf" was discouraged and replaced by "irfan".  The funny thing now is that "Irfan" is thought of as something essentially different from "Tasawwuf".  But the truth is that the Shia urafa like Bahr al-Ulum clearly were influenced by Sunni turuq like Naqshabandiyya.  And there is good reason to think that the Shadhilliyah Tariqah also has some influence on Shiasm to the extent that we can find certain phrases of a Shadhiliy Sufi Master (Ibn Ataillah) inserted into Dua Arafa.  

The point I am making is that there is a spiritually unifying force that lies beyond Shiasm and Sunnism that, if all of us tapped into. we would not have any need to spend time in useless intra-faith arguments between Shiaism and Sunnism.   

 

Excellent points 

Please share more about this issue esp mysticism in pre Islamic middle East  and central Asia if you  words 

 

Can Hanifs be the  possible primordial sufis in Islam? 

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Well for what I have been tough the purpose of the religion and revelation is to make you a better person and perfect your character. That is spoken is the Qur'an as taskya and naf. And we have concepts such as Ahklaq. All this concepts are crystallized in the science of Sufism or tawwasuf. This is what I learned. Interesting enough we both Sunnis and Shias think that wahhabis are satanic because of their opposition to this aspect of Islam. How we explain imam Maliki and Imam Abu Hanifa studying with Imam Ja'afar? This people were mystics. Imam Abu Hanifa donated to Imam Zaydi ibn Ali cause to revolt against the caliph, and yet Imam Zayd was killed by some Shias at the time for refusing to speak bad of Abu Bakr and Omar. And hence the ones who coined the term rafida were the Zaydi Shias and later Sunnis adopted to refer to the ithna ashari. Yet Imam Ja'afar was deeply saddened by the death of Zayd ibn Ali. We have many tariqa in Sunni Islam that have Imam Ja'afar in the sisilah but both Shias and wahhabis would consider this blasphemous because the naqshbandi sisiliah have both Abu Bakr and Imam Ja'afar in it.

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3 hours ago, islam25 said:

Definitely it all based on quran and Ahlebayt 

Nope. Refer to my above post where I disprove the doctrine of:

3 hours ago, Mansur Bakhtiari said:

some sort of "journey" where you "unite with Allah?"

http://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235052019-mysticism/?do=findComment&comment=3075463

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