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In the Name of God بسم الله

Sunnism And Wahabism

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Asalamualaikum,

 

I wanted to  create dedicated thread on classifying and understanding Ahlul Sunnah Wa Al Jammah comprehensively. I noticed many Shi'is not being able to distinguish between an orthodox sunni and a wahabi/salafi.

 

This is a brief outline of ASWJ, hope members can expand it. 

 

Sunni Theological Schools: 

 

1) Ashari 

 

The Founder Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari was originally a Mutazilite, and his school was essentially the introduction of some Mu'tazilite principles into mainstream Sunni theology.

 

The Asharite view holds that:

  • Complete comprehension of the Unique Nature and Attributes of God is beyond the capacity of human reasoning and sense experience.
  • Although humans possess free will (or more accurately, freedom of intention), they have no power to create anything in the material world as this is entirely the province of God. This doctrine is now known in Western philosophy as occasionalism.
  • Knowledge of moral truths must be taught by means of Revelation, and is not known a priori or by deduction from a priori propositions or by sheer observation of the world. It is permissible for a Muslim to believe and accept that a proposition is a moral truth based solely on the authority of a consensus of authorised scholars (ulama). This is known astaqlid ("imitation" in religion).

 

 

To be continued..

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