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Jawid Akbari

Why do we need to follow a Mujtahid?

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The necessity of taqlid is the result of a rational conclusion based on the need for divine guidance, through the Qur'an and the traditions. Thus, taqlid has its jurisprudential evidence in addition to reason which also admits that a person who is ignorant of religious rules should refer to a qualified mujtahid. In Islamic jurisprudence taqlid denotes a `commitment' to accept and act in accordance with the rulings of the Shari`a as deduced by a well-qualified, righteous jurist (mujtahid). It also suggests adopting his rulings with confidence in their correctness, without investigating the reason that led the jurist to make his decisions. In other words, it is important for believers to feel confident in their religious observances, and that confidence can be attained either through ijtihad (i.e. investigating all the proofs that led to a particular legal decision him-herself), ihtiyat (taking the safe, prudent line by adopting precautionary stance in those matters in which one is not sure), or taqlid (putting the responsibility for one's religious acts on a qualified jurist-scholar).

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Taqlid is a rationally accepted matter. One should refer to a religion specialist in religious issues as he refers to a specialist in other issues. For example, if he becomes sick, he should go to a specialist who would tell him what to do and what not to. In the same manner, one should act according to the verdicts of the most learned Mujtahid who infers Islamic laws from its sources, i.e. the Quran and Traditions.

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1 hour ago, Jawid Akbari said:

Taqlid is a rationally accepted matter. One should refer to a religion specialist in religious issues as he refers to a specialist in other issues. For example, if he becomes sick, he should go to a specialist who would tell him what to do and what not to. In the same manner, one should act according to the verdicts of the most learned Mujtahid who infers Islamic laws from its sources, i.e. the Quran and Traditions.

Salaam brother, 

Is it necessary upon the masses to follow only the 'most learned Mujtahid' of their time. 

 

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4 minutes ago, Ali al-Abdullah said:

How do we know who the most learned mujtahid is?

There are three ways of identifying a Mujtahid, and the A'alam:

  • when a person is certain that a particular person is a Mujtahid, or the most learned one. For this, he should be a learned person himself, and should possess the capacity to identify a Mujtahid or an A'alam;
  • when two persons, who are learned and just and possess the capacity to identify a Mujtahid or the A'alam, confirm that a person is a Mujtahid or an A'lam, provided that two other learned and just persons do not contradict them. In fact, being a Mujt ahid or an A'lam can also be established by a statement of only one trusted and reliable person;
  • when a number of learned persons who possess the capacity to identify a Mujtahid or an A'lam, certify that a particular person is a Mujtahid or an A'lam, provided that one is satisfied by their statement.

My question is with a purpose.

 

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A Mujtahid is a specialist on religious matters. The same way in some of our day-to-day activities we follow the directives of learned specialists on particular issues, so also in religious matters, those learned specialists 'Mujtahideen' are to be followed. For examples, we always refer to specialist doctors and not an engineer in cases of illness, we consult an architect not a lawyer in cases of any architectural designs. That is to say every discipline has a specialist(s).

Therefore, in religious affairs which are very delicate and vital compared to other worldly affairs, there is need for laymen to follow the directives of the learned specialists of religion particularly on issues relating to the practical laws of Islam.

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On 9/17/2016 at 10:53 AM, Salati AbdulQadir said:

A Mujtahid is a specialist on religious matters. The same way in some of our day-to-day activities we follow the directives of learned specialists on particular issues, so also in religious matters, those learned specialists 'Mujtahideen' are to be followed. For examples, we always refer to specialist doctors and not an engineer in cases of illness, we consult an architect not a lawyer in cases of any architectural designs. That is to say every discipline has a specialist(s).

Therefore, in religious affairs which are very delicate and vital compared to other worldly affairs, there is need for laymen to follow the directives of the learned specialists of religion particularly on issues relating to the practical laws of Islam.

A Mujtahid can be followed in Figh not in theology. 

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