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according to Imam Sadiq , there are 13 or 50 women among these 313 companions . They will have the same role as the women during the battle of Badr which means that they will act as nurses for those who are injured .

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(bismillah)

(salam)

Thanks for that. Would you happen to know where I can find the hadith and what its grading is? Also, since the 313 will include those who have been 'raised' via Raj'ah, does this mean the 4 women of Paradise will return?

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(bismillah)

(salam)

Thanks for that. Would you happen to know where I can find the hadith and what its grading is? Also, since the 313 will include those who have been 'raised' via Raj'ah, does this mean the 4 women of Paradise will return?

Ja’far al-Ju’afi narrates from Imam Muhammad b. ‘Ali al-Baqir (ع): “The Mahdi will rise up … along with 313 men and fifty women without any previous arrangement among themselves, like separate clouds clustering in the sky, one after another. This is the meaning of the verse where Allah says, ‘Wherever you may be, Allah will gather you together. Allah is capable of all things.’[1] They will pledge their allegiance to the Mahdi between the Black Stone (of the Ka’bah) and the Station of Ibrahim, and the Mahdi will rise up with them from Mecca.”[2]

[1]Surat al-Baqarah (2), Verse 148:

[2]Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 52, pg. 223:

The 313 are people from the last generation ..There will be another group of Ansar with Imam mahdi (about one thousand people) and this group will include people of the rajaa (imam ali..etc)

This link may help http://www.imamreza.net/eng/imamreza.php?id=7183

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Ja’far al-Ju’afi narrates from Imam Muhammad b. ‘Ali al-Baqir (ع): “The Mahdi will rise up … along with 313 men and fifty women without any previous arrangement among themselves, like separate clouds clustering in the sky, one after another. This is the meaning of the verse where Allah says, ‘Wherever you may be, Allah will gather you together. Allah is capable of all things.’[1] They will pledge their allegiance to the Mahdi between the Black Stone (of the Ka’bah) and the Station of Ibrahim, and the Mahdi will rise up with them from Mecca.”[2]

[1]Surat al-Baqarah (2), Verse 148:

[2]Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 52, pg. 223:

The 313 are people from the last generation ..There will be another group of Ansar with Imam mahdi (about one thousand people) and this group will include people of the rajaa (imam ali..etc)

This link may help http://www.imamreza....eza.php?id=7183

I thought they were part of the 313?

http://islamicinsights.com/religion/clergy-corner/imam-mahdi-s-companions.html

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Ayatollah Khomeini

Khomeini says: "Islam wants both men and women to grow and perfect, Islam has done the woman big favors, has saved her from the things that used to be during Jahiliyyah, God knows that Islam hasn't favored men as much, you have no idea what the woman was before Islam and what she improved to be afterwards." "From Islam's point of view, the woman plays an important role in the establishment of lslamic society, and Islam has raised the woman's status in a way that she is capable of obtaining her true position as a woman, and rather than being just a mere "thing" (as she was before), if qualified, she can even be of certain posts and responsibilities in the body of the Islamic government.While addressing a crowd of Iranian women, the leader of the Islamic revolution says: "Both religious and political insight can be found among Iranian women, and (as a result of the Islamic Revolution) we no longer have the problems that wouldn't allow you to take part in political and religious activities, (therefore) I hope that all of you will reach a point in the near future, allowing you to train others."[6] Yet, playing the role of a mother is the most important of all: "One good child that you submit to society is better for you than the entire world. I cannot bring into words how honorable it is for you to train only one child...the laps of mothers are where true human beings are made."[7] "Therefore a nation in which is striving in the front line for Islamic goals will never see any harm, a nation in which its women are present in the battlefields against superpowers and the evil, before the presence of their men will surely be victorious. A nation who has both male and female martyrs, and both men and women in it adore martyrdom and long for it, will surely never see any harm."[8]

Sahifeye Noor (A collection ofImam Khomeini's sayings), v.3,

Abdullah ibn Bukair quotes from Hamran that Imam Baqir (as) said: “…during his time wisdom and knowledge will spread thoroughly, to the extent that the woman will judge in her house according to the Quran and the tradition of Rasulullah.”[2]

Biharul-Anwar, v.52, His Behavior and Traits, pg. 352, hadith 106.

Edited by Ya Baqiyatullah (aj)

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(salam)

In addition, women will be the mothers of the 313. The rights of a mother as elaborated by Imam Sajjad (as) in Risalat al Huqooq:

It is the right of your mother that you should appreciate that she carried you [in her womb] the way nobody carries anybody, She fed you the fruits of her heart which nobody feeds anybody. She protected you [during pregnancy] with her ears, eyes, hands, legs, hair, limbs, [in short] with her whole being, gladly, cheerfully, and carefully; suffering patiently all the worries, pains, difficulties, and sorrows. Till the hand of God removed you from her and brought you into this world. Then she was most happy, feeding you forgetting her own hunger, clothing you even if she herself had no clothes, giving you milk and water not caring for her own thirst, keeping you in the shade, even if she had to suffer from the heat of the sun, giving you every comfort with her own hardships; lulling you to sleep while keeping herself awake.

Then you have the part of mothers (women) being great role models and trainers for their children who will then serve Imam (atf) [may we be among them inshaÁllah!]

Shaykh Mutaza Ansari, a great Shi`a Jurist also wept bitterly at the death of his mother. One of his scholarly pupils reproached him, saying it did not befit a learned scholar to agonize so much over the death of his mother. The Shaykh replied: It seems you are not aware of the high status enjoyed by a mother. The proper training given by this mother of mine to me, and the numerous hardships borne by her for my sake elevated me to this position. The initial training given by her to me paved the way for my making all this progress and acquiring this high status in the world of knowledge.

Sayyid Radhi said when mourning his mother:

O Mother! I cry and shed tears for your separation hoping that perhaps the burning drops of tears coming out of my sorrowful eyes may melt and remove the mountain of sadness from my heart.

O Mother! You were such a precious jewel and valuable pearl that for getting you released from the plundering enemy’s hand I would have sacrificed everything in my possession as your ransom. But Alas! The death ahs snatched you away from my hand and nothing can be taken back from its deadly claws.

O Mother! If all the mothers of the world would have been righteous like you, indeed the children of the world would not have required the presence of their fathers.

O Mother! All are witness that you were an honorable and noble lady because you have handed over decent and noble children to society.
[source: Excerpts from
Meeting the Pious
, Ash-Sharif ar-Radi ]

Whosoever does right, whether male or female, and is a believer, him verily We shall quicken with good life, and We shall pay them a recompense according to the best of what they do. (Holy Qurán 16:97)

In addition, I loved this article: Role of Women in the Government of Imam al Mahdi (atf)

Question: What role will women play in the government of Imam al-Mahdi (ع)?

Brief Answer

Islam incited a revolutionary change in the status of women within the family and in society, in a historically unprecedented manner. In the pre-Islamic period, women throughout the world were viewed solely as a means of satisfying the sexual needs of men and as spineless labourers whose job was to bear children and breastfeed them. They had virtually no human rights to speak of. In the Arabian Peninsula, women were passed hand to hand as inheritance. In exceptional cases, newborn girls were buried alive beneath the sand.

Islam however, views women as the counterpart of men in terms of their humanity. It places the responsibility of the bridal gift (al-mahr) and the provision of her basic necessities on the shoulders of the man. It views the woman as man’s partner in life to such an extent that not only is she no longer inherited by men, but rather she herself inherits from men! Like a man, it is possible for her to participate in society in the areas of religion, culture, governance and economics, on condition that she preserves her humanity and chastity.

The quintessential examples from early Islamic history of women who played pivotal roles in the family and society are Khadijah Iand Fatimah al-Zahra` I, the wife and daughter of Muhammad (ص), and Zaynab b. ‘Ali I, the daughter of Imam ‘Ali b. Abi Talib (ع).

The reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (ع), like the original appearance of Islam itself, will instigate revolutionary changes in the world. In particular, his movement will challenge the modern “Age of Ignorance” that has witnessed a revival in the pre-Islamic values associated with women.

As for the particular governmental roles that will be offered to qualified women at that time, little can be said with certainty because our knowledge of the particularities of that time is limited to the Qur`an and sunnah, and little has reached us concerning this issue.

Detailed Answer

The woman of today has witnessed a regression to a modern “Age of Ignorance.” By way of deceiving platitudes such as “the equality of men and women,” “freedom,” “women’s suffrage,” and “human rights,” the political and economic leaders of the world have turned women into cheap labourers and playthings in the hands of men, thereby stripping them of their very humanity. A woman’s chastity, no matter what position she holds, is vulnerable to such exploitation.

In the wake of this regression, the nuclear family, which is the very backbone of society, is crumbling. It is for these reasons that the world is once again in dire need of a movement like the revolution of the Prophet Muhammad (ص) to restore humanity to all people—but especially women, and to show mankind the way to true perfection.

The Shi’a—from the time of the Prophet himself—have taken the promised appearance of the Mahdi (ع) to heart, and have been in a constant state of anticipation. His shall be a revolution to overturn the world. In particular, the regression in the status of women will be reversed.

In the pre-Islamic “Age of Ignorance,” women were not considered human. It followed that they were offered no rights, and in some cases, their very existence was considered such a source of embarrassment, that newborn girls were buried alive. The Prophet Muhammad (ص) injected new life into that society. He granted women rights and responsibilities that corresponded to the rights and responsibilities of men. The same women, who before the rise of Islam, were property in the hands of man to be gifted at his will and to be bequeathed to his sons, were themselves granted the right to hold property and to inherit property from men.

Islam raised the station of women to such an extent that the Prophet Muhammad (ص) accepted their pledges of allegiance. They were allowed to accompany the Muslim armies to the battlefield as teachers and nurses and moral support for the troops. The Muslim woman could be a teacher and defender of the law, and by fulfilling these roles could rise above the station of the angels. From one perspective the importance of her role exceeds man’s role, for she “creates” other human beings and rears them. In the words of Ayatullah Khumayni, “It is because of the upbringing of the mother that a man ascends to his perfection.”

However, with the passing of time, the status of women in both non-Islamic and Islamic societies has once again sunk to pre-Islamic levels.

Imam al-Mahdi’s (ع) revolution will overturn the world order and unify the entire world under the banner of true Islam. The status of women will be no exception from this new order, for women will be returned to their rightful station.

Our knowledge of what is to occur in the age following this revolution is limited to what we can glean from the ahadith concerning what is known as “Mahdawiyyah” (the study of the Mahdi) and historical documentation of the formative years of Islam. In some ways the Islamic Revolution in Iran and its aftershocks throughout the world as well as the pivotal role played by women during and after that revolution, may serve as weak indicators of what the role of women might be during the rule of the Mahdi (ع).

The following ahadith concern the role of women after the Mahdi’s (ع) revolution: Ja’far al-Ju’afi narrates from Imam Muhammad b. ‘Ali al-Baqir (ع): “The Mahdi will rise up … along with 313 men and fifty women without any previous arrangement among themselves, like separate clouds clustering in the sky, one after another. This is the meaning of the verse where Allah says, ‘Wherever you may be, Allah will gather you together. Allah is capable of all things.’[262] They will pledge their allegiance to the Mahdi between the Black Stone (of the Ka’bah) and the Station of Ibrahim, and the Mahdi will rise up with them from Mecca.”[263]

‘Abd Allah bin Bukayr narrates from Humran bin A’yan who narrates from Imam Muhammad b. ‘Ali al-Baqir (ع): “In the Age of the Mahdi, knowledge will be so pervasive that even a woman in her house will judge according to the Book of Allah and the sunnah of the Prophet.”[264]

The vast majority of narrations concerning the Mahdi mention theological arguments to establish his Imamate, teleological phenomena that will occur before his appearance, and the new order that will take form during his rule.

With respect to many of the details and the division of labour between men and women, the narrations are silent.

Ayatullah Khumayni said, “Islam wants men and women to attain perfection. Islam saved women from the Age of Ignorance. Islam has not served men as much as it has served women. You do not realize what woman was and what she has become.” He also said, “Not only does Shi’ism not sideline women in societal matters, it places them in their rightful position as human beings. We approve of the technological advancements of the West. However, we reject the corruption of the West.” In another statement he says, “Women hold a pivotal role in societal structure. Islam has lifted women to the extent that they can break free from being a mere commodity and assume their position as human beings. Accordingly, they can assume responsibilities within an Islamic government.”

Notes:

[262]Surat al-Baqarah (2), Verse 148:

} أَيْنَ مَا تَكُونُوا يَأْتِ بِكُمُ اللٌّهُ جَمِيعًا إِنَّ اللٌّهَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {

[263]Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 52, pg. 223:

َ يَجِي‏ءُ وَ اللَّهِ ثَلاَثُ مِائَةٍ وَ بِضْعَةَ عَشَرَ رَجُلًا فِيهِمْ خَمْسُونَ امْرَأَةً يَجْتَمِعُونَ بِمَكَّةَ عَلَى غَيْرِ مِيعَادٍ قَزَعاً كَقَزَعِ الْخَرِيفِ يَتْبَعُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضاً وَ هِيَ الْآيَةُ الَّتِي قَالَ اللَّهُ أَيْنَ ما تَكُونُوا يَأْتِ بِكُمُ اللَّهُ جَمِيعاً إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلى‏ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ فَيَقُولُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ هِيَ الْقَرْيَةُ الظَّالِمَةُ أَهْلُهَا ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ مَكَّةَ هُوَ وَ مَنْ مَعَهُ الثَّلاَثُمِائَةٍ وَ بِضْعَةَ عَشَرَ يُبَايِعُونَهُ بَيْنَ الرُّكْنِ وَ الْمَقَام‏

[264]Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 52 pg. 352:

كَأَنَّنِي بِدِينِكُمْ هَذَا لاَ يَزَالُ مُوَلِّياً يَفْحَصُ بِدَمِهِ ثُمَّ لاَ يَرُدُّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلاَّ رَجُلٌ مِنَّا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ فَيُعْطِيكُمْ فِي السَّنَةِ عَطَاءَيْنِ وَ يَرْزُقُكُمْ فِي الشَّهْرِ رِزْقَيْنِ وَ تُؤْتَوْنَ الْحِكْمَةَ فِي زَمَانِهِ حَتَّى إِنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ لَتَقْضِي فِي بَيْتِهَا بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَ سُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص

Edited by habib e najjaar

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(salam)

(bismillah)

There is hadeeth from al-`Ayyaashi's Tafsir that says that there will be 50 women with al-Hujjah min Aale Muhammad (عليه السلام). This hadeeth is also Da`eef (weak) because it is mursal (does not have a connected chain) as well as the Primary narrator (Jaabir (bin Yazeed) al-Ju`fee) has ikhtilaaf regarding him.

و الله ثلاثمائة و بضعة عشر رجلا فيهم خمسون امرأة

From Jaabir al-Ju`fee from Abee Ja`far, he said: “….By Allaah, few more than three hundred and ten men, and in them are 50 women…”


  • Source:
  • al-`Ayyaashi, Tafsir, vol. 1, pg. 63, hadeeth # 117

There is also another hadeeth about 13 women in the army. That hadeeth is originally taken from Muhammad bin Jareer al-Tabari's (Shee`ah scholars) Dalaa'il al-Imaamah and this hadeeth is Da`eef (weak) also. I have noticed scholars use this hadeeth a lot, but what they do is a little bit dishonest. I believe in order for them to "encourage" women and give women "hope", they remove the names of the women that is mentioned in that very hadeeth. Because if women were to read this hadeeth with the women's names already mentioned, then according to them they would essentially have "no chance" to be with al-al-Hujjah min Aale Muhammad. Now this hadeeth does not mention all 13 women, only mentions 9.

There are many problems with this sanad (chain of narrators):

Green = Majhool (unknown)

Blue = Ikhtilaaf (Difference of opinion whether the person is trustworthy or weak)

Purple = Unable to distinguish which person it is, therefore he is Majhool

و أخبرني أبو عبد الله قال حدثني أبو محمد هارون بن موسى قال حدثنا أبو علي محمد بن همام قال حدثنا إبراهيم بن صالح النخعي عن محمد بن عمران عن مفضل بن عمر قال سمعت أبا عبد الله يقول يكون مع القائم ثلاث عشرة امرأة قلت و ما يصنع بهن قال يداوين الجرحى و يقمن على المرضى كما كان مع رسول الله قلت فسمهن لي قال القنوا بنت رشيد و أم أيمن و حبابة الوالبية و سمية أم عمار بن ياسر و زبيدة و أم خالد الأحمسية و أم سعيد الحنفية و صبانة الماشطة و أم خالد الجهنية

From MufaDDal bin `Umar said, I heard Abaa `Abd Allaah (عليه السلام), he said: “13 women will be with al-Qaa’im (عليه السلام)” And I said: ‘What will do?’ He (عليه السلام) said: “They will treat the wounded and take care of the sick like (the women) did with the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).” I said: “Can you name them for me?” He (عليه السلام) said:

1.) Al-Qanwa bin Rasheed

2.) Umm Ayman

3.) Habaabah ak-Waalibiyyah (some say she is the companion of the 2nd Imaam, some say she was the companion of the 2-5, some say she was the companion of all the first 8 imaams, and Imaam al-RiDaa' burried her with his own shirt, she was 240 years old. (see: al-Mamaqaani, TanqeeH al-Maqaal, vol. 23, pg. 75))

4.) Sumayyah, mother of `Ammaar bin Yaasir

5.) Zabaydah (wife of Haroon al-Rasheed, the Abbasid caliph)

6.) Umm Khaalid al-aHmasiyyah

7.) Umm Sa`eef al-Hanafiyyah

8.) Sabaanah (Siyaanah) al-MaasheTah (wife of Ezekiel)

9.) Umm Khaalid al-Juhniyyah

Source:

  • al-Tabari (Shee`ah), Dalaa'il al-A'immah, pg. 259 - 260

We do have a Muwaththaq (Muwaththaq) hadeeth that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) took women to war so that they could heal the wounded.

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ع قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص خَرَجَ بِالنِّسَاءِ فِي الْحَرْبِ حَتَّى يُدَاوِينَ الْجَرْحَى وَ لَمْ يَقْسِمْ لَهُنَّ مِنَ الْفَيْ‏ءِ شَيْئاً وَ لَكِنَّهُ نَفَّلَهُنَّ

From Samaa`ah from one of them (عليه السلام) said: “Verily, the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) went to war with women, so that they can heal the wounded, and he would not distribute anything from al-fay' (Whatever their enemies had taken away from them came back to them through war or conquest) to them, but he (distributed) anfal (whatever would come to them without the use of force and resources such as horses and man) to them"

Source:

  • al-Kulayni, al-Kaafi, vol. 5, pg. 45, hadeeth # 8
    Grading:
  • al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq (Reliable)
    --> Mir'aat al-`Uqool, vol. 18, pg. 382

As you can see there is not an ijmaa` (consensus) amongst our aHaadeeth that says the number of women who will accompany the 12th Imaam. While on the other hand it is firmly established through mutawaatir narration there are 313 men with al-Hujjah min Aale Muhammad (as).

(salam)

Edited by Nader Zaveri

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