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In the Name of God بسم الله
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The position of holy Mary

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My interpretation of the Quran is that holy Mary is the most high women because the Quran says so. The Quran also says that the people of the house were cleansed but so was holy Mary. Those that say Fatima (a.s) is the most high women base this on ahadith which according to many are uncertain.

God bless you

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم 

Salaamun alaykum,

Mary the mother of Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon them both) is absolutely one of the heights women in the world. However, to compare between her and lady Fatima az-Zahraa s.a. requires that we look at the non-Quranic authentic evidence, too.

As we know, the holy Quran, for certain reasons mentioned in its own place, never adresses the Ahlul Bayt a.s. in a direct way. However, an abundant number of the verses in the Quran are about the Ahlul Bayt a.s. We can realize this through referring to the authentic ahaadith.

Concerning the question at stake, there are tens of ahaadith narrated in both Sunni and Shia collections manifestly counting the four heighest women of the world, Mary the virgin being on of them. 

In one of these ahaadith, the holy Prophet s.a.w.a.recites the verse 

(وَإِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَاكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفَاكِ عَلَىٰ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ)
[Surat Aal-E-Imran 42] tells Imam Ali a.s. that,

(خير نساء العالمين أربع مريم بنت عمران و خديجة بنت خويلد و فاطمة بنت محمد و آسية بنت مزاحم)

"The best women of the world  (this would and the hereafter) are four, Maryam the daughter of Imraan, Khadija the daughter of Khuwaylid, Fatima the daughter of Muhammad, and Aasiya the daughter of Muzaahim."

This hadith shows that each of the four reverent ladies has been the best woman of the world at her own time in addition to possessing standards that make them be included in the four best women of the world.

Nevertheless, there are ahaadith about lady Fatima az-Zahraa s.a that emphasize on her being the best woman of the world in all times.

أما فاطمة ابنتي فإنها سيدة نساء العالمين من الأولين والآخرين

"As for Fatima, my daughter, she is the best of the women of the world, from the beginning to the end."

[Alamaali, p113]


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