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Nataly

Does the Primogeniture exist in Islam?

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hello.

In the bible, in the ancient times the children that were born first had more priviledge, like more respect or inheritance, and God was thinking about make their priests to all people that had been born first in the families, but for other circunstances was the levi tribe the one who took the priesthood. I wonder if this exist in Islam or in the quran.

Thank you

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1 hour ago, Nataly said:

hello.

In the bible, in the ancient times the children that were born first had more priviledge, like more respect or inheritance, and God was thinking about make their priests to all people that had been born first in the families, but for other circunstances was the levi tribe the one who took the priesthood. I wonder if this exist in Islam or in the quran.

Thank you

Salamun alaykum.

In Shia jurisprudence, the eldest son has some duties and responsibilities (like doing qaza of missed prayers and fasts of parents after their death) and hence some rights (like what is known as al-Habwah (الحبوه) in inheritance).

For more information you have to refer to books on jurisprudence.

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Salam

Brother @amirhosein_88 explained well.

For more information:

Quote

Rules of Namaz » Obligatory Namaz

The following six prayers are obligatory:
Daily Namaz. Namaz-e-Ayaat. Namaz-e-Mayyit. Namaz for the obligatory Tawaf of the holy Ka'bah. Qadha Namaz of father which are, as a precaution, obligatory upon his eldest son. Namaz which become obligatory on account of hire, vow or oath. Namaz-e-Jumuah is included in the Daily Namaz.

Fasting » Rules regarding the Qadha fasts

1721. After the death of a person his eldest son, as an obligatory precaution, should observe his qadha fasts as explained in connection with the prayers earlier.

1722. If a father had not observed obligatory fasts other than the fasts of the month of Ramadhan, like, a fast of Nadhr, the recommended precaution is that his eldest son should observe its qadha. However, if the father was hired for observing fasts on behalf of a dead person, but he did not observe them, it is not obligatory for the eldest son to offer them.

http://www.sistani.org/english/book/48/2278/

Qadha prayers » Qadha prayers of a father is obligatory on the eldest son

1399. If a person did not offer some of his obligatory prayers, and did not care to give qadha, in spite of being able to do so, after his death, it is upon his eldest son, as an obligatory precaution to perform those qadha, provided that the father did not leave them as a deliberate act of transgression. If the son cannot do so, he may hire someone to perform them. The qadha prayers of his mother is not obligatory upon him, though it is better if he performs them.
http://www.sistani.org/english/book/48/2251/

 

Quote

Rules regarding will (Wasiyyat) » Miscellaneous rules of inheritance

2788. The Holy Qur'an, a ring, and a sword of the deceased, and the clothes worn by him, belong to the eldest son. And if of the first three things, the deceased has left more than one - for example, if he has left two copies of the Qur'an, or two rings, the obligatory precaution is that his eldest son should make a compromise with the other heirs in respect of those things. The travel baggage, the gun, the dagger and other such weapons may also be included in the above list, but, as an obligatory precaution, the eldest son may compromise with other heirs in that regard.
 

 

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