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In the Name of God بسم الله

Hejab Includes Covering Your Feet- Marja Confirmed

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Besmellah

Salaam sisters (and occasional brothers),

InshAllah you are doing well. I relatively recently learned about the covering of the feet as a necessity of hejab. For this reason, I found it my obligation to pass this knowledge on, as I feel that not many sisters are aware of this issue.

According to many (if not, all) Marjas, hejab is considered to be the covering of the body (in which the shape is not shown), excluding the face and the hands. Since there is no mention of feet as being part of the exclusion, we conclude that they are part of hejab as well.

Here are just a few Marja rulings I looked up, inshAllah you find it useful.

Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Khamenei:

Q: Which parts of the body should be covered by a woman?

A: It is obligatory upon a woman to have her entire body covered in the presence of the non-maḥram (foreigner) except the face and the hands up to the wrists without make up and ornaments. The clothes should not be attractive to non-maḥrams.

Q: Is it necessary for women to cover their feet during the prayer?

A: At the presence of a non-maḥram, she should cover her entire feet. However, it is not necessary for her to cover them below the ankles if there is no non-maḥram.

Source: www.leader.ir

Ayatollah as-sayyid Ali Seestani:

Question :

What are the minimum requirements of Hijab (Islamic modest dress) for a Muslim woman?

Answer :

Woman should conceal her body and hair from a man who is non-Mahram, and as an obligatory precaution, she should conceal herself even from a Na-baligh boy who is able to discern between good and evil, and could probably be sexually excited. But she can leave her face and hands upto wrists uncovered in the presence of Na-Mahram, as long as it does not lead him to casting a sinful, evil glance or her to doing something forbidden; for in both these cases, she must cover them.

Source: http://www.sistani.org/index.php?p=616687&id=1208&page=2&perpage=6

Ayatollah Sayyid Sadiq al-Shirazi:

Q: According to Qur'an and Sunnah, what is the standard for Hijaab? Some say it is what is being practiced in Iran. I only wear a scarf with long and modest clothing. Please be specific.

A:In the case of the covering of the hands and the face, there is a difference of opinion between the Maraje'. Some of the Maraje' consider it mandatory to cover the hands and the face. According to Imam Shirazi's Fatwa, a woman may her hands and face uncovered provided she is not wearing makeup, or that she would not be in a situation where a man would look at her with lustful glances or would fall for her . . .

Source: http://imamshirazi.com/women.html

Ayatoollah Saeed Tabatabi Al-Hakeem:

Q: I am 13 years old female. Do I have to wear socks when I go outside?

A: Yes, covering the feet in the presence of non Mahram is obligatory based on compulsory precaution.

Source: http://english.alhak...es.php?Where=48

Eltemase dua,

Edited by Mysterious secrets
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(salam)

Thanks for this topic.

Ayatullah Waheed (hafizahullah) also says:

If the woman is not sure if Non-Mahrams may look at their uncovered face or hands by bad intentions, by obligatory precaution she should cover her face too ...

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Besmellah,

(salam)

Thanks for this topic.

Ayatullah Waheed (hafizahullah) also says:

If the woman is not sure if Non-Mahrams may look at their uncovered face or hands by bad intentions, by obligatory precaution she should cover her face too ...

No problem, thank you for your contribution- jazakAllah khair

What about sayed fadlallah?

According to Seyed Fadlallah:

Q: What are the Islamic characteristics of the woman’s veil?

A: The veil can be defined with respect to the following terms:

First; the veil means a whole cover to the body except the hands and the face, both of which some other jurists see the necessity of an obligatory precaution in covering them. But some other jurists and I believe that it is allowed to reveal them in accordance with His saying: “Say to the believing women to turn their eyes away (from temptation) and to preserve their chastity, to cover their adornments except such as are normally displayed.”(The Light (Nour); 31). Thus, women are obliged to cover their bodies and to avoid what ever is transparent and thin.

Secondly; the veil means a rejection to adornment, God says “Stay in your homes and do not display your finery as women used to do in the former days of Jahiliyya *.” (The Confederate Tribes (Al-Ahzab); 33), for the veiled woman is not allowed to appear in make- up or any other adornments which adorn her body. Besides, she should not also wear her clothes in a way that shows her feminine beauty instead of showing her natural humanity. Indeed, the general convention of adornment is the unusual appearance which a woman intends on revealing to others. The real meaning of the veil is urging woman to appear decent, and consequently respected as a person in her society. Islam calls upon women to avoid being a center of display, finery, and temptation; they are humans above all.

Furthermore, the veil of sound is regarded as another type of veil for women. As a matter of fact, Islam does not prevent women from speaking with men, from delivering speeches in front of them, from cheering in the general political and social occasions which call for openness, or from shouting in situations which urge women to shout. But Islam does not accept that women soften and tender their voices in a way that arouses temptations. God says: “Wives of the Prophet, you are not like other women, If you fear Allah, do not be too complaisant in your speech, lest the lecherous-hearted should be moved with desire” (Al-Ahzab; 32). As it seems, inclining in speech is an additional aspect of seduction. Therefore, the jurists confirm that both tendering and softening voices that lead to seduction are not legitimate.

Source: http://english.bayyn...nce/Fashion.htm

So the same could view justifies the covering of the feet as part of hejab, only face and hands are exceptions (with a few maraja's who say obligatory precaution in regards to covering them).

Thanks for confirming :) I've heard that a while ago because Sistani says one must. However barely anyone does, its a shame =\

No problem :) Yeah it is problematic if one knows and doesn't abide, but sometimes it's done out of naivety of the issue, in the case of the feet coverage, I have seen many.

Edited by Mysterious secrets
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Besmellah,

No problem, thank you for your contribution- jazakAllah khair

According to Seyed Fadlallah:

Q: What are the Islamic characteristics of the woman’s veil?

A: The veil can be defined with respect to the following terms:

First; the veil means a whole cover to the body except the hands and the face, both of which some other jurists see the necessity of an obligatory precaution in covering them. But some other jurists and I believe that it is allowed to reveal them in accordance with His saying: “Say to the believing women to turn their eyes away (from temptation) and to preserve their chastity, to cover their adornments except such as are normally displayed.”(The Light (Nour); 31). Thus, women are obliged to cover their bodies and to avoid what ever is transparent and thin.

Secondly; the veil means a rejection to adornment, God says “Stay in your homes and do not display your finery as women used to do in the former days of Jahiliyya *.” (The Confederate Tribes (Al-Ahzab); 33), for the veiled woman is not allowed to appear in make- up or any other adornments which adorn her body. Besides, she should not also wear her clothes in a way that shows her feminine beauty instead of showing her natural humanity. Indeed, the general convention of adornment is the unusual appearance which a woman intends on revealing to others. The real meaning of the veil is urging woman to appear decent, and consequently respected as a person in her society. Islam calls upon women to avoid being a center of display, finery, and temptation; they are humans above all.

Furthermore, the veil of sound is regarded as another type of veil for women. As a matter of fact, Islam does not prevent women from speaking with men, from delivering speeches in front of them, from cheering in the general political and social occasions which call for openness, or from shouting in situations which urge women to shout. But Islam does not accept that women soften and tender their voices in a way that arouses temptations. God says: “Wives of the Prophet, you are not like other women, If you fear Allah, do not be too complaisant in your speech, lest the lecherous-hearted should be moved with desire” (Al-Ahzab; 32). As it seems, inclining in speech is an additional aspect of seduction. Therefore, the jurists confirm that both tendering and softening voices that lead to seduction are not legitimate.

Source: http://english.bayyn...nce/Fashion.htm

So the same could view justifies the covering of the feet as part of hejab, only face and hands are exceptions (with a few maraja's who say obligatory precaution in regards to covering them).

But look here:

What is the correct veil for the woman? Is it obligatory for her to cover all her hair? Or is she obliged to cover her chest only as it is stated in the Quran? 2/16/2006 10:12:00 AM

A: It is obligatory for the woman to cover her body and her beauties in full except the face, the palm of the hand and the two feet. She must also cover the entire of her hair, thus, it is stated in the Glorious Quran that the woman must cover all her body except what (must ordinarily) appears thereof. However, it is permissible for a woman to show her chest to another woman.

http://english.bayyn...A/qa.aspx?id=85

ALSO:

Q: What is the importance of wearing the Hijab (Islamic veil) and what is the legitimate Hijab that a woman should wear? 7/8/2006 10:46:49 AM

A: The Hijab is a covering that prevents others from seeing the woman’s body beauties. This is because those who are evil-minded may become greedy and lead her to deviation. Moreover, Hijab gives the woman her humanistic value, limits her physical femininity to her matrimonial life and protects her honor. The legitimate Hijab is that which veil all body parts and beauties, except the face, hands and feet. And the clothes that constitute the Hijab should not be exciting and attractive in their color or shape

Publish Date: 11/8/2006 5:52:42 PM

http://english.bayyn...A/qa.aspx?id=91

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But look here:

What is the correct veil for the woman? Is it obligatory for her to cover all her hair? Or is she obliged to cover her chest only as it is stated in the Quran? 2/16/2006 10:12:00 AM

A: It is obligatory for the woman to cover her body and her beauties in full except the face, the palm of the hand and the two feet. She must also cover the entire of her hair, thus, it is stated in the Glorious Quran that the woman must cover all her body except what (must ordinarily) appears thereof. However, it is permissible for a woman to show her chest to another woman.

http://english.bayyn...A/qa.aspx?id=85

ALSO:

Q: What is the importance of wearing the Hijab (Islamic veil) and what is the legitimate Hijab that a woman should wear? 7/8/2006 10:46:49 AM

A: The Hijab is a covering that prevents others from seeing the woman’s body beauties. This is because those who are evil-minded may become greedy and lead her to deviation. Moreover, Hijab gives the woman her humanistic value, limits her physical femininity to her matrimonial life and protects her honor. The legitimate Hijab is that which veil all body parts and beauties, except the face, hands and feet. And the clothes that constitute the Hijab should not be exciting and attractive in their color or shape

Publish Date: 11/8/2006 5:52:42 PM

http://english.bayyn...A/qa.aspx?id=91

Hmmm.....interesting....... that's very inconsistent with his previous fatwa ....!!

Maybe we should check the arabic version for full authenticity. Perhaps there are certain language misunderstandings or ....

Alsalam alikum,

Thank you, dear sister for this confirming.

Actually, there are some women who still don't know about this, some others know about this, but just ignore it.

alaike salam,

you're very welcome :) eltemase dua

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I also read in one of the books that covering of women's ears is also not wajib. Could someone confirm? This will solve problems for all bandana hijabi sisters.....

I think the above fatwa answer your question. Most Ulama's agree that everything must be covered but the face and hands.

I read in one of his arabic article interviews the same thing "not covering the feet" so.. I am thinking it's a mistake in the english version?

I will email them about that to be 100% sure

Yeah that is a good idea. Please keep me updated on his answer once he replies inshAllah, I'm curious.

I follow Ayatullah Hafiz Basheer, does anyone know what he says about this issue? I can't find a website for him.

Is this him? http://www.alnajafi.org/messages.html I sent him a question, not sure when they will get back to me, inshAllah will keep you updated when they do.

Edited by Mysterious secrets
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I'm not sure what he defines as that, but this is the ruling I was referring to, with a rough translation:

ما هو المسموح للمرأة بكشفه للأجنبي وهل تغطية الحنك واجبة؟

المقدار الذي يرى من الذقن وما تحته عند الاختمار على الوجه المتعارف فيلحقه حكم الوجه إذا اضطرت إلى ذلك وإلا ففي الحالة الاعتيادية وجب ستر جميع البدن ومنه الوجه. والله العالم.

What is permissible for the woman to uncover (in front of) the stranger, and is the covering of under the jaw wajib?

The amount that is seen from the chin and what is under it during the familiar covering of the head is joined to the ruling of the face when she is compelled to that. However, in the ordinary state/situation, the covering of the all of the body – and the face is from it – is wajib. And Allah knows best.

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I'm not sure what he defines as that, but this is the ruling I was referring to, with a rough translation:

ما هو المسموح للمرأة بكشفه للأجنبي وهل تغطية الحنك واجبة؟

المقدار الذي يرى من الذقن وما تحته عند الاختمار على الوجه المتعارف فيلحقه حكم الوجه إذا اضطرت إلى ذلك وإلا ففي الحالة الاعتيادية وجب ستر جميع البدن ومنه الوجه. والله العالم.

What is permissible for the woman to uncover (in front of) the stranger, and is the covering of under the jaw wajib?

The amount that is seen from the chin and what is under it during the familiar covering of the head is joined to the ruling of the face when she is compelled to that. However, in the ordinary state/situation, the covering of the all of the body – and the face is from it – is wajib. And Allah knows best.

Thank you. I have never heard of such a ruling before.

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Actually a number of our scholars have said it is wajib for the woman to cover everything in front of non-mahram men, one of the most famous being Sayyid al-Khoe'i.

From what I have seen, there are three main views on this:

1 - obligatory to cover everything, including face and hands

2 - obligatory to cover everything except for the face and hands

3 - obligatory to cover everything except for the face, hands, and feet.

The first and second views seem the more common ones overall.

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(salam)

Cover up, the more you cover the better for you.

Yahya Mazni says: “For 12 years I lived as a neighbour of Hazrat Abdullah, yet not once did I see the shadow of any lady, nor did I ever hear an echo of the voice or footsteps of Bibi Zainab.“ ... Yet when the circumstances called for it, Lady Zaynab (as) stood and roared as only the daughter of Asadullah (as) can..!

(wasalam)

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From what I have seen, there are three main views on this:

1 - obligatory to cover everything, including face and hands

2 - obligatory to cover everything except for the face and hands

3 - obligatory to cover everything except for the face, hands, and feet.

The first and second views seem the more common ones overall.

First and second?

Cover up, the more you cover the better for you.

Why?

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^ because we should always seek perfection in deen, and the perfection of hijab lies in the fact that we cover more, as much as the circumstances allow. After all the standard of perfection set by Bibi Fatima(a.s) is that the best woman is one whom no namharam has seen nor has she seen one.

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From what I have seen, there are three main views on this:

1 - obligatory to cover everything, including face and hands

2 - obligatory to cover everything except for the face and hands

3 - obligatory to cover everything except for the face, hands, and feet.

The first and second views seem the more common ones overall.

First and second?

The first misses something. It does not include all of the palm and back of palm. The fingers (or even a little more than that) are allowed to be exposed since the fuqaha' who take this view say the covering should be slightly beyond the wrist. Also, even with the face, the exposure of the eye area is allowed.

Also, I am not aware of Sayyid al-Khoei having made the covering of the feet wajib. ?

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Whats so attractive about feet anyways ? I dont understand how someone would look at feet in a lustful way. There only feet and eveyone has them ( accepte disabled) .

Some men have weird fetishes and I guess it is our responsibility hide from them since so many men lack self control. I agree with you though....even the most well taken care of feet are ugly, so if you get excited by feet you are just weird.

Edited by ImAli
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Some men have weird fetishes and I guess it is our responsibility hide from them since so many men lack self control. I agree with you though....even the most well taken care of feet are ugly, so if you get excited by feet you are just weird.


Even if we cover from head to toe they will find a way to look and think some next weird things. Seriously feet its just weird lool I hate feet even with nail polish lool
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Even if we cover from head to toe they will find a way to look and think some next werid things. Seriously feet its just werid lool I hate feet even with nail polish lool

Yeah.......when I was in school I used to go to have chatrooms open in another window while I was doing research or studying on the computer. Anyway, on a break this saudi started chatting with me and after a while he was getting really weird and told me that he wants to kiss the womens shoes LOOOOOOL, he went on my ignore list after that hahahaha.

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http://www.al-islam.org/code-ethics-muslim-men-and-women-sayyid-masud-masumi

Note- majority of women do not follow hijab properly at all.


1) The following contains the fatawa of eight Maraja’ Taqlid, six of whom have passed away, namely:

Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Ruhullah al-Musawi al-Khomeini,

Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Muhammad Riza al-Gulpaygani,

Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh ‘Ali al-Araki.

Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Behjat

Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Mirza Jawad Tabrizi

Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Fazil Lankarani

The other 2 Maraja’, who are presently living, May Allah protect them both include, , Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Nasir Makarim Shirazi Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj as-Sayyid ‘Ali al-Husaini as-Seestani

2) The actual reference from the Arabic and Farsi texts of the various Maraja’ Taqlid in this book have been omitted. As for the rulings for each of the Maraja’ we have used symbols, which will be mentioned at the end of this section, for brevity. In the event that one or more of the Maraja’ have not been mentioned in any ruling, this means that we were not able to get a hold of his rulings in that matter.


3) The main ruling which is given is in accordance tot he rulings of Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Ruhullah al-Musawi al-Khomeini, and in the event of any difference between his rulings and those of the other Maraja’, the opinions of those who differ will follow the original ruling. If there is no difference between the rulings, then we will only mention (with their appropriate symbols), those Maraja’ who share the same opinion.

4) Since the views of eight of the Maraja’ Taqlid of the Shi’a World have been mentioned, in case the Marja’ to whom one is doing taqlid to expresses an Ihtiyat Wajib, with ease the reader is able to refer one of the Maraja’ who have expressed a ruling (perform Ruju’).

5) Although we have referred to all of the printed books detailing the various laws of Islam from each of the Maraja’, but just to be completely satisfied that what we have compiled is correct, we had three of the major scholars who work in the offices of each of the Maraja’ look over our work.

6) For ease of reading, it is possible that the rulings we have included in this book, which we may put forth as a “Rule”, may have been posed to the office of the Marja’ in the form of a question, or vice-versa.

7) The abbreviations for the Maraja’ Taqlid are as follows:

A
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh ‘Ali al-Araki
B
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Muhammad Taqi al-Behjat
G
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Muhammad Riza al-Gulpaygani
K
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Ruhullah al-Musawi al-Khomeini
L
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Muhammad Fazil al-Lankarani
M
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Nasir Makarim al-Shirazi
S
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj as-Sayyid ‘Ali al-Husaini as-Seestani
T
Ayatullah al-Udhma al-Hajj ash-Shaykh Mirza Jawad al-Tabrizi




A) Covering for Women in the Presence of Non-Mahram Men

108 – Rule: It is wajib for women to cover their entire body from non-Mahram Men; with the exception of their face and hands, as long as the following conditions are met:

1. Their face and hands must not have any kind of beautification (zinat) on them.

1. One will not look at their face or hands with the intention of lust. AKM

Women must cover their body and hair from non-Mahram men, even if there is no harm of falling into sin and even if there is no intention of deriving pleasure. B

A woman must cover her entire body except her face and hands from non-Mahram men, with the condition that there is no zinat on these parts and that her intention is not that she wants non-Mahram men to look at these parts. However, if non-Mahram men look at her face and hands with the intention of deriving pleasure, then it is not necessary for the woman to cover her face and hands. L

According to Ihtiyat Wajib, women must also cover their face and hands from non-Mahram men. G

Women must cover the hair (on their head) and their body from non-Mahram men, with the exception of their face and hands; and if they fear that by not covering these parts they will fall into sin, or if their intention of not covering these parts is to make men look at them with a haram look, then in either of these two scenarios, it is not permitted to keep these two parts uncovered. S

A Woman must cover her entire body, with the exception of her face and hands from non-Mahram men; and in the event that there is any zinat on her face or hands, such as a ring or if she has shaped her eyebrows, or she has applied Surma to her eyes, even if these things are common among old women, it is not wajib to cover them. In other than these scenarios, a woman must cover her zinat from non-Mahram men. However, according to Ihtiyat Mustahab, a woman should cover her face and hands from a non-Mahram, even if there is no zinat on them. T

109 – Rule: According to Ihtiyat Wajib, women must cover a bit more of their face and hands than that which is normally covered. (The face is said to be that part which is wajib to wash in Wuzhu, and it is stated that the hands are the part from the wrist to the fingertips.) AKLM
According to Ihtiyat Wajib, the entire face and hands must be covered from non-Mahram men. G
According to Ihtiyat Mustahab, it is better for a woman to cover her face from non-Mahram men. T

110 – Question: According to the laws of Islam, is it allowed to expose the sole, top, malleolus and the heel of the foot, in front of non-Mahram men?
Answer: It is not allowed. ABGKLMST
Therefore: Women are not permitted to go in front of non-Mahram men without socks on their feet, or with their feet showing, go to a nearby store to buy even just one item. Also, if there are non-Mahram men in the house, then it is not permitted to come in their presence without having socks on, even if it may be one’s husband’s brother, a sister’s husband, or any other non-Mahram men.

111 – Rule: It is not permitted for women to reveal or expose the part under the chin, the neck, the ears, the chest or the forearm up to the upper arm; and therefore one must ensure that these parts are also covered from non-Mahram men. ABGKLMST
Note: Women must pay close attention to the following: In the house or in other places in which there are non-Mahram men present; if one is wearing something with short sleeves, or if one has long sleeves on and one is trying to reach to something which is high up; or taking something from the hands of a non-Mahram man; or offering fruits or other things to the non-Mahram; or when buying things from the store; or when carrying something big and heavy – in all these and other instances in which there is a chance of the sleeves going up and the arm or any part of the body becoming exposed, women must be extra cautious (to ensure that those parts which must be covered, remain covered) .

112 – Question: What is the extent of the Islamic hijab for women? For this purpose, does the wearing of clothing that is long and loose fitting, with pants and a scarf suffice? Essentially, what are the basics in the clothing and covering that a woman must observe in front of others?

Answer: It is wajib that the entire body of a woman, with the exception of the face and hands up to the wrist, is covered from non-Mahram men. The clothing that has been mentioned, if it covers that part which is wajib, then it is not a problem; but it is better to wear a chador %5B4%5D.One must also refrain from that clothing which draws the attention of non-Mahram men. ABKLMST

Answer: It is wajib that the entire body of a woman is covered from non-Mahram men, and according to Ihtiyat Wajib, the face and hands must also be covered. The clothing that has been mentioned, if it covers that part which is wajib, then it is not a problem; but it is better to wear a chador. One must also refrain from that clothing which draws the attention of non-Mahram men. G

113 – Question: Is it allowed to wear a mantou and pants in which the shape of the body is visible, in the presence of non-Mahram men?

Answer: From the point of hijab and covering, it is sufficient, but in the event that showing the shape of the body would lead to lust or corruption, then it must be covered. AKLMS

Answer: If it does not arouse or excite (others), and there is no corruption (in wearing it), and in the event that it is not considered as a zinat, then it is not a problem. L

Answer: In the event that it draws the attention of others (non-Mahram men), then it is not permitted. G

114 – Rule: Women are not permitted to raise their sleeves (to show their arms) to non-Mahram men in order to get an injection, have their blood pressure checked, taking of the pulse, or for any other reason, except in the case of necessity. ABGKLMST

115 – Question: I am a woman who must have an injection everyday and there is a clinic near my house in which a man gives the injections. However, there is another clinic that is further away in which a woman also gives the injection, but because it is far away, I must travel by car (to get to it). Am I allowed to go to the man to have the injection?

Answer: It is not allowed, except in the case of necessity. ABGKLMST

116 – Question: Are women allowed to go to a male doctor without investigating and inquiring if there is a female doctor available or not?

Answer: It is not allowed. AGKL

Answer: In the event that it is an emergency, it is not a problem

117 – Question: In our city, there is a female doctor and a male one, but the male doctor is more specialized and experienced. Is it allowed for women to go to the male doctor?

Answer: In the event that the female doctor can not treat the illness, then it is not a problem. ABGKLMT

Answer: In the event that the male doctor can treat the patient better, then it is not a problem. S

B) Rules Related to Wearing Socks



118 – Question: Is it allowed to wear thick socks in which the shape of the foot is visible in front of non-Mahram men, or not?

Answer: In the event that there is no corruption related to it, and the skin of the feet does not show, then it is not a problem. AKLMS

Answer: If it leads to corruption and sin, then it is not permitted. B

Answer: In addition to this, the socks must not be of the type that would be considered as a zinat. T

119 – Rule: Wearing of thin, see-thru socks in which the skin of the feet is visible is not considered as covering, and therefore, women must refrain from wearing these kinds of socks in the presence of non-Mahram men. ABGKLMST

120 – Question: There are some women who wear pants, and then pull their socks over top of the pants in such a way that the shape of the bottom of their legs show – what is the ruling for wearing socks in this manner?

Answer: It is not a problem. KLMS

Answer: In the event that it leads others to excitement or pleasure, then it is not allowed. A

Answer: If it leads to sin or corruption, then it is not allowed. B

Answer: In the event that it does not lead to falling into sin and there is no corruption, it is not a problem. G

121 – Question: What is the ruling for wearing flashy, repelling-coloured clothing, and clothing that draws the attention of others, in places where non-Mahram men are present, such as universities, stores, etc…

Answer: With the assumption that the clothing is arousing, it is haram. AKS

Answer: Although it is not a problem, however, Muslims must maintain their dignity even in their (type of) clothing. B

Answer: With the assumption that the clothing is arousing, and leads one to corruption, it is haram. G

Answer: If the clothing of the woman is clothing that is considered as zinat, then it is wajib to cover it from the view of non-Mahram men, in the same way that it is wajib to cover the body from their view. T
C) Rules Related to the Chador



122 – Question: Is it permitted to wear that type of chador that in the sunlight shows a bit of the body – in the presence of non-Mahram men?

Answer: In the event that the skin of the body does not show, and there is no fear of falling into sin, it is not a problem. K

Answer: In all instances, the woman must cover her self in such a way so as not to attract the attention of others (non-Mahram men). G

Answer: According to Ihtiyat Wajib, it is not allowed to wear such a chador. M

123 – Question: What is the ruling on wearing a chador made of Sherman (a type of fabric)?

Answer: In the event that according to the general population it not be considered as drawing the attention (of others), it is not a problem.
Note: Attracting of attention (of others) is of two types: sometimes in certain places, no women are known to wear this Sherman Chador, and in this case a woman wearing it, would attract the attention (of others), and thus, it is not allowed for her to wear it. In the second instance, there may be a place where women wear the Sherman Chador, however, one wears it in such a way so as to attract the attention of others, in which case this too is not permitted.

124 – Rule: It is not allowed to wear those types of chadors in which the hair or the shape of the hand of the woman shows through or to wear these types of chador in which their hair shows or the shape of their hands shows through, especially if there are non-Mahram men (in the house), and women must refrain from wearing these types of chador. ABGKLMS

125 – Question: If a woman wears a type of chador in which the shape of her body can be seen through it, but she is wearing enough clothing under the chador, for example, she is wearing a scarf on her head, socks, and long sleeve clothing, then is it Islamically permissible (to wear such a chador)?

Answer: In the event that the body (skin) can not be seen and by wearing such a chador there is no fear of corruption, then it is not a problem. ABGKLMS
Note: Those women who use chador as their hijab, in the following examples, must be extra careful of their covering:

1. At the time of buying and selling something with non-Mahram men; while fixing their chador in the presence of non-Mahram men; taking or giving things to them; working in the presence of non-Mahram men, whether it be in the house or outside of the house; washing clothes, dishes or anything else in the presence of non-Mahram men; setting the table and cleaning up after a meal, etc…

2. In all of the above mentioned examples, and those that are related to these, it is recommended that women should wear sufficient clothing underneath their chador, and that they make use of a scarf or maqnah. Also, they should wear “add-on sleeves” in the event that the clothing they are wearing under the chador is short sleeved so as to observe the complete hijab and to gain the pleasure of Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì.

126 – Question: If a close family member proposes to a girl but she does not accept his marriage proposal, then later on if these two meet each other, and in the event the man is still single, how should the girl act and behave in front of him? Should she observe more than that which wajib in her hijab or be extra careful while speaking to him or not?

Answer: One must keep away from all those actions that may lead to corruption and sins. AGK
Therefore: For example, according to the fatawa of the late Ayatullah Khomeini, if keeping the face and hands open leads the young man to look at her with the intention of lust, then she must cover her face and hands and if speaking to him leads him to falling into corruption, then she must also keep away from this.
D) Rules Related to Beautification (Zinat) %5B6%5D


127 – Question: What is meant by beautification (zinat)?

Answer: Everything that the general public regards as beautification, and people refer to it as such. AGKL

128 – Question: If a woman applies surma – not with the intention of it being for beauty, but instead for the benefits that are in it, then in this case, must it be concealed from the view of non-Mahram men?

Answer: If the general population regard it as being a means of beautification then it must be concealed, whether one’s intention for using it is beautification, or not. AGKL

Answer: It would be considered as zinat. B

Answer: If she applies the surma in such a way that even old women or elderly women use it, then even if it is for beautification, it is not necessary to cover it from non-Mahram men. T

129 – Question: Must a woman who has had her eyebrows shaped (hair plucked from the eyebrows) cover them (in the presence of non-Mahram men) in order to observe the true Islamic hijab, or is she permitted to have them exposed?

Answer: She must cover them. AGK

Answer: If it is arousing or stimulating, then she must cover them, and in other than this, according to Ihtiyat (she must cover it). B

Answer: In the event that according to the general public it would be considered as a beautification, then it is necessary to cover it. L

Answer: If beautifying the face (either by plucking the eyebrows or having them shaped) is done in such a way that even elderly women perform it, then it is not necessary to cover it. T

130 – Rule: Women are allowed to cover only that part of the face or hands that has some beauty on it, and it is not wajib that the rest of the face (or hands) be covered. ALMT
Therefore: If a woman only has the bottom part of the eyebrows shaped, then she can just cover that part of her face with her scarf or chador; and in the event that the rest of her face does not have any beautification on it, then it is not a problem if that portion is exposed (without the zinat).

Answer: According to Ihtiyat Wajib, in all instances the face and hands must be covered from non-Mahram men, whether they have any beautification on them or not. G

Note: The following are some examples of beautification on the hands and that must be covered from non-Mahram men:

· Bangle

· Bracelet

· Ring (even if it is one’s wedding ring)

· Long finger nails

· Nail polish

· Henna

· Certain types of watches which are worn as a means of beautification

· Certain types of gloves which are worn as a means of beautification

The following are considered as beautification for the face:

· Applying surma

· Shaping of the eyebrows

· Applying artificial eyebrows

· Using any kind of makeup

· Having a nose-ring (as is the custom is some cultures)

· Earrings

Other than these, anything else that the general population (of that particular area) considers as beautification is also included and these must all be covered while in the presence of non-Mahram men.

131 – Question: Do plucking the eyebrows for women constitute beautification (zinat) or not? Also, if a woman has her eyebrows plucked, must she cover her face from the view of non-Mahram men?

Answer: If the general public considers it as a beautification, then it wajib to cover it from non-Mahram men. AL

Answer: Yes, it will be considered as zinat and it must be covered from non-Mahram men. G

Answer: If the beautification of the face is done in such a way that is common even among old women, then it is not wajib to cover it from non-Mahram men. T

132 – Rule: In the ruling concerning the covering of the face and hands while in the presence of non-Mahram men, in the event that one has any beautification on – there is no difference between the non-Mahram man being a family member or an outsider. ABGKLMT
Therefore: In gatherings, or when guests come to one’s house who are family members or otherwise, women must either refrain from applying any type of beautification on their face and hands, or else cover them in front of the non-Mahram men.

133 – Question: I am a woman who wears a wedding ring (that is very simple) and it is not for zinat, but rather for remembrance and loyalty to my husband. Is it wajib for me to cover this from non-Mahram men?

Answer: To wear any kind of ring is considered as zinat, and therefore it is wajib to cover it from the sight of non-Mahram men. AGK

Answer: If it is arousing or stimulating, then it must be covered and in other than this, according to Ihtiyat (it must be covered). B

Answer: It is not wajib to cover those rings that women usually wear on their hands, from the view of non-Mahram men. T

Answer: In the event that the general public consider it is a zinat, it is necessary to cover it. L

134 – Question: Is there any difference in the type of beautification? For example, if one applies a type of beautification that according to her own custom is considered as zinat, however, for another group of people, not only is it not considered as a zinat, rather it is taken as something repulsive or ugly, then must this type of zinat be concealed from non-Mahram men as well?

Answer: Beautifying one’s self is not related to beauty or ugliness, and anything that the general public considers as zinat must be covered from non-Mahram men. ABGKL

Answer: If the beautification on the face or hands is done in such a way that is common even among old women, such as shaping the eyebrows or applying surma, then it is not wajib for the woman to cover it from non-Mahram men. In other than this scenario, it is wajib to cover it (whether it is considered as beautiful or ugly). U

135 – Question: Is it allowed for men and women to put perfume on or make themselves smell nice by other means, in the event that the smell of it reaches non-Mahram?

Answer: There is no problem in applying perfume, but if the usage of it for the woman leads to corruption, arousal or stimulation of (non-Mahram men), then it is not allowed. AK

Question: If a woman applies perfume on herself for a non-Mahram man, is it necessary for her to perform a Ghusl?

Answer: In the event that putting the perfume on is to attract the attention of non-Mahram men, then it is a problem. G

Answer: In the above scenario, it is Mustahab for her to perform a Ghusl. L

136 – Rule: According to Ihtiyat Wajib, women must cover artificial or synthetic hair, whether it has been joined to one’s own hair or if it is a wig or hairpiece that has been placed on top of the head. Also it does not make a difference if this joined hair is that of a man or a woman. AGKL

Answer: It is wajib for a woman to cover (it) from non-Mahram men. B

Answer: If this action is considered as a beautification, then it is wajib for her to cover it from non-Mahram men. M

137 – Question: What is the ruling for a woman beautifying herself for other than her husband, in gatherings where there are only women present such as in weddings, or dinner invitations only for women?
Answer: In the event that non-Mahram men do not see her, it is not a problem. ABGKLMST

138 – Question: Is there a problem for women to wear shoes that make noise, such that when one walks, non-Mahram men can her the sound of them?
Answer: In the event that corruption can be associated with it, one must refrain from it. K

139 – Rule: If a woman knows that a non-Mahram man will look at her face or hands with the intention of lust, then even if she does not have any zinat on them, she must cover these parts from him. AGKLMS

Answer: In the event that is leads or helps to commit a sin, then it is wajib to cover (these two parts). B

140 – Rule: It is not allowed to keep the face and hands open with the intention of making others fall into sin. AGKLS
In the event that it helps to commit a sin, it is not allowed. B

141 – Rule: Old women who do not have the hope of marrying - in addition to their face and hands, can also keep a bit of their hair, hands up to the elbows, and the legs up to the knees open, in the front of non-Mahram men. S

142 – Rule: It is not allowed for a woman to go to a place where she knows that non-Mahram men will look at her with the intention of lust. AGK
In itself, going (to such a place) is not a problem, but she must observe the proper clothing so as to not make others fall into sin. B

E) Covering of a Woman in the Presence of Other Women


143 – Rule: A woman must cover her private parts from other women however it is not wajib to cover the rest of the body in front of them. ABGKLMS

144 – Rule: If a woman knows that other women will look at her body, face or hands with the intention of lust, then it is wajib for her to cover these parts from them. AGKLM
Therefore: In bathrooms, swimming pools, fitness or sports clubs, and beauty parlors, if a woman sees that other women are looking at her with the intention of lust, the she must immediately cover her body from them.

145 – Rule: It is haram for a woman to reveal her body with the intention of wanting other women to fall into sin. AGKLMS

That amount of the body that is wajib to cover is that (same) amount that is haram to keep uncovered, even if others will not fall into a haram act; butd those places that are not wajib to cover, if it leads or helps to commit a sin, then it becomes wajib to cover them. B

146 – Rule: It is wajib for a woman to cover her private parts from other women, even if they will not look at them with the intention of lust, except in the case of necessity. ABGKLMS

Therefore: Just as has been mentioned in the previous section on ‘looking’, women are not permitted to show their private parts to a doctor, unless it reaches to the stage of necessity. Even in the matter of birth control, it is not allowed to expose one’s private parts in front of a doctor, and one must refrain from this, except in the case of a necessity. Also in this ruling, it does not make a difference if the doctor is a woman either.

Note: Women must be cautious in places such as public showers that their private parts are covered, and it is also not allowed to wear thin, see-thru clothing in which one’s private parts are not covered properly. In addition, to have x-rays taken (of certain areas), or a sonograph of the womb, or have certain devices inserted into the womb or other related things, if it necessitates the exposing of one’s private parts in front of others, then it is not allowed and one must refrain from it (unless it is in the case of necessity).
F) Covering of a Woman in the Presence of Children (Those who have reached the age of Mumayyiz or not)


147 – Rule: It is not wajib to cover any part of the body, even so far as the private parts, from a child (a girl or a Mahram or non-Mahram boy) who has not yet reached the age of Mumayyiz. ABGKLMST

148 – Rule: A woman must cover her private parts from a girl child who is Mumayyiz. ABGKLMS

149 – Rule: It is wajib for a woman to cover her private parts from a boy who is a Mumayyiz child and her Mahram. ABGKLMS

150 – Rule: In the event that the Mumayyiz child is a boy and a non-Mahram, then not only is it wajib for the women to cover their private parts from him, but according to Ihtiyat Wajib, she must also cover her entire body from him, with the exception of the face and hands. BKGS
According to Ihtiyat Mustahab, a woman should cover her body and hair from non-Baligh children who understands good and bad – meaning that he has reached to such a stage that his look would be with lust (meaning that he is Mumayyiz). However, it is not necessary for her to cover the face and hands. M

Clothing that is haram for Men and Women

1. Notorious Clothing


151 – Rule: According to Ihtiyat Wajib, it is not allowed for men or women to wear notorious clothing. This means whether it be the type of clothing, type of stitching, its style, or its color or a combination of any of these. The same rule applies to the way of wearing the clothing as well. AKLM
Rather, it is haram to wear notorious clothing. BG
In the event that it leads to disgrace or degradation (of a person), then it is haram to wear it. ST

152 – Question: What is meant by notorious clothing?

Answer 1: That clothing whose material, color, the way it is sewn, or the way it is worn, is not
common for that person to wear. BKL

Answer 2: That clothing that has certain qualities or characteristics that attract the attention of the general public, causing one to stand out in a crowd. K

Note: First of al, anything that is considered as clothing or a covering can be considered under this ruling, therefore it includes clothing such as shoes, a hat, a shirt, a skirt, a head scarf (for women), a Maqne, socks, pants, a Mantou, etc… If any of these are such that they could be classified as notorious clothing, then they are included in this ruling.

Secondly, it does not make a difference if the clothing is considered as notorious clothing due to the kind or type (of clothing) or the color of it, for example, those types of clothing whose color is loud or repulsive, or the style of clothing which is common among the Punks, or the manner in which it is worn.

Notorious clothing is that clothing which does not suit one’s appearance nor fits his status. A

Note: These explanations of notorious clothing are the same as those given by Ayatullah Khomeini in answer one above. The meaning of notorious clothing, is clothing that is not the usual type that a certain person wears. Thus, if an older person puts on clothing that is the style for children, or a person puts on clothing that is not fitting for his position or status, then that type of clothing would be referred to as notorious clothing. Therefore, even if wearing a chador in foreign countries, or wearing clothing (specific) to one area in another area draws the attention of others, but if these types of clothing signify the status of that person, then it is not a problem.

That clothing which is made of a certain kind of fabric or its color or it has been stitched in such a way that it is not common for that person to wear it and could lead to degradation or make him stand out, is referred to as notorious clothing. G

The meaning of notorious clothing is that clothing which may lead one to being proud or by wearing it, that person wants to be known as an ascetic or one who has renounced all worldly pleasures. Whether it is by means of the type of fabric, color, or the way it was stitched. However, if in actuality a person’s intention is to wear simple clothing and he does not have the intent of showing off, then not only is it permitted, but rather it is a worthy action. M

Notorious clothing is that clothing which is made of a type of fabric or color or the way in which it has been stitched is not common for that person to wear and it is degrading or a disgrace (to the one who wants to wear it). ST
2. Clothing which is Specific to One Gender


153 – Rule: According to Ihtiyat Wajib, it is not allowed for women to wear clothing that is specific to men, and similarly, it is not allowed for men to wear clothing that is specific to women. KL
For a woman to wear clothing that is specific for a man and vice-versa is problematic. A
If a man wears clothing that is specific for a woman or a woman wears clothing that is specific for a man, then in the event that that clothing would be classified as ‘Notorious’, then it is haram (to wear such clothing); and in other than this scenario, according to Ihtiyat Wajib, one must refrain from wearing such clothing. B

It is haram for women to wear clothing that is specifically for men, and similarly, it is haram for men to wear clothing that is specifically for women. G

(Makarim): It is not a problem for a man to wear the clothing of a woman or for a woman to wear the clothing of a man, except in the event that it necessitates a haram action, in which it becomes not permissible. However, according to Ihtiyat Mustahab it is better that men and women do not wear clothing that is specific to the other gender.

If a man wears women’s clothing, or a woman wears men’s clothing, then in the event that that clothing becomes customary for them (they become known as one who wears that type of clothing), then according to Ihtiyat Wajib, it is haram to wear such clothing. S

154 – Rule: The meaning of clothing that is specific only to men is that clothing which is normally only worn by men; and specific clothing for women means that which is normally only worn by women. ABGKLMS

155 – Rule: The meaning of specific clothing includes all those things which are classified as clothing – whether it be something that it is visible when worn, for example a chador, skirt, scarf, or long socks – (where are not allowed) for men; or a coat and pants (suit-type), men’s shoes, etc… - (which are not common) for women. This also includes clothing which may not be visible – such as men wearing women’s under clothing or women wearing men’s under clothing. K

156 – Question: Further to what has been stated that according to Ihtiyat Wajib, men must not wear women’s clothing, and women must not wear men’s clothing, relating to this rule are some questions below:

1. Is this covering (of specific clothing) limited to being in public or even in (one’s) privacy is it problematic?

2. In the event that it is problematic, then would it also be a problem for men to wear women’s slippers if it is just inside the house?

Answer:

1. There is no difference between being in public or private. AK

2. According to Ihtiyat Wajib, if the clothing is considered as specific (for one sex), then it is not permitted. AK

1. In privacy, it’s being haram is an area of question. B
1. In privacy, the condition of it being haram is not known. G

1. There is no problem. G

157 – Rule: According to Ihtiyat Wajib, it is haram to wear specific clothing, whether it is in privacy and there is no one else to see the person, or it is in public. Also, it does not make a difference in it being haram if the one who sees the person wearing the clothing is a man or woman, a Mahram or a non-Mahram. AK

In privacy, it’s being haram is an area of question. B

In the event that there is no one to see the person (in privacy), the condition of it being haram is not known. G

158 – Rule: It is not a problem to wear non-specific clothing, for example that clothing which the common people would regard as not being specific to men or women (such as pants, certain types of shirts, etc…). BGKLMST

Note: Just by a clothing being labeled “for women” or “for men”, does not make that clothing specific, rather, the usage of the clothing being only for men or women makes clothing that is specific (to that sex). As an example, the wearing of slippers in the house that the common people acknowledge to be worn by both men and women is not a problem, and thus either one of them can wear those slippers, even if they are referred to as women’s slippers or men’s slippers. However, if there is a pair of slippers that the common people acknowledge as only for women (such as slippers that were asked about in the previous question), then it is not allowed for men to wear them, even if it is only for a moment (such as to get something from the kitchen).

159 – Rule: It is not allowed, according to Ihtiyat Wajib, to wear specific clothing no matter what the reason is – whether it is for simply trying it on, playing or acting in the theatre, cinema, showing off
or anything else. KL

It is a problematic area for a woman to wear clothing that is specific to men. A

It is haram for a man to wear clothing that is specifically for women and similarly for a woman to wear clothing that is specifically for men, however until the point that this is not regarded as notorious clothing, this being haram is an area to ponder upon. B

Question: Is it permitted for a woman who is acting in the theatre or in a play and is playing the role of a man, to wear the clothing of a man if she is performing in front of women?

Answer: As long as non-Mahram Men will not see her, it is not a problem. G

160 – Question: Are men allowed to use things of zinat that women usually wear – such as a ring, watch, bangle, belt, necklace, etc… keeping in mind that the wearing of clothing specific to women is not allowed for men?

Answer: One must refrain from wearing anything that goes against one’s character. A

Answer: It is haram for men and women to beautify themselves with that which is used as a beautifier for the opposite sex. B

Answer: It is not allowed for men to use any kind of beautification or clothing that is specific to women. G

Answer: If the man is considered to resemble a woman or the woman is considered to resemble a man, then it is not permitted. L

161 – Question: What is the ruling for a woman who cuts her hair short such that she resembles a man, and also what is the ruling for a man to grow his hair long such that he resembles a woman?

Answer: If it considered that the man resembles the woman or the woman resembles the man then it is not allowed. L

3. Arousing or Stimulating Clothing



162 – Rule: It is haram for a woman or a man to wear any type of clothing that the common people would consider as arousing or stimulating, or one that attracts the attention of non-Mahrams. ABGKL

It is problematic to wear clothing that can lead to degradation, loss of one’s self-respect or corruption. M

163 – Rule: Arousing or stimulating clothing can be due to its color, style, type of cloth, or any other thing. Thus, it is possible that a woman’s headscarf, mantou, maqnah or shoes are such that they attract the attention of non-Mahram Men and are stimulating. In these instances, it is not permissible to wear them. ABGKLM

Note: The meaning of arousing or stimulating is related to the type of clothing and not the person wearing it. Thus if according to the common people a certain type of clothing is considered as arousing, then it is not allowed to wear it, even if one or a few people would not be aroused or stimulated by it.

Therefore: Clothing such as certain types of gloves with lace, chador, a thin scarf with lace, things that hand (around a person’s neck) such as flowers, and other things of beautification such as gold stitching or lace stitching on the headscarf, chador or mantou, etc… or placing buttons on a specific part of the clothing, keeping the buttons of the clothing open even if underneath there may be clothing, etc… - all of these kinds of clothing, if they are considered as stimulating or arousing, or they attract the attention of others, then it is haram and one must refrain from wearing these (types of clothing).

Edited by hameedeh
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I have come to a conclusion that covering feet is wajib as well. I asked a Moulana once who is supposed to be a representative of Aya. Sistani. He said that I do not have to cover my feet. I knew the answer to the question before asking him but I wanted to see what he would say. I knew he was wrong, but didn't know how to tell him since he is a Moulana and I didn't want to disrespect him.

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