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In the Name of God بسم الله

What Is The Tafsir Of Alif Lam Ra?

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(salam)

(bismillah)

Here is a hadeeth from our Shee'ah books about the Huroof Al-Muqatta'ah. This hadeeth is VERY da`eef (weak) in terms of science of hadeeth.

أخبرنا أبو الحسن محمد بن هارون الزنجاني فيما كتب إلي على يدي علي بن أحمد البغدادي الوراق قال حدثنا معاذ بن المثنى العنبري قال حدثنا عبد الله بن أسماء قال حدثنا جويرية عن سفيان بن السعيد الثوري قَالَ قُلْتُ لِلصَّادِقِ ع يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ مَا مَعْنَى قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ الم وَ المص وَ الر وَ المر وَ كهيعص وَ طه وَ طس وَ طسم وَ يس وَ ص وَ حم وَ حم عسق وَ ق وَ ن قَالَ ع أَمَّا الم فِي أَوَّلِ الْبَقَرَةِ فَمَعْنَاهُ أَنَا اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ وَ أَمَّا الم فِي أَوَّلِ آلِ عِمْرَانَ فَمَعْنَاهُ أَنَا اللَّهُ الْمَجِيدُ وَ المص مَعْنَاهُ أَنَا اللَّهُ الْمُقْتَدِرُ الصَّادِقُ وَ الر مَعْنَاهُ أَنَا اللَّهُ الرَّءُوفُ وَ المر مَعْنَاهُ أَنَا اللَّهُ الْمُحْيِي الْمُمِيتُ الرَّازِقُ وَ كهيعص مَعْنَاهُ أَنَا الْكَافِي الْهَادِي الْوَلِيُّ الْعَالِمُ الصَّادِقُ الْوَعْدِ وَ أَمَّا طه فَاسْمٌ مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ النَّبِيِّ ص وَ مَعْنَاهُ يَا طَالِبَ الْحَقِّ الْهَادِيَ إِلَيْهِ مَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْآنُ لِتَشْقَى بَلْ لِتَسْعَدَ بِهِ وَ أَمَّا طس فَمَعْنَاهُ أَنَا الطَّالِبُ السَّمِيعُ وَ أَمَّا طسم فَمَعْنَاهُ أَنَا الطَّالِبُ السَّمِيعُ الْمُبْدِئُ الْمُعِيدُ وَ أَمَّا يس فَاسْمٌ مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ النَّبِيِّ ص وَ مَعْنَاهُ يَا أَيُّهَا السَّامِعُ لِوَحْيِي

وَ الْقُرْآنِ الْحَكِيمِ إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ عَلى‏ صِراطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ وَ أَمَّا ص فَعَيْنٌ تَنْبُعُ مِنْ تَحْتِ الْعَرْشِ وَ هِيَ الَّتِي تَوَضَّأَ مِنْهَا النَّبِيُّ ص لَمَّا عُرِجَ بِهِ وَ يَدْخُلُهَا جَبْرَئِيلُ ع كُلَّ يَوْمٍ دَخْلَةً فَيَغْتَمِسُ فِيهَا ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ فَيَنْفُضُ أَجْنِحَتَهُ فَلَيْسَ مِنْ قَطْرَةٍ تَقْطُرُ مِنْ أَجْنِحَتِهِ إِلَّا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى مِنْهَا مَلَكاً يُسَبِّحُ اللَّهَ وَ يُقَدِّسُهُ وَ يُكَبِّرُهُ وَ يُحَمِّدُهُ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَ أَمَّا حم فَمَعْنَاهُ الْحَمِيدُ الْمَجِيدُ وَ أَمَّا حم عسق فَمَعْنَاهُ الْحَلِيمُ الْمُثِيبُ الْعَالِمُ السَّمِيعُ الْقَادِرُ الْقَوِيُّ وَ أَمَّا ق فَهُوَ الْجَبَلُ الْمُحِيطُ بِالْأَرْضِ وَ خُضْرَةُ السَّمَاءِ مِنْهُ وَ بِهِ يُمْسِكُ اللَّهُ الْأَرْضَ أَنْ تَمِيدَ بِأَهْلِهَا وَ أَمَّا ن فَهُوَ نَهَرٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ اجْمُدْ فَجَمَدَ فَصَارَ مِدَاداً ثُمَّ قَالَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لِلْقَلَمِ اكْتُبْ فَسَطَرَ الْقَلَمُ فِي اللَّوْحِ الْمَحْفُوظِ مَا كَانَ وَ مَا هُوَ كَائِنٌ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَالْمِدَادُ مِدَادٌ مِنْ نُورٍ وَ الْقَلَمُ قَلَمٌ مِنْ نُورٍ وَ اللَّوْحُ لَوْحٌ مِنْ نُورٍ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ بَيِّنْ لِي أَمْرَ اللَّوْحِ وَ الْقَلَمِ وَ الْمِدَادِ فَضْلَ بَيَانٍ وَ عَلِّمْنِي مِمَّا عَلَّمَكَ اللَّهُ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ سَعِيدٍ لَوْ لَا أَنَّكَ أَهْلٌ لِلْجَوَابِ مَا أَجَبْتُكَ فَنُونٌ مَلَكٌ يُؤَدِّي إِلَى الْقَلَمِ وَ هُوَ مَلَكٌ وَ الْقَلَمُ يُؤَدِّي إِلَى اللَّوْحِ وَ هُوَ مَلَكٌ وَ اللَّوْحُ يُؤَدِّي إِلَى إِسْرَافِيلَ وَ إِسْرَافِيلُ يُؤَدِّي إِلَى مِيكَائِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلُ يُؤَدِّي إِلَى جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ جَبْرَئِيلُ يُؤَدِّي إِلَى الْأَنْبِيَاءِ وَ الرُّسُلِ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي قُمْ يَا سُفْيَانُ فَلَا آمَنُ عَلَيْكَ

Ffrom Sufyaan al-Thawree said, “I said to Al-Saadiq (as) ‘O’ Son of the Messenger of Allah! What is the meaning of the words of Allah, The Powerful and Exalted, Alif, Lam, Meem and Alif, Lam, Meem, Saad and Aleef, Lam, Ra and Aleef, Lam, Meem, Ra and Kaf, Ha, Ya, `Ayn, Saad and Ta, Ha and Ta, Seen and Ta, Seen, Meem and Ya, Seen and Saad and Ha, Meem and Ha, Meem, `Ayn, Seen, Qaaf and Qaaf and Noon?”

The Imaam (as) said, “As for Alif, Lam, Meem in the beginning of Surah al-Baqarah, it means ‘I am Allah the King’; and the Alif, Lam, Meem in the beginning of Surah Ale `Imraan means ‘I am Allah the Noble’; the meaning of Alif, Lam, Meem, Saad is ‘I am Allah, The Decider, the Truthful’ ; and Alif, Lam, Ra means ‘I am Allah, the Forgiving’ ; the meaning of Alif, Lam, Meem, Ra is ‘I am Allah, The Giver of Life, The Taker of Life, The Sustainer’ ; the meaning of Kaf, Ha, Ya, 'Ayn, Saad is ‘I am The Sufficient, the Guide, The Protecting Friend, The Knowledgeable, The One Who is Truthful to His Promise’ ; as for Ta, Ha, this is one of the name from the names of the Prophet, blessings of All¡h be upon him and his progeny, and its meaning is ‘O’ Searcher of Truth and The Guide to it (the truth), we have not revealed unto you the Qur’aan so that you may be unsuccessful (in your mission), rather, through it, We wish to give you good fortune’ ; as for the meaning of Ta Seen, it means ‘I am The Claimant and The Hearer of All’ ; as for Ta Seen Meem, it means ‘I am The Claimant, The Hearer of all, The Originator and the Ender’ ; as for the meaning of Ya Seen, this is one name from the names of the Prophet, blessings of Allaah be upon him and his progeny and it means, ‘O’ you who are listening to Our Revelation and the Qur’aan full of Wisdom, surely you are of Our Emissaries, upon the Straight Path; and as for Saad, it is a spring that originates from under the Divine Throne (of Allaah) and it is from this spring of water that the Prophet, blessings of Allaah be upon him and his progeny, performed Wudhoo- when he was carried into the heavens (on the Night Journey – al-Me`raaj) and it is this same stream of water which Jibreel, goes to every day and submerges himself into. He then comes out of this stream and shakes off all of the water that is on his wings and there is not a single drop of water that falls off of his wings except that All¡h, the Glorified and High, creates from that drop of water, an Angel who glorifies, sanctifies, exclaims the greatness and praises Allaah until the Day of Judgement; as for Ha, Meem, its meaning is ‘The Praised, the Glorified’ ; and as for Ha Meem 'Ayn Seen Qaaf, its meaning is ‘The Forbearing, The Rewarder, The Knowledgeable, The Hearer of All, The All Able, the All Powerful’ ; as for Qaaf, ‘it is a mountain that covers the Earth and the greenness of the sky comes from it, and through this mountain does Allaah spread out the Earth for the people living there on’; as for Noon, this is a stream of water in Paradise which Allaah, the Powerful and Exalted, told to coagulate and so it coagulated, and then He fashioned a pencil. Then He, the Powerful and Exalted, said to the pen, ‘Write!’ So then the pen wrote on the Al-LawH Al-MaHfoodh(The Protected Tablet) all that has happened and all that will happen until the Day of Judgement. And the pen is of Divine Light (noor) and the pencil is of Divine Light (noor) and the Law (tablet) is of Divine Light (noor).’ ”

Sufyaan then said, “I said to him, O’ son of the Messenger of Allah! Explain to me the command of the Law and the Pen and the Pencil - a complete explanation - and teach me that which Allah has taught you!” The Imaam replied, “O’ Son of Sa`id! Certainly if you had not been a person who was worthy of replying, then I would not have replied to you. So then, Noon is an Angel who leads to the Pen and it (the Pen) is an Angel and the Pen leads to the Law (tablet) and it too (the Law) is an Angel and the Law leads to the Angel Israafeel and Israafeel leads to Mika'eel and Mika'eel leads to Jibraa’eel and Jibraa’eel leads to all of the Prophets and Messengers, prayers of Allah be upon all of them.” The Imam then said to me, “Get up O’ Sufyaan since there is no security for you (since I have conveyed to you this hidden knowledge).”

  • Al-Sadooq, Ma'aanee Al-Akhbaar, pg. 22
  • Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 89, ch. 127, pg. 373, hadeeth # 1

(salam)

Edited by Nader Zaveri
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