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In the Name of God بسم الله
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mighdad

Does the Quran or Hadith approve evolution?

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There are two theories among biologists regarding the creation of living beings including plants and animals.
  A) Transformism: The doctrine that living organisms have evolved from previously existing forms of unicellular beings that existed in oceans or in the mud deep underwater. This change is also called mutation.
  B) Fixism: The theory that the species alive today were identical to those of the past and that evolution does not happen.
  As of now, no one has seen mutation taking place in such a way as to cause substantial change to the main organs or limbs of an animal or to make something evolve into a different species. Therefore, we can simply guess that the accumulation of mutations might one day lead to metamorphic change and result in a variant form such as a reptile becoming a bird but this is never a decisive guess and it is only a conjecture because we have never encountered such mutations in the concrete external world.
  The discovery of an evolutional relationship among various beings does not hinder us from getting knowledge of God. Not only discovering such causes does not harm divine unity or our belief in the oneness of God but it also creates a fresh proof about the system of creation. Those who subscribe to evolution of various species of animals and the fixists especially Muslims rely on various Qur'anic verses to prove their side of the story. Both sides have made use of verses which have little relevance to their perspective on the subject-matter.
  It appears from the outward meaning of the verses of the Quran about the creation of Adam that he was first made of mud. After completion of his body, soul was blown into it whereupon all angels except Iblis prostrated themselves in front of him. The Quran's explanation in this regard shows that there had not been other genre or kinds of animals in between the creation of man and his present form.

http://www.islamquest.net/en/archive/question/fa4014

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7 hours ago, mighdad said:

There are two theories among biologists regarding the creation of living beings including plants and animals.
  A) Transformism: The doctrine that living organisms have evolved from previously existing forms of unicellular beings that existed in oceans or in the mud deep underwater. This change is also called mutation.
  B) Fixism: The theory that the species alive today were identical to those of the past and that evolution does not happen.
  As of now, no one has seen mutation taking place in such a way as to cause substantial change to the main organs or limbs of an animal or to make something evolve into a different species. Therefore, we can simply guess that the accumulation of mutations might one day lead to metamorphic change and result in a variant form such as a reptile becoming a bird but this is never a decisive guess and it is only a conjecture because we have never encountered such mutations in the concrete external world.
  The discovery of an evolutional relationship among various beings does not hinder us from getting knowledge of God. Not only discovering such causes does not harm divine unity or our belief in the oneness of God but it also creates a fresh proof about the system of creation. Those who subscribe to evolution of various species of animals and the fixists especially Muslims rely on various Qur'anic verses to prove their side of the story. Both sides have made use of verses which have little relevance to their perspective on the subject-matter.
  It appears from the outward meaning of the verses of the Quran about the creation of Adam that he was first made of mud. After completion of his body, soul was blown into it whereupon all angels except Iblis prostrated themselves in front of him. The Quran's explanation in this regard shows that there had not been other genre or kinds of animals in between the creation of man and his present form.

http://www.islamquest.net/en/archive/question/fa4014

 

The Qur'an is not a book of science, it is a book of guidance. I prefer Shaykh Makarem Shirazi's explanation where he says the Qur'an does not support or reject evolution. It is completely silent about it, at least in any explicit and direct manner. 

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Before telling anything about this, we should know that Qur'an is Haqq (Truth, proven one) and science is a set of theories, assumptions and opionions (except engineering, or "applied science"). So, we cannot compare Qur'an with science. There's nothing from science in the Qur'an!

If we understand and define evolution as a process of creating one creature from another, then: The Qur'an is approving evolution. If we understand and define evolution as a process in which a human became from some other form of life (ie monkey), then: it's a lie, Allah swt created a human from a clay (this can be understood as evolution too).

There're at least two examples of creating one group of creatures from another, in both cases from humans. Ones Allah swt turned some humans to monkeys, and ones to pigs. He didn't say that He done reverse, as in the case when He made some people dead, but He brought them back to life. So, we could say that similarities between pigs and humans, and monkeys and humans are because they all are from humans.

It's narrated that Muhammad Mustafa sawa once told to some group of Jews: "brothers of monkey...". He said no lie ever.

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