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In the Name of God بسم الله
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Abbas.

International Law and Muslim Countries

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Salams 

As signatories of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), is it obligatory for an Islamic state such as Iran [as well as other Muslim countries] to honour the agreement from the point of view of Islamic teachings and jurisprudence? [1] What are the efforts being made by Islamic legal scholars to address the obstacles and conflicts between domestic and international law & customs respectively?

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[1] My general understanding of agreements in Islam is as per below article:

The third type of promise is when people form actual covenants and agreements. The ayats and the traditions state that it is Wajib to fulfill this type of promise and it is Harām to go against them.

For example in Surah al-‘Isrā’:

“...and fulfill the promise; Surely (every) promise shall be questioned about.” (Surah al-‘Isrā’, 17:34)

Similarly the Qur’an describes truthful and the pious people thus,

“...and those who fulfill their promise when they make a promise..” (Surah al-Baqarah 2:177)

Also when describing those who shall be saved from Hell and earn Paradise, Allah (S.w.T.) says,

“And those who are keepers of their trusts and their covenant.” (Surah Al-Mum’inūn, 23:8)

https://www.al-islam.org/greater-sins-volume-2-ayatullah-sayyid-abdul-husayn-dastghaib-shirazi/twenty-first-greater-sin-non

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