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Was Adnan A Prophet?

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Salam, if been researching the family tree of prophets according to Islam, and in some trees it highlights Adnan a descendent of Ishmail a.s as one of the prophets. I was always under the impression that Muhammad sawws was the only Prophet who is a descendent from Ishmail a.s, and that Adnan was the descendent. Which prophet Muhammad sawws could directly draw his lineage from. Any clue? Ws

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Guest Asif Mahmood

This is true there was no Prophet between Prophet Ismaeel and our Prophet Muhammad SAWAW.

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From WikiShia:

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Among Ishmael's (a) twelve sons, Qaydar, Madyan, and Adbil are more famous. Madyan emigrated to a land in [the] North which was later known [by] his name as Madyan (Midian) [...] Shu'ayb (a) was chosen among his children as a Prophet.

It is mentioned in different sources that Ishmael (a) is known as one of the [ancestors] of Arab tribes [including]  the lineage of 'Adnan[...] 

The [ancestory] of many Arab tribes [originate from] Ishmael (a) and [some] genealogical sources even mention him as the origin for all Arab tribes, even Qahtan Arabs [who] called him Abu l-'Arab.

According to some narrations, Ishmael (a) is introduced as one of the Arab Prophets together with Hud (a), Salih (a), Shu'ayb (a) and the Prophet of Islam (s)[11]; and the Prophet of Islam (s) is considered as the chosen one in his progeny.

[11] Al-Mufid, al-Ikhtisas, PP.264-5

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From WikiShia:



The Prophet's lineage is as follows: Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Muttalib (Shyba al-Hamd, 'Amir) b. Hashim ('Amr al-'Ula) b. 'Abd Manaf (al-Mughira) b. Qusayy (Zayd) b. Kilab (Hakim) b. Murra b. Ka'b b. Lu'ayy b. Ghalib b. Fihr (Quraysh) b. Malik b. Nadr (Qays) b. Kinana b. Khuzayma b. Mudrika ('Amr) b. Ilyas b. Mudar b. Nizar (Khuldan) b. Ma'add b. 'Adnan.

His mother was Amina bt. Wahb b. 'Abd Manaf b. Zuhra b. Kilab.

Al-'Allama al-Majlisi has said, "All Twelver Shi'as agree that Abu Talib, Amina bt. Wahb and 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Muttalib and all of the forefathers of the Prophet (s), dating back to the time of Adam (a), were believers [in God]."[1]

[1] Ayati, Tarikh-I payambar-I Islam, p. 42


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On 5/2/2014 at 12:47 PM, ShiaGirl22 said:

as one of the Prophets

Simply being a descendant of Ismail (عليه السلام) would not make Adnan a Prophet.

That being said, could it mean that Adnan was a true monotheist and follower of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) [like the rest of Muhammad's (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) lineage?

On Wikipedia it says:



[Adnan is known for being the] ancestor of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and being the traditional ancestor of the Adnanite arabs.

In more detail:



According to Islamic tradition, the Islamic Prophet Muhammad was descended from Adnan. It has also been reported, through many speeches, that Adnan foretold the coming of Muhammad and ordered his successors to follow him.[45]:6 "The following is the list of chiefs who are said to have ruled the Jazeera and to have been the intraline ancestors of Muhammad."[46]

Ma'ad (معد)

Nizar (نزار)

Mudhar (مضر)

Ilyas (إلياس)

Mudrikah (مدركة)

Khuzaimah (خزيمة)

Kinanah (كنانة)

al-Nadr (النضر)

Malik (مالك)

Fihr (فهر)

Ghalib (غالب)

Lu'ay (لؤي)

Ka'b (كعب)

Murrah (مرة)

Kilab (كلاب)

Qusai (قصي)

Abd Manaf (عبد مناف)

Hashim (هاشم)

Abd al-Muttalib (عبد المطلب)

Abd Allah (عبد الله)

Muhammad (محمد)

[45] Shahin, Badr (2001). Al Abbas. Qom, Iran: Ansariyan Publications. ISBN 978-1519308115.

[46] Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) [First published 1885]. A Dictionary of Islam: Being a Cyclopaedia of the Doctrines, Rites, Ceremonies, and Customs, Together With the Technical and Theological Terms, of the Muhammadan Religion. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 19. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2.


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Here is something else worth mentioning...

From Al-Islam:


Faith of the Ancestors of the Holy Prophet


[All of] Isma'il's ancestors were successors of Isma'il (عليه السلام). Other traditions specify that 'Abdul-Muttalib was a "Hujjat (Proof) of Allah and that Abu Talib was his successor."


Edited by AmirioTheMuzzy

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Also, just to clarify:



ʾIsmaʿīl (a) or Ishmael (Arabic: إسماعيل), son of Abraham (a), was a Prophet known among Muslims with the title of Dhabih (lit. sacrifice). Based on Islamic hadits, the lineage of the Prophet Muhammad (s) reaches Isma'il (a).



Ishmael (a) and Isaac (a) were Abraham's two sons and his successors. The lineage of the Children of Israel, from whom many Prophets emerged, as well as Mary (a), the mother of Jesus (a), goes back to Abraham through Isaac (a). The lineage of the Prophet of Islam (s) goes back to Ishmael (a), the other son of Abraham (a).


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