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sound judgement (فصل الخطاب)

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  (fasl al-khetab)  is  one of the attributes of Qur'an that is translated as final word or clear judgement or decisive speech or sound judgement .Qur'an call it'self by this attribute because Qur'an separate between wrong and truth by other word Quran came to judge between different idea and points . 

إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ : it is indeed a conclusive discourse.

why we must regard Quran as a judge?

Quran judge between different thoughts because is sent down by an existence which is created and is most  rational beings and wiser than Intelligent creatures.

Ordinary people do not know so many things about the life issues  and are ignorant.If they are aware of the issues may be can not distinguish  right and wrong because of lust or anger .Sometimes people understand truth and falsehood and is pure from lust and anger , but is negligence  than some of the issues . 

Allah is avoid from lust and wrath and ignorance and forgetfulness and any imperfect attribute .

So only Allah is permitted to claim لَّا يَأْتِيهِ الْبَاطِلُ مِن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَلَا مِنْ خَلْفِهِ ۖ تَنزِيلٌ مِّنْ حَكِيمٍ حَمِيدٍ  ( falsehood cannot approach it, at present or in future, a [revelation gradually] sent down from One all-wise, all-laudable. )[41 :42]

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