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In the Name of God بسم الله


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The topic of parents’ rights has been given a lot of attention in the Qur'an and Ahādiīh; we will expand on this subject in the following segments:

Importance of parents’ rights in the Holy Qur'an:

The Qur'an has given so much importance to the point where, in several verses, it has promoted to do parents good immediately after forbidding shirk (polytheism). For example in the covenant made with Bani Israel (the children of Israel), he says: “And (remember) when we made a covenant with the children of Israel: You shall not serve any but Allah and (you shall do) good to (your) parents”. [1] It is clear that making a covenant to be kind with parents implies how important it is. In another part of the Qur'an, using the word “و قضی ربک” meaning “the lord has decreed” and again straight after mentioning shirk, He demands to do good to parents. [2] this issue can be witnessed in several verses such as Surah An-Nisa’/36, Surah Al-Anaam/151, Surah Al-Ankabut/8, Surah Luqman and Al-Ahqaf/15.

On top of this, Allah has emphasized on the significance of this topic by reminding us how the Awliya’ullah (Friends of Allah) and the prophets were good to their parents; for example in the chapter of Maryam, in addition to mentioning the noble traits instilled in Prophet Yahya (A.S.) he states that he treated his parents very well. [3]

Importance of parent’s rights in traditions:

In a hadith, Imam Sadiq’s (A.S.) reply to the question “which action is the highest and greatest action” was “on-time (not delayed) prayer, doing your parents good and jihad”. By mentioning the act of doing good to parents after on-time prayer and before jihad we can easily deduce how important it is in the eyes of the imams. In another hadith narrated from Imam Sadeq (A.S.), he considers doing good to parents, whether they are righteous or corrupt, to be one of those duties that which no excuse is accepted for. [4]

Examples of parent’s rights in the Qur'an and Ahādiīh:

Several examples of rights that parents have over their children have been mentioned, in a concise manner, in the Qur'an and Ahādiīh. Here, we will take a brief look at a few of them:

A. Speaking politely

In an ayah Allah states: “If either or both of them reach old age with you, say not to them (so much as) "Ugh" nor chide them, and speak to them a generous word.” [5] In a hadith, Imam Sadeq (A.S.) says if there was a word that would imply less than what uff (ugh) implies, God would have forbidden that [would have used that word instead of uff]. [6]

B. Humbleness

In the rest of the verse mentioned above Allah says: “And lower unto them (mother and father) the wing of submission through mercy.” [7] The metaphor of “lowering the wing of submission” in this ayah implies the utmost measure of humbleness.

C. Obedience

A hadith has been narrated that Imam Sadiq (A.S.) declares: “The child has three duties towards his parents; continuously being thankful of them, obeying whatever they demand or forbid unless it results in a sin and doing good to them in private and public.” [8]

D. Praying

In the same verses Allah orders to pray for them also: “And say: O my Lord! have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was) little.” [9]

In addition to these points, even more detailed examples have been pointed out; like the hadith where Imam Musa al-Kadhim (A.S.) says that the Prophet (S.A.) was asked about the rights the father has over his child and he replied that the child must never call his parents by their first name, walk in front of them or sit before they do, nor give others an excuse to insult them.” [10] In a verse of the Qur'an parents have been declared to be the priority for receiving charity, the ayah says: “They ask you as to what they should spend (in charity). Say: Whatever wealth you spend, it must go to the parents and the near of kin”. [11]

The limit to obeying parents:

From the earlier points mentioned, one might get the impression that it is necessary to obey parents regardless of what they say in order to fulfill their rights, but what must be noted is that from the Qur'an’s perspective this isn’t acceptable in its entirety. From the Qur'an’s perspective it is only necessary to obey parents when it doesn’t result in disobeying Allah and being deviated from justice and the right path. As Allah says in a verse of the Qur'an: “Be maintainers of justice as witnesses of Allah, though it may be against your own selves or (your) parents or near relatives”. [12]

Similar to the above, in a different verse, he has warned us not surrender to the struggle and endeavor of our parents if they – God forbid - intend to make us mushrik (polytheist): “And We have enjoined on man goodness to his parents, and if they contend with you that you should associate (others) with Me, of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them…”. [13] However the Qur'an ultimately declares that disobeying one’s parents in committing shirk to Allah doesn’t mean that one can be harsh with them, where it says: “…and keep company with them in this world kindly”. [14]

In addition to encouraging us to treat our parents in a kind and respectful manner the Qur'an and Ahādiīh also state that this obligation has been put onto us in exchange for all the struggle and effort they have gone through, especially the mother, to take care of and raise us. [15]

[1] Baqarah:83.

[2] “و قضی ربک ألا تعبدوا إلا إایاه و بالوالدین احسانا...” (Your Lord has decreed that you shall not worship anyone except Him, and [He has enjoined] kindness to parents) Israa’:23.

[3] “و برّا بوالدیه و لم یکن جبارا عصیا” Maryam:14.

[4] Sheikh Tusi, Al-Tahdhib, vol. 6, pg. 350, Daar al-Kutub al-Islamiyah, Tehran, 1986.

[5] Israa’:23.

[6] Kuleini, Kāfī, vol. 2, pg. 349.

[7] Israa’:24.

[8] Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 75, pg. 236, al-Wafaa’ Insititute, Beirut, Lebanon, 1404 AH.

[9] Israa’:24.

[10] Kuleini, Kāfī, vol. 2, pg. 158, Daar al-Kutub al-Islamiyah, Tehran, 1986.

[11] Baqarah:215.

[12] “...کونوا قوامین بالقسط شهداء علی انفسکم او الوالدین و الاقربین...” Nisaa’:135.

[13] Ankabut:8.

[14] Luqman:15.

[15] Luqman:14; Ahqaf:15; Israa’:24.


With Duas.


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  • Veteran Member
4 hours ago, Wise Muslim said:

How to treat parents? 

Punishment for mistreating parents in this life? 

How can I reverse the outcome?

How can I improve my ahklaq?



Jesus gives child and parental advice in the New Testament. As long as everyone follows the advice everything is rosey. If other elements conflict with this advice thnigs don't always go as smooth and someone gets hurt. Some more than others. 

There is no punishment if you make an effort to understand and forgive. 

You can improve your ahklaq on your knees in an unscripted prayer. 


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  • Veteran Member
13 hours ago, apofomysback said:

What about rights of the children? that should be emphasized upon as well.

Certainly it should, although once an adult looking back, what can you do about it?

If "honouring" your parents means staying far enough away that you don't mistreat them that may be the best for now.

Learn from their mistakes for the sake of your own children.



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