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Salati AbdulQadir

Who are the Prophet Household?

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1 hour ago, Akbar673 said:

Wouldn't Zainab Bint Ali and Umm Kulsum Bint Ali be considered Ahle Bayt as well?

I've always considered the Household of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) to include them as well.

Why wouldn't they be ?

No, they must be infallible. If this was the case Hadhrat ʾAbu al-Faḍl al-ʿAbbās (as) would be Ahl al-Bayt as well.

Edited by Ali al-Abdullah

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Should anyone argue with you concerning him, after the knowledge that has come to you, say, ‘Come! Let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, our souls and your souls, then let us pray earnestly and call down Allah’s curse upon the liars.’ - Chapter 3 Verse 61

 

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On 9/9/2016 at 5:53 PM, Salati AbdulQadir said:

In accordance with the Qur'an and the sound traditions of the noble prophet of Islam (a.s), who are his Ahlul-Bayt?

The word “Ahlul-Bayt” is technically used to mean the descendants and progeny of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a); those whom Allah has thoroughly purified from all filths and consequently made their love and loyalty compulsory on the entire Muslims.  The Prophet progeny (a.s) are sometimes referred to as the nearest kinsfolk (i.e. Dhul-Qurbah) in the Quran; household of the Divine Book (i.e. Ahlul-Dhikr) and the custodians of the Prophethood and Imamate. They are indeed an inseparable associate of the glorious Quran as stated by the Prophet (s.a.w.a) in the tradition of two weighty things (i.e. Hadith Thaqalayn) and they are indeed the ‘ark of salvation’ against disparities and discords.

It is pertinent to note that the members of the Prophet household (Ahlul-Bayt) were been honored with this esteem status not only as a result of their blood relationship with the Holy Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a) but rather due to their outstanding spiritual qualities. Moreover, if blood relationship and kinship alone were a yardstick for being members of the household of a Prophet of Allah, then, Kan’an (Prophet Noah’s son) would not have been excluded from it.

Meanwhile, there are so many conflicting opinions by the Sunni scholars on whom Prophet Household (Ahlul-Bayt) are. Some were of the opinions that the members Ahlul-Bayt are his wives. Some were of the views that they are the entire members of his family and the children, while others opined that they are the pure progeny of the Prophet, who were divinely chosen.

However, from the explanations of the Prophet (s.a.w.a) himself, the pure Ahlul-Bayt are: Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain[1]. Moreover, considering the pronouns used in the verse of purification above, it will be observed that a masculine gender (عنكم ‘تطهركم) is used throughout while the pronouns of preceding and concluding clauses are feminine (وأقمن‘بيوتكن‘واذكرن...). Thus, if the verse of purification is meant for Prophet’s wives alone, the pronouns would have been feminine throughout rather than masculine. Besides, the Prophet (s.a.w.a) himself practically demonstrated to the Muslim community by exempting Ummu Salmah (a righteous wife of the Prophet) from the members of his purified Ahlul-Bayt[2] and likewise his recitation of the verse aloud while approaching Fatimah’s house (for a period of eight months) on his way to the mosque for the dawn prayer[3].

In verse 23 of the Quran 42, Allah (swt) says about the Prophet’s nearest kinsfolk thus:

“Say (O Muhammad): I do not ask of you of any reward for it (preaching the message), but love of my near relatives…”

After the revelation of this verse, the companions categorically asked the Prophet (s.a.w.a) thus:

“O Messenger of God, who are your nearest kinsfolks whom their love is made obligatory on us? He (s.a.w.a) replied: Ali, Fatimah and their two sons (Hasan and Husain)[4]”.

Thus, the Prophet’s household (Ahlul-Bayt) are neither his wives nor his entire family members as opined by some Sunni scholars, but rather, his pure progeny those divinely selected and chosen by Allah (swt) via his beloved Prophet (s.a.w.a). However, nobody disputes the status and the position of the Prophet’s wives as the ‘Mothers of the faithful’ (in accordance with the Qur’an), but they are not members of the purified Ahlul-Bayt whom their love, loyalty are made compulsory on the entire Muslims.

 

 

 

 


[1].  Mustadrakh Sahihayn Vol.3, P.146

[2].  Tarikh Damashq Vol.13, P.69

[3]. Mustadrak Sahihayn (Al-Hakeem) Vol.3, P.147

[4]. , Mustadrak Sahihayn Vol.3,P.172

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