Forum Administrators Popular Post Qa'im Posted December 25, 2013 Forum Administrators Popular Post Report Share Posted December 25, 2013 (salam) I wanted to devote a thread to documenting and discussing possible references to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and his Pure Household (as) in pre-Islamic literature. I will focus my attention on Jewish, Christian, Gnostic, and Ebionite texts. There are many sites and threads that deal with "Islam and the Bible", which deal with many overused and redundant arguments. This thread will look more into some of the lesser-known references, but I will also be revisiting classics like Deuteronomy 18:18, Isaiah 42, etc. So for the sake of time, I will divide this series into parts. Part 1: Introduction (bismillah) الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءهُمْ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقاً مِّنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ "Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognize (this revelation) as they recognize their sons. But lo! a party of them knowingly conceal the truth". (2:146) There are many references in the Qur'an and the hadith literature to there being an expectation among the Christians and the Jews for the coming of our Prophet (pbuh). Our books say that the People of the Book were expecting a prophet named Ahmad (61:6), who would be the Seal of Prophets, with a unique birthmark upon his shoulder or his back. I will start this thread off by posting Shi`i and Sunni references to the expectation of the Prophet's coming, as talked about in the Islamic oral tradition. حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال : حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن إبراهيم بن عبد الحميد ، عن الوليد بن صبيح ، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال : إن تبعا قال للأوس والخزرج : كونوا ههنا حتى يخرج هذا النبي ، أما أنا فلو أدركته لخدمته ولخرجت معه . My father رضي الله عنه narrated. He said: `Ali b. Ibrahim narrated from his father from ibn Abi `Umayr from Ibrahim b. `Abd al-Hameed from al-Walid b. Sabeeh from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام. He said: Tub`a said to Aws and Khazraj: Remain here until this Prophet appears. As for me, if I were to meet him, I would serve him and arise with him. Tub`a here is Abu Kariba Tub`a al-As`ad, who was the king of the Himyari Kingdom in Yemen. He ruled from 390-420 CE, and he was an Arab convert to Judaism. Before his conversion, he fought Byzantine influence in Hijaz and even destroyed Yathrib. The Jews of Yathrib then persuaded Tub`a and his troops to convert to Judaism. Tub`a's successors also became devout Jews, and Judaism began to flourish among the pagans of Yemen. Aws and Khazraj here are two Jewish tribes who moved from Yemen to Medina. In this narration, Tub`a is ordering these tribes to remain in Yathrib until the Prophet is forced to flee there. Regarding this hadith, Shaykh as-Saduq (ra) says: "Tub`a the king [of Yemen] was among those who knew the Holy Prophet and was in anticipation of his advent because he had received information about it. He knew that in the near future a prophet would arise in Mecca and migrate to Yathrib (Medina)". When reading the words "this Prophet" (هذا النبي), the following Biblical passage comes to mind: Now this was John’s testimony when the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “I am not the Messiah.” They asked him, “Then who are you? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you that Prophet?” He answered, “No.” (John 1:19-21) Here, the Jewish scholars come to the Prophet Yahya to ask him about his identity. The Jews had been expecting several prophetic figures, including the Saviour. They were expecting the second coming of Ilyas, the Messiah, and "that Prophet". Yahya denied being any of these awaited figures. The Jews then said, “Why then do you baptize if you are not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor that Prophet?” (John 1:25) According to this Gospel, the Jews in the first century CE were expecting the coming of three. Who is "that Prophet"? Let us look to a Christian exegesis: 1:19-28 John disowns himself to be the Christ, who was now expected and waited for. He came in the spirit and power of Elias, but he was not the person of Elias. John was not that Prophet whom Moses said the Lord would raise up to them of their brethren, like unto him. He was not such a prophet as they expected, who would rescue them from the Romans... (Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary) To be continued ... Haydar Husayn, Aquib Rizvi, .InshAllah. and 34 others 37 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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