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In the Name of God بسم الله

Quran 24:55

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(salam)

(bismillah)

Some one said this

Doesn't Allah(swt) say:

æóÚóÏó ÇááóøÜåõ ÇáóøÐöíäó ÂãóäõæÇ ãöäßõãú æóÚóãöáõæÇ ÇáÕóøÇáöÍóÇÊö áóíóÓúÊóÎúáöÝóäóøåõãú Ýöí ÇáúÃóÑúÖö ßóãóÇ ÇÓúÊóÎúáóÝó ÇáóøÐöíäó ãöä ÞóÈúáöåöãú æóáóíõãóßöøäóäóø áóåõãú Ïöíäóåõãõ ÇáóøÐöí ÇÑúÊóÖóìٰ áóåõãú æóáóíõÈóÏöøáóäóøåõã ãöøä ÈóÚúÏö ÎóæúÝöåöãú ÃóãúäðÇ ۚ íóÚúÈõÏõæäóäöí áóÇ íõÔúÑößõæäó Èöí ÔóíúÆðÇ ۚ æóãóä ßóÝóÑó ÈóÚúÏó Ðóٰáößó ÝóÃõæáóÜٰÆößó åõãõ ÇáúÝóÇÓöÞõæäó

[shakir 24:55] Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good that He will most certainly make them rulers in the earth as He made rulers those before them, and that He will most certainly establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them, and that He will most certainly, after their fear, give them security in exchange; they shall serve Me, not associating aught with Me; and whoever is ungrateful after this, these it is who are the. transgressors.

Allah(swt) says that He promised those who believe and do good from among the people He's talking to (ie the Muslims) that He will establish them in the earth as He(swt) established those before them.

And guess what? Abu Bakr, 'Umar, 'Uthman, and 'Ali ÑÖí Çááå Úäåã were among them. And guess what? Allah(swt) allowed them to be established in the Earth!

(btw, "rulers" is Shakir's translation; not my own; i think 'establish' is probably more correct but Allahu a'lam)

And funnily enough all of those 4 ÑÖí Çááå Úäåã were muhajirun, who who kicked out of their homes for no other reason than for saying "Our Lord is God"; the ones who helped Allah(swt) Cause by fighting in His way with their wealth and lives and property against the kuffar, The same people of whom Allah(swt) says:

ÇáóøÐöíäó Åöäú ãóßóøäóøÇåõãú Ýöí ÇáúÃóÑúÖö ÃóÞóÇãõæÇ ÇáÕóøáóÇÉó æóÂÊóæõÇ ÇáÒóøßóÇÉó æóÃóãóÑõæÇ ÈöÇáúãóÚúÑõæÝö æóäóåóæúÇ Úóäö ÇáúãõäúßóÑö ۗ æóáöáóøåö ÚóÇÞöÈóÉõ ÇáúÃõãõæÑö

[shakir 22:41] Those who, should We establish them in the land, will keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and enjoin good and forbid evil; and Allah's is the end of affairs.

And guess what? 4 of them were established in the land!

i'm not going to say that Allah(swt) appointed Abu Bakr or 'Umar or whatever. However, you will find more of the status of the Companions and the Muhajirs in particular in the Quran than you will find with the Imamate of al-Sadiq (ra) or any of the others.

And the above verses are more clear than any of the verses the Shias use to prove Imamate.

was salam

This may be the interpretation of a person but let us see what is the interpretation of this by Ahl ul bait a.s. We being followers of Ahl ul bait a.s can not interpret holy Quran according to our desires and views. We have to see how Quran is interpreted by Masoomeen a.s. This is very much necessary because as much self interpretation of holy Quran (Tafseer Bil Rai) has damaged the Ummah nothing else has done.

Surah Nur Ayat 55. "Allah has promised those of you who believe and do righteous deeds, that He will certainly appoint them successors in the earth as He appointed successors those before them; and that He will certainly establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them; and that certainly He will, after their fear, give them security in exchange. They will do worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me; and whoever disbelieves after this, then these are they that are evil-doers."

The totality of the verse denotes that three things are promised by Allah to be bestowed on those Muslims who have faith and do good deeds:

1. Succession and authority over the earth.

2. Establishing the factual religion of Truth everywhere fundamentally, firmly, and deeply, (which is understood form the Qur'anic word 'Tamkin').

3. Abolishing all the factors that cause fear and insecurity.

The result of these abovementioned affairs will be worshipping Allah absolutely with utmost freedom, and obeying His commandments. There will be no partner for Him among people and pure monotheism will rule everywhere. Of course, we will explain that at what time this Divine promise has been fulfilled, or when it will be fulfilled.

To Whom Does Allah Promise?

In this verse we read that Allah has promised the authority of the earth, establishment of the chosen religion and complete security to those who are believers and do righteous deeds, but commentators are of different opinions about the extension of these persons:

Some of them say that it refers to the Companions of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.), who ruled the earth after Islam and defeated pagans at the time of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.). (Of course, the purpose of the word 'Ard' (the earth) is not all of the earth or all countries, but it is a concept that is true about a part and the whole both.) Some say it refers to the first four caliphates' authority. And some consider its meaning so wide-ranging that it includes all Muslims who have such an attribute.

Some say that it refers to government of Mahdi (may Allah hasten his appearance!), which includes western and eastern parts of the world and the religion of Truth will widespread. Fear and war will be abolished on the earth, and sincere worship will be materialized for all people of the world.

Undoubtedly this holy verse includes the first Muslims and certainly the full extension of this verse is the government of Mahdi (may Allah hasten his appearance!), which according to the opinion of all Muslims, whether Shi'ite or Sunni, will make the earth peaceful and full of justice after oppression and tyranny rule the world. However, it is not against the generality and extensiveness of the concept of the verse.

So, whenever Muslims are verily faithful and do righteous deeds whole-heartedly, they will consequently achieve a strong and influential authority.

Some say that the word /'ard/ is absolute and general which includes all of the earth, but this is only limited to the government of Mahdi (may we get sacrificed for him!) and it is not consistent with the Qur'anic sentence /kamastaxlafa/ (as He granted it), because the predecessors' government and authority did not certainly include all of the earth.

Moreover, the occasion of revelation of the verse indicates that at least an example of such government was achieved for Muslims at the time of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.), although it was at the end of his life.

But we repeat again that the product of all prophets' struggles and attempts, their continual propagation and pursuit and complete example of monotheism sovereignty, complete security, and sincere worship with no polytheism will be materialized when Mahda (may Allah hasten his appearance!), the offspring of the prophets and the progeny of the Prophet of Islam (p.b.u.h.), will reappear. The same person about whom all Muslims have narrated this tradition from the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) who said: "If only one day of the world's lifetime is remained, Allah will make that day so long that a man from my progeny, whose name is like my name, will rule the earth and fill the earth with justice as it has been filled with oppression and tyranny."[ The Commentary by QurtAbi, following the verse]

It is interesting that the Lale Tabarsi says about this verse that it is narrated from the household of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) (Ahl-ul-Bayt (a.s.)) that: "This verse is about Mahdi, who is from the family of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.)."[Majma'-ul-Bayan, following the verse]

In Ruh-ul-Ma'ani and many other Shi'ite commentaries, upon the commentary of this verse, there has been narrated from Imam Sajjad (a.s.) who said: "By Allah, they are our Shi'ites (followers) (Ahl-ul-Bayt). Allah does this for them by the hand of a man who is from us and he is Mahdi (the guide) of the Ummah. He will fill the earth with justice and fairness as it has been filled with oppression and tyranny. He is the man about whom the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: 'If one day of the world's lifetime has remained ..."

As we said, these commentaries do not mean to limit the meaning of the verse, however, they are for stating its full extension, but because some commentators, such as 'alusi who has not pay attention to this matter in Ruh-ul-Ma'ani, have negated these traditions.

QurtAbi, the famous Sunni commentator, narrated from Miqdad-Ibn-'Aswad who heard from the Prophet (p.b.u.h.), who said: "No clay or stone house will remain unless Allah causes Islam enters that house (and faith and monotheism get widespread on the earth.)"[The Commentary by QurtAbi, following the verse]

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Salam

لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ

[24:55]…He will most certainly make them successors in the earth as He made successors those before them…

1. General Succession

هُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَكُمْ خَلَائِفَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ فَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَعَلَيْهِ كُفْرُهُ ۖ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الْكَافِرِينَ كُفْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ إِلَّا مَقْتًا ۖ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الْكَافِرِينَ كُفْرُهُمْ إِلَّا خَسَارًا {39}

[ 35:39] He it is That has made you successors in the earth: if, then, any do reject (Allah), their rejection (works) against themselves: their rejection but adds to the odium for the Unbelievers in the sight of their Lord: their rejection but adds to (their own) undoing.

وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَكُمْ خَلَائِفَ الْأَرْضِ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَكُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ سَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {165}

[ 6:165] And He it is Who has made you successors in the land and raised some of you above others by (various) grades, that He might try you by what He has given you; surely your Lord is quick to requite (evil), and He is most surely the Forgiving, the Merciful.

2 . Succession after destroying disbelievers.land is inherited only by believers..

People of Nooh(A.S.)

فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ فِي الْفُلْكِ وَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ خَلَائِفَ وَأَغْرَقْنَا الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا ۖ فَانْظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُنْذَرِينَ {73}

[10:73] But they denied him, so We saved him and those with him in the ship, and made them successors , while We drowned those who denied Our revelations. See then the nature of the consequence for those who had been warned.

People of Moses(A.S.)

قَالُوا أُوذِينَا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَأْتِيَنَا وَمِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جِئْتَنَا ۚ قَالَ عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمْ أَنْ يُهْلِكَ عَدُوَّكُمْ وَيَسْتَخْلِفَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَيَنْظُرَ كَيْفَ تَعْمَلُونَ {129}

[7:129] They said: "We have had (nothing but) trouble, both before and after thou camest to us." He said: "It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you successors in the earth; that so He may try you by your deeds."

So I think verse 24:55 is talking about future event in which only believers and who do right inherit the earth like people of Nooh(A.S.) and people of Moses(A.S.)

Edited by elite
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(salam)

(bismillah)

According to our books, these aHaadeeth have been revealed about our Imaams (as). Da`eef people are in Red.

الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ- وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَ عَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ قَالَ هُمُ الْأَئِمَّةُ

“I asked Abaa `Abd Allaah (عليه السلام) about the words of Allaah, jalla jalaalahu, «Allaah has promised those of you who believe and do righteous deeds that He will surely make you successors in the land, even as He made those who were before them successors» (24:55). He (عليه السلام) said: ‘They are the Imaams’”

  • Source:
  • Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 1, pg. 193 - 194, hadeeth # 3
    Grading:
  • Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Da`eef `ala Mashhoor (A Famous Weak hadeeth)
    --> Mir'aat Al-`Uqool, vol. 2, pg. 351

This one is weak as well, actually VERY Da'eef.

محمد بن إبراهيم النعماني، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن سعيد بن عقدة، قال: حدثني أحمد ابن يوسف بن يعقوب الجعفي أبو الحسن، من كتابه، قال: حدثنا إسماعيل بن مهران، قال: حدثنا الحسن بن علي ابن أبي حمزة، عن أبيه و وهيب، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام)، في قوله: وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَ عَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ وَ لَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضى‏ لَهُمْ وَ لَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْناً يَعْبُدُونَنِي لا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئاً، قال: «نزلت في القائم و أصحابه».

About the saying (of Allah) «God has promised those of you who believe and do righteous deeds that He will surely make you successors in the land, even as He made those who were before them successors, and that He will surely establish their religion for them that He has approved. for them, and will give them in exchange, after their fear, security: 'They shall serve Me, not associating with Me anything.'» (24:55). He (عليه السلام) said: ‘This was revealed for Al-Qaa’im and his companions’

  • Source:
  • Al-Nu`maanee, Al-Ghaybah, ch. 13, pg. 240, hadeeth # 35

This one is Da`eef as well.

محمد بن العباس: عن الحسين بن محمد، عن معلى بن محمد، عن الوشاء، عن عبد الله بن سنان، قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (عليه السلام) عن قول الله عز و جل: وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَ عَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ، قال: «نزلت في علي بن أبي طالب، و الأئمة من ولده (عليهم السلام)».

وَ لَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضى‏ لَهُمْ وَ لَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْناً، قال: «عنى به ظهور القائم (عليه السلام)».

I asked Abaa `Abd Allaah (عليه السلام) about the words of Allaah (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ) «Allaah has promised those of you who believe and do righteous deeds that He will surely make you successors in the land, even as He made those who were before them successors» (24:55). He (عليه السلام) said: ‘This was revealed for `Alee bin Abee Taalib, and the Imaams from his children (عليه السلام)’. «and that He will surely establish their religion for them that He has approved. for them, and will give them in exchange, after their fear, security» He (عليه السلام) said: ‘(This) means for his Al-Qaa’im’s appearance”

  • Source:
  • Al-Astrabaadee, Ta'wil Al-Aayaat, pg. 365

(salam)

Edited by Nader Zaveri
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/\ just a correction, but da`if `ala 'l-mashhur doesn't mean it's a famous da`if narration, it means it's considered da`if based on the famous view (but there may be reservations about whether it's really da`if or not). You'll see Majlisi use that for a lot of narrations where there's a controversial narrator about whom there may be different views.

Take a look at the "controversial" narrator, Mu`alla b. Muhammad:

5358 / 9 ãÚáì Èä ãÍãÏ ÇáÈÕÑí: ÃÈæ ÇáÍÓä¡ ãÖØÑÈ ÇáÍÏíË æÇáãÐåÈ¡ áå ßÊÈ¡ Ñæì Úäå: ÇáÍÓíä Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚÇãÑ¡ ÑÌÇá ÇáäÌÇÔí (1). æßÃä ÇáÍÓíä Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚÇãÑ åæ ÇáÍÓíä Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚãÑÇä ÇáÃÔÚÑí ÇáËÞÉ ÇáãÐßæÑ Ýí ßÊÈ ÇáÑÌÇá (2) æåæ ÇáÍÓíä Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚÇãÑ Èä ÚãÑÇä ÇáÃÔÚÑí ßãÇ äÈåäÇ Úáíå ÚäÏ ÊÑÌãÉ ÚÈÏ Çááå Èä ÚÇãÑ Èä ÚãÑÇä (3). æÞÇá ÇáÔíÎ Ýí ÇáÝåÑÓÊ (4): áå ßÊÈ¡ Ñæì Úäå: ÇáÍÓíä Èä ãÍãÏ ÇÈä ÚÇãÑ ÇáÃÔÚÑí æãÍãÏ Èä ÌãåæÑ (5). æÞÇá Ýí ÇáÑÌÇá: Ýí ãä áã íÑæ Úä ÇáÃÆãÉ Úáíåã ÇáÓáÇã (6). æÞÇá ÇÈä ÇáÛÖÇÆÑí: ãÚáì Èä ãÍãÏ ÇáÈÕÑí¡ ÃÈæ ãÍãÏ¡ íÚÑÝ ÍÏíËå æíäßÑ æíÑæí Úä ÇáÖÚÝÇÁ æíÌæÒ Ãä íÎÑÌ ÔÇåÏÇ (7).

I can see why Majlisi might have reservations about whether this really make it da`if. Ibn al-Ghada'iri says that his hadiths are sometimes recognized (i.e. as correct) and sometimes denied, and specifies that he narrated from weak narrators but that it is permissible to bring him out as a witness. If the narrator he's narrating from in these hadiths is not weak, then I don't see why the hadith itself should be deemed da`if.

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  • 3 weeks later...
  • Veteran Member

(salam)

So the interpretation by a Shia member about the three caliphs in the opening post of this thread seems to be his own fragment of imagination having no nexus with reality or sayings of Masoomeen a.s. Self interpretation of Quran is so dangerous but people do not understand.

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(btw, "rulers" is Shakir's translation; not my own; i think 'establish' is probably more correct but Allahu a'lam)

The English Shia translation by Sayyed Ali Quli Qara'i translate 24:55 as:

Allah

has promised those of you who have faith and do righteous deeds that He will surely
make them successors in the earth
, just as He made those who were before them successors, and He will surely establish for them their religion which He has approved for them, and that He will surely change their state to security after their fear, while they worship Me, not ascribing any partners to Me. And whoever is ungrateful after that —it is they who are the transgressors.

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Assalamu Alaykum

It is worth recalling what Mohammed Baqir Al-Sadr (ra) said about authority in Wilayat al-Umma. He argued that Khilafa (governance) and Shahada (supervision) were united prior to the occultation and that it was the responsibility of the Prophets and Imams to run the affairs of the state and to propagate Islam. Once the occultation took place, these principles separated so that Khilafa (the responsibility for running of the affairs of the state) returned to the people and Shahada (the responsibility for protecting Islam from distortion and deviation) resided in the scholars.

Al-Sadr was a passionate advocate of democratically elected people's councils but his views of course resulted in his martyrdom in 1980.

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