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S. Shuja

Why do the Shia commemorate the 10th of Muharram?

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Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram and a reminder of one of the most tragic event in the history of Islam. Hussain b. Ali being the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his family) along with his 72 close companions were mercilessly massacred by so called Muslims in the desert of Karbala. Yazid b. Muawiyah was illegally appointed a Muslim caliph by his father. After his death, Yazid was taking allegiance from the tribal influential leaders. He sought allegiance of Husayn b. Ali but he refused to give allegiance because Yazid did lack the minimum qualities required for an ordinary Muslim. Anyhow, Yazid being supported by Umayyad dynasty and the rival tribes of Bani Hashem, ordered his governor to either take allegiance from Imam Hussain or make them give in. Since, Imam Hussain was brought up by Lady Fatima, the dearest daughter of the Prophet of Islam, and Ali b. Abi Talib, the brother and the legitimate immediate successor to the Prophet, did not yield to such an arrogant pressure. Anyhow, Imam Hussain along with his most sincere friends were martyred by Yazid's forces and their family members were taken as captives. Since 61A.H, the Shiite Imams used to wear black attires in Muharram and recall the sad memories of their grandfather. Afterwards, the Shiites, following their Imams' footsteps have always been serious in keeping the causes and names of Imam Hussain (a.s), his sister Bibi Zainab (s) and other personalities alive.

The most important cause Imam Hussain fought for was to revive his grandfather's -the prophet Muhammad- religion and those invaluable values and merits he had struggled during his 23 years of prophetic mission.  

Now, the Muslims in general and millions of Shia in particular around the globe come to the streets, bearing the flags beautified with the slogans and name of Imam Hussain (a.s) and his relatives, to show their anger and grief to Yazid and the likes on the one hand and display their sincere solidarity with the grandson of the prophet Muhammad and his companions on the other.  As a result, it will help themselves to remain vigilant and defiant against the prevailing oppression and injustice.

The event of Ashura is an anti-oppression rally in a global size and scale to say a big 'NO' to injustice and to a coercive political persecution even if it is perpetrated by a so called Muslim caliph. His oppression and heinous acts should never be tolerated and imposed on ordinary Muslims' shoulders. Thus, the Shiites attempt to commemorate the 10th of Muharram annually and remind themselves of the true belief system and life-giving Islamic teachings.

Thanks

May God Bless Us All

Edited by S. Shuja

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2 hours ago, S. Shuja said:

The most important cause Imam Hussain fought for was to revive his grandfather's -the prophet Muhammad- religion and those invaluable values and merits he had struggled during his 23 years of prophetic mission.

The concept of mourning during 'Ashura, is to respect the symbols of religion and remember the suffering of Imam Hussain (a),  his companions, and his uprising to defend Islam and prevent the destruction of the religion by Bani Umayyad dynasty.  These rites must be done in such a way that in addition to serving that purpose, it draws the attention of others to these lofty goals. It is necessary to narrate the story of the sacrifices and to listen to those who narrate the event. The aim is to learn lessons from this great event.

Let's not forget that Muharram provides us with a very good opportunity to educate our youth, men and women, young and old about Islam and the teachings of Ahlulbayt, peace be upon them. During Muharram, youngsters and people from all walks of life rush to Hussainiyahs and mosques to listen to lecturers and to be reminded about the sacrifices made by our infallible Imams, especially Imam Hussein (AS) and his devout companions.

These gatherings should held in a way which does not involve any nonsensical behaviors or activities such as self-flagellation.  

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