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In the Name of God بسم الله

The Meaning Of Zuhd (Ascesticism)

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The meaning of Zuhd


 Salam Alaykom Wa Rahmatuallah Wa Barakatuh

BIsmillah Arrahman Arrahem

All praise be to Allah the absolute whose worth cannot be calculated and whose blessings can never be counted by limited human minds the one who sustains all creation and the one all creation are in absolute need for their very existence. and may his blessings be upon his chosen Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and his Ahlul bayt (AS) the pure. and upon those who have divorced the world through Zuhd and married the love of the beloved. These are the words of the faulty and needful Maitham McCabe; i choose to write this short blog to explain the meaning of Zuhd InshaAllah it benefits everyone reading.

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): جُعِلَ الخَيرُ كُلُّهُ في بَيتٍ ، وجُعِلَ مِفتاحُهُ الزُّهدَ في الدنيا

  Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'All goodness has been placed in one house, and its key is asceticism and restraint from worldly pleasures.’[bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 49, no. 20

The words used in the above hadith for It's key is asceticism are "Miftahuhu Alzzuhd"which means

"It's key is Zuhd " Zuhd according to another hadith by Imam Sadiq (AS) means to not let things control you therefore the qareena (clue of context) to understand this above hadith is found in another hadith and shows us that we must understand this hadith and others like it in the sense of not letting things rule us rather than abandoning them completely. 


ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الزُّهدُ مِفتاحُ بابِ الآخِرَةِ ، والبَراءةِ مِنَ النارِ ، وهُو تَركُكَ كُلَّ شيءٍ يَشغَلُكَ عنِ اللّه‏ِ ، مِن غَيرِ تَأسُّفٍ على فَوتِها ، ولا إعجابٍ في تَركِها ، ولا انتِظارِ فَرَجٍ مِنها ، ولا طَلَبِ مَحمَدَةٍ علَيها ، ولا عِوَضٍ مِنها ، بل تَرى فَوتَها راحَةً وكَونَها آفَةً ، وتكونُ أبدا هارِبا مِنَ الآفَةِ ، مُعتَصِما بِالرّاحَةِ.

Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, 'Asceticism is the key to the door of the Hereafter and immunity from the Fire, and it is to abandon all those things that preoccupy you from Allah, neither experiencing regret upon their loss, nor self-admiration for having abandoned them, nor awaiting deliverance from them, nor seeking praise on account of them, and nor anything else in exchange for them. Rather you see their loss as a source of comfort and their presence as a source of misfortune, such that you consistently run away from misfortune and seek refuge in comfort.’[bihar al-Anwar, p. 315, no. 20


ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الزاهدُ في الدنيا مَن لَم يَغلِبِ الحَرامُ صَبرَهُ ، ولَم يَشغَلِ الحَلالُ شُكرَهُ .

Imam Ali (AS) said, 'The one who practices asceticism from worldly pleasures is such that he neither allows the prohibited things to overcome his perseverance [in the way of Allah], nor the permissible things to distract him from gratefulness to Allah.’[bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 37, no. 3


ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الزُّهدُ كَلِمَةٌ بينَ كَلِمَتَينِ ، قالَ اللّه‏ُ تعالى: «لِكَيْلا تَأْسَوا عَلَى ما فاتَكُمْ وَلا تَفْرَحُوا بِما آتاكُمْ واللّه‏ُ لاَ يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتالٍ فَخُورٍ» فَمَن لَم يَأسَ على الماضِي ، ولَم يَفرَحْ بالآتي فقد أخَذَ الزُّهدَ بِطَرَفَيهِ.

Imam Ali (AS) said, 'Asceticism is summed up between two phrases in the Qur’an, where Allah, most High, says, "So that you may not grieve for what has escaped you, nor be exultant at what He has given you.” Therefore, one who neither grieves about past losses nor is overjoyed about the possessions he is granted has perfected his asceticism from both sides.’[bihar al-Anwar, v. 70, p. 317, no. 23




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