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In the Name of God بسم الله

The possibility of understanding the Qurʼān

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salam alaykum brothers and sisters

Some scholars particularly ʼAkhbārīyūn (Traditionists) believe that the interpretation of the Qurʼān without Imamsʼ(AS) statements is impossible and consider any interpretation of the word of Allah  tafsīr bī al-raʼy (interpretation of the Qurʼān by personal opinion).

It should be replied that there are some principles about the Qurʼān:
1 - The Holy Qurʼān  was revealed in the richest language ie Arabic, which said:

[1] نَزَلَ بِهِ الّرُوحُ الاَمِينُ عَلى قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ بِلِسانٍ عَرَبِيٍّ مُبِينٍ[1] Shuʻarāʼ:193,195 (Brought down by the Trustworthy Spirit, upon your heart so that you may be one of the warners, in a clear Arabic language).

 2 - The Qurʼān   is a universal guidance book which said:

شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدىً لِلنَّاس البقره185   (The month of Ramadan is one in which the Qur'an was sent down as guidance to mankind).

According to these firm principles it must be said the Qurʼān like the other texts is understandable for the ones who know its language, and the result of their understanding is valuable.

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2 hours ago, mohsen22 said:

salam alaykum brothers and sisters

Some scholars particularly ʼAkhbārīyūn (Traditionists) believe that the interpretation of the Qurʼān without Imamsʼ(AS) statements is impossible and consider any interpretation of the word of Allah  tafsīr bī al-raʼy (interpretation of the Qurʼān by personal opinion).

 

It should be replied that there are some principles about the Qurʼān:
1 - The Holy Qurʼān  was revealed in the richest language ie Arabic, which said:

 

[1] نَزَلَ بِهِ الّرُوحُ الاَمِينُ عَلى قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ بِلِسانٍ عَرَبِيٍّ مُبِينٍ[1] Shuʻarāʼ:193,195 (Brought down by the Trustworthy Spirit, upon your heart so that you may be one of the warners, in a clear Arabic language).

 

 2 - The Qurʼān   is a universal guidance book which said:

 

شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدىً لِلنَّاس البقره185   (The month of Ramadan is one in which the Qur'an was sent down as guidance to mankind).

 

According to these firm principles it must be said the Qurʼān like the other texts is understandable for the ones who know its language, and the result of their understanding is valuable.

 

Mohsin22, though it's true that any interpretation of Quran without Ahle bait is not acceptable but all of our Alim wrote tafseer by referring to quotes of Ahlul bait a.s. so, why are they arguing. 

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You may have a point but in my opinion  we cannot understand the holy Qur'an  completely without consulting the conduct and traditions of the holy Prophet (sawas) and the Imams (peace be upon them) because of several reasons:

1-  According to the Hadith of Thaqalain, reasoning from the Qur'an without concerning the Household (as) or vice versa is void and rejected.

When we consider the Hadith of Thaqalain, the mentioned recommendation becomes completely understandable to us. According to this Hadith, the Qur'an is not something separated from the Imams (as), neither does it have the ability of separation from them. Similarly, the Household of the Prophet (peace be upon them) is also not separated from the holy Qur'an, and does not have the ability of being so.

2- There are many unclear verses in the holy Quran that known as ( Mutashabihat ),  can we  understand these kinds of verses just with referring to  the clear verses? if so, what is the position of our wisdom? what is the position of Imam and other authorities? There are thousands of rules regarding Hajj, offering prayers and paying zakat which have not been mentioned in the holy Qur'an. how can we realize these points?   

 surely, We cannot understand the holy Qur'an  only with itself but we need other sources.

 

 

 

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For example. 

SURAH AL-BAQARAH, VERSE 3

الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ2:3

2:3Those who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them.

["..as-Sadiq (a.s.) said about the words of Allah: Those who believe in the unseen: "Those who believe in the rising of al-Qa'im (one who stands, i.e., al-Mahdi, the twelfth lmam - a.s.) that it is truth." (Ma'ani 'I-akhbar)

The author says: This explanation is given in other traditions also; and it is based on the "flow" of the Qur'an. According to at-Tafsir of al-'Ayyashi, as-Sadiq (a.s.) said about the words of Allah: and spend(benevolently) out of what We have given them, that it means: the knowledge We have given them.

In Ma'ani 'I-akhbar, the same lmam has explained it in these words: "And they spread the knowledge We have given them and they recite what We have taught them of the Qur'an.

The author says: Both traditions explain the "spending" m a wider sense that includes spending the wealth as well as using other bounties of Allah in His cause; the explanation given by us earlier is based on this exegesis...."]

Tafsir Al-Mizan BY ALLAMAH MUHAMMAD HUSSEIN TABATABAI

http://www.almizan.org/

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1 hour ago, S.M.H.A. said:

For example. 

SURAH AL-BAQARAH, VERSE 3

الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ2:3

2:3Those who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them.

["..as-Sadiq (a.s.) said about the words of Allah: Those who believe in the unseen: "Those who believe in the rising of al-Qa'im (one who stands, i.e., al-Mahdi, the twelfth lmam - a.s.) that it is truth." (Ma'ani 'I-akhbar)

The author says: This explanation is given in other traditions also; and it is based on the "flow" of the Qur'an. According to at-Tafsir of al-'Ayyashi, as-Sadiq (a.s.) said about the words of Allah: and spend(benevolently) out of what We have given them, that it means: the knowledge We have given them.

In Ma'ani 'I-akhbar, the same lmam has explained it in these words: "And they spread the knowledge We have given them and they recite what We have taught them of the Qur'an.

The author says: Both traditions explain the "spending" m a wider sense that includes spending the wealth as well as using other bounties of Allah in His cause; the explanation given by us earlier is based on this exegesis...."]

Tafsir Al-Mizan BY ALLAMAH MUHAMMAD HUSSEIN TABATABAI

http://www.almizan.org/

Where can I get tafseer Mizan fully?  In English

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On ۱۳۹۵/۳/۱۹ ه‍.ش. at 3:07 AM, Jimbim said:

Mohsin22, though it's true that any interpretation of Quran without Ahle bait is not acceptable but all of our Alim wrote tafseer by referring to quotes of Ahlul bait a.s. so, why are they arguing. 

Salam alaykum

yes that is true but according to general themes in theology, Qurʼānic exegetes and scholars divided the verses of the Qurʼān based on its content and subject into several groups which include:

1 – The verses of knowledge and creeds

2 - The verses of refining and ethics

3 – The verses of science and arts

4 – The verses of the history and stories.

5 – The verses of imamate and wilāyah, and...

Finally, along with some other titles there is "the verses of decrees" called "fiqh al-Qurʼān  " or "ʼAḥkām al-Qurʼān" as well.

This is because in these discussions when the focus is on fiqh it is known as "fiqh al-Qurʼān", and dividing the topics and issues is also based on those jurisprudencial issues, as many Shiite jurisprudents have done so.

If the Qurʼān is pivot, it is titled as"the verses of decrees", and the classification have done so.of its issues is also according to the order of verses as many as Sunnis.

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