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In the Name of God بسم الله

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Salam

 

This thread is dedicated to Sayyid Khomeini's speeches, letters and sayings.

 

I will be posting some of the interesting parts of a series of books called "Imam's Sahifah" which contains nearly all of what the great Sayyid has said or written in response to different issues, God willing. I also thank @Repenter for this.

 

You can find the entire series here. Simply search for "Sahifeh" in that website.

 

http://en.imam-khomeini.ir/en/page/127/BOOK-LIBRARY/?kind=167&action=qs&txt=sahifeh

 

With that said, let me begin:

 

Religious minorities under the protection of Islam

 

From one direction we are faced with multifarious propaganda. Propagandists both in Iran and abroad are using the issue of religious minorities in Iran to create the distorted view that were an Islamic government established in Iran, then all minority religions would be swept away. Do you (addressing the Shah) treat religious minorities better or does Islam? You are trampling both the minority religions and the majority religion underfoot and are destroying them! You have eliminated all human rights in Iran. You have allowed neither Muslims nor non-Muslims to be free. In Islam, however, the religious minorities are shown respect, they are free. Yet we are repeatedly asked the same question: “If an Islamic government were established (in Iran), how would it treat the religious minorities?” They ask this question because they are constantly instilled with the idea that in the event of an Islamic government being set up in Iran, all the Jews or all the Christians or Zoroastrians would be murdered.  At what period in Islamic history did an Islamic country during peacetime—I am not speaking of a country at war here—massacre its religious minorities or murder people from minority religions. Hadrat Amir (Imam Ali) wanted to die of shame when a Jewish woman, a dhimmi, who was living under the shelter of Islam, had her anklet stolen while he was ruler. He said: “If a person were to die in such circumstances, it would be worth it.” Is then Islam or an Islamic government going to do the things they say it will do to those of religious minorities? This is all propaganda created by the Shah and his supporters and trumpeted over their loudspeakers to tarnish the image of Islam and Islamic government and sully the reputation of the Muslim clergy—at least in the eyes of those non-Muslims and non- religious people outside Iran. They promote the idea that they (the clergymen) want to have a reactionary government, a reactionary Islamic government! This man himself portrays Islam as being reactionary. On the one hand he invokes “the true religion of Islam” and on the other he says that those who preach Islam to the people are reactionaries! They are reactionary in that they have gone back one thousand four hundred years! They propagate something which belongs to one thousand four hundred years ago. The fact that he himself is reviving something which belongs to two thousand five hundred years ago is irrelevant! He is not considered to be a reactionary, only those who are promoting progressive laws from one thousand four hundred years ago, those who say that this man should be delivered a blow in the mouth for depriving the people of freedom, for establishing foreign rule in Iran and placing the people under the rule of the superpowers, are considered to be the reactionaries! While those who are stealing the wealth of the people through force and suppression, those who have deprived the people of freedom, they are seen to be the civilized ones who open the gates of freedom!

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The race business

 

That great deceit which debases the Muslim governments and distances them from the Quran is this race business. This man is from the race of Turks, he has to do his ritual prayers in Turkish. This one is from the Iranian race; his alphabet should be as such. That one is from the Arab race, Arabism should govern not Islam. The Aryan race should govern not Islam. The Turkish race should govern not Islam. Let us see where this racism, which is being developed amongst these men and is increasing and is encouraged, leads us. This racism is a childish affair and it is as if they are making children play their games. They are making the heads of the governments play their games. You are Iranian, sir. You are Turkish, sir. You, sir, are Indonesian. Sir, what are you, where are you from? We should do such and such for our own country! They say all this and ignore that pivotal point which existed in the lives of all Muslims. Alas, alas, that pivotal point has been taken away from the Muslims and they are still distancing them from it, and I don‘t know where it will lead to. Islam came and drew a red line across racism and allowed no differentiation between black and white, between Turk and Iranian, between Arab and non-Arab. The only distinction it made between men stemmed from piety, fearing God, true devoutness, political piety, material piety and spiritual piety. This is the difference that was established: “Verily the most honored of you in the sight of God is he who is the most pious.” There are no Turks and Iranians, Arabs and non-Arabs. Islam is the pivotal point for all Muslims. The matter of racism is retrogressive, these men see us as reactionaries, but they are retrogressing to two thousand five hundred years ago. Are we the reactionaries?

Edited by Abu Nasr

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Islam, the true defender of women’s rights

 

Islam wants men and women to develop. Islam freed women from those circumstances which existed for them during the age of ignorance of pre- Islamic times. Islam did not serve men to the extent that it did women. You cannot imagine what circumstances were like for women during pre-Islamic times and to what degree their situation improved with the advent of Islam. Today, women are being treated worse than they were during the age of ignorance. At that time, they were regarded as unimportant and today the Shah says that women should be playthings, dolls! Such talk insults the dignity of women. He is mistaken in his beliefs about women. Islam does not want women to be treated as dolls, Islam wants women to have a say in all affairs just as men do, however unlike the Shah, it does not want women to put on makeup, enter society and mingle with men for the youth to mingle as such. Islam wants to stop all this. It wants women to preserve their dignity and respect, it wants to give them pride, it wants to stop them from being treated as a mere object. They want to sell women from this man to that man. Islam is against this. Can Islam be said to be against women? Islam did a service for women which has no precedent in history. Islam raised women up out of that slough and gave her back her pride. Is then Islam against women? This is all propaganda. They want to separate you from Islam, drive you away from the clergy and steal your wealth. They want to prevent you from progressing in the field of education, they want to rob you of your subterranean wealth and keep you in captivity forever. Today, if the nation does not join hands together and free itself from this captivity, whatever the cost, then the nation will remain captive forever. Anyone who speaks a word in support of compromise with this man is committing treason against Islam, the Muslims and the country. Take care not to do such a thing, and keep watch over others so that they don’t do this either. If at one time someone were to speak a word of compromise, deliver him a blow in the mouth so that he will not make such a mistake again. May God protect you all. May you be successful and may you be of service to your country and Islam, God willing.

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Emphasizing God’s admonition1
 
I have this admonition of God the Blessed and Exalted in the language of the Quran the meaning of which I will convey to you. This admonition communicates to us the importance of having unity of purpose and of our aims being one: God. “Rise up for God.” It won‘t work if one person is on one side and someone else on another. If in an uprising you see groups, parties and fronts being formed, know that it is not an uprising for God. If we all focus our attention on this one point, then the call is for unity of purpose, for unity of belief. Unity of belief will bring about unity of purpose and unity of action. “I do admonish you to do one thing.” it is just one admonition, but it contains everything. Listen to this admonition and act upon it, your success lies in this admonition. It is God‘s admonition and it is only one. Whatever you imagine is in this one wording. This is why the Quran is a miracle, for three or four words can administer all of man‘s affairs. “I admonish you to do one thing and that is to rise up for God, it may be in pairs or it may be singly.” if the uprising is for God, then everything gravitates to that divine power. It is because your uprising has a divine nature that it has reached this stage where it has trampled all human forces under foot. That is to say, the fist has triumphed over tanks and guns, these tanks and guns which the Shah‘s regime brought into the country and filled Iran with. Our youth, our old people and our women stood up to these with clenched fists shouting that they no longer had any effect. And why do they no longer have any effect?  Because the uprising is for God; is it possible to fight with God? This is a divine uprising, it is for God, and all those claims that the regime made have been thrown out.
 

1 I do admonish you to do one thing and that is to rise up for God- Surah Saba 34:46

Edited by Abu Nasr

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The fruit of faith in God’s power

 

When anything is done for God, fear of other powers does not come into it, for no power is like that of God. Those who have no faith in God, the Blessed and Exalted, should fear the power of others. The Muslims, the believers who have a firm belief in an original power, should not be afraid of other powers. The Most Noble Messenger believed in the absolute power of God, the Blessed and Exalted, and rose up even though his followers were few in number and were indigent people; they were a poor, powerless people but they had the power of faith and, one by one, they defeated the powers of that time and invited everyone to Tawhid. They promoted Tawhid in society and within a short period of time these Muslims, who took part in important battles with for example nothing but one camel, perhaps ten horses and ten swords for each group, were able to defeat the armies of two empires—one the Roman empire and the other the Persian empire, both of which predominated over the world at that time—and take Islam even to Rome and also to Europe because they had the power of faith. The main thing is the spirit of faith which should prevail in man. These powers which we confront today are trying to frighten us because they are superpowers. It is true that Russia, America and Britain enjoy great power, but the power of a nation which is speaking the truth, which has risen for God, and which wants its country to be a true Islamic country, not one whose outward appearance is Islamic but whose essence is otherwise, is stronger. This uprising upon which the nation of Iran has now embarked is against all these superpowers, and you can be sure that these superpowers cannot do anything, for God, the Blessed and Exalted, has set them against each other, and if one wants to make a move, the other will threaten it. Russia has recently warned America that if it interferes in the affairs of Iran, it will react in some way.1 But they cannot do anything. Again, it has been said that the Russian leaders have said that the Iranian people should determine their own destiny themselves. Of course they are just saying this, but this is indeed true and every nation should determine its own destiny. 

 

1 In the final days of the Shah‘s rule, Pravda wrote that Moscow would regard any foreign military interference in Iran as a threat to the interests of its security. This was the Soviet Union‘s strongest warning to America since the Revolution began. Pravda also wrote: "The crisis in Iran does not just arise from the people‘s opposition to the monarchy, rather in reality it is an uprising against American imperialism. The Russian leaders have stressed that they oppose any kind of foreign interference in Iran."  It is important to remember that the Russian  leaders continued to support the Shah‘s regime as long as they were unsure of the victory of  the Revolution in Iran.

Edited by Abu Nasr

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Abiding by God’s decree, a great achievement

 

To get back to the main point that I am trying to make which is that if we do not succeed in our aims, we should not question the value of our efforts or ask what has been gained by the spilling of blood. For indeed much has been achieved. First, they (the Shah and his regime) have had to relinquish their obstinate stance a little and secondly we have carried out our duty. Such questions were likely to have been put to Hadrat Amir by the Kharijites: “What has been accomplished? You have done battle for eighteen months, for what? What have you achieved?” What is the meaning of “for what” here? It was our duty. We offer our prayers, and someone may ask us what we have achieved after twenty or thirty years or so of offering prayers. In reply we can say that by offering prayers we have obeyed God and ask them what they mean by “for what?” We have obeyed God, this is what He told us to do and we did it. The  question “for what?” applies to something which is not a religious duty but a  personal matter, something which is done with an aim in mind and when that  aim is not achieved then one can ask: “What was it all for?” But when one is  trying to prevent an oppressive system from demolishing the foundations of Islam and the clerical establishment, when that system is destroying a nation and has placed the interests of the people and the Muslims in danger, indeed has already destroyed them, then it is the duty of the Muslims to rise up and make this Shah eat his words, to throw him out of the country, or, if they are able, they should arrest him and put him on trial and get back the money that he has taken from the people. In the event of him not having it or having squandered it, he must be punished for each oppressive act that he has perpetrated. This is something which is incumbent upon us as Muslims. If we are able to do this then praise be to God, we will have carried out our duty  and achieved our aim; if we cannot do this, still we will have performed our duty; in the same way as we offered our prayers. So then what is the meaning of “what for?” We offered our prayers, we opposed and fought against oppression, we did battle with a person who wanted to ruin a country and who has in fact ruined the country, who has trampled over the interests of the Muslims and has given their resources away to infidels, we shed blood and spilled blood, we did all of this and we fulfilled our duty. If we achieve our aim, then praise be to God, if not then at least we can say we did our duty. We are not afraid to do our duty and God willing we will achieve our aim.

Edited by Abu Nasr

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Compromising with the oppressive kings, contrary to the Quran

 

But now we find one of the ulama (may God grant him mercy) saying: “If the Imam of the Age considers it to be the appropriate time then he will come. I cannot claim to be more concerned for Islam than he is and he is well aware of the present situation. Thus, he is the one who must make the first move to remedy our affairs and not I!” This, however, is the logic of those who want to shirk responsibility, it is not a logic of which Islam approves. Islam does not acknowledge such reasoning. Those who reason in this way conduct diligent searches in order to come up with a couple of religious traditions which tell us, for example, to make our peace with kings or to pray for them. But this is contrary to the teachings of the Quran. They have obviously not read this holy book. Even if they could find a hundred such traditions, they should strike all of them against the wall for such traditions are in discord with the Quran and the custom of the prophets. There is a tradition that says: “Whoever wishes long life for a king will be resurrected along with him.”1 Could a Muslim possibly wish long life for a king, whereby that king might commit more injustice? Could anyone wish to maintain relations with someone who slaughters people; who slaughters the ulama? Are you aware of how many of our great ulama, our valued teachers, are now living in prison or in exile? These are the very same ulama and religious scholars who, until recently, were living in exile and who, on being released, returned to their home towns, clenched their fists and began to speak out against the government and the Shah. Once again they were arrested. The honorable young gentleman who delivered a speech at the commemorative gathering yesterday afternoon had previously endured imprisonment and banishment; and it is quite likely that he has been arrested again today, or that he will be tomorrow. This is what true Muslims are made of. He is the true Muslim, who, when he comes out of prison, clenches his fist and resumes his struggle. The Prophet stated in a tradition that even if a Muslim constantly says:  “La ilaha illallah” [there is no God but Allah], but he shows no concern for the affairs of his fellow Muslims, he is not a Muslim.2 A Muslim is the person who works to benefit Islam and his fellow Muslims; fellow Muslims such as those killed by the Shah. They kill our young men and yet we shouldn't care They kill our ulama and yet we shouldn't care? Are we supposed to agree to all this, or to behave as if we are in agreement? If this is so then we must change our selves! In Iran our young men were imprisoned and banished and now they are subject to the same measures again. But when these courageous youths return from prison or exile they recommence their struggle, returning to the themes of their earlier preaching. Again they are sent into exile. But even if they were to be banished or imprisoned and then released ten times over they would still be the same people that they were in the beginning. This is because they have received true Islamic training. Similarly, if the Commander of the Faithful were to be killed and then brought back to life a hundred times over, he would still be the same Commander of the Faithful. But take some apathetic person and kill him, if you were to bring him back to life, he would still be as apathetic as before.  

 

1 refer to Quran 11:113 and Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 72, p. 369

2 Usul al-Kafi, Kitab al-Iman wal-Kufr, chapter on Ihtimam bi  Umur al-Muslimin

Edited by Abu Nasr

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Prophets confronting the Taghuts alone

 

Throughout history, many men have confronted forces without help from anyone else. Hadrat Abraham rose up alone and destroyed the idols. When he was told that this was what he had to do, he rose up alone and confronted the idol-worshipers and the devil of that time [Nimrod]. He was not afraid of being alone, for his uprising was for God and because of this he knew he would gain regardless of what would happen. If he won he would gain and if he lost he would still gain. He had the best of both worlds, for he would either succeed in his worldly aims, or, if he did not achieve this, he would most certainly attain the good things of the afterlife regardless. Hadrat Moses was a shepherd. He was the shepherd of Hadrat ShuAyb. He was commissioned to rise up (against Pharaoh). But he asked God, the Blessed and Exalted, to allow his brother to join him. So then, there was a pair. Moses initiated his uprising and then his brother joined him and thus one became two. What kind of system did they rise up against? It was a Pharaonic system the remarkable remnants of which can still be seen in Egypt today. Moses confronted this system alone, being joined later by another: his brother. As for the Bani Israel (the Children of Israel) they did not do anything but create trouble, just as they do today. When the Most Noble Messenger, may the peace of God be upon him and his descendants, first rose up, he did so alone. Alone he rose up and invited his people to the One True God and to Tawhid [belief in the divine unity]; none of them supported him. His wife Hadrat Khadijah was one, who believed in him, but she was in the home, and the other who had faith in him, Hadrat Amir, was a child at that time. Over a period of thirteen years in Mecca he could not perform his mission, for the people of Mecca were powerful and wealthy and they perceived that were acceptance of him to grow, this would conflict with their interests. Because of this, they opposed him; they opposed him out of fear that were this to develop further it would be inimical to their interests. The idols were a tool for them to use, it wasn't a case of the idol-worshipers really believing in these idols. Their principal concern was their material possessions and the fact is that they perceived the Most Noble Messenger to be a threat to these and felt that their material wealth was in danger of being lost. It can be said that as long as he was in Mecca, the Most Noble Messenger was practically alone. He had only a small number of followers and their activities were limited to propagating Islam—which had to be done in an “underground manner” so to speak—until the time was ripe and they went to Medina. It was here that they began their work in earnest and stood up to the great powers.

Edited by Abu Nasr

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Underground resistance of the Imams

 

All our Imams were killed because they opposed the tyrannical regimes. Had they sat at home and invited the people to rally round the Bani Umayyah and the Bani Abbas, as the imperialists like to say they did, then they would have been shown the utmost respect. But each of our Imams strove against the oppressors, and although their circumstances did not permit them the military might with which to fight, still they engaged in underground struggle against them. This is the reason why they were arrested and thrown into prison for several years. Was Hadrat Musa ibn Jafar imprisoned for praying, fasting or calling the people to support Harun ar- Rashid? Was he incarcerated for years because he told the people to compromise with Harun ar-Rashid and to ignore his oppression? No, the despots saw that our Imams posed a threat to their rule that is why they incarcerated them, banished and killed them.

Edited by Abu Nasr

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Interviewer: A reporter of the Italian newspaper, Lota Continua

 

Question: [Which public, social organisms in the Islamic society should guarantee the political decision making and the equality between the people and prevent the creation of the dominant-under dominance relation, and also to control the performance of the decision makers in the government? The experience of history teaches us the fact that the power and the will of the nation are enforced by the Parliament, even if the Parliament members are elected freely is too limited and increases respectively.]

 

Answer: In today's world, that is said to be the world of industry, the intellectual  leaders intend to manage the human society like a great industrial factory;  while the societies are made up of people who enjoy an intellectual aspect and a mystical soul; and, besides all social, economic laws, etc. Islam underlines the training of human beings on the basis of belief in God, and in guiding the society; Islam uses this aspect to guide the man toward prosperity and moral elevation. If belief in God, and doing what satisfies God, enter all social, political, economic activities and other affairs of human life, the World‘s most complicated problems will be solved easily. Today, the world has encountered a deadlock and at the same time refuses to submit itself to the directions of the prophets, but it will finally be obliged to give up. 

 

Question: [As a definite example, which principles should be undertaken by an Islamic government, in order to wipe out Shah‘s oil-dependent economy and also in order to use this material differently?]

 

Answer: Iran enjoys different and abundant facilities and capacities for economic development, that even if there is no oil, the country can overcome poverty and get developed, including various mines, that are of great importance in industry, and also husbandry and agricultural facilities and the most important of all, the existence of abundant and innovative human talents. Besides, selling the oil to the customers fairly, we will try to use the oil in our own industry.

 

Interviewer: A reporter of the Liberal newspaper published in Tokyo and Osaka

 

Question: [How would your foreign relations be? Do you think that oil can be an effective weapon in this regard? How would you use it?]

 

Answer: We will show for the first time that not only in our foreign relation we  will refrain from signing any treaty that is against our nation, but that we will not establish any relations with other countries at the price of violating their rights, even if that relation is to the interest of the Iranian nation. While we try to preserve our natural sources from the plunder of foreigners, we will not capture the wealth of the others, although it is to the interest of the Iranian nation. Islamic law does not permit the violation of a single person‘s rights, no matter if he is an Iranian or a foreigner. We will never make a weapon out of our oil to oppress the others, but we will at the same time protect it from being wasted. And those who are supporting the Iranian nation‘s movement today, will have priority over others tomorrow. 

 

Interviewer: A reporter of the New York Times newspaper

 

Question: [How will Iran‘s future relations with the United States of America be?]

 

Answer: Our relations will remain friendly, as long as their relations are amicable. If the US stops supporting Shah and interfering in our domestic affairs, we will maintain our friendly relations with them.

 

Question: [Would the future government of Iran be a government with some tendencies toward the West, like Saudi Arabia, or will it be a government that is suspicious of the West like Libya?] 

 

Answer: No, our government is an independent one and if the other countries do not interfere in our domestic affairs we will keep our friendly relations with them.

 

Interviewer: Reporters of the Kayhan and Ittilaat dailies

 

Question: [in its configuration, will the council encompass the working class, revolutionary-Islamic intelligentsia, and the peasants, or will most of its members be the clerics?]

 

Answer: Most of them will not be the clerics; rather, the clergy like other classes will have their representatives. 

 

Interviewer: A reporter of the Singapore‘s Strait Times newspaper

 

Question: [if I have understood correctly, you and your followers want the ouster of the Shah and see the future of Iran only under a complete divine government, which means an Islamic government which is run by a religious leader. Do you say that ideally you should replace the Shah at the apex of the power structure, that Iran be run in a more humanistic manner and directed by the Islamic principles?]

 

Answer: I and the other clerics will not occupy any position in the government.  The duty of the clerics is to guide the governments. But we want the ouster of the Shah and want to replace this corrupt regime with the judicious Islamic government and victory will be ours.

 

Addressees: A number of Armenian youth residing in France

 

Question: [i beg your pardon for asking you the same question again: the Armenians  ask themselves whether in the future Islamic government of Iran, the  Armenians will be allowed to practice their religion and their religious  rituals, have their own schools and speak in their language, that is, in  Armenian language?]

 

Answer: They will be allowed; they will be allowed.

 

Interviewer: Kirk Croft (A professor of Rutkerz University, US)

 

Question: [How would the Islamic government treat religious minorities, including the Sunnis, Sufis, Assyrians, Christians, Armenians, Jews and the Bahai? Is it possible for a non-Muslim Marxist —for instance a member of the Tudeh Party—or a woman to hold a military or a non-military position?]

 

Answer: First of all the Sunni brothers are not at all religious minorities. And then we have said several times that we will treat the religious minorities properly.  Islam respects them. We will grant them all their rights. They have the right to have a representative in the Parliament and perform their politico-religious activities and practice their religious rites and rituals freely. They are Iranians and will live under the shadow of the Islamic government in security. In military affairs, like other affairs, women can hold positions. At the beginning of the advent of Islam women were in the war fronts to take care of those injured in battles.

 

Question: [Which changes, in your opinion, are necessary to be made in the current status of women in the Iranian society? How do you think the Islamic government will change the status and situation of women? For example, the  employment of women in governmental jobs or in different occupations such  as medical practices, engineering, etc. and also some occasions including  divorce, abortion, the right to travel and the compulsory observance of veil  (chador).] 

 

Answer: The disinformation campaign of the Shah and those who are employed  by him have distorted the issue of freedom of women in a way that people  think that Islam has come to merely confine the women to the four walls of  their houses. Why should we be against women‘s education? Why should we be against women‘s employment? Why shouldn‘t women hold governmental positions? Why should we be against women‘s traveling? Women are free in all these affairs as men are. There is no difference between men and women. That is right, women should have hijab [islamic dress code], but their hijab should not necessarily be a veil [chador]. They can choose any kind of clothes that covers them. We cannot and Islam does not want us to make dolls of women. Islam intends to preserve the dignity of the women and make them efficient and serious human beings. We will never let the men to use women as a doll for their caprices and whims. Islam prohibits abortion and women can procure the right to take divorce in their marriage contract.  No law or school has given as much freedom and respect to women as Islam has.

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The distinction between Islamic precepts and human laws  

 

There is a difference between Islamic tenets and other laws extant in this world—I am not referring to divine laws, which are not observed now, and originally had been the same as Islamic laws. Islam and that which had been handed down to man from God differ from those laws made by man. One fundamental difference lies in the fact that man-made laws took only one weak aspect into consideration. For instance, man has legislated laws that are concerned with the maintenance of (social) order and discipline, social associations and the quality of temporal politics. Another dimension that man has overlooked in formulating laws and principles is the human element. However, when you deliberate on Islam, you will see that from humanity’s point of view, it has ordered scheme and laws. Before man came to this world and even before his parents were joined in marriage, there was a plan to educate this seed (of creation) well. Islam has an organized code: how to choose a wife, how to choose a husband, what conditions and customs should be followed in marriage, conceiving a child and pregnancy. It is similar to the farmer who takes care of seeds after sowing them making sure that the soil is just right and the water healthy; he sees to it that they ripen at the right time taking care to comply with the norms of plant cultivation, so that it grows right. Similarly, Islam commences with man’s education even before his father and mother get married. It aspires to maintain an earth that is salubrious and pure; a righteous wife should choose a spouse of humane qualities; other norms will have to be conformed to until the time the child is born. Thereafter it is incumbent upon the mother to observe the customs regarding pregnancy and nursing the child, after which the father takes the responsibility of bringing up the child and of relevant disciplinary norms that ensue. No human laws undertake the responsibility of any of these issues. This matter is exclusive to prophetic laws. Another human aspect that has been neglected by other existing laws is the principle of self-edification so as to make man a humane creature that seeks to be divine. The Quran is a book that seeks to develop man, and Islam is a school that aims to make man in all aspects, not only to make him a material being but also a divine one. Islam considers all the facets of human life. Other principles and laws in the world have not outlined these issues like Islam does. Anyone can be brought up in any manner he wants: He simply should not go hollering in the public market—said laws only prevent this—but he is free to do anything that he pleases in the privacy of his home! One’s privacy and what one does in it is of no concern of said laws and principles. “It is no business of anybody’s!” Islam, however, encompasses every aspect (even) one’s privacy; it takes care of man when he is alone, when accompanied by someone, and so on in similar cases.

Edited by Abu Nasr

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The political and social aspects of Islam

 

One aspect of human life in this material world is that man wants to establish social associations; he wants to establish a government in this material world; he wants to establish other places that concern his materiality. Islam considers these aspects, too. So many verses and narrations on politics have been recorded that have not been narrated in matters of worship. You consider fifty odd books on jurisprudence, about seven or eight books concern worship, the rest relate to politics, societal affairs and social associations and issue of this nature. We have put aside all these and have concentrated on only one weak aspect. They (government) have introduced Islam to us in such a bad light that we found ourselves believing that Islam did not have anything to do with politics! Politics belongs to Caesar and the pulpit to the clergy! They do not even allow us to occupy the pulpit! Islam is a religion of politics; it includes a government. You read Hadrat Amir’s book and his directive to Malik al-Ashtar and see what it is. See what commandments concerning wars and politics from the Prophet and the Imam Ali had been stated. We have these resources but we do not possess the competence to utilize them. Resources exist and we have everything, but we lack the competence to use them. It seems Iran has everything but it is given away to the foreigners. We have very rich books and traditions that cover everything but they have been badly introduced, i.e. by the experts.

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Studies made by the colonizers in Islamic countries

 

Since the time that Europe opened its gates to Asia and the Orient, experts congregated and investigated. They were vigilant but you and I were in deep slumber in schools! They delved into study; they put every inch of Iranian land under scrutiny; they had a map of every spot where there was oil, or copper. They came into these waterless and barren deserts on the back of camels. They explored the oil reserves and sites, and whatever (rich) spot they located, they put in record. Their studies about us revealed that the thing that could hinder them was belief in and service to Islam. From thence on, they attacked Islam, segregated it from everything, even from the nation of Islam and the servants of the Quran some of whom could not be made to comprehend that Islam was a religion of politics. Perhaps they saw it as a shortcoming of Islam! Islam has system of sovereignty—not like this monarchial sovereignty now. It has a government; it has leadership and a caliphate. The Prophet of Islam established a government. Hadrat Amir had a government, a governor, a commander and others of this kind. They had an army and military rules and regulations. They had everything. We had delved into a study of all this, but because it has been so distorted for us, and we were always hushed into minding our own business and were told to just say our prayers, and were constantly told “what business is it of yours what we are doing; it is none of your business, it is none of your concern” that our task was reduced into congregating to mourn!

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Islam and the Shia’s epic

 

We are not worried that the pure blood of our youth is shed in the path of Islam. We are not worried by the fact that our beloved ones have attained martyrdom. This is a laudable practice of the Shia of Amir al-Muminin, which existed since the advent of Islam. Islam has always been concomitant with the epics of the Shia. In the early days of Islam, Amir al-Muminin— may God’s peace be upon him—the magnificent man of Islam and of the world, flourished and blossomed Islam by his great endeavors. With his honorable Shia (followers), he was in the vanguard of the great battles (in the cause) of Islam. His infallible progeny, such as the Doyen of the Martyrs —may God’s peace be upon him—sacrificed his life in the cause of Islam. The rest of the (infallible) Imams promoted Islam and gave credence to Quran clandestinely. Subsequently, the only group that confronted and fought incumbent tyrants and dictators of the time were the Shia of Ali, may God’s peace be upon him. Since then, successive uprisings up until recent times have been staged by the Shia of Ali, who rose and stood up to the tyrants of their time. In our own time, the only group that resisted dictators and stood against the superpowers and prevailed over tanks and cannons with their clenched fists, was you, the great Shia of Islam. Islam has been kept alive by the Shia faith. Successive uprisings staged by the Shia of Ali, may God’s peace be upon him, have revived Islam.

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Arrogance: cause of defeat‌

 

Up to now, I had not heard his statements; and it is a cause of shame for all of us. I hope that all our representatives agree with us. I would like to point out one thing and that is I do not accept such exaggerated statements1 said about me. I am a servant of you all and the issue has nothing to do with being a leader or not. It is the issue of the movement and being together in united ranks that count. He has spoken well but has gone somewhat to extremes regarding myself. When one is eulogized, especially right at his face, he might believe it and become negligent (of the truth), and this may lead to a catastrophe. I hope that all the gentlemen will pay heed to this point that while it was a sublime and sacred movement, the likes of which we can never find and one with very few casualties but which reaped great results, and in a matter of a few hours, uprooted this sinister regime, we should not grow arrogant. Arrogance can cause defeat. We must all be slaves (of God) and know that everything is from God.

 

1 Referring to the statements eulogizing (the Imam) delivered by a theology student.

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