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In the Name of God بسم الله

Makrooh To Cut Bread With Knife

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Chiddler

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To eat without being hungry.

To eat to one's fill. It has been reported in the Hadeeth that over-eating is the worst thing in the eyes of Allah.

To gaze towards others while eating.

To eat food while it is still hot.

To blow on food or drink which one is eating or drinking.

To wait expectantly for something more after the bread or loaf has been served on the dining cloth.

To cut the loaf with a knife.

To place the loaf under the food pots or plates etc.

To s[Edited Out]e off meat stuck to a bone in such a manner that nothing remains on it.

To peel those fruits which are normally eaten with their skin.

To throw away a fruit before one has eaten it fully.

http://sistani.org/index.php?p=251364&id=48&pid=2377

Slaughtering and hunting of animals » Eating manners

< Slaughtering and hunting of animals » Rules of things allowed to eat and drink|Index|Slaughtering and hunting of animals » Acts which are unworthy to do while taking a meal >

2645. There are certain Mustahab rules to be observed while taking a meal; they are as follows:

Washing both the hands before taking a meal.

After taking a meal, one should wash one's hands, and dry them with a dry cloth.

The host should begin eating first, and should also be the last to withdraw his hand. Before starting to take a meal, the host should wash his own hands first, and thereafter, the person sitting on his right should do so.

Then the other guests should follow him, till it is the turn of the person sitting on the left side of the host. After finishing the meal, the person sitting on the left side of the host should wash his hands first, and thereafter other persons should follow him till it is the turn of the host.

One should say Bismillah before starting to eat, and if there are several dishes, it is Mustahab to say Bismillah before partaking of each of the dishes.

One should eat with one's right hand.

One should eat using three or more fingers and should not eat with two fingers only.

If several persons are sitting together for their meals, everyone of them should partake of the food placed in front of him.

One should take small bits of food.

One should prolong the duration of taking a meal.

One should chew the food thoroughly.

After taking one's meal one should praise and thank Allah.

One should lick one's fingers clean after taking food.

One should use a toothpick after taking a meal. However, the toothpick should not be made of sweet basil (a fragrant grass) or the leaves of date-palm.

One should collect and eat the food which is scattered on the dining cloth. However, if one takes meal in an open place, like a desert etc, it is better to leave the food which has fallen aside, so that it may be eaten by the animals and the birds.

One should take one's meal in the earlier part of the day, and in the earlier part of the night and should not eat during the day or during the night.

After taking one's meal one should lie on one's back, and should place one's right foot on one's left foot.

One should take salt before and after the meal.

When eating a fruit, one should first wash it before eating.

http://sistani.org/index.php?p=251364&id=48&pid=2376

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Yes, it is recommended to break it with your hands rather than cut it with a knife. This is based on a hadith of as-Sadiq (as) I believe, which mentioned that cutting bread with a knife was a practice of the non-Muslims, while breaking it with your hands is a Muslim practice. Sistani took this literally probably out of precaution, and he considered cutting bread with a knife to be makrooh on the basis that it is tashabuh bil kufar, but the proof for tahreem was not explicitly there. However, I think the hadith can be deduced to a contextual argument - likening oneself to a kafir is bad, but the kafir's practices may change depending on the time and space. We are to avoid replicating kufar and so very specific laws on how to cut bread may not be binding for all places and time periods.

Edited by Qa'im
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(salam)

Does anybody have a source for this?

There's a chapter in al-Kafi called Fadhl al-Khubz, the virtue of bread:

علي بن إبراهيم، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن يونس، عن أبي الحسن الرضا عليه السلام قال: لا تقطعوا الخبز بالسكين ولكن اكسروه باليد وخالفوا العجم

Ali b. Ibrahim from Muhammad b. Isa from Yunus from Abu al-Hasan ar-Ridha (as). He said: Do not cut bread with a knife, rather break it by the hand and oppose the Ajam..

Usool al-Kafi - باب فضل الخبز

Wassalam

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(salam)

There's a chapter in al-Kafi called Fadhl al-Khubz, the virtue of bread:

علي بن إبراهيم، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن يونس، عن أبي الحسن الرضا عليه السلام قال: لا تقطعوا الخبز بالسكين ولكن اكسروه باليد وخالفوا العجم

Ali b. Ibrahim from Muhammad b. Isa from Yunus from Abu al-Hasan ar-Ridha (as). He said: Do not cut bread with a knife, rather break it by the hand and oppose the Ajam..

Usool al-Kafi - باب فضل الخبز

Wassalam

thank you! exactly what i was looking for.

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