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My sunni friend wants me (actually begging me) to pray Taraweeh with him at the mosque at least once this ramadan. I told him that we shia pray Taraweeh but he still insists. I feel it wouldn't be much of a problem if I just prayed it once with him with the intention that I'm not actually doing Taraweeh. Is this okay? I honestly don't know why he is even making a big deal out of this...it's a mustahab prayer.

Edited by kbsquare

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أخرج الكليني عن زرارة ومحمد بن مسلم والفضيل سألوا أبا جعفر الباقر(عليه السلام) وأبا عبد اللّه الصادق(عليه السلام) عن الصلاة في شهر رمضان نافلة بالليل جماعة؟ فقالا: «إنّ النبي(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) كان إذا صلّى العشاء الآخرة انصرف إلى منزله ثمّ يخرج من آخر الليل إلى المسجد فيقوم فيصلّي ، فخرج في أوّل ليلة من شهر رمضان ليصلّي كما كان يصلّي، فاصطف الناس خلفه فهرب منهم إلى بيته وتركهم، ففعلوا ذلك ثلاث ليال، فقام(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) في اليوم الرابع على منبره، فحمد اللّه وأثنى عليه، ثمّ قال: أيّها الناس إنّ الصلاة بالليل في شهر رمضان من النافلة في جماعة بدعة، وصلاة الضحى بدعة، ألا فلا تجتمعوا ليلاً في شهر رمضان لصلاة الليل ولا تصلّوا صلاة الضحى، فإنّ تلك معصية ألا فانّ كل بدعة ضلالة، وكلّ ضلالة سبيلها إلى النار. ثمّ نزل وهو يقول: قليل في سنّة، خير من كثير في بدعة».(])

Narrated Al-Kulayni from Zararah from Muhamed Bin Muslim and Al-Fadhel. They asked Abu Ja'far Al-Baqir(as) and Abu 'Abdullah Al-Sadiq(as) if Salat Al-Tarawih during the month of Ramadhan at night is to be done in Jamma'ah(congregation). And he(as) said: " verily the prophet(phuh) when he used to pray every 'isha salat went to his house and then left at the end of the night to the Masjid and started praying there. On the first night of Ramadhan he left to the masjid to pray there like how he used to pray(before Ramadan). So the people organized themselves(in salat) behind him and he ran away from them, left them and went to his house. So they continued to do that for three nights and the prophet on the fourth day while on his pulpit starting praising Allah and then said: "O you people, verily the night prayer during the month of Ramadan from the Nafila( non-obligatory Sunnah prayers) if done in congregation is Bid'a(an innovation to the religion), and the Dhuha prayers is Bida'a, so do not gather together during the night during the month of Ramadan to pray the night prayers and do not pray the Dhuha prayers and verily doing so is a sin. And certainly every Bid'a is deviation, and every deviation has its path towards the hellfire." Then he(pbuh) while coming down(from the pulpit) said: " Doing little in Sunnah acts is better than doing many acts of Bid'ah."[Al-Kafi-Volume 4-Page 154-Arabic version]

قال الشيخ الطوسي: نوافل شهر رمضان تصلى انفراداً والجماعة فيها بدعة.(])

[ -الخلاف: كتاب الصلاة، المسألة 268. ]

Shaykh Al-Tusi(rahumahullah) said: The Nawafil prayers during the month of Ramadan is to be done individually and doing them in congregation is Bid'ah.[Al-Khilaf: Kitab Al-Salat- Al-Mas'Allah 268]

Walykom Al-Salam and Ramadhan Mubarak.

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My sunni friend wants me (actually begging me) to pray Taraweeh with him at the mosque at least once this ramadan. I told him that we shia pray Taraweeh but he still insists. I feel it wouldn't be much of a problem if I just prayed it once with him with the intention that I'm not actually doing Taraweeh. Is this okay? I honestly don't know why he is even making a big deal out of this...it's a mustahab prayer.

(Salam)

Mustahab? That's changing. Recently, I've been receiving text messages that Taraweeh are a Sunnah, So being a Sunni, it's a must upon us to pray it. Apart from that, the Sunni ulama are now passing Fatwas on Television that performing Taraweeh is a must not only for men But for women as well. (Those who don't believe my statement, just watch the television & you'll know)

& about your friend, tell him you are a Shia of Mohammed (pbuh) and his Ahlulbayt (as) , not the Shia of Umar. Hence, you can't pray something which is started by him (Umar). & I think Al Najashi made it clear that you shouldn't pray a prayer which is a Bida'ah.

(Wasalam)

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ALL ABOUT TARAWIH

 

What is Tarawih?

 

Well Tarawih is a special set of Salat that Ahly Sunnat offer after Isha prayers during Ramadhan only. It was started by Hazrat Umar. They offer it at the Masjid in Jamaat (Congrigation). Basically it is just like a regular prayer but in the month of Ramadhan they try to recite the whole quran during the 30 day Tarawih.

The story goes like this. Prophet (SAWW) was praying during Ramadhan individualy when some people started to gather behind him to pray. They did it for a few days but Prophet (SAWW) had never told them to do so. So the next day they collected again but Prophet (SAWW) never came. They went to his house and started knocking at his door with small stones. Prophet (SAWW) got angry and came out and told them not to do that i.e. not to pray (Tarawih) nawafil in a Jammat form. He told them that they should pray individualy and preferably at their homes.

Any way the situation remaind like this till the Prophet (SAWW) passed away and also during the time of Abu Bakr. When Hazrat Umar became the Khalifa one day he saw people praying individually (in Ramadhan). He told them to form a congrigation (Jamaat) and pray and this is how Tarawih started.

In other words, Prophet (SAWW) told people not to pray in this form (Tarawih) but Hazrat Umar started this innovation in Islam.

Here are the hadith:

========

PROPHET (SAWW) GOT ANGRY AT PEOPLE WHO OFFERED TARAWIH PRAYERS


Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, Number 134:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
Allah's Apostle made a small room (with a palm leaf mat). Allah's Apostle came out (of his house) and prayed in it. Some men came and joined him in his prayer. Then again the next night they came for the prayer, but Allah's Apostle delayed and did not come out to them. So they raised their voices and knocked the door with small stones (to draw his attention). He came out to them in a state of ANGER, saying, "You are still insisting (on your deed, i.e. Tarawih prayer in the mosque) that I thought that this prayer (Tarawih) might become obligatory on you. So you people, offer this prayer at your homes, for the best prayer of a person is the one which he offers at home, except the compulsory (congregational) prayer."

PROPHET (SAWW) SAID TO OFFER NON-COMPULSORY PRAYERS AT HOME

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 393:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
The Prophet took a room made of date palm leaves mats in the mosque. Allah's Apostle prayed in it for a few nights till the people gathered (to pray the night prayer (Tarawih) (behind him.) Then on the 4th night the people did not hear his voice and they thought he had slept, so some of them started humming in order that he might come out. The Prophet then said, "You continued doing what I saw you doing till I was afraid that this (Tarawih prayer) might be enjoined on you, and if it were enjoined on you, you would not continue performing it. Therefore, O people! Perform your prayers at your homes, for the best prayer of a person is what is performed at his home except the compulsory congregational prayer."


PEOPLE USED TO PRAY INDIVIDUALLY (NOT LIKE IN TARAWIH) DURING PROPHET’s (SAWW) TIME

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 32, Number 229:

Narrated 'Urwa:
That he was informed by 'Aisha, "Allah's Apostle went out in the middle of the night and prayed in the mosque and some men prayed behind him. In the morning, the people spoke about it and then a large number of them gathered and prayed behind him (on the second night). In the next morning the people again talked about it and on the third night the mosque was full with a large number of people. Allah's Apostle came out and the people prayed behind him. On the fourth night the Mosque was overwhelmed with people and could not accommodate them, but the Prophet came out (only) for the morning prayer. When the morning prayer was finished he recited Tashah-hud and (addressing the people) said, "Amma ba'du, your presence was not hidden from me but I was afraid lest the night prayer (Qiyam) should be enjoined on you and you might not be able to carry it on." So, Allah's Apostle died and the situation remained like that (i.e. people prayed individually). "


KHALIFA UMAR STARTED THIS BID’A OF TARAWIH


Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 32, Number 227:

Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever prayed at night the whole month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven." Ibn Shihab (a sub-narrator) said, "Allah's Apostle died and the people continued observing that (i.e. Nawafil offered individually, not in congregation), and it remained as it was during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and in the early days of 'Umar's Caliphate." 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Abdul Qari said, "I went out in the company of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, 'Umar said, 'In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)'. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubai bin Ka'b. Then on another night I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, 'Umar remarked, 'What an excellent Bid'a (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.' He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used to pray in the early part of the night."


WHAT DID THE PROPHET (SAWW) SAY ABOUT HIS ORDERS

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 391:

Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Leave me as I leave you) for the people who were before you were ruined because of their questions and their differences over their prophets. So, if I forbid you to do something, then keep away from it. And if I order you to do something, then do of it as much as you can."
========

 

Edited by Orion

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(salam)

 

Don't accept it. It's bidah. If I have not mistaken, praying nawafil in a congregation is forbidden. 

Just explain to him why Shias don't perform taraweh using the sources Orion provided.

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(Salam)

Mustahab? That's changing. Recently, I've been receiving text messages that Taraweeh are a Sunnah, So being a Sunni, it's a must upon us to pray it. Apart from that, the Sunni ulama are now passing Fatwas on Television that performing Taraweeh is a must not only for men But for women as well. (Those who don't believe my statement, just watch the television & you'll know)

& about your friend, tell him you are a Shia of Mohammed (pbuh) and his Ahlulbayt (as) , not the Shia of Umar. Hence, you can't pray something which is started by him (Umar). & I think Al Najashi made it clear that you shouldn't pray a prayer which is a Bida'ah.

(Wasalam)

I was under the impression Taraweeh was mustahab...maybe I'm wrong or just recently sunni Ulema are trying to make it wajib (would not surprise). Anywho, I've explained to him our stance on Taraweeh, he didn't like it but at least for now he has agreed to stop asking me to join him. Thank for the answers, brothers/sisters.

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Brother Al-Najashi, what is 'Dhuha' prayers mentioned in the hadith you shared?

Salam brother,

Al-Dhuha means "brightness" or "daylight, and in regards to Salat Al-Dhuha, it is the prayer that is performed during the day. According to Sunni fiqh, the time of the Salat starts after sunrise and ends 15 minutes before The Dhuhr Salat. It's performed individually with a minimum of 2 ra'kat and a maximum of 22 rak'at. Moreover, Sunnis consider it Sunnah and not obligatory.

According to our Madhab, this Salat is a Bid'ah, and the reason for this position is because there is no sound evidence from the prophet(pbuh) where he explicitly states that performing Sunnah prayers between the start of sunrise until 15 minutes between the Dhuhr Salat is better than performing it any time during the day or night.

For more details, refer to this source: http://www.aqaed.com/faq/1068/

Walykom Al-Salam

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Even according the Sunnis, the Salat al-Duha was not performed by the Prophet (s)

 

Narrated 'Aisha:

 

Allah's Apostle used to give up a good deed, although he loved to do it, for fear that people might act on it and it might be made compulsory for them. The Prophet never prayed the Duha prayer, but I offer it.

 

Volume 2, Book 21, Number 228

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Something very interesting; I was reading up on a post from a sunni shiekh (Maliki school) and he said that he was surprised to see 2 groups praying during Taraweeh. One group was praying Isha prayer with an imam and another (bigger) group praying Taraweeh with their imam. He noted the Isha prayer was loud and disturbing the Taraweeh prayer. So, his solution is that the ones praying Isha prayer, should wait, pray Taraweeh, and when the imam was finished they should pray their Isha prayer...when does a nafil salut ever take precedence over a wajib one? He then at the end concludes with "it's okay, different scholars think differently/have different opinion, either way both intentions (iA) will be rewarded.

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