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In the Name of God بسم الله

Circumcision

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Netzari

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I was curious about the rules and customs of circumcision (khitan) within Islam, and Shia Islam in particular. In Jewish tradition, it's known as a bris milah, it is performed on the 8th day, it is also when we name the baby boy. If it's the first born son, then we perform a special mitzvah called pidyon ha'ben (redemption of the firstborn). It is through the bris that the baby boy enters into the covenant of Avraham, per the instructions given at Mt Sinai.

So in Islam (and in particular Shia), what are the rules and customs? Are certain blessings said? Do Muslims do it to reaffirm the covenant of Avraham and his descendants? Or is it commanded to all male Muslims, regardless of ancestry? Is there a celebration? I'm curious.

Salaam and Shalom!

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Salaam and Shalom,

Circumcision is mandatory and should be done by/on the 7th day. It can be postponed but has to be done prior to performing the Hajj.

It's done to maintain Prophet Ibrahim's covenant with Allah just like most of the hajj rituals are. There are hygienic issues as well.

If possible, a small ceremony should be held to celebrate this occasion.

Some documentation on it:

The Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allah be upon him and his family) has said, “Walimah is only in five occasions: in the ‘Urs, Khurs, ‘Idhar, Wikar and the Rikaz – ‘Urs is when a person gets married; and Khurs is when a child is born; and ‘Idhar is on the circumcision of a baby boy; and Wikar is when a person purchases a house; and Rikaz is when a person returns from Hajj.”
Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 384

https://www.al-islam.org/forty-ahadith-on-hajj-mahmud-mahdipur/40-walimah-feeding-others-after-returning-hajj


The Holy Prophet says:
“The new born must be circumcised on the seventh day of its birth that he gets healthy growth and upbringing."

Wasail al-shiah, v15, p. 175

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq says:
“Do the circumcision of your child on the seventh day of his birth. This is best for him. It is also beneficial for his proper growth and upbringing. Certainly, the earth abhors the urine of the person who has not been circumcised"

Wasail al-shiah, v15, p. 171
https://www.al-islam.org/principles-upbringing-children-ayatullah-ibrahim-amini/chapter-25-health-and-hygiene

 

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8 hours ago, Netzari said:

I was curious about the rules and customs of circumcision (khitan) within Islam, and Shia Islam in particular. In Jewish tradition, it's known as a bris milah, it is performed on the 8th day, it is also when we name the baby boy. If it's the first born son, then we perform a special mitzvah called pidyon ha'ben (redemption of the firstborn). It is through the bris that the baby boy enters into the covenant of Avraham, per the instructions given at Mt Sinai.

So in Islam (and in particular Shia), what are the rules and customs? Are certain blessings said? Do Muslims do it to reaffirm the covenant of Avraham and his descendants? Or is it commanded to all male Muslims, regardless of ancestry? Is there a celebration? I'm curious.

Salaam and Shalom!

It is for all Muslims - because it is a requirement for tawaf in Hajj. Meaning if someone who is uncircumcised became Muslim today, even if he is 50 years old, he would have to get circumcised to perform Tawaf.

And yes there is a celebration, usually a feast (walimah). 

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