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In the Name of God بسم الله

Thankfulness And Praise In Islam

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Salam Alaikum

 

 

The theme of thanks, praise and appreciation is possibly the most important theme in Islam. Most believers in God will be aware of this, but it is good to remind, while sharing knowledge and details that others are possibly not aware of. Looking especially at the Generous Quran will highlight the significance of this in front of God.

 

 

The first words after standard intro verse 1:1 is Alhamdu lilah, Praise to God in 1:2

 

The arabic words most common in the Quran for thanks/ grateful & praise are shukr and hamd.

 

 

  • Some examples of Significance:

From the Quran it can be derived that:

  1. thankfulness is opposite of disbelief (kufr)
  2. God created everything around us for sake of our thankfulness
  3. The aim of Satan is to prove we are ungrateful
  4. Being thankful is a prerequisite for worship
  5. Gratefulness result of Fear of Allah
  6. Purification and Ablution is a means to the end of gratefulness
  7. Allah's protection, rewards, favors, guidance directly linked to thankfulness
  8. Allah is Grateful, and we should strive to follow His way
  9. Most people are not grateful
  10. Everything praises God
  11. The final call in Heaven will be praise
  12. Praise as result of knowledge, reasoning and humbleness

 

 

 

Allah's Names are Al-Shakur الشكور (the Thankful) and Al-Hameed الحميد (the Praiseworthy)

 

 

Following are some verses that contain the word shukr and hamd with brief comments:

 


 

 

Shukr/Thanks: ( mentioned 75 times in 6 different forms )

 

 

 

  • The reasons why Allah forgives us, is so we may be thankful:

 

 

ثم عفونا عنكم من بعد ذلك لعلكم تشكرون

 

Then We forgave you after that so perhaps you would be grateful. 2:52


 

  • Remembering linked to being grateful 


فاذكروني أذكركم و اشكروا لي و لا تكفرون

So remember Me; I will remember you. And be grateful to Me and do not deny Me. 2:152


 

  • Allah is Al Shakur .. He is Grateful

 

و من تطوع خيرا فإن الله شاكر عليم

 

And whoever volunteers good - then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing. 2:158


 

  • being grateful as pre-requisite for worship:

 

يا أيها الذين آمنوا كلوا من طيبات ما رزقناكم و اشكروا لله إن كنتم إياه تعبدون

 

O you who have believed, eat from the good things which We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is Him that you worship. 2:172

  

  • Fearing Allah results in gratefulness


و لقد نصركم الله ببدر و أنتم أذلة فاتقوا الله لعلكم تشكرون

And already had Allah given you victory at Badr while you were few in number. Then fear Allah ; perhaps you will be grateful. 3:123


 

  • Keeping faith after Prophet is linked to being gratefulness


و ما محمد إلا رسول قد خلت من قبله الرسل أفإن مات أو قتل انقلبتم على أعقابكم ومن ينقلب على عقبيه فلن يضر الله شيئا و سيجزي الله الشاكرين

Muhammad is not but a messenger. Messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]? And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful. 3:144

 

 

  • Allah's reward is linked to being grateful:


و ما كان لنفس أن تموت إلا بإذن الله كتابا مؤجلا و من يرد ثواب الدنيا نؤته منها و من يرد ثواب الآخرة نؤته منها و سنجزي الشاكرين

And it is not [possible] for one to die except by permission of Allah at a decree determined. And whoever desires the reward of this world - We will give him thereof; and whoever desires the reward of the Hereafter - We will give him thereof. And we will reward the grateful. 3:145


 

  • Immunity from Allah's punishment due to gratefulness:

 

 

ما يفعل الله بعذابكم إن شكرتم و آمنتم و كان الله شاكرا عليما

 

 

What would Allah do with your punishment if you are grateful and believe? And ever is Allah Appreciative and Knowing. 4:147


 

  • The aim of Allah's favor, ritual ablution, and purification culminates to becoming grateful. Seems like gratefulness is the goal of Islam:

 

 

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا و جوهكم و أيديكم إلى المرافق و امسحوا برءوسكم و أرجلكم إلى الكعبين وإن كنتم جنبا فاطهروا و إن كنتم مرضى أو على سفر أو جاء أحد منكم من الغائط أو لامستم النساء فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا فامسحوا بوجوهكم و أيديكم منه ما يريد الله ليجعل عليكم من حرج ولكن يريد ليطهركم و ليتم نعمته عليكم لعلكم تشكرون

 

O you who have believed, when you rise to prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe overyour heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful. 5:6


 

  • Aim of clear Quran is to achieve gratefulness:

 

 

ذلك يبين الله لكم آياته لعلكم تشكرون


Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be grateful. 5:89


 

  • being favored by Allah again linked to being thankful:


و كذلك فتنا بعضهم ببعض ليقولوا أهؤلاء من الله عليهم من بيننا أليس الله بأعلم بالشاكرين

And thus We have tried some of them through others that the disbelievers might say, "Is it these whom Allah has favored among us?" Is not Allah most knowing of those who are grateful? 6:53


 

  • Gratefulness as the ultimate covenant here:

 

 

قل من ينجيكم من ظلمات البر و البحر تدعونه تضرعا و خفية لئن أنجانا من هذه لنكونن من الشاكرين

 

Say: "Who rescues you from the darkness of the land and the sea, when you call upon Him in humility and in secret (saying): If He only saves us from this, we shall truly begrateful." 6:63


 

  • Satan name-of-the game is proving ungratefulness (that is his ultimate aim):

 

 

قال أنظرني إلى يوم يبعثون

 

said, "Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected." 7:14



قال إنك من المنظرين

 

[ Allah ] said, "Indeed, you are of those reprieved." 7:15

 

 

قال فبما أغويتني لأقعدن لهم صراطك المستقيم

 

[satan] said, "Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path. 7:16

 

 

ثم لآتينهم من بين أيديهم و من خلفهم و عن أيمانهم و عن شمائلهم و لا تجد أكثرهم شاكرين


Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful." 7:17


 

  • The signs of the creations created for the grateful people:

 

 

و البلد الطيب يخرج نباته بإذن ربه و الذي خبث لا يخرج إلا نكدا كذلك نصرف الآيات لقوم يشكرون

 

And the good land - its vegetation emerges by permission of its Lord; but that which is bad - nothing emerges except sparsely, with difficulty. Thus do We diversify the signs for a people who are grateful. 7:58

 

 

  • After Allah chose Moses as a messenger, this privilege made him among the thankful (being superior means being more thankful):

 

 

قال يا موسى إني اصطفيتك على الناس برسالاتي و بكلامي فخذ ما آتيتك و كن من الشاكرين

 

[ Allah ] said, "O Moses, I have chosen you over the people with My messages and My words [to you]. So take what I have given you and be among the grateful."7:144

 

 

  • Reason for Allah protecting, supporting, providing is, is so that we may be thankful

 

 

و اذكروا إذ أنتم قليل مستضعفون في الأرض تخافون أن يتخطفكم الناس فآواكم و أيدكم بنصره و رزقكم من الطيبات لعلكم تشكرون

 

And remember when you were few and oppressed in the land, fearing that people might abduct you, but He sheltered you, supported you with His victory, and provided you with good things that you might be grateful. 8:26


 

  • Being thankful associated to increasing what good we have got, and lack thereof being reason for punishment:

 

 

و إذ تأذن ربكم لئن شكرتم لأزيدنكم و لئن كفرتم إن عذابي لشديد

 

And when your Lord announced: "If you are grateful, I will certainly give you increase, but if you are ungrateful, My punishment is severe."' 14: 7

 

 

  • Point of our birth, learning, senses, being gratefulness:

 

 

و الله أخرجكم من بطون أمهاتكم لا تعلمون شيئا و جعل لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة لعلكم تشكرون

 

And Allah has extracted you from the wombs ofyour mothers not knowing a thing, and He made for you hearing and vision and intellect that perhaps you would be grateful. 16:78

 

 

  • Again, we must also be thankful as pre requisite for worship:

 

 

فكلوا مما رزقكم الله حلالا طيبا و اشكروا نعمت الله إن كنتم إياه تعبدون

 

Then eat of what Allah has provided for you lawful and good. And be grateful for the favor of Allah , if it is Him that you worship. 16:114


 

  • After Prophet Ibrahim was grateful, Allah chose him as prophet:


شاكرا لأنعمه اجتباه وهداه إلى صراط مستقيم

(Ibrahim was] grateful for His favors. Allah chose him and guided him to a straight path. 16:121

 

 

  • Gratefulness the ultimate criteria:

 

 

ذرية من حملنا مع نوح إنه كان عبدا شكورا

 

O descendants of those We carried with Noah. Indeed, he was a grateful servant. 17:3

 

 

  • God created everything we use for us to be grateful:

 

Animals, livestock, food:

 

 

و البدن جعلناها لكم من شعائر الله لكم فيها خير فاذكروا اسم الله عليها صواف فإذا وجبت جنوبها فكلوا منها وأطعموا القانع و المعتر كذلك سخرناها لكم لعلكم تشكرون

 

And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols of Allah ; for you therein is good. So mention the name of Allah upon them when lined up; and when they are on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy and the beggar. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful. 22:36 

 

 

Day and Night:

 

 

و هو الذي جعل الليل و النهار خلفة لمن أراد أن يذكر أو أراد شكورا

 

And He is the One Who has made the night and day-time a succession for whomever is willing to constantly remember or whomever is willing to give constant thanks(shukura). 25:62

 

 

Wind and ships:

 

 

و من آياته أن يرسل الرياح مبشرات و ليذيقكم من رحمته و لتجري الفلك بأمره و لتبتغوا من فضله و لعلكم تشكرون

 

And of His signs is that He sends the winds as bringers of good tidings and to let you taste His mercy and so the ships may sail at His command and so you may seek of His bounty, and perhaps you will be grateful. 30:46

 

 

ألم تر أن الفلك تجري في البحر بنعمت الله ليريكم من آياته إن في ذلك لآيات لكل صبار شكور

 

Do you not see that ships sail through the sea by the favor of Allah that He may show you of His signs? Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful. 31:31 

 

 

The Sea, Sea food, ships etc.:

 

 

و هو الذي سخر البحر لتأكلوا منه لحما طريّا و تستخرجوا منه حلية تلبسونها و ترى الفلك مواخر فيه و لتبتغوا من فضله ولعلكم تشكرون

 

And it is He who subjected the sea for you to eat from it tender meat and to extract from it ornaments which you wear. And you see the ships plowing through it, and that you may seek of His bounty; and perhaps you will be grateful. 16:14

 

 

Defense: 

 

 

و علمناه صنعة لبوس لكم لتحصنكم من بأسكم فهل أنتم شاكرون

 

And We taught him the fashioning of coats of armor to protect you from your battle. So will you then be grateful? 21:80

 

 

Fruits:

 

 

ليأكلوا من ثمره و ما عملته أيديهم أفلا يشكرون

 

That they may eat of His fruit. And their hands have not produced it, so will they not be grateful? 36:35

 

 

  • Prophet Solomon asked Allah to increase his gratefulness:

 

 

فتبسم ضاحكا من قولها و قال رب أوزعني أن أشكر نعمتك التي أنعمت علي وعلى و الدي و أن أعمل صالحا ترضاه و أدخلني برحمتك في عبادك الصالحين

 

So [solomon] smiled, amused at her speech, and said, "My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to do righteousness of which You approve. And admit me by Your mercy into [the ranks of] Your righteous servants." 27:19

 

 

  • Our gratefulness only being for our own benefit, and favors being a trial to see if we are grateful:

 

 

قال الذي عنده علم من الكتاب أنا آتيك به قبل أن يرتد إليك طرفك فلما رآه مستقرّا عنده قال هذا من فضل ربي ليبلوني أأشكر أم أكفر ومن شكر فإنما يشكر لنفسه و من كفر فإن ربي غني كريم

 

Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, "I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you." And when [solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, "This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful - his gratitude is only for himself. And whoever is ungrateful - then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous." 27:40

 

 

  • Opposite of gratefulness is kufr:

 

 

و لقد آتينا لقمان الحكمة أن اشكر لله و من يشكر فإنما يشكر لنفسه و من كفر فإن الله غني حميد

 

And We had certainly given Luqman wisdom [and said], "Be grateful to Allah ." And whoever is grateful is grateful for himself. And whoever denies (kafara) - then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. 31:12

 

 

إن تكفروا فإن الله غني عنكم و لا يرضى لعباده الكفر و إن تشكروا يرضه لكم و لا تزر وا زرة وزر أخرى ثم إلى ربكم مرجعكم فينبئكم بما كنتم تعملون إنه عليم بذات الصدور

 

If you disbelieve - indeed, Allah is Free from need of you. And He does not approve for His servants disbelief (kufr). And if you are grateful, He approves it for you; and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you about what you used to do. Indeed, He is Knowing of that within the breasts. 39:7

 

 

إنا هديناه السبيل إما شاكرا و إما كفورا

 

Surely We have guided him upon the way, whether he be thankful or kafir. 76:3

 

 

  • Special emphasis on thankfulness towards parents / mothers :

 

 

و وصينا الإنسان بوالديه حملته أمه وهنا على وهن و فصاله في عامين أن اشكر لي و لوالديك إلي المصير

 

And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the destination. 31:14

 

 

  • Result of worshipping Allah = being among the grateful

 

بل الله فاعبد و كن من الشاكرين

 

Rather, worship Allah and be among the grateful. 39:66

 

 

  • Allah is Thankful:

 

 

ذلك الذي يبشر الله عباده الذين آمنوا و عملوا الصالحات قل لا أسألكم عليه أجرا إلا المودة في القربى و من يقترف حسنة نزد له فيها حسنا إن الله غفور شكور

 

It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, "I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will in kinship."And whoever commits a good deed - We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative (Shakur). 42:23

 

 

إن تقرضوا الله قرضا حسنا يضاعفه لكم و يغفر لكم و الله شكور حليم

 

If you loan Allah a goodly loan, He will multiply it for you and forgive you. And Allah is Appreciative  (wallahu shakoorun) and Forbearing. 64:17

 

 

إن هذا كان لكم جزاء و كان سعيكم مشكورا

 

[And it will be said], "Indeed, this is for you a reward, and your effort has been appreciated(mashkoora)." 76:22

 

 

  • When we do things for others we should not expect anything in return, only from Allah:

 

 

و يطعمون الطعام على حبه مسكينا و يتيما و أسيرا

 

And they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive, 76:8

 

 

إنما نطعمكم لوجه الله لا نريد منكم جزاء و لا شكورا

 

"We feed you only for the countenance ofAllah . We wish not from you reward or gratitude. 76:9

 

 

  • Most are not grateful:

 

 

أكثر الناس لا يشكرون

 

most of the people do not show gratitude. 2:243

 

 

و لقد مكناكم في الأرض و جعلنا لكم فيها معايش قليلا ما تشكرون

 

 And We have certainly established you upon the earth and made for you therein ways of livelihood. Little are you grateful. 7:10

 

 

و ما ظن الذين يفترون على الله الكذب يوم القيامة إن الله لذو فضل على الناس و لكن أكثرهم لا يشكرون

 

And what will be the supposition of those who invent falsehood about Allah on the Day of Resurrection? Indeed, Allah is full of bounty to the people, but most of them are not grateful." 10:60

 

 

و اتبعت ملة آبائي إبراهيم و إسحاق و يعقوب ما كان لنا أن نشرك بالله من شيء ذلك من فضل الله علينا وعلى الناس ولكن أكثر الناس لا يشكرون

 

And I have followed the religion of my fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And it was not for us to associate anything with Allah. That is from the favor of Allah upon us and upon the people, but most of the people are not grateful.      12:38 

 

 

و هو الذي أنشأ لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة قليلا ما تشكرون

 

And it is He who produced for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful. 23:78

 

 

و إن ربك لذو فضل على الناس و لكن أكثرهم لا يشكرون

 

And indeed, your Lord is full of bounty for the people, but most of them do not show gratitude." 27:73

 

 

ثم سواه و نفخ فيه من روحه و جعل لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة قليلا ما تشكرون

 

Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His soul and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful. 32:9

 

 

يعملون له ما يشاء من محاريب و تماثيل و جفان كالجواب و قدور راسيات اعملوا آل داوود شكرا و قليل من عبادي الشكور

 

They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles. [We said], "Work, O family of David, in gratitude." And few of My servants are grateful. 34:13

 

 

الله الذي جعل لكم الليل لتسكنوا فيه و النهار مبصرا إن الله لذو فضل على الناس و لكن أكثر الناس لا يشكرون

 

It is Allah who made for you the night that you may rest therein and the day giving sight. Indeed, Allah is full of bounty to the people, but most of the people are not grateful. 40:61

 

 

قل هو الذي أنشأكم و جعل لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة قليلا ما تشكرون

 

Say, "It is He who has produced you and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful." 67:23

 

 

 

 

Hamd: (Mentioned 63 times in 5 different forms)

 

 

  • First statement after bismilah, and last thing said by believers in heaven:

 

 

الحمد لله رب العالمين

 

praise is to Allah , Lord of the worlds 1:2

 

 

لا يرقبون في مؤمن إلّا ولا ذمة و أولئك هم المعتدون

 

Surely the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, their Lord will guide them for their belief; from beneath them Rivers run in the Gardens of Bliss 10:9

 

 

دعواهم فيها سبحانك اللهم و تحيتهم فيها سلام و آخر دعواهم أن الحمد لله رب العالمين

 

Their call therein will be, "Exalted are You, O Allah ," and their greeting therein will be, "Peace." And the last of their call will be, "Praise to Allah , Lord of the worlds!" 10:10

 

 

  • again, as soon as the people of heaven arrive in their eternal home:

 

 

و نزعنا ما في صدورهم من غلّ تجري من تحتهم الأنهار و قالوا الحمد لله الذي هدانا لهذا و ما كنا لنهتدي لولا أن هدانا الله لقد جاءت رسل ربنا بالحق و نودوا أن تلكم الجنة أورثتموها بما كنتم تعملون

 

And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, "Praise to Allah , who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth." And they will be called, "This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do." 7:43

 

 

و قالوا الحمد لله الذي أذهب عنا الحزن إن ربنا لغفور شكور

 

And they will say, "Praise to Allah , who has removed from us sorrow. Indeed, our Lord is Forgiving and Appreciative – 35:34

 

 

و قالوا الحمد لله الذي صدقنا و عده و أورثنا الأرض نتبوأ من الجنة حيث نشاء فنعم أجر العاملين

 

And they will say, "Praise be to Allah, Who has sincerely (made good) His promise to us and has made us inherit the earth for us, to make our location in the Garden where we decide. So how favorable is the reward of the (good) doers." 39:74

 

 

  • Last verse revealed to Prophet includes order to exalt in God's praise:

 

 

فسبح بحمد ربك و استغفره إنه كان توابا

 

Then exalt with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance. 110:3

 

 

  • Praise is due to Allah:

 

 

الحمد لله الذي خلق السماوات و الأرض و جعل الظلمات و النور ثم الذين كفروا بربهم يعدلون

 

Praise to Allah , who created the heavens and the earth and made the darkness and the light. Then those who disbelieve equate [others] with their Lord. 6:1

 

 

فقطع دابر القوم الذين ظلموا و الحمد لله رب العالمين

 

So the people that committed wrong were eliminated. And praise to Allah , Lord of the worlds. 6:45

 

 

فسبح بحمد ربك و كن من الساجدين

 

So exalt with praise of your Lord and be of those who prostrate. 15:98

 

 

و قل الحمد لله الذي لم يتخذ ولدا و لم يكن له شريك في الملك و لم يكن له ولي من الذل و كبره تكبيرا

 

And say, "Praise be to Allah, Who has not taken to Him a child, and Who has not any associate in the Kingdom, nor any patron out of humbleness." And magnify Him with all magnificence. 17:111

 

 

الحمد لله الذي أنزل على عبده الكتاب و لم يجعل له عوجا

 

praise is to Allah , who has sent down upon His Servant the Book and has not made therein any deviance. 18:1

 

 

و قل الحمد لله سيريكم آياته فتعرفونها و ما ربك بغافل عما تعملون

 

And say, " praise is to Allah . He will show you His signs, and you will recognize them. And your Lord is not unaware of what you do." 27:93

 

 

و هو الله لا إله إلا هو له الحمد في الأولى و الآخرة و له الحكم و إليه ترجعون

 

And He is Allah; there is no god except He. To Him be praise at the First and at the last. And He has the Judgment, and to Him you will be returned. 28:70

 

 

الحمد لله الذي له ما في السماوات و ما في الأرض و له الحمد في الآخرة و هو الحكيم الخبير

 

Praise is to Allah , to whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and to Him belongs praise in the Hereafter. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted. 34:1

 

 

  • All creatures praise Allah:

 

و يسبح الرعد بحمده و الملائكة من خيفته و يرسل الصواعق فيصيب بهامن يشاء و هم يجادلون في الله و هو شديد المحال

 

And the thunder exalts with praise of Him - and the angels from fear of Him - and He sends thunderbolts and strikes therewith whom He wills while they dispute about Allah ; and He is severe in assault. 13:13

 

 

تسبح له السماوات السبع و الأرض و من فيهن و إن من شيء إلا يسبح بحمده و لكن لا تفقهون تسبيحهم إنه كان حليما غفورا

 

The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt HimAnd there is not a thing except that it exalts by His praise, but you do not understand their exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving. 17:44

 

 

و ترى الملائكة حافين من حول العرش يسبحون بحمد ربهم و قضي بينهم بالحق و قيل الحمد لله رب العالمين

 

And you will see the Angels encircling round about the Throne extolling with the praiseof their Lord; and (justice) will be decreed between them with the Truth; and it will be said, "Praise be to Allah, the lord of the worlds." 39:75

 

 

الذين يحملون العرش و من حوله يسبحون بحمد ربهم ويؤمنون به ويستغفرون للذين آمنوا ربنا وسعت كل شيء رحمة و علما فاغفر للذين تابوا و اتبعوا سبيلك و قهم عذاب الجحيم

 

The ones who bear the Throne, and the ones around it, exalt with the praise of their Lord and believe in Him, and they ask forgiveness for the ones who have believed, "Our Lord, You embrace everything in mercy and knowledge; so forgive the ones who repent and closely follow Your way, and protect them from the torment of Hell Fire. 40:7

 

 

  • We are asked to praise on all parts of the day and night (before sunrise, before sunset, during nighttime, at both ends of the day, noon time, evening, and when we rise):

 

  

فاصبر على ما يقولون و سبح بحمد ربك قبل طلوع الشمس و قبل غروبها و من آناء الليل فسبح و أطراف النهار لعلك ترضى

 

So be patient over what they say and exalt with praise of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting; and during periods of the night and at the ends of the day, that you may be satisfied. 20:130

 

 

و له الحمد في السماوات و الأرض وعشيّا و حين تظهرون

 

And to Him is praise throughout the heavens and the earth. And at night and when you are at noon. 30:18

 

 

فاصبر إن وعد الله حق و استغفر لذنبك و سبح بحمد ربك بالعشي و الإبكار

 

So be patient. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth. And ask forgiveness for your sin andexalt with praise of your Lord in the evening and the morning. 40:55

 

 

و اصبر لحكم ربك فإنك بأعيننا و سبح بحمد ربك حين تقوم

 

And be patient, for the decision of your Lord, for indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt with praise of your Lord when you arise. 52:48

 

 

  •  Praise linked to reasoning, knowledge, being humble :

 

 

و لئن سألتهم من نزل من السماء ماء فأحيا به الأرض من بعد موتها ليقولن الله قل الحمد لله بل أكثرهم لا يعقلون

 

And if you asked them, "Who sends down rain from the sky and gives life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness?" they would surely say " Allah ." Say, "Praise to Allah "; but most of them do not reason. 29:63

 

 

و لئن سألتهم من خلق السماوات و الأرض ليقولن الله قل الحمد لله بل أكثرهم لا يعلمون

 

And if you asked them, "Who created the heavens and earth?" they would surely say, " Allah ."  Say, "praise is to Allah"; but most of them do not know. 31:25

 

 

ضرب الله مثلا رجلا فيه شركاء متشاكسون و رجلا سلما لرجل هل يستويان مثلا الحمد لله بل أكثرهم لا يعلمون

 

Allah presents an example: a slave owned by quarreling partners and another belonging exclusively to one man - are they equal in comparison? Praise be to Allah ! But most of them do not know. 39:29

 

 

إنما يؤمن بآياتنا الذين إذا ذكروا بها خروا سجدا وسبحوا بحمد ربهم وهم لا يستكبرون

 

Only those believe in Our verses who, when they are reminded by them, fall down in prostration and exalt with praise of their Lord, and they are not arrogant. 32:15

 

 

 

و إن تعدوا نعمة الله لا تحصوها إن الله لغفور رحيم



If you tried to number Allah’s blessings, you could never count them. Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful. (Surah an-Nahl, 18)

 

 

 

 

Hadiths related to being thankful & praise:

 

Imam Ali said:

 

10. If you over power your enemy, then pardon him by way of thankfulness to Allah, for being able to subdue him.

 

12. When some blessings come to you, do not drive them away through thanklessness

 

Nahjul Balagha

 

 

Allah has commanded three things along with three others in the Qur`an. Prayers are with alms. Thus, one who prays and does not give alms, his prayers are not approved. The thank giving to Allah is ordered along with thank giving and gratitude to the parents. Therefore, one who does not thank his parents, he has not thanked Allah. Piety has been commanded along with observing the ties of kinship. Therefore one who does not observe the ties of kinship has not adopted piety.

 

(Ayun Akhbar ar-Reza(A.S.) vol I, p 258)

 

 

Best of all are the people who are content after doing good, say "istighfar" after a sin,express gratitude after being blessed with a "nemat" and are patient and thankful when they are in trouble. 

 

[Biharul Anvar vol 78 pg # 338]

 

 

He who does not offer his thanks to his benefactor has not actually praised Allah the Great and the Glorious.

 

(AOYUN AKHBAR AR REZA(A.S.) VOL 2, P 24)

 

 

H ,1705CH ,44h 2 Al-Kafi Volume 2

Itis narrated through the same chain of narrators:“The Messenger of Allah has said, 

 

‘Whenever Allah opens the door of gratitude to someone He does not keep the door of increasing hidden from him.’”

 

 

H ,1706CH ,44h 3 Al-Kafi Volume 2

Muhammadibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ja’far ibnMuhammad al-Baghdadi from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ishaq al-Ja’fari from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “Abu‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said, ‘This is written in the Torah: 

 

Thank those who have done favors to you, and do favors to those who thank you;bounties will not go away if you appreciate them and they will not stay all the time if you reject them. Thankfulness increases the bounties and provides security against changes.”’”

 

 

H ,1716CH ,44h 13 Al-Kafi Volume 2

 

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Mu’ammar ibn Khallad who has said the following: “I heard Abu al-Hassan, recipient of divine supreme covenant, saying, 

 

‘One’s praising Allah for His granting him bounties is considered his expressing thanks to Allah and expressing the praise of Allah, is better than the bounties one has received.’”

 

 

Imam Hussain said:

 

Being thankful for a grace of God makes God reward you with another grace. 

 

(Nozhatol Nadher wa Tanbeehel Khatir , P. 80)

 

Imam Hussain said:

 

O' people do compete in good deeds and haste in grabbing the good chances. By delaying good deeds , you reduce their value. By gaining victory win the respect and praise of others , and do not let others blame you for being lazy. If one does a favour to another but he does not thank him for it , be sure that God will reward him instead , and surely the God's reward is greater and more generous. 

 

(Bihar al- Anwar, Vol. 78 , P. 121)

 

 

Thanks and all the best,

 

Walaikum Salaam

 

 

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ

 
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