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Yousuf

Is there any proof of Shia claims about Hadith?

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Salam Everyone,

Question# 1

I would like to know that what is the proof that the Hadith book of Bukhari contains fabricated hadiths?

Qustion# 2

Do shias believe in SOME hadiths of bukhari? Or do they reject all of them?

Question# 3

Moreover, what is the proof that the shia books of hadiths like Al-Kafi, Nahaj Al-Balagha, Bihar Al-Anwar contain hadiths that are authentic?

I need to get all of these questions answered.

Thanks.

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1 hour ago, Yousuf said:

Salam Everyone,

Question# 1

I would like to know that what is the proof that the Hadith book of Bukhari contains fabricated hadiths?

Qustion# 2

Do shias believe in SOME hadiths of bukhari? Or do they reject all of them?

Question# 3

Moreover, what is the proof that the shia books of hadiths like Al-Kafi, Nahaj Al-Balagha, Bihar Al-Anwar contain hadiths that are authentic?

I need to get all of these questions answered.

Thanks.

Salamun alaykum.

Sahih al-Bukhari is surrounded by an air of sanctity, and rarely does anyone dare casting doubt on the authenticity of its hadiths and their narrators. Abu al-Hassan al-Muqaddasi goes so far as saying that all narrators of the hadiths of Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are reliable. Many have accepted its hadiths without any need to investigation or examination, and they even take such an acceptance to be a tenet of faith and Islam. With regards to some of its hadiths, Dhahabi says if they were not cited in Sahih al-Bukhari, I would bet that they are forged and unauthentic. According to Imam al-Ḥaramayn, if someone swears that all hadiths in Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are words of the Prophet (s), he has rightly done so.

However, some Sunni scholars, such as Darqutni, have criticized the book, challenging the thought that its hadiths count as the most authentic ones. According to Ibn Hajar, 110 hadiths have been cited from Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, 32 of which are cited in both, and 78 of which are only cited in the former. Moreover, about 80 narrators of hadiths in Sahih al-Bukhari have been considered unreliable. According to Muhammad Rashid Rida, objectionable hadiths in this book are way more than this. Much of such objections are directed at the narrators of hadiths in this book.

Citing Nothing from Shiite Imams and their Companions

Al-Bukhari was contemporaneous with Shiite's 10th and 11th Imams, Imam al-Hadi (a) and Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a), but he does not even cite one single hadith from these two Imams. Rarely did he cite hadiths from the companions and children of Imams (a), though there were great scholars and narrators of hadith among them.

There are hadiths that satisfy his condition of authenticity, but he does not cite them just because there were Shiite Imams or their companions among their narrators, and he scarcely cited few hadiths from Imam 'Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a), Imam al-Sajjad (a), and Imam al-Baqir (a). On the contrary, he has cited hadiths from Khawarij and Nawasib, such as 'Akrama, 'Umran b. Hattan, and 'Urwa, while many Sunni scholars have taken them as unreliable.

It is interesting that the only hadith he has cited from Imam al-Sajjad (a) concerns a disapprobation of Imam 'Ali (a).

He has cited 446 hadiths from Abu Hurayra, who was a companion of the Prophet (s) for less than three years, 270 hadiths from 'Abd Allah b. 'Umar, 242 hadiths from 'A'isha, 57 hadiths from Abu Musa al-'Ash'ari, and over 200 hadiths from Anas b. Malik, but he has cited only 19 hadiths from Imam 'Ali (a) who was the "gate of the city of knowledge" (as the Prophet (s) is cited as having said) and only one hadith from Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a), the Prophet's daughter.

Many fragmented and repeated hadiths

Another feature of Sahih al-Bukhari, considered by some as a weak point, is that it contains many fragmented or repeated hadiths. According to Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, the reason why some scholars of Maghreb and Abu 'Ali al-Neyshaburi have preferred Sahih Muslim over Sahih al-Bukhari is that the former never fragmented hadiths, trying to record their precise words.

Paraphrasing Hadiths

Al-Bukhari was not committed to citing the exact words of hadiths, paraphrasing them in some cases. Abu Rayya has appealed to stories according to which al-Bukhari never wrote down hadiths when he heard them, relying instead on his own memory, and he quotes from Ibn Hajar that sometimes al-Bukhari cites one hadith with the same chain of narrators with two different phrases.

Inauthenticity of the Content of some Hadiths

Some hadiths in Sahih al-Bukhari have been objectionable because of their contents. According to Muhammad Rashid Rida, there are some contradictions in the contents of some of its hadiths, and Ibn Hajar's attempts to handle such contradictions are not satisfactory. He says it is difficult to show that there are forged hadiths in Sahih al-Bukhari, but it includes hadiths that exhibit some signs of forgedness, such as the one referring to the Prophet (s) being influenced by witchcrafts, which was rejected by scholars such as Jassas and Shaykh Muhammad 'Abduh. Some Shafi'is and other Sunni approaches have rejected some hadiths in Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim that are cited in books such as Ibn Jawzi's al-Intisar.

Some Instances of Sahih al-Bukhari's Hadiths

The following are some instances of hadiths in this book that are objectionable with respect to their contents.

  • The Prophet (s) is cited to have said that: if a fly falls in your dish, fully immerse it in the dish. For one wing of the fly is pain, and the other wing is healing.
  • The Prophet (s) did not believe his prophecy, until when Waraqa b. Nufal al-Masihi told him that he was really a prophet!
  • The Prophet (s) forgot some verses of the Qur'an, but he later remembered them when a Muslim recited those verses.
  • The prophet Ibrahim (or Abraham) (a) was asked to intercede (shafa'a) for someone on Dooms Day, but he told him that he has lied three times in his life; and thus asked him to go to another person for intercession.
  • God sent the Death Angel to take the Prophet Musa (a) (or Moses)'s life, but Musa (a) slapped in his face!
  • An ant bit a prophet's skin; the Prophet ordered to burn all those ants, and God blamed him for doing so. In Sunan al-Tirmidhi, the Prophet is cited to be Musa (a).
  • Al-Bukhari has cited a hadith in his Al-tafsir (The exegesis of the Qur'an) and his Al-jana'iz according to which: when 'Abdullah b. Ubayy died, his son went to the Prophet (s) and asked him to pray on his father's corpse. 'Umar complained that the Prophet (s) should not pray for such a person.

The Prophet (s) said God gave me the option when he told me: "whether thou ask for their forgiveness, or not, (their sin is unforgivable): if thou ask seventy times for their forgiveness, Allah will not forgive them" (9: 80). But then a new verse was descended from God approving 'Umar's view: "nor do thou ever pray for any of them that dies, nor stand at his grave" (9: 84). According to this hadith, God preferred 'Umar's view to that of the Prophet (s), which is odd. Though al-Bukhari cited the hadith in different parts of his book, it was rejected by scholars such as Abu Bakr al-Baqilani, Imam al-Ḥaramayn al-Juwayni, Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, Imam al-Dawudi, and others.

 

Source: http://en.wikishia.net/view/Sahih_al-Bukhari_(book)

Also see: http://www.islamquest.net/en/archive/question/fa7359

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4 hours ago, Yousuf said:

Question# 1

I would like to know that what is the proof that the Hadith book of Bukhari contains fabricated hadiths?

Qustion# 2

Do shias believe in SOME hadiths of bukhari? Or do they reject all of them?

Question# 3

Moreover, what is the proof that the shia books of hadiths like Al-Kafi, Nahaj Al-Balagha, Bihar Al-Anwar contain hadiths that are authentic?

1.

Bukhari is narrated mostly by the following individuals: Abu Hurayra, `A'isha, Ibn `Umar, Ibn `Abbas, and Anas b. Malik. Together, these five companions narrate about 14,000 hadiths in Sunni books. One noteworthy issue is the absence of many top tier companions from this list. Abu Hurayra narrated over five thousand hadiths from the Prophet, despite only accompanying him for under 3 years. Compare this to Imam `Ali, who was raised by the Prophet and only narrates a few hundred hadiths. Companions like Abu Dharr, Salman, Miqdad b. al-Aswad, `Ammar b. Yasir, Bilal al-Habashi, Jabir b. `Abdullah; even Abu Bakr, `Umar, and `Uthman; when you put them all together, do not narrate as much as Abu Hurayra.

There is also a tendency to take hadiths from narrators who had a poor relationship with Ahl al-Bayt, such as `A'isha (Battle of Jamal), Ibn `Umar (bay`a of Yazid), the Umayyads (Abu Sufyan, Mu`awiya, Marwan) and their clients (al-Zuhri). These hadiths often say insulting things about the Prophet and his family, and cover the truth of their status.

Nowadays even Salafis will claim that there are some inauthentic hadiths in Bukhari. After all, Bukhari was a fallible person, who lived centuries after these events, and relied mostly on oral transmission.

2.

Some of the hadiths in Bukhari can be found in Shi`i books as well, so we don't reject all of it. However, we base our beliefs on our own books.

3.

We don't say that any Shi`a book of hadith is 100% authentic. The Quran is the most valuable book that we have been given, every other book is subject to some level of deficiency or error. However, we believe that our books - especially al-Kafi, Man La Yahduruhul Faqih, Tahdheeb, and Istibsar - are the most accurate reflection of the teachings of the Prophet and his family. These books are based mostly on written sources that have been authored by the students of the 12 Imams. The Hadith al-Thaqalayn establishes that this progeny of the Prophet would be one with the Quran until they return to the Prophet in Paradise. The Hadith of Ghadeer establishes Imam `Ali as the Master of the believers whose obedience is obligatory. The hadiths also tell us of 12 Caliphs (successors and representatives of the message). The 12 Imams therefore taught the tafsir of the Quran, and the Sunna and the madhhab of the Prophet himself, narrating many of his hadiths and their own hadiths. al-Kafi is based on 300+ notebooks going back to thousands of students of these 12 Imams.

Some hadiths are stronger than others. The strength of a hadith is based on:

(1) Its applicability to Quranic principles

(2) How many chains the hadith or its meaning have (tawatur)

(3) How reliable its narrators are (we don't believe that "every" companion is reliable; only those who are trustworthy and have demonstrated loyalty to the Prophet and his family)

(4) The status of the book's author, the reliability of the book's transmission, its manuscripts

Bihar al-Anwar is a 17th century compilation of *all* of our hadiths, so we won't say that all of its hadiths are authentic. But a book like al-Kafi has a higher percentage of reliable narrations. You can read some parts of it here: http://www.imamiyya.com/hadith/usul-kafi

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