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In the Name of God بسم الله

Islam Justifies Forced Conversion?

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9:5. Then when the Sacred Months have passed, then kill the Mushrikun wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform As-Salat, and give Zakat, then leave their way free. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Why would God make forced submission a condition for freedom? I am aware that the polytheists violated the treaty, however it is a violation of the principle "no compulsion in religion" to coerce one to perform practices of a faith one does not belong to, under threat of violence. Is there an explanation for this? 

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Salam

Every verse in Quran about war and peace is not absolute. This is because this issue is so complex.

Take for example the verse "And if they incline to peace, then incline to it". The disbelievers wanted to take advantage of that, attack believers when they feel they can and when they feel they are at a disadvantage, call towards peace. This game was allowed for a little bit, but then God showed, he is not going to accept these games anymore.

That said, he announced it before hand so that that a lot of the people who know the truth can side with the truth and think about it what they are doing.

That said, Allah [swt] still allowed people a chance to live, if they accept Islam, whether it was sincerely or not, is not up for Muslims to judge.

These verses however didn't apply to those who kept true to their treaties and didn't break it every time to attack believers.

However even this verse was conditional, as we see, in the Seerah of the Nabi, he let the people of the Mecca when he conquered free to do chose, and didn't force their conversion.

This is why we need a wise leader leading us, because not everything is black and white. 

IF believers stayed in the condition were disbelievers were allowed to keep attacking them and then calling for peace when it suits them, then attack and then peace when it suits them........this would of been a disaster.

So playing games with words of God is not allowed. That said these verses were conditional.

And they weren't forced to convert, they could keep fighting on the wrong side. And after they were defeated, the Sunnah shows that these verses no longer applied because the situation changed.

 

 

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The verse after it says:

"And if one of the idolaters seek protection from you, grant him protection so that he may hears the word of Allah, then make him attain his place of safety; this is because they are a people who do not know."

So basically, if they repent/pray/give charity, then forgive them OR if they they seek protection, give it to them until they hear Allah's words. Once they do, make them attain their place of safety.

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On 12 January 2016 at 4:59 PM, ServantOfTheOne said:

The verse after it says:

"And if one of the idolaters seek protection from you, grant him protection so that he may hears the word of Allah, then make him attain his place of safety; this is because they are a people who do not know."

So basically, if they repent/pray/give charity, then forgive them OR if they they seek protection, give it to them until they hear Allah's words. Once they do, make them attain their place of safety.

What does it mean to "hear the word of God?" 

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I will need to refer to Quran exegesis for the concise meaning of that part. However I believe in the following:

The word of Allah for me means: Worshiping him and having human tolerance and reconciliation.

It is more incumbent on human beings to be good to each other than to worship Allah. As a Muslim, it is hypocritical to worshiping Allah while being an intolerant racist of any kind who causes division in societies and corrupts communities. The surest route to becoming a good Muslim is to be a good human being in the first place. However, one should not go around thinking "Since I am a bad person, I should not worship Allah". On the contrary, prayer leads to humility and patience.

In addition, worship is not just prayer. Reconciling divisions in humanity for a good cause, giving charity, etc, are all acts of worship since Allah has commanded such actions from his creation.

Therefore, "Hearing the word of Allah" in this context seems to be about forcing the enemies to understand "who you are" and therefore come to some arrangement of a tolerant co-existence.

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On 14 January 2016 at 1:49 PM, ServantOfTheOne said:

Therefore, "Hearing the word of Allah" in this context seems to be about forcing the enemies to understand "who you are" and therefore come to some arrangement of a tolerant co-existence.

Okay. So the condition for freedom is either to submit to faith or to cease aggression? That's acceptable.

 

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