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In the Name of God بسم الله

performing salat without tayammum.

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sharif110

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Alsalamu Alaykum

Firstly to reply this question, we shall know the cases which tayammum in accordance with them is obligatory to be performed.

Perform Tayammum in place of Wudhu or Ghusl when:

1. Not enough water is available for Wudhu or Ghusl.

2. Obtaining water for Wudhu will endanger your life or property or you are unable to procure water by any means.

3. Using the available water will leave insufficient water for drinking and pose a risk of dying of thirst or illness, or difficulty for yourself or your dependents.

4. Washing your face and hands with water will endanger your health.

5. Water is available but you do not have permission to use it.

6. There is a risk that performing Wudhu or Ghusl will cause the time of the entire or a part of the prayer to end.

7. If the body or clothing is ritually impure (Najis) and the person possesses only as much water so that if he was to perform Wudhu or a Ghusl, no more water would be available for making his body or clothing pure for prayer.

Tayammum can be done on earth, sand, and a lump of clay or stone. Earth is the first choice for tayammum. If there is no earth then either sand or a lump of clay can be used. If earth, sand or a lump of clay is not available then a stone can be used. However, one cannot perform tayammum on minerals e.g. agate, diamonds... If none of the above are available, then dust which may have settled on the carpet can be used.

If dust cannot be found then tayammum can be done on wet earth. If snow or ice is available, then you should try and melt it to do wudhoo. If this is not possible then tayammum can be done on the snow or ice.

The things on which tayammum is done should be clean [tahir], it should not be usurped [ghasbi] or done on a place that is usurped.

Another case that can be expressed here refers to doubts of a man about cleanness of these things. ‘Taharat law’ is a jurisprudential law which is got from traditions. It says;

کل شیء لک طاهر حتی تعلم أنه قذر.

“All things are clean unless you become sure about their impurity.”

According to this law, a man shall not take attention to his unacceptable doubt about purity & impurity of the thing that he wants to perform Tayammum on it. It means it is considered clean unless he is sure about its impurity.

Read more about Tayammum in:

http://www.islamic-laws.com/WudhuTayammumGhusl.htm

http://islamportal.net/book/ritual-and-spiritual-purity

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