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In the Name of God بسم الله
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S. Shuja

If God created the universe, then who created God?

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If God created the universe, then who created God? And who created the creator of God?

Dear Readers,

The question seems mind-blowing and thus has been at the center of the most heated philosophical and theological debates in Islam. To solve the very problem, I would like to draw your kind attention to the following points that can easily solve the problem raised:

A) The philosophical principles are always all-inclusive and do not undergo any exception of any kind. Hence, the impossibility of ‘effect without cause’ and ‘infinite regress’ are of those philosophical principles that can never be subject to any exception.

B) To the Muslim Philosophers, the proposition “everything needs a creator” is not a true philosophical rule. As mentioned earlier, had this proposition been philosophical, it should have included all cases and examples. Nothing and no one should have remained beyond this philosophical rule. But as we see the proposition is not truly applicable to the Ultimate Cause. At least, from this perspective, Allah, being the Ultimate Cause, seems an exclusion to the rule.

C) To solve the very challenging problem we must reword and rephrase the above-mentioned misleading proposition with another alternative. Instead of maintaining “everything needs a creator” we must say that “every contingent and possible existent needs a creator or an efficient cause”. The subtle difference between the two propositions is “everything” and “every possible thing or being”. As a result, It is correct to say that ‘every possible and contingent existent needs its appropriate cause or creator’. This sentence, logically and rationally, does not include the Necessary Being called Allah. For He is not a contingent existent rather He is the Necessary Existent. Thus, Allah or God, the Ultimate Cause of the causes, does not stand in need of any begetter or creator. This concept is harmonious with the Quranic verses as well that says: Say, “He is God, [who is] One, God, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent”.

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Good attempt but to me the question "who created God?" is nonsensical and self-contradictory, for when we talk of God we talk of a necessary being who is omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient and infinite, but when we talk of a creature we talk of a being that is limited in power and knowledge and is finite in scope. The question mentioned above attempts to reconcile between the the finite and the infinite when it poses the question of the created God. Since however finite and infinite cannot be reconciled therefore there should be either a god who is not created or a creature who is not god. Nothing can be a god as well as a creature just as nothing can be existent and non-existent at the same time. Thus the question being paradoxical is basically wrong and it is another wrong to postulate it as right and not to right it from the very start!

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