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In the Name of God بسم الله

Muawiyah Cursed Imam Ali (As) (Sunni References)

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4 hours ago, yashia said:


For anyone who is in denial that it is not in their books and needs to see it for themselves:

Mu’awiya asks Sa’d to curse Ali (as)
We read in Sahih Muslim:

عن عامر بن سعد بن أبي وقاص، عن أبيه، قال أمر معاوية بن أبي سفيان سعدا فقال ما منعك أن تسب أبا التراب فقال أما ما ذكرت ثلاثا قالهن له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فلن أسبه لأن تكون لي واحدة منهن ۔۔۔
This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters. Amir b. Sa’d b. Abi Waqqas reported on the authority of his father that Muawiya b. Abi Sufyin appointed Sa’d as the Governor and said: What prevents you from abusing Abu Turab (Hadrat ‘Ali), whereupon be said : It is because of three things which I remember Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said about him that I would not abuse him and even if I find one of those three things for me, it would be more dear to me than the red camelg. I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say about ‘Ali as he left behind hrin in one of his campaigns (that was Tabuk). ‘All said to him: Allah’s Messenger, you leave me behind along with women and children. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Aren’t you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses but with this exception that there is no prophethood after me. And I (also) heard him say on the Day of Khaibar: I would certainly give this standard to a person who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah and his Messenger love him too. He (the narrator) said: We have been anxiously waiting for it, when he (the Holy Prophet) said: Call ‘Ali. He was called and his eyes were inflamed. He applied saliva to his eyes and handed over the standard to him, and Allah gave him victory. (The third occasion is this) when the (following) verse was revealed: “Let us summon our children and your children.” Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) called ‘Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain and said: O Allah, they are my family."

- Sahih Muslim, Chapter of Virtues of Companions, Section of Virtues of Ali, Book 31, Number 5915

Ibn Kathir, a high ranking scholar from Ahlus Sunnah records:

وقال أبو زرعة الدمشقي : ثنا أحمد بن خالد الذهبي أبو سعيد ، ثنا محمد بن إسحاق ، عن عبد الله بن أبي نجيح ، عن أبيه قال : لما حج معاوية أخذ بيد سعد بن أبي وقاص فقال : يا أبا إسحاق ، إنا قوم قد أجفانا هذا الغزو عن الحج حتى كدنا أن ننسى بعض سننه ، فطف نطف بطوافك . قال : فلما فرغ أدخله دار الندوة ، فأجلسه معه على سريره ، ثم ذكر علي بن أبي طالب فوقع فيه ، فقال : أدخلتني دارك ، وأجلستني على سريرك ، ثم وقعت في علي تشتمه ؟

When Mu’awiya went for Hajj, he held the hand of Sa’d bin Abi Waqas and said to him: ‘Oh Abi Ishaq! We are the people who abandoned Hajj because of wars until we almost forgot some of its laws, so we performed Tawaf (circumambulation) to imitate your Tawaf’. When they completed (the hajj), he (Muawiya) entered upon him (Sa’d) in a conference room and sat with him on his sofa, then he (Muawiya) mentioned Ali bin Abi Talib and cursed him. He (Sa’d) said: ‘You brought me to your house and made me sit on your sofa and then you have begun to curse Ali?’

- Al Bidayah wa al Nahayah, Volume 7 page 341, Chapter: The virtues of Ali

عن سعد بن أبي وقاص قال قدم معاوية في بعض حجاته فدخل عليه سعد فذكروا عليا فنال منه فغضب سعد وقال تقول هذا

“On his way to Hajj, Sa’d met Mu’awiya and his companions mentioned Ali upon which Mu’awiya cursed him, Sa’d got angry and asked ‘why do you say such things?’”

Esteemed scholar of Salafi Sect Shaykh Al-albaani graded the Hadith as ‘Sahih’ [Reference in Sahih Sunan Ibn Majah by Albani, Volume 1 page 26]

al-Tabari reported:

"When Muawiya Ibn Abi Sufyan put al-Mughairah Ibn Shu’ba in charge of Kufah in Jumada 41 (September 2- October 30, 661), he summoned him. After praising and glorifying God, he said:
“Now then, indeed a forbearing person has been admonished in the past… The wise might do what you want without instruction. Although I have wanted to advise you about many things, I left them alone, trusting in your discernment of what pleases me, what helps my regime and what sets my subjects [raiyyah] on the right path. I would continue to advise you about a quality of yours- do not refrain from abusing Ali and criticizing him, not from asking God’s mercy upon Uthman and His forgiveness for him. Continue to shame the companions of Ali, keep at a distance, and don’t listen to them. Praise the faction of Uthman, bring them near, and listen to them."

- History of Tabari, English version, events of year 51 AH, Execution of Hujr Ibn Adi, v18, pp 122-123

Sunni Imam Ibn Jareer Tabari records:

"The Messenger of Muawiya then came to them with orders to release six and to kill eight, telling them:
We have been ordered to let you disavow Ali and curse him. If you do so, we shall release you, and if you refuse, we shall kill you."

- History of Tabari, English version, events of year 51 AH, v18, p149

“Al-Hasan asked Mu’awiya to give him what is in Kufa’s treasury worth five million, Ebjird city tax, and not to curse Ali, Mu’awiya refused to desist from cursing Ali, so (al-Hasan) asked him not to curse Ali when he could hear it, (Mu’awiya) accepted this but failed to fulfil it, and about Darabjird city tax, the people of Basrah refused to deliver it to him and said that the income belonged to them and they would not give it to any one, their rejection was upon the orders of Mu’awiya” 

- Tarikh Kamil (Urdu), Volume 3 pages 2-3 (Usmania Academy, Hyderabad, India)
- Tarikh Kamil (Arabic), Volume 3 page 272 (Beruit)
- Tarikh Kamil, Volume 2 page 108 (from www.islamport.com)


قال دخلت على أم سلمة فقالت لي : أيسب رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فيكم قلت معاذ الله أو سبحان الله أو كلمة نحوها قالت سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول من سب عليا فقد سبني

Abdullah al-Jadali said: ‘I came to Um Salama and she said to me: ‘How come Allah’s Messenger is being cursed among you?’. I replied: ‘We seek refuge from Allah or praise Allah or some similar words’. She said: ‘I heard Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) saying ‘whoever curses Ali has cursed me’

- Musnad Ahmed, Volume 6 page 323 Hadith 26791

من سب عليا فقد سبني، ومن سبني فقد سب الله

The Prophet Sawa said: ‘Whoever curses Ali has cursed me and whoever has cursed me, he has cursed Allah.'

-  Al-Jam’e al-Saghir, Volume 2 page 608 Hadith 8736 that has been declared ‘Sahih’ by Sunni Hafiz Jalaluddin Syuti


وَقُلْ جَاء الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا

"The truth has prevailed, and falsehood has vanished; falsehood will inevitably vanish." 

- The Holy Quran Surah Isra, 17:81

‏والآخر دعواتنا الحمد لله رب العالمين


There is also a detailed version (or it may happen in another time and place) in Al-Amali by shaykh Tusi (of course, a Shia source)

 عن ابن عباس، قال كنت عند معاوية و قد نزل بذي طوى، فجاءه سعد بن أبي وقاص فسلم عليه، فقال معاوية يا أهل الشام، هذا سعد بن أبي وقاص و هو صديق لعلي. قال فطأطأ القوم رءوسهم، و سبوا عليا (عليه السلام)، فبكى سعد فقال له معاوية ما الذي أبكاك قال و لم لا أبكي لرجل من أصحاب رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله) يسب عندك و لا أستطيع أن أغير. و قد كان في علي خصال لأن تكون في واحدة منهم أحب من الدنيا و ما فيها

أحدها أن رجلا كان باليمن، فجاءه علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلام) فقال لأشكونك إلى رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله)، فقدم على رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله) فسأله عن علي (عليه السلام) فثنى عليه. فقال أنشدك بالله الذي أنزل علي الكتاب، و اختصني بالرسالة، عن سخط تقول ما تقول في علي بن أبي طالب قال نعم يا رسول الله. قال أ لا تعلم أني أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم قال بلى. قال فمن كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه. و الثانية أنه (صلى الله عليه و آله) بعث يوم خيبر عمر بن الخطاب إلى القتال فهزم و أصحابه، فقال (صلى الله عليه و آله) لأعطين الراية غدا إنسانا يحب الله و رسوله، و يحبه الله و رسوله، فقعد المسلمون و علي (عليه السلام) أرمد، فدعاه فقال خذ الراية. فقال يا رسول الله، إن عيني كما ترى، فتفل فيها، فقام فأخذ الراية، ثم مضى بها حتى فتح الله عليه. و الثالثة خلفه (صلى الله عليه و آله) في بعض مغازيه فقال علي (عليه السلام) يا رسول الله، خلفتني مع النساء و الصبيان فقال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله) أ ما ترضى أن تكون مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبي بعدي. و الرابعة سد الأبواب في المسجد إلا باب علي. و الخامسة نزلت هذه الآية «إِنَّما يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ يُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيراً» فدعا النبي (صلى الله عليه و آله) عليا و حسنا و حسينا و فاطمة (عليهم السلام)، فقال اللهم هؤلاء أهلي، فأذهب عنهم الرجس، و طهرهم تطهيرا.

Al-Amali, pp. 598-599

Based on this narration, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, hearing the followers of Mu'awiya cursing Imam Ali as, began to cry. He was asked by Mu'awiya for the reason whereupon Sa'd said:

"I cay for a companion of the Prophet who is cursed before you and I have no power to change the situation. Ali had some characteristics one of which was more beloved for me than the whole world and whatever is in it".

Then Sa'd referred to some events where the Prophet had mentioned some merits of Imam Ali as:

1. من کنت مولاه فهذا علی مولاه: Ali is the master of whoever I Am master of.

2. The battle of Khaybar where the Prophet said:

 لأعطين الراية غدا إنسانا يحب الله و رسوله، و يحبه الله و رسوله

Tomorrow I will give he flag to a man who loves Allah and His Apostle and is loved by Allah and His Apostle"

and the next day, the flag was given to Ali.

3. The famous hadith of Manzila:

أ ما ترضى أن تكون مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبي بعدي.

4. The facts that all the doors toward the mosque of Prophet were closed except the one belonged to Ali.

5. When 33:33 was revealed:

إِنَّما يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ يُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرا

the Holy Prophet gather Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain and regarded them as his Ahl al-Bayt.




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