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In the Name of God بسم الله

2nd Verse Sura Qiamah

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  • Advanced Member

Hi, can any Arabic speaking expert please explain the meaning of the 2nd verse.

Who is this reproachful soul God has sworn by? Why is the subject chosen to be sworn on?

Why is God swearing in this verse, for what reason, and in what context?

TQVM

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TransliterationWala oqsimu bialnnafsi allawwamati LiteralAnd nor I swear/make oath with the self , the often blaming/reprimanding.

Yusuf AliAnd I do call to witness the self-reproaching spirit: (Eschew Evil). PickthalNay, I swear by the accusing soul (that this Scripture is true). Arberry No! I swear by the reproachful soul. ShakirNay! I swear by the self-accusing soul. Sarwarand by the self accusing soul (that you will certainly be resurrected). KhalifaAnd I swear by the blaming soul. Hilali/KhanAnd I swear by the self-reproaching person (a believer). H/K/SaheehAnd I swear by the reproaching soul [to the certainty of resurrection]. Malikand I swear by the self reproaching soul![2] QXPNay, I call to witness the person who shows remorse after wrongdoing. (12:53. Notice the Law taking the first step instantly). Maulana AliNay, I swear by the self-accusing spirit! Free MindsAnd I swear by the soul which is self blaming. Qaribullah No! I swear by the reproachful soul!

George Saleand I swear by the soul which accuseth itself: JM RodwellOr that I swear by the self-accusing soul.

AsadBut nay! I call to witness the accusing voice of man's own conscience!

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I am not an Arabic speaker nor an expert. I am merely quoting the tafsir (relevant section) of this ayah (the English translation is not a precise one):

3 Ü Ýí ÊÝÓíÑ Úáì Èä ÇÈÑÇåíã: áÇ ÇÞÓã Èíæã ÇáÞíÇãÉ íÚäì ÇÞÓã Èíæã ÇáÞíãÉ æáÇ ÇÞÓã ÈÇáäÝÓ ÇááæÇãÉ ÞÇá: äÝÓ ÂÏã ÇáÊì ÚÕÊ ÝáÇãåÇ Çááå ÚÒæÌá¡ Þæáå:

Èá íÑíÏ ÇáÇäÓÇä áíÝÌÑ ÇãÇãå ÞÇá: íÞÏã ÇáÐäÈ æíÄÎÑ ÇáÊæÈÉ æíÞæá: ÓæÝ ÃÊæÈ ÝÇÐÇ ÈÑÞ ÇáÈÕÑ ÞÇá: íÈÑÞ ÇáÈÕÑ ÝáÇ íÞÏÑ Ãä íØÑÞ

The soul of Adam which disobeys, so Allah ÚÒæÌá reproaches it. this is because man advances sin but delays taubah.

The self-reproaching soul is stated to be the conscience that rebukes or revolts against the committing of a sin, as opposed to nafs al-ammarah, the soul that goads man towards physical and sinful pleasures. It is connected with the elevation of spirituality in a person as opposed to the latter (listening to which is the man's downfall). Perhaps it is the voice of Allah speaking to us that Allah chose to swear by it? Allah only swears by things that are of considerable worth near Him or are signs that need to be pondered over.

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^^

TQVM Bro for the kind explanation. It is getting clearer to me now. Since God has sworn by "the reproachful soul" my presumptions are:

(i) this soul is a good entity/conscience/consciousness; if not God would not have sworn by it; only if we know to heighten and intensify its role

(ii) it must exist in all men, believers and non-believers, sinners and good doers, good citizens and those incarcerated, agnostics and atheists

I agree. Given the theme of the Sura, why God swear in the name of the subject matter is quite a mystery, for now ....

===

Sura Qiamah is one of my fav sura. I never get tired listening to it especially recited by Mishary. My heart shakes every time.

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(salam)

This is taken from http://quran.al-islam.org/

æóáóÇ ÃõÞúÓöãõ ÈöÇáäøóÝúÓö ÇááøóæøóÇãóÉö

[shakir 75:2] Nay! I swear by the self-accusing soul.

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 75:2]

Nafs lawwama, the self-reproaching conscience, feels conscious of evil the human soul is entangled with due to the promptings of nafs ammara which is prone to evil, and, if not checked and controlled by the self-reproaching conscience, leads to perdition. Lawwama prompts a person to resist the evil, and ask for Allah's pardon and grace after repentance and making amends, with hope to reach salvation. Nafs mutma-inna is the highest stage of tranquillity and satisfaction which is achieved when the human soul surrenders itself completely to the will of Allah.

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Does the Quran also speak of Nafs-e-Ammara in any verse ?

(salam)

Quran (12:53):

æóãóÇ ÃõÈóÑöøÆõ äóÝúÓöí ۚ Åöäóø ÇáäóøÝúÓó áóÃóãóøÇÑóÉñ ÈöÇáÓõøæÁö ÅöáóøÇ ãóÇ ÑóÍöãó ÑóÈöøí ۚ Åöäóø ÑóÈöøí ÛóÝõæÑñ ÑóøÍöíãñ

"And I do not declare myself free, most surely (man's) self is wont to command (him to do) evil, except such as my Lord has had mercy on, surely my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful."

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